iPhone 5

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iPhone 5
BrandApple Inc.
ManufacturerApple Inc.
Slogan"The biggest thing to happen to iPhone since iPhone"
SeriesiPhone
Compatible networksGSM, CDMA, 3G, EVDO, HSPA+, 4G LTE
Availability by country
Units soldTwo million units in the initial 24 hours of pre-order[2]
Five million units in the first three days of release[3]
PredecessoriPhone 4S
RelatediPod Touch (5th generation)
TypeSmartphone
Form factorBar
Dimensions123.8 mm (4.87 in) H
58.6 mm (2.31 in) W
7.6 mm (0.30 in) D
Weight112 g (3.95 oz)
Operating systemiOS 6.0
Released September 19, 2012; 23 days ago (2012-09-19)
SoCApple A6
CPU1.3 GHz dual core Apple A6
GPUPowerVR SGX543MP3
Memory1GB LPDDR2-1066 RAM
Storage16, 32 or 64 GB
Battery3.8 V, 5.45 Wh (1,440 mAh)[4]
Data inputsTouch-screen
Display4-inch (100 mm) diagonal
(16:9 aspect ratio),
multi-touch display,
640 × 1,136 pixels at 326 ppi,
800:1 contrast ratio (typical),
500 cd/m2 max. brightness (typical), Fingerprint-resistant oleophobic coating on front
Rear camera8 MP back-side illuminated sensor, HD video (1080p)
Front camera1.2 MP, HD video (720p)
SoundSpeaker, 3.5mm audio jack
Connectivity

All models:
Wi-Fi (802.11 a/b/g/n) (802.11n: 2.4 and 5 GHz), Bluetooth 4.0, GPS & GLONASS, Quad-band GSM/GPRS/EDGE (850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz), Quad-band UMTS/HSDPA+/DC-HSDPA (850, 900, 1900, 2100 MHz).

GSM model (A1428):
Dual-band 4G LTE (Bands 4, 17: 1700 (AWS), 700b MHz).

GSM model (A1429):
Tri-band 4G LTE (Bands 1, 3, 5: 2100, 1800, 850 MHz).

CDMA model (A1429):

Tri-band 2G CDMA (800 (CDMA over ESMR), 850, 1900 MHz).
Dual-band 3G CDMA/EV-DO Rev. A and Rev. B (850, 1900 MHz).
Penta-band 4G LTE (Bands 1, 3, 5, 13, 25: 2100, 1800, 850, 700c, 1900 MHz).
OtherTalk time: Up to 8 hours
Standby time: Up to approx. 9.4 days
Websitewww.apple.com/iphone
 
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iPhone 5
BrandApple Inc.
ManufacturerApple Inc.
Slogan"The biggest thing to happen to iPhone since iPhone"
SeriesiPhone
Compatible networksGSM, CDMA, 3G, EVDO, HSPA+, 4G LTE
Availability by country
Units soldTwo million units in the initial 24 hours of pre-order[2]
Five million units in the first three days of release[3]
PredecessoriPhone 4S
RelatediPod Touch (5th generation)
TypeSmartphone
Form factorBar
Dimensions123.8 mm (4.87 in) H
58.6 mm (2.31 in) W
7.6 mm (0.30 in) D
Weight112 g (3.95 oz)
Operating systemiOS 6.0
Released September 19, 2012; 23 days ago (2012-09-19)
SoCApple A6
CPU1.3 GHz dual core Apple A6
GPUPowerVR SGX543MP3
Memory1GB LPDDR2-1066 RAM
Storage16, 32 or 64 GB
Battery3.8 V, 5.45 Wh (1,440 mAh)[4]
Data inputsTouch-screen
Display4-inch (100 mm) diagonal
(16:9 aspect ratio),
multi-touch display,
640 × 1,136 pixels at 326 ppi,
800:1 contrast ratio (typical),
500 cd/m2 max. brightness (typical), Fingerprint-resistant oleophobic coating on front
Rear camera8 MP back-side illuminated sensor, HD video (1080p)
Front camera1.2 MP, HD video (720p)
SoundSpeaker, 3.5mm audio jack
Connectivity

All models:
Wi-Fi (802.11 a/b/g/n) (802.11n: 2.4 and 5 GHz), Bluetooth 4.0, GPS & GLONASS, Quad-band GSM/GPRS/EDGE (850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz), Quad-band UMTS/HSDPA+/DC-HSDPA (850, 900, 1900, 2100 MHz).

