IMI Tavor TAR-21

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TAR-21
Tavor-latrun-exhibition-1.jpg
CTAR-21
TypeAssault rifle
Place of origin Israel
Service history
In service2001–present
Used bySee Users
WarsOperation Defensive Shield, Operation Summer Rains, Second Lebanon War, Operation Hot Winter, Gaza War, Colombian armed conflict, South Ossetia War, Cambodian-Thai stand-off
Production history
DesignerIsrael Military Industries (IMI)
Designed1991–2001
ManufacturerIsrael Weapon Industries (IWI)
VariantsSee Variants
Specifications
Weight3.27 kg (7.21 lb) (TAR-21)[1]
3.18 kg (7.0 lb) (CTAR-21)[1]
3.67 kg (8.1 lb) (STAR-21)
2.95 kg (6.5 lb) (MTAR-21)[1]
3.19 kg (7.0 lb) (TC-21)
Length720 mm (28.3 in) (TAR-21, STAR-21)[1]
640 mm (25.2 in) (CTAR-21)[1]
590 mm (23.2 in) (MTAR-21)[1]
670 mm (26.4 in) (TC-21)
Barrel length460 mm (18.1 in) (TAR-21, STAR-21)[1]
380 mm (15.0 in) (CTAR-21)[1]
330 mm (13.0 in) (MTAR-21)[1]
410 mm (16.1 in) (TC-21)

Cartridge5.56×45mm NATO[1]
9×19mm Para (Optional on MTAR-21)[1] 5.56×30mm MINSAS (Optional on Zittara)[2]
ActionGas-operated, rotating bolt[1]
Rate of fire750-900 rounds/min[1]
Muzzle velocity910 m/s (2,986 ft/s) (TAR-21, STAR-21)
890 m/s (2,919.9 ft/s) (CTAR-21)
870 m/s (2,854.3 ft/s) (MTAR-21)
885 m/s (2,903.5 ft/s) (TC-21)
Effective range400 m
Feed systemVarious STANAG magazines
SightsITL MARS with integrated laser and IR pointer, Trijicon ACOG (STAR-21), EOTech holographic sight, others available
 
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TAR-21
Tavor-latrun-exhibition-1.jpg
CTAR-21
TypeAssault rifle
Place of origin Israel
Service history
In service2001–present
Used bySee Users
WarsOperation Defensive Shield, Operation Summer Rains, Second Lebanon War, Operation Hot Winter, Gaza War, Colombian armed conflict, South Ossetia War, Cambodian-Thai stand-off
Production history
DesignerIsrael Military Industries (IMI)
Designed1991–2001
ManufacturerIsrael Weapon Industries (IWI)
VariantsSee Variants
Specifications
Weight3.27 kg (7.21 lb) (TAR-21)[1]
3.18 kg (7.0 lb) (CTAR-21)[1]
3.67 kg (8.1 lb) (STAR-21)
2.95 kg (6.5 lb) (MTAR-21)[1]
3.19 kg (7.0 lb) (TC-21)
Length720 mm (28.3 in) (TAR-21, STAR-21)[1]
640 mm (25.2 in) (CTAR-21)[1]
590 mm (23.2 in) (MTAR-21)[1]
670 mm (26.4 in) (TC-21)
Barrel length460 mm (18.1 in) (TAR-21, STAR-21)[1]
380 mm (15.0 in) (CTAR-21)[1]
330 mm (13.0 in) (MTAR-21)[1]
410 mm (16.1 in) (TC-21)

Cartridge5.56×45mm NATO[1]
9×19mm Para (Optional on MTAR-21)[1] 5.56×30mm MINSAS (Optional on Zittara)[2]
ActionGas-operated, rotating bolt[1]
Rate of fire750-900 rounds/min[1]
Muzzle velocity910 m/s (2,986 ft/s) (TAR-21, STAR-21)
890 m/s (2,919.9 ft/s) (CTAR-21)
870 m/s (2,854.3 ft/s) (MTAR-21)
885 m/s (2,903.5 ft/s) (TC-21)
Effective range400 m
Feed systemVarious STANAG magazines
SightsITL MARS with integrated laser and IR pointer, Trijicon ACOG (STAR-21), EOTech holographic sight, others available

The TAR-21 (or simply Tavor) is an Israeli bullpup assault rifle chambered for 5.56×45mm NATO ammunition with a selective fire system, selecting between semi-automatic mode and full automatic fire mode. It is named after Mount Tavor, while "TAR-21" stands for "Tavor Assault Rifle - 21st Century". It is the standard issued weapon of the Israeli infantry. The MTAR-21 (Micro Tavor) was recently selected as the future assault rifle of the Israeli Defense Forces, and some infantry division are being issued with the rifle, replacing the bigger and standard TAR-21.

