Illinois Army National Guard

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Illinois Army National Guard
Ilarnghq.jpg
Illinois Joint Force Headquarters Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Active1873/1903 - present
CountryUnited States
AllegianceIllinois
BranchArmy National Guard
TypeARNG Headquarters Command
Part ofIllinois National Guard
Garrison/HQCamp Lincoln, Springfield, Illinois
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel (promotable) Michael R. Zerbonia
Insignia
Distinctive Unit InsigniaIlarngdui.jpg
 
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Illinois Army National Guard
Ilarnghq.jpg
Illinois Joint Force Headquarters Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Active1873/1903 - present
CountryUnited States
AllegianceIllinois
BranchArmy National Guard
TypeARNG Headquarters Command
Part ofIllinois National Guard
Garrison/HQCamp Lincoln, Springfield, Illinois
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel (promotable) Michael R. Zerbonia
Insignia
Distinctive Unit InsigniaIlarngdui.jpg

The Illinois Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. With the Illinois Air National Guard it is part of the Illinois National Guard. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau. The Illinois Army National Guard is composed of approximately 10,000 soldiers.

Illinois Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used (see United States Army enlisted rank insignia and United States Army officer rank insignia). National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Illinois Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Illinois.

History[edit]

Seal of the Army National Guard

The Illinois Army National Guard was originally formed in 1712 as a colonial French militia. The militia worked under British sovereignty in the mid-eighteenth century until the American Revolutionary War when in 1779 George Rogers Clark with 200 Illinois militiamen from Kaskaskia captured Fort Sackville from British Colonel Henry Hamilton and his Regulars. Regiments of Illinois militia later captured Prairie du Chien. Following the American Civil War, the state forces were reorganized under the command of Arthur C. Ducat, who became the first major general of the statewide Illinois militia.

The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system. The 44th Infantry Division was part of the IL ARNG from 1945/46. It was inducted into Federal Service during the Korean War but on its release the Governor of Illinois declined to support it, citing budgetary considerations. It was thus deactivated on its release from Federal Service in December 1954.[1] From that time, Illinois ARNG units have formed part of the 33rd, and then the 47th until November 1991. In November 1991 the 66th Infantry Brigade was reassigned to the 34th Infantry Division. Later it was reassigned again to the 35th Infantry Division.

For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. Around 2006, the forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, United States Department of Defense policy was that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six year enlistment period. This policy was due to change on August 1, 2007, with the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months. However, individual states have differing policies.

The 33rd Inf Bde Combat Team served in Afghanistan in 2008-09.

Historic units[edit]

Regiments that have served with the IL ARNG since 1917 include:

Units[edit]

33d Infantry Brigade Combat Team

108th Sustainment Brigade

404th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade

65th Troop Command

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maneuver and Firepower: The Evolution of Divisions and Separate Brigades, full ref at Division article.
  2. ^ http://www.il.ngb.army.mil/pao/guardian/summerguardian_2012.pdf

External links[edit]