GSM model (A1428):
Dual-band 4G LTE (Bands 4, 17: 1700 (AWS), 700b MHz).

GSM model (A1429):
Tri-band 4G LTE (Bands 1, 3, 5: 2100, 1800, 850 MHz).

CDMA model (A1429):

Tri-band 2G CDMA (800 (CDMA over ESMR), 850, 1900 MHz).
Dual-band 3G CDMA/EV-DO Rev. A and Rev. B (850, 1900 MHz).
Penta-band 4G LTE (Bands 1, 3, 5, 13, 25: 2100, 1800, 850, 700c, 1900 MHz).
OtherTalk time: Up to 8 hours
Standby time: Up to approx. 9.4 days
Websitewww.apple.com/iphone

The iPhone 5 is a touchscreen-based smartphone developed by Apple and released on September 21, 2012.[5][6] It is the sixth iteration in the iPhone series succeeding the iPhone 4S. The phone is a slimmer, lighter model that introduces a higher-resolution, 4-inch screen to the series and is the first to support a 16:9 widescreen aspect ratio. Other new features include a custom-designed ARMv7 processor called the Apple A6,[7] an update to Apple's mobile operating system known as iOS 6, and support for LTE.[8]

Apple held an event to formally introduce the phone on September 12, 2012.[9] After Apple began taking pre-orders on September 14, 2012, over two million were received within 24 hours.[10] Initial demand for the iPhone 5 exceeded the supply available at launch, and has been described by Apple as "extraordinary" with pre-orders having sold twenty times faster than its predecessors.[11]

While reception to the iPhone 5 has been generally positive, the new Maps application has been negatively received and was reported to contain many serious errors.[12][13] Several hardware issues have also received criticisms from consumers and reviewers, including an unintended purple hue in photos taken by the iPhone 5 and an issue with its coating being prone to chipping.[14] In addition, there have been a small number of reports claiming a light leak around the bezel near the top of display.[15] Also, some incompatibilities with certain LTE networks are an issue, despite being the first Apple phone to support LTE.[16]

Contents

History

The iPhone 5 was announced at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts on September 12, 2012.

Speculation about the iPhone 5 and its specifications arose shortly after the announcement of the iPhone 4S. However, detailed rumours and leaks did not emerge until June 2012.[17] As early as July 30, 2012, reports pinpointed the exact date of unveiling and release of the phone along with some accurate predictions of features.[18]

On September 4, 2012, Apple invited the media to an event scheduled for September 12, 2012, at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts in San Francisco. Many sources speculated that this would be related to the next iPhone due to a shadow of the number 5 that featured in the design of the invitations.[9] Apple subsequently announced a number of new products including the iPhone 5, iPod Nano (7th generation), and iPod Touch (5th generation) at the event.[5] The phone was available for pre-order on September 14, 2012.

A few days after the iPhone 5 was announced over two million orders had been taken just on September 14 and five million in the first three days of its release, beating the iPhone 4S record of four million in first three days.[19]

Litigation

Upon the release of the iPhone 5, Samsung begun investigating the device and concluded that Apple breached two standard patents and six features patent, the patents that were identified by Samsung are identical to the ones previously used as their basis in cases regarding previous iPhone models.[20] In a statement, Samsung said, "little choice but to take the steps necessary to protect our innovations and intellectual property rights".[21] The trial in which the iPhone 5 is involved is schedule to begin in 2014.[20]

Production

The components and labor required to construct the most basic iPhone 5 is estimated to cost US$207, which is US$19 more than the cost of components for the corresponding iPhone 4S model. The 4G LTE module in the iPhone 5 alone costs $34, $10 more than the cellular module in the iPhone 4S. Similarly, screens used in the iPhone 5 costs $44, which is $7 more than the screen of its predecessor. Mashable noted that the profit margin of selling each device is "huge" as the iPhone 5 generally retails for US$649.[22]

