IIHF World Ranking

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The IIHF World Ranking is a ranking of the national teams of member countries of the International Ice Hockey Federation.

The system was approved by the IIHF congress in September 2003.[1] According to IIHF President René Fasel, the system was designed to be simple to understand and "reflect the long-term quality of all national hockey programs and their commitment to international hockey."[2]

Current calculation method[edit]

The world ranking is based on the final positions of the last four Ice Hockey World Championships and last Olympic ice hockey tournament. Since the women have no World Championship in the year of the Olympics, the women's world ranking is based only on the last three World Championships and the Olympic tournament. Points are assigned according to a team's final placement in the World Championship or the Olympic tournament. The world champion receives 1200 points and then a 20-point interval is used between teams. However, a 40-point interval is used between gold and silver, silver and bronze, fourth and fifth, and eighth and ninth. This is used as a bonus for the teams who reach the quarter-finals, the semi-finals, the final and for winning the gold medal.[3]

Place1234567891011121314151617181920...
Points12001160112011001060104010201000960940920900880860840820800780760740...

Points awarded in the current year are valued at the full amount. Points award in the prior years decline linearly by 25% until the fifth year when they are dropped from the calculation.[3] For example if in 2013 a men's team had won the gold medal in the last four championships and the last Olympic tournament their score would be 3300:

CompetitionValuation
coefficient
Points
2013 IIHF World Championship100%1200
2012 IIHF World Championship75%900
2011 IIHF World Championship50%600
2010 IIHF World Championship25%300
2010 Winter Olympics25%300
2009 IIHF World Championship0%0

If in 2013 a women's team had won the gold medal in the last three championships and the last Olympic tournament their score would be 3000:

CompetitionValuation
coefficient
Points
2013 IIHF World Championship100%1200
2012 IIHF World Championship75%900
2011 IIHF World Championship50%600
2010 Winter Olympics25%300
2009 IIHF World Championship0%0

Effects[edit]

The ranking is used to determine the seeding of the teams for the next World Championship and to select the teams which can participate in Winter Olympics without playing in the qualifying round. For the 2014 Winter Olympics the first nine teams of the Men's World Ranking and the first six of the Women's World Ranking can participate without qualification. Qualification for the men's tournament at the 2014 Winter Olympics was structured around the 2012 ranking. Twelve spots were made available for teams. The top nine teams in the World Ranking after the 2012 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships received automatic berths into the Ice Hockey event. All IIHF teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams that wished to participate ranked below 29th played a Preliminary Qualification in September 2012. The winner of the preliminary and teams ranked 19-29th were divided in three groups to play the Pre-qualification in November 2012. The winner of each Pre-qualification group and teams ranked 10-18 were divided in three groups to play the Final Qualification in February 2013. The three winners of the Final Qualification will join the nine top ranked teams in the Olympics in 2014.

The women's tournament uses a similar qualification format. The top six teams in the IIHF Women's World Ranking after the 2012 IIHF Women's World Championship received automatic berths into the ice hockey event. Lower ranked teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams ranked 19th and below were divided into two groups where they played in a Preliminary Qualification round in the Fall of 2012. The two winners and teams ranked 13-18 were divided into two groups where they played in the Pre-qualification round in November 2012. The two group winners from the round advanced to the Final Qualification round, where the teams ranked seventh through twelfth joined them.[4]

Men's rankings[edit]

Graph of the evolution of the top ten men's nations (2003-2013).

The Men's 2013 ranking is based on the performance at World Championship of 2013, 2012, 2011, and 2010, and at the 2010 Olympic Ice Hockey Tournament in Vancouver, Canada.[3] For all years the points received is the shown at their full value. The "Total" column is the countries score after the previous years have been depreciated by their respected value. A dash in a tournament column indicates that the country did not participate.

