IIHF World Ranking

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The IIHF World Ranking is a ranking of the performance of the national ice hockey teams of member countries of the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). It is based on a formula giving points for each team's placings at IIHF-sanctioned tournaments over the previous four years. The ranking is used to determine seedings and qualification requirements for future IIHF tournaments. As of 2014, the current leaders in rankings are Sweden in men's play, and Canada in women's play.

The system was approved at the IIHF congress of September 2003.[1] According to IIHF President René Fasel, the system was designed to be simple to understand and "reflect the long-term quality of all national hockey programs and their commitment to international hockey."[2]

Current calculation method[edit]

The world ranking is based on the final positions of the last four Ice Hockey World Championships and last Olympic ice hockey tournament. Since the women have no World Championship in the year of the Olympics, the women's world ranking is based only on the last three World Championships and the Olympic tournament. Points are assigned according to a team's final placement in the World Championship or the Olympic tournament. The world champion receives 1200 points and then a 20-point interval is used between teams. However, a 40-point interval is used between gold and silver, silver and bronze, fourth and fifth, and eighth and ninth. This is used as a bonus for the teams who reach the quarter-finals, the semi-finals, the final and for winning the gold medal.[3]

Place1234567891011121314151617181920...
Points12001160112011001060104010201000960940920900880860840820800780760740...

Points awarded in the current year are valued at the full amount. Points award in the prior years decline linearly by 25% until the fifth year when they are dropped from the calculation.[3] For example if in 2014 a men's team had won the gold medal in the last four championships and the last Olympic tournament their score would be 4200:

CompetitionValuation
coefficient
Points
2014 IIHF World Championship100%1200
2014 Winter Olympics100%1200
2013 IIHF World Championship75%900
2012 IIHF World Championship50%600
2011 IIHF World Championship25%300
2010 IIHF World Championship0%0

If in 2014 a women's team had won the gold medal in the last three championships and the last Olympic tournament their score would be 3000:

CompetitionValuation
coefficient
Points
2014 Winter Olympics100%1200
2013 IIHF World Championship75%900
2012 IIHF World Championship50%600
2011 IIHF World Championship25%300
2010 IIHF World Championship0%0

Usage[edit]

The ranking is used to determine the seeding of the teams for the next World Championship and to select the teams which can participate in Winter Olympics without playing in the qualifying round. For the 2014 Winter Olympics, the first nine teams of the Men's World Ranking and the first six of the Women's World Ranking were pre-qualified. Qualification for the men's tournament at the 2014 Winter Olympics was structured around the 2012 ranking. Twelve spots were made available for teams. The top nine teams in the World Ranking after the 2012 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships received automatic berths into the Ice Hockey event. All IIHF teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams that wished to participate ranked below 29th played a preliminary qualification in September 2012. The winner of the preliminary and teams ranked 19-29th were divided in three groups to play in the pre-qualification round in November 2012. The winner of each pre-qualification group and teams ranked 10-18 were divided in three groups to play in the final qualification in February 2013. The winner of each group then joined the nine top-ranked teams in the Olympics in 2014.

The women's tournament uses a similar qualification format. The top six teams in the IIHF Women's World Ranking after the 2012 IIHF Women's World Championship received automatic berths into the ice hockey event. Lower ranked teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams ranked 19th and below were divided into two groups where they played in a preliminary qualification round in the autumn of 2012. The two winners and teams ranked 13-18 were divided into two groups where they played in the pre-qualification round in November 2012. The two group winners from the round advanced to the final qualification round, where the teams ranked seventh through twelfth joined them.[4]

Men's rankings[edit]

Graph of the evolution of the top ten men's nations (2003-2014, year end rankings)

The Men's 2014 ranking is based on the performance at World Championships of 2014, 2013, 2012, and 2011, and at the 2014 Olympic Ice Hockey Tournament in Sochi, Russia.[3] For all years the points received is the shown at their full value. The "Total" column is the countries score after the previous years have been depreciated by their respected value. A dash in a tournament column indicates that the country did not participate.

Eight nations have achieved a top ten ranking every time (including Olympic rankings) between 2003–2014, they are: Sweden, Canada, Russia, Finland, Czech Republic, the United States, Slovakia, and Switzerland. An additional four nations, Latvia (10 times), Germany (9 times), Belarus (6 times), and Norway (5 times) have been in the top ten at least once. As of 2014, three countries have accomplished a first place ranking: Sweden six times, Canada five times, and Russia four times. Only Sweden has achieved a top four ranking every time.

The following table lists the ranking after results of the 2014 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships.