Subsequently after the announcement of the device, a lack of supply of the iPhone 5 was evident. This was due to a shortage of components such as the screen; reports emerged, stating that Sharp was unable to ship the screen before the debut of the iPhone 5 and other manufacturers reported that it was difficult to keep up with demand. As a result, the number of pre-orders rose due to the uncertainty of stock at retail stores and the delivery dates for pre-orders were postponed to dates that were after the initial release date of the device.[23]

Quality control inspectors strike

China Labor Watch reported that “Three to four thousand” Foxconn workers who work at iPhone 5 production plant in Zhengzhou stopped working on October 5, 2012.[24] Since many iPhone 5 users complain the coating chipping off of iPhone 5, Apple has imposed a stricter quality standard on their products. During the national vacation, some quality control inspectors got hit by workers whose products were below the standard, but the administration of the plant did not responded the conflicts in time. On the other hand, quality control inspectors felt that they did not get enough training to adapt for the new standard. Finally they chose to strike.[clarification needed] Foxconn spokesman admit the problem of the micromanagement, but he said that there were only 300 to 400 workers absent and the conflicts did not influence the production at all.[25]

Features

Operating system and software

The iPhone 5 uses iOS, Apple's mobile operating system.[26] The user interface of iOS is based on the concept of direct manipulation, using multi-touch gestures. Interface control elements consist of sliders, switches, and buttons.[27] Interaction with the OS includes gestures such as swipe, tap, pinch, and reverse pinch, all of which have specific definitions within the context of the iOS operating system and its multi-touch interface. Internal accelerometers are used by some applications to respond to shaking the device (one common result is the undo command) or rotating it vertically (one common result is switching from portrait to landscape mode).[27]

The iPhone 5 uses iOS 6, which was released on September 19, 2012.[26] It can act as a hotspot, sharing its internet connection over WiFi, Bluetooth, or USB,[28] and also accesses the App Store, an online application distribution platform for iOS developed and maintained by Apple. The service allows users to browse and download applications from the iTunes Store that were developed with Xcode and the iOS SDK and were published through Apple.

Many of the iPhone 5's features that work specifically with the included new iOS 6.0 operating system, will only work in certain territories on release.[29] Apple has said this is a rolling program, which will take longer to implement across more regions.[30]

The iPhone 5 can play music, movies, television shows, ebooks, audiobooks, and podcasts and can sort its media library by songs, artists, albums, videos, playlists, genres, composers, podcasts, audiobooks, and compilations. Options are always presented alphabetically, except in playlists, which retain their order from iTunes.[31] Users can rotate their device horizontally to landscape mode to access Cover Flow. Like on iTunes, this feature shows the different album covers in a scroll-through photo library. Scrolling is achieved by swiping a finger across the screen. Alternatively, headset controls can be used to pause, play, skip, and repeat tracks. On the 5, the volume can be changed with the included Apple Earphones, and the Voice Control feature can be used to identify a track, play songs in a playlist or by a specific artist, or create a Genius playlist.[31]

Like the iPhone 4S, the iPhone 5 has Siri,[31] that allows the user to operate the iPhone by spoken commands. For example, "What is the weather going to be like?" will generate a spoken response like "The weather is to be cloudy and rainy and drop to 54 degrees today". Application software cannot respond to voice commands, for security reasons.[32] The commands given do not have to be formulated using rigidly determined wording; natural language can be used. Siri is accessed by holding down rather than tapping the home button.

On the iPhone 5, texting can be aided by the voice assistant, which converts speech to text.[31] In addition to regular texting, messaging on the iPhone 5 supports iMessage, a specialized instant messaging program and service that allows unlimited texting to other Apple devices running iOS 5 and 6. This supports the inclusion of content such as images and sound in text messages, integration with the device's voice-controlled software assistant, and read acknowledgements for sent messages. Input to the device comes from a keyboard displayed on the multi-touch screen or by voice-to text by speaking into the microphone. Entered text is supported by predictive and suggestion software; there is a multi-language spell-checker which recognises many regional accents of different languages.[31]