Eight nations have achieved a top ten ranking every year between 2003–2013, they are: Canada, Sweden, Russia, Finland, Czech Republic, the United States, Slovakia, and Switzerland. An additional four nations, Germany (8 years), Latvia (6 years), Belarus (5 years), and Norway (3 years) have been in the top ten at least once. As of 2013, three countries have accomplished a first place ranking; Canada and Russia with four years each, and Sweden with three years. Only Sweden has achieved a top four ranking every year.

Rank
TeamWorld Championship
division (as of 2014)
WC 2013
(100%)
WC 2012
(75%)
WC 2011
(50%)
WC 2010
(25%)
OLY 2010
(25%)
TotalChange
+/−
1 SwedenChampionship120010401160112010603105+3
2 FinlandChampionship110011001200104011203065
3 RussiaChampionship104012001100116010403040–2
4 Czech RepublicChampionship102011201120120010202975–1
5 CanadaChampionship106010601060102012002940
6 United StatesChampionship11201020100088011602895+1
7  SwitzerlandChampionship1160920960106010002845+2
8 SlovakiaChampionship1000116094090011002840–2
9 NorwayChampionship940100010409609402685–1
10 GermanyChampionship960900102011009202650
11 LatviaChampionship9209408809209002520
12 DenmarkChampionship90088092010008402480
13 FranceChampionship8809609008607402450+1
14 BelarusChampionship8608608609409602410–1
15 AustriaDivision IA8407808408008802265
16 KazakhstanChampionship8008208008208202225+1
17 SloveniaDivision IA8208008207807602215+1
18 ItalyChampionship7808407808408002210–2
19 HungaryDivision IA7607607607407202075
20 UkraineDivision IA6807007207608601970
21 JapanDivision IA7407405807207801960+1
22 Great BritainDivision IB7007207406806401940–1
23 PolandDivision IB6606606807006601835
24 NetherlandsDivision IB6406406606606001765
25 South KoreaDivision IA7206807006401740+3
26 LithuaniaDivision IB6006006406207001700–1
27 RomaniaDivision IB6206205605205601635
28 EstoniaDivision IIA5805606005606801610–2
29 CroatiaDivision IB5605205205806201510+1
30 SpainDivision IIB4605406205405401445–1
31 SerbiaDivision IIA4804804806005801375
32 AustraliaDivision IIA5005805405001330
33 IcelandDivision IIA5205004604601240+2
34 BelgiumDivision IIA5404404404801210+2
35 New ZealandDivision IIB4204605004201120+2
36 MexicoDivision IIB4003804004005001110–2
37 BulgariaDivision III3404003804405201070–4
38 ChinaDivision IIB3804204203801000
39 IsraelDivision IIA440360320360960+1
40 TurkeyDivision IIB360320280340480945–1
41 South AfricaDivision IIB320340300260790
42 IrelandDivision III260260340320705
43 LuxembourgDivision III280280260240680
44 GreeceDivision III240240240280610
45 North KoreaDivision III300300300600
46 MongoliaDivision III Qual200220200415
47 United Arab EmiratesDivision III Qual220220275
48 GeorgiaDivision III Qual180180new

2003–2012[edit]