The TAR-21 uses a bullpup design, as seen with the French FAMAS, the British SA80, Austrian Steyr AUG, and the Chinese Norinco QBZ-95. Bullpup rifles are configured in a layout in which the bolt carrier group is placed behind the pistol grip; this shortens the overall length but does not sacrifice barrel length. The TAR-21 provides carbine length, but rifle muzzle velocity. The bullpup design is also used to minimize the silhouette of soldiers and to maximize effectiveness in turning corners in urban warfare.

Contents

Design

The TAR-21 has ejection ports on both sides of the rifle so it can easily be reconfigured for right or left-handed shooters. However, this process requires partial disassembly, so it can not be quickly reconfigured while the rifle is in use.[3]

The TAR-21 design was created by Zalmen Shebs, with the express purpose of creating a weapon more suited to urban combat than the M16/M4 carbine. It is based on advanced ergonomics and composite materials in order to produce a more comfortable and reliable rifle. The TAR-21 is waterproof and lightweight. The weapon has a built in laser and MARS red dot sight; one of the main advantages of having a built in system is that the weapon does not have to be zeroed after each use, but the TAR-21 can also be mounted with an array of different scopes such as EOTech holographic weapon sights, night vision systems and other electronic devices.

The TAR-21 accepts standard STANAG magazines. It can also be mounted with the M203 grenade launcher. Its ambidextrous fire mode selector above the pistol grip has a semi-automatic mode and a fully automatic mode.[4]

Variants

The Tavor assault rifle comes in different variations:[4]

Micro Tavor (X95)

Micro-Tavor issued to Egoz Reconnaissance Unit

The Micro Tavor (MTAR-21), also designated X95 and sometimes called Tavor-2, is a stand-alone extremely compact weapon specifically designed for special forces units, as well as military personnel who are normally not issued long assault rifles.

With the use of a relatively simple conversion kit, the MTAR-21 can be converted from a 5.56 mm assault rifle to a 9 mm submachine gun loaded with 20, 25, and 32-round magazines. A suppressor can also be added to the weapon, it is part of the 9 mm conversion kit. An integrated grenade launcher is currently being developed for the Micro Tavor. In November 2009, the Micro Tavor was selected as the future standard infantry weapon of the IDF.[5]

Micro-Tavor with a Kimber Mepro reflex sight at IDF exhibition 2011.

It comes in a number of variants (including):[6]

Semi-automatic

The semi-automatic Tavor Carbine (TC-21) has been conceived for civilian customers, and as a police patrol carbine for those countries, or law enforcement agencies, where full-automatic firearms are issued only to SWAT-like units. A semi-automatic Tavor carbine was first seen at the 2002 SHOT Show, when agreements were announced between IMI and the Barrett Firearms Company to manufacture the Tavor in both its military and civilian variants in the United States.[7] This was probably done in order to allow Israel to procure the Tavor using United States military aid money, since, according to American military assistance agreements, said funds must be spent to purchase US-manufactured equipment. The agreement between IMI and Barrett was never finalized, and the semi-automatic Tavor carbine as shown at the 2002 SHOT Show was never manufactured, although that specific design has recently resurfaced. The current Tavor Carbine, made in Israel by IWI, has been designed with slightly shortened barrel, otherwise being identical to the standard TAR-21 assault rifle. As of 2008, it is available for civilian customers to purchase in Canada.[8] The Canadian civilian version comes standard with the Mepro reflex sight and a slightly longer barrel to meet the Canadian requirement for non-restricted semi-automatic centerfire rifles to have a barrel length of at least 470 mm. There was a report by Charles Daly President Micheal Kassnar that plans were being made to import, or at least partially build, the Tavor in the United States, which was released through the Charles Daly forums.[9] However, since that time Charles Daly has gone out of business and the prospect of the sale of a semi-automatic version of the Tavor for the American civilian market is currently in question.

According to an interview with Michael Kassnar of Trans World Arms at the SHOT Show 2012, Trans World Arms is planning to bring the civilian version of Tavor to market around September-October 2012 timeframe.[10]

Users

A model СTAR-21 rifle hung next to the hip of an IDF soldier.