The built-in Maps has been universally derided, and lacks many features present in competing maps apps. It is also known to give inaccurate directions.[12][33] It uses Apple’s new vector-based engine that eliminates lag, making for smoother zooming. New to Maps is turn-by-turn navigation spoken directions, 3D views in some major cities and real-time traffic.[34] Turn-by-turn navigation is only available for iPhone 4S or later and iPad 2 or later with cellular capability, while 3D views are only available for iPhone 4S or later, iPod touch 5th generation, and iPad 2 or later.[35]

iOS 6 is able to retrieve documents such as boarding passes, admission tickets, coupons and loyalty cards through its new Passbook app. An iOS device with Passbook can be scanned under a reader to process a mobile payment at locations that have compatible hardware. The app has context-aware features such as notifications for relevant coupons when in the immediate vicinity of a given store.[34][36]

Apple’s Siri intelligent personal assistant was improved to include the ability to make restaurant reservations, launch apps, dictate Facebook or Twitter updates, retrieve movie reviews and detailed sports statistics.[34] Facebook comes integrated through Apple’s native apps with iOS 6. Facebook features can be directly accessed from within native apps such as Calendar which can sync Facebook events, or use Facebook’s like button from within the Apple App Store.[34]

New privacy settings are available to the user. In addition to location services, the following have been added in iOS 6: photos (already partially restricted in iOS 5), contacts (address book), calendars, reminders, bluetooth sharing, Twitter, Facebook, and Sina Weibo. iOS 6 also comes with a “Limit ad tracking” user control in the general settings menu to allow users the option to prevent targeted advertising. Apple’s Advertising Identifier replaces the company’s existing Unique Device Identification (UDID) standard. Advertising networks not yet using Apple’s Advertising Identifier device identifier standard would not be affected, although Apple will require the standard in the future.[37]

Hardware

Apple's A6 chip is 22% smaller than the A5 and consumes less power.

The iPhone 5 features an improved system on chip (SoC), called the Apple A6, which Apple says achieves twice the performance of the A5,[8][38] the SoC comprises of a 1.3 GHz dual-core processor and 1GB of RAM.[39] The iPhone 5's operating memory (LPDDR2-1066 eDRAM) was doubled, from 512 MB to 1 GB. Storage capacities available are fixed at 16, 32 or 64 GB, the same as the 4S; plug-in memory cards are not supported. The two color options are black (with black glass and slate-colored metal trim), and white (with white ceramic and silver-colored metal trim); again the same color options (though differently implemented) as its predecessor the 4S had.[40] The iPhone 5 retains the 8 MP back camera on the iPhone 4S, but has improved low-light performance, and has a 40% faster photo capture[41] than its predecessors, while having a purple hue when a strong source of light is present in the photograph.[42] The front camera, which is accessible through the FaceTime and camera app has a higher resolution, at 1.2 megapixels. The rechargeable lithium-ion polymer battery is built in and cannot be replaced by the user; it is rated at 225 hours of standby time and 8 hours of talk time. While not included in Apple's press conference announcement on September 12, 2012, there are actually three separate models of the phone available: one supporting CDMA and two GSM versions that differ only by the LTE bands they support.[43] This can have knock-on effects for which version of the device will actually work in which countries/regions.

The display is 1,136 × 640 pixels with an aspect ratio of exactly 16:9, (minus one extra row of horizontal pixels) . With a diagonal of 4" it has a display size of 6.7 square inches, compared to 5.7 in iPhone 4 and 4S.[44] The pixel density remains the same as the 4S model, which is 326 pixels per inch. Now, the matrix icons appear as a column 4 of 6 icons, including those located at the bottom. This gives an extra row of icons on the desktop. In-cell touch sensor technology from Sharp allows the screen to be thinner, allowing for a thinner phone. The screen's color saturation is 44% greater than its predecessor.[45]

The phone takes a nano-SIM, smaller than the micro-SIM of the iPhone 4 and iPhone 4S.[46]

The iPhone 4 and iPhone 4S had stainless steel instead of aluminium due to Steve Job's preference for the metal which he claims, "looks beautiful when it wears".[47][48] The decision to use aluminium however, generated complaints of scratches being observed on and easily inflicted upon the chassis of the iPhone 5, causing Apple to respond that this was normal for aluminium products.[49]