Key
 P Points
 R Rank
2003200420052006200720082009201020112012
TeamPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPR
 Armenia24045420455804539045200487048049049049
 Australia108036112535119534121534126033130033138531135034135034138532
 Austria297012275511243013293016269517244516228516293514273015246515
 Belarus295513259013243012323010302592845926608336010302511270513
 Belgium124033134533125532120035120035123034125533124036118035113536
 Bosnia and Herzegovina2004715047100485048048
 Bulgaria155030137532123533171530150031130532116035156031140532127033
 Canada36851348513220138903367023410131602398023595432555
 China180528163028151528197028186027165028141029112037106039104038
 Croatia154531142531139030200027185028179026167526212526189027166530
 Czech Republic35603322543065339852359543265529156378553570533303
 Denmark266514257514240014300514285512266013244513318513296513271012
 Estonia213524199524186024232524216523193025163527210027194026176026
 Finland35254319552865738304364033385430504380543630233452
 France257518240018215017272019252519241018232514290015276514266014
 Germany32408299082580103110122925112740102460123360931908288510
 Great Britain223023199025178025158031160529164529169525235023225021211021
 Greece2404644046595456404462544
 Hungary225522206022192022243022232021222020213020265520246020226519
 Iceland930388753987539840409203796538103037109538112536118535
 Ireland260444554458544710437754072042750417854173542
 Israel111035103536114035127533126034119035107036970398854087540
 Italy258517231519210019291517281513258014229015286016260517244016
 Japan260515244015209020254021230522212022196521257521224522210522
 Kazakhstan248021241017233515311511274016240519216518279017261516244017
 North Korea6804195037110536110536660446454470543730434854554045
 South Korea142032145530136031132032132032136531139530148533160531166528
 Latvia3060102900102675933109299510274011261010326512298512276511
 Lithuania188527172027162027227025210525197023181023230024212524190525
 Luxembourg63542755427854270543710426954370044665446504366543
 Mexico8203977041775438453991538101037102538152032138533123034
 Mongolia260464154551545540463154637546
 Netherlands213525201523188523236023215524193524175524221025208025192524
 New Zealand8004087040910389253890039890398503992540106538112537
 Norway2535202265212105182935152780142735122545113305113175929608
 Poland255019229520208521258020239520217521194022240522221523202023
 Romania196526184526168526213526197026177027160528194528180028172527
 Russia34806310572905537255353553400232001398013650134251
 Serbia168529156529142029174529155530142530136532193529175530156531
 Slovakia348053235329654368563390629558263593405831301031006
 Slovenia259516242016229516287018264018246015219017273019256518237518
 South Africa99037930388454083041770417554279040735427404278041
 Spain123034117034109037104037109036112036116534179030178529166529
 Sweden36102340023095240951374013400330953384533630332804
  Switzerland31359292092715835008325083020727257354073240729109
 Turkey62543690437954177542830407654175041126535111037101539
 Ukraine301011272012249011300513274015243517213519276018249519223520
 United Arab Emirates220471654711047
 United States33307314562865635807337573105629155365063340630657

Women's rankings[edit]

The Women's 2013 ranking is based on the performance at the World Championships of 2013, 2012, and 2011 and at the 2010 Olympic Ice Hockey Tournament in Vancouver, Canada.[3] For all years the points received is the shown at their full value. The "Total" column is the countries score after the previous years have been depreciated by their respected value. A dash in a tournament column indicates that the country did not participate.

Only six nations have achieved a top ten ranking every year between 2003–2013, they are: Canada, the United States, Finland, Sweden, Russia, and Switzerland. An additional seven nations, Germany (10 years), Kazakhstan (10 years), China (9 years), Japan (9 years), Slovakia (4 years), Norway (1 year) and Czech Republic (1 year) have been in the top ten at least once. Canada (8) and United States (3) are the only countries to have accomplished a first place ranking as well as the only two to achieve a top two ranking every year.