Local users

The rifle is in use by all the IDF regular Infantry battalions and brigades, except for Paratroopers and Kfir Brigades.[citation needed]
In November 2009, the IDF announced that the Micro Tavor (MTAR-21), rather than the TAR-21, would become the standard infantry weapon of the IDF, with the addition of an integrated grenade-launcher.[5]

Foreign users

IMI Tavor TAR-21 Operators
Guatemalan Navy special forces with marksman variant.
Tavor used by Para commandos of the Indian Army

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Modern Firearms - Tavor TAR-21 assault rifle. World.guns.ru. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  2. ^ http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/blogs/defense/index.jsp?plckController=Blog&plckScript=blogScript&plckElementId=blogDest&plckBlogPage=BlogViewPost&plckPostId=Blog:27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a-01329aef79a7Post:4621a197-0ebf-4271-bf60-41e647ef975f
  3. ^ "Bullpup Forum SHOT Show Interview". Bullpup Forum. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fS3vHnEQXBg#t=25s}. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  4. ^ a b "Israel Weapon Industries (I.W.I.): TAVOR TAR-21 5.56 mm". Israel-weapon.com. http://www.israel-weapon.com/default.asp?catid={BE33B6E6-080B-45B8-AD85-C4E1E40D0422}. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  5. ^ a b מיקרו–תבור לכל לוחם חי"ר. Dover.idf.il. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  6. ^ [1] IWI X95 brochure
  7. ^ http://www.gunblasTCom/SHOT_2002_2.htm SHOT Show 2002 Day 2 report
  8. ^ "IWI Tavor civilian semi-automatic carbine". Canadaammo.com. http://www.canadaammo.com/product.php?productid=12&cat=0&page=1. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  9. ^ The Charles Daly Forums. Charlesdalyforum.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  10. ^ Michael Kassnar interview at SHOT 2012. Youtube.com. Retrieved on 2012-01-17.
  11. ^ לאור תפקודו במבצע: אין עוד צורך בשיפור התבור, IDF Spokesperson, in Hebrew (In English the title reads: "Due to its performance during the operation: there are no further improvements required in the Tavor")
  12. ^ Shahin Abbasov (2009-08-16). "Azerbaijan Mum about Israeli Spy Plane, Satellite Projects". EurasiaNet.org. http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insightb/articles/eav081709a.shtml. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  13. ^ A Taurus e o Tavor. Defesabrasil.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  14. ^ Julio Montes. "Elites of the Exercito Brasiliero, Page 1". Small Arms Defense Journal. http://sadefensejournal.com/wp/?p=836. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  15. ^ IMI Tavor. Unffmm.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ [3]
  18. ^ "Armament of the Georgian Army". Georgian Army. http://geoarmy.ge.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=9&lang=en. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  19. ^ "Agentes todavía no saben utilizar fusiles comprados por el Gobierno". Elperiodico.com.gt. http://www.elperiodico.com.gt/es/20071113/actualidad/45643/. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  20. ^ "Equiparán más unidades con MTAR 21". elheraldo.hn. http://www.elheraldo.hn/Secciones-Principales/Pais/Equiparan-mas-unidades-con-potentes-fusiles-israelies/. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  21. ^ "One FIR, Govt blacklists 7 firms, hits artillery upgrade". The Indian Express. 2009-06-05. p. 2. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/one-fir-govt-blacklists-7-firms-hits-artillery-upgrade/472107/2. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  22. ^ a b Tavor-21 Rifle Headed Into Service With Indian Special Forces. Defenseindustrydaily.com (2007-02-28). Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  23. ^ Ordnance Factory Board. Ofbindia.gov.in. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  24. ^ "To give 'irregulars' punch, forces go shopping for hi-tech weapons". The Times Of India. 2011-01-13. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/To-give-irregulars-punch-forces-go-shopping-for-hi-tech-weapons/articleshow/7270446.cms. 
  25. ^ http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=14166
  26. ^ http://www.vanguardngr.com/epaper/2011/december/13122011/index.html
  27. ^ Ben-David, Alon (September 23, 2009). "In the Line of Fire: Infantry Weapons". Jane's Defence Weekly (ISSN: 02653818).
  28. ^ Philstar Online PDEA acquires 120 new assault rifles
  29. ^ Timawa.net Tavor @ PNP Special Boat Unit
  30. ^ Substituição da G-3: Governo recorreu para o Supremo, Diário Digital (Portuguese)
  31. ^ Militares vão continuar a utilizar as velhas 'G3', Diário de Notícias (Portuguese)
  32. ^ DefenseNews.com Thailand Plans $191.3M Arms Purchase
  33. ^ Cabinet nod for Israeli rifles
  34. ^ "ข่าวการจัดหาอาวุธของกองทัพบก". นายสิบไทยดอทคอม. http://ninetenthai.igetweb.com/index.php?mo=3&art=485660. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  35. ^ Tavory dla Ukrainy. Altair. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  36. ^ http://videonews.com.ua/videos/comments/655>
  37. ^ [4]

External links