All versions of the iPhone 5 are 18% thinner, 20% lighter, and have 12% less overall volume than its predecessor, the iPhone 4S. The phone's aluminum body is 0.30 in (7.6 mm) thick. Apple at the conference claims it is the thinnest smartphone in the world at 7.6 mm, though that claim has been disputed as the Oppo Finder is thinner and some other smartphones can be considered to be thinner, depending upon where thickness is measured. The Oppo Finder measures 6.65 mm at its thinnest point and 7.1 mm at its thickest point making it overall thinner than the iPhone.[50][51][52][53]

Peripherals

Apple Lightning connector

The iPhone 5, as well as the iPod Touch (5th generation), and iPod Nano (7th generation), feature a new dock connector named Lightning, which replaces the 30-pin Apple Dock connector introduced in 2003 by Apple on the iPod (3rd generation). The Apple Lightning connector has eight pins and all signaling is digital. This new connector is smaller than the previous one, helping the iPhone 5 to be slimmer than its predecessors. Apple Lightning cables have duplicate pins on two sides of each plug, so it can be inserted either way round. Various accessories will be available to convert the Apple Lightning connector to the older 30-pin Apple Dock connector or USB,[54] although not all old accessories will work, as not all signals are available, in particular video output and the iPod Out feature for BMW automobiles.[55][56][57]

Reception

Critical reception

The iPhone 5 received favorable reviews from commentators and reviewers. Tim Stevens from Engadget praised the iPhone 5 for its high resolution screen as it surpasses the screen of the iPhone 4S which he says is already one of the best phone screens available on the market. Stevens however was critical of the introduction of the new dock connector, which is not compatible with numerous gadgets that use the connector and cable supplied with the iPad and previous generation iPhones. The review also states that Apple fulfills most of the promises that were stated on their website such as "better battery performance", "two times the graphics performance" and "two times faster."[58] David Pogue of The New York Times called the 4-inch Retina display a "nice but not life-changing change", and praised the Lightning connector for its size, sturdiness, and reversibility, but criticized it because of its lack of support for older accessories. He added "Apple has a long history of killing off technologies, inconveniently and expensively, that the public had come to love—even those that Apple had originally developed and promoted. Somehow, life goes on, and Apple gets even bigger."[59] Technology columnist Ed Baig of USA Today commented that "People have always had lofty expectations for the iPhone 5, especially as the competition stiffens. In delivering a fast, attractive, LTE-capable and larger-screen handset, Apple has met those expectations with a gem".[60] A repair-ability review conducted by iFixit concluded that the iPhone 5 is easier to disassemble and repair than its predecessor.[61]

Many reviewers and commentators were critical of the new Maps app that replaced Google Maps in iOS 6, and it was reported to contain many errors such as the misplacing of landmark tags, directing users to incorrect locations and poor satellite images.[62][63][64] Nine days after Maps' release, Apple issued a letter apologizing for the frustration it had caused customers and recommending that they try alternate mapping services.[65]

It was reported that pictures taken from iPhone 5 camera have a tendency to show purple flares. There was speculation it was caused by the sapphire glass that overlays the camera. Apple's response to the issue advised users to aim the camera away from bright light sources when taking photos.[66] Tests conducted by TechCrunch indicate that the problem existed on the iPhone 4S but is more distinct and pronounced on the iPhone 5.[67] On the other hand, Consumer Reports found that the purple haze effect occurred on several current phones including the Samsung Galaxy S III and Motorola Droid Razr Maxx, and that it was not less pronounced on the iPhone 4S. The report concluded that digital cameras in general, including higher-end SLR's, can all suffer from lens flare in which a purple-tinted effect wasn't uncommon.[68]