Rank
TeamWorld Championship
division (as of 2013)
WC 2013
(100%)
WC 2012
(75%)
WC 2011
(50%)
OLY 2010
(25%)
TotalChange
+/−
1 United StatesChampionship12001160120011602960+1
2 CanadaChampionship11601200116012002940–1
3 FinlandChampionship11001100112011202765
4 RussiaChampionship11201040110010402710+2
5  SwitzerlandChampionship10401120104010602665–1
6 SwedenChampionship10201060106011002620–1
7 GermanyChampionship106010209609202535+1
8 SlovakiaDivision I A9201000102010002430–1
9 Czech RepublicChampionship10009608408802360+3
10 JapanDivision I A96092086019402315+1
11 NorwayDivision I A8809409409002280–1
12 AustriaDivision I A9009009007802220+3
13 LatviaDivision I A8608809208402190+1
14 KazakhstanDivision I B76086010009602145–5
15 ChinaDivision I B78082088010202090–2
16 FranceDivision I B8408008208602065
17 DenmarkDivision I A9408408001970+2
18 Great BritainDivision I B7407607608201910–1
19 ItalyDivision II A7007407808001845–1
20 NetherlandsDivision I B8207807201750+1
21 SloveniaDivision II A6206406607401615–1
22 HungaryDivision II A7207006801585+1
23 AustraliaDivision II A6806807001540+1
24 CroatiaDivision II B5606206407601535–2
25 New ZealandDivision II A6606606001455
26 North KoreaDivision I B80072001340+5
27 PolandDivision II A6406005001340+1
28 South KoreaDivision II B6005605801310–2
29 SpainDivision II B5805804801255+1
30 IcelandDivision II B5405405601225–1
31 BelgiumDivision II B5205206201220–4
32 South AfricaDivision II B5005005201135
33 BulgariaDivision II B Qual460460720870
34 TurkeyDivision II B Qual480440700+1
35 IrelandDivision II B Qual440420650+1
36 Romania540270–2

1Japan withdrew from 2011 competition due to "force majeure," and was thus granted the points of last place in their division.

2003–2012[edit]

Key
 P Points
 R Rank
2003200420052006200720082009201020112012
TeamPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPR
 Australia5302212702113752285023120523140522890235352588024120524
 Austria7002612852592021131520158019187517204016213015218515
 Belgium535211175221335238302411602413052481024485267802698527
 Bulgaria7202410002370533
 Canada18001300012960129701298012950129302295012930229601
 China154572565725757248572520825108248572515723859223513
 Croatia5803110953078525123520137520148022
 Czech Republic67011159011184011201012219513220512218012219013215514224512
 Denmark63516145516170014107017148517165018176019116522137021162519
 Estonia5203291032650323903313037037
 Finland16553277532765327604275542770327853279532800327803
 France66012154013178012199514223012222011217013215514210516205516
 Germany15656260562625526355258552525724201023501123551024308
 Great Britain5602012802014252088522121022138523164520192518194018195517
 Hungary5052411652313202482525113525126525785264702783525121023
 Iceland54030405307703010903168529415297052996029
 Ireland4203631536
 Italy58518138517161017201511216014206515198016195017195017191518
 Japan142510240510238010235010234510242092465924359232011228511
 Kazakhstan149082430924758244592445924101024758245582475723509
 North Korea650131490151635161005181380191560201775181185215953292031
 South Korea600271050277502610702612152676027455287302899526
 Latvia64515154512175013199513225011219513213514210515217013219514
 Netherlands5701913301915051993520130021148021164521109523126522148021
 New Zealand580294352983029111027690284153074027111025
 Norway65014151014169515190015214515215014219511222512228012232010
 Poland5003497528
 Romania3202594025118526730279952711002968530410316753040534
 Russia16205268052605625856256562575626106261062670526506
 Slovakia59517137518158518990191415181735172040152370102470825007
 Slovenia3102699024138521170016186516181016107522126019138519150520
 South Africa505235052879028465289102811052867531400326453189032
 Spain4803594030
 Sweden16254272542760428303282532760427454273542700426805
  Switzerland14359243582430924808255572645526305264052620626854
 Turkey480338403360033360345603333035
 United States17402290022940228902289022930229601295022970129402

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ The Associated Press (2003-09-20). "Canadiens lose Koivu, Michaud to injury in 4-3 loss to Senators". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  2. ^ Edvinsson, Jan-Ake, ed. (November 2003). "News release–Hockey fans are the best in the world" (PDF). Ice Times (International Ice Hockey Federation) 7 (5): p. 7. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d "World Ranking". International Ice Hockey Federation. Archived from the original on 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  4. ^ "2014 Olympic Winter Games". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2013-05-16. 

External links[edit]