Some users complain the coating on the black and white models chips off easily, exposing the bright aluminium beneath[14]), [69] but Apple does not regard the phenomenon as a defect.[70] Consumer reports suggest that 30–40% of all iPhone 5 devices have scuff marks on the exterior of the phone, in addition the issue does not seem be localized to a specific region, reports of scuffs have also been reported in Hong Kong and Europe.[71] The phenomenon has also been reported on completely new devices, numerous media sources including ExtremeTech suggest that the damage on these unboxed device probably occurred during shipping or while they were manufactured. Numerous suggestions about how the scuffing so easily occurs have been devised, ExtremeTech suggests that the exterior of the iPhone 5 lacks a layer of sealant or lacquer that normally protects anodized aluminum. The severity of the issue has led to the term "scuffgate" being coined by the media, suggestions of recalling the device have also been made by several media outlets.[71]

The white model, on the other hand, have been reported the leakage of light behind the screen, the issue however is not unique to the iPhone 5 as it affects numerous other Apple devices as well.[15]

Commercial reception

JP Morgan's chief economist, Michael Ferol said that "sales of iPhone 5 could boost annualized US GDP growth by $3.2 billion, or $12.8 billion at an annual rate."[72]

Techcrunch reported that the iPhone 5 sold out twenty times faster than the 4 and 4S models. Apple said that they were "blown away by the customer response".[11] Phil Schiller, Apple's vice-president of worldwide marketing, said that over two million iPhone 5 orders had been received in the first 24 hours.[10][73] AT&T said that the iPhone 5 was the fastest-selling iPhone the company had ever offered, Selling over five million units on launch weekend.[74][75][76]

Subsequently after the announcement of the iPhone 5, Apple stocks rose to over $700 and peaked at $705.07[77], however stocks soon fell to $652.59 and a loss of $30 billions in revenue occurred primarily due to pre-order sales not meeting the expectations that were set due to the "hype". Despite the large amount of publicity surrounding the Apple Maps issue, hardware defects and sales were the main contributors to the decline in stocks according to some analysis.[78]

LTE reception and usability

AT&T, Verizon, and Sprint will offer LTE access in the US,[79] while in the UK, only Everything Everywhere (EE) will be able to offer LTE access.[80] All carriers in Canada selling the iPhone 5 have their own LTE networks which include Rogers Wireless, Fido Solutions, Bell Mobility, Virgin Mobile Canada and Telus Mobility.[81] The only carrier with no LTE network is Koodo however testing of its prospective network is currently underway.[82]

T-Mobile, although not selling the new iPhone is selling the nano SIM cards for unlocked phones. In an effort to attract users the company is using HSPA+ in 1900MHz as well as offering unlimited data to users as well. The first shipment of nano SIMS arrived over the October 6th 2012 weekend.<ref/http://www.dslreports.com/shownews/TMobile-Selling-iPhone-5-Friendly-NanoSims-121507?nocomment=1>

42 officially recognized bands exist for LTE, however rollouts are coalescing around the more-popular bands by region, based on what historically has been made available. In Europe, that means 2.6 GHz (the 3G-expansion band) and 800 MHz (cleared of analogue TV), with 1,800 MHz appearing in a few places including the UK. In Germany only T-Mobile network with LTE 1.8 GHz band will be supported and will not work in the whole country.[83][84]

Some countries in Europe — including Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and others — will not be able to offer iPhone 5 LTE connectivity to their customers on their current LTE networks, as they have already deployed LTE in the 2.6 GHz band, which the iPhone 5 does not support.[85]

Unlike the iPhone 4S, which was the only "world phone" produced by Apple, there are three versions of the iPhone 5 with regard to frequency and technology use. All three work on 2G GSM/GPRS and 3G UMTS/EDGE networks on both the 800 and 1900 MHz bands used in the Americas, and the 900 and 1800 MHz bands used elsewhere. One version also works on CDMA networks, such as Sprint and Verizon. Another has LTE only on the 1700/2100 MHz AWS band, and the 700 MHz band recovered after the forced conversion to digital television in the US (channels 52 to 56), and so LTE is only usable on AT&T. A third works on several other LTE bands in other countries.

Timeline of models

iPhone 5iPhone 4SiPhone 4iPhone 3GSiPhone 3GiPhone (original)
Sources: Apple press release library[86]

See also

References

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Preceded by
iPhone 4S
iPhone 5
6th generation
Succeeded by
Incumbent