Rank
TeamWC division
(as of 2015)
WC 2014
(100%)
OLY 2014
(100%)
WC 2013
(75%)
WC 2012
(50%)
WC 2011
(25%)
TotalChange
+/−
1 SwedenChampionship112011601200104011603990
2 FinlandChampionship116011201100110012003955
3 RussiaChampionship120010601040120011003915+1
4 CanadaChampionship106012001060106010603850–1
5 Czech RepublicChampionship110010401020112011203745
6 United StatesChampionship104011001120102010003740
7 SwitzerlandChampionship94096011609209603470
8 SlovakiaChampionship960920100011609403445
9 LatviaChampionship92010009209408803300+1
10 NorwayChampionship900900940100010403265–1
11 BelarusChampionship10208608608608603170+4
12 FranceChampionship10008008809609003165
13 GermanyChampionship86084096090010203125–2
14 SloveniaChampionship80010208208008203040
15 DenmarkChampionship8807809008809203005–2
16 AustriaChampionship7809408407808402950
17 KazakhstanDivision I A8208808008208002910
18 ItalyDivision I A8408207808407802860
19 HungaryDivision I A7207007607607602560
20 UkraineDivision I A7407206807007202500+1
21 JapanDivision I A7606407407405802470+1
22 Great BritainDivision I B6207607007207402450–2
23 South KoreaDivision I B7006607206807002415
24 PolandDivision I A6806806606606802355+1
25 NetherlandsDivision I B6007406406406602305–1
26 LithuaniaDivision I B6406206006006402170
27 RomaniaDivision II A5805806206205602075
28 CroatiaDivision I B6605405605205202010+2
29 EstoniaDivision I B5605605805606001985–1
30 SpainDivision II A4406004605406201810–1
31 SerbiaDivision II A5205004804804801740
32 IsraelDivision II B4604804403603201530+1
33 MexicoDivision II B4205204003804001530–1
34 AustraliaDivision II A5005005805401300
35 IcelandDivision II A5405205004601295
36 BelgiumDivision II A4805404404401215
37 New ZealandDivision II B4004204605001070
38 ChinaDivision II B380380420420980
39 BulgariaDivision II B320340400380870
40 South AfricaDivision II B360320340300845+1
41 TurkeyDivision III340360320280840–1
42 LuxembourgDivision III280280280260695+1
43 North KoreaDivision III300300300675+2
44 Ireland260260340410–2
45 United Arab EmiratesDivision III240220405+2
46 Greece240240240360–2
47 GeorgiaDivision III220180355+1
48 Hong KongDivision III260260new
49 Mongolia200220260–2

2003–2014 Olympics[edit]

Key
 P Points
 R Rank
2003200420052006 O20062007200820092010 O20102011201220132014 O
TeamPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPR
 Armenia24045420453004558045390452004870487048049
 Australia10803611253511953484034121534126033130033138531138534135034135034138532133032133034
 Austria297012275511243013304512293016269517244516228516295514293514273015246515226515298516
 Belarus29551325901324301230351332301030259284592660834009336010302511270513241014303015
 Belgium12403313453312553287033120035120035123034125533125536124036118035113536121034121036
 Bosnia and Herzegovina200471504715047100485048
 Bulgaria15503013753212353316553017153015003113053211603515403115603114053212703310703794039
 Canada3685134851322013940238903367023410131602410513970235954325552940538403
 China180528163028151528198027197028186027165028141029126035112037106039104038100038100038
 Croatia154531142531139030197028200027185028179026167526215027212526189027166530151029189530
 Czech Republic3560332254306533930339852359543265529156365563785535705333032975437605
 Denmark266514257514240014299015300514285512266013244513308513318513296513271012248012305013
 Estonia213524199524186024232024232524216523193025163527215526210027194026176026161028200028
 Finland3525431955286573765538304364033385430504388033805436302334523065239052
 France257518240018215017275519272019252519241018232514286016290015276514266014245013306512
 Georgia1804818048
 Germany32408299082580103270103110122925112740102460123145123360931908288510265010326011
 Great Britain223023199025178025113031158031160529164529169525233524235023225021211021194022254020
 Greece2404644046440465954564044625446104461044
 Hungary225522206022192022246022243022232021222020213020267520265520246020226519207519259519
 Iceland93038875398753961539840409203796538103037103039109538112536118535124033124035
 Ireland26044455443254458544710437754072042720427504178541735427054270542
 Israel1110351035361140358103512753312603411903510703610703897039885408754096039144033
 Italy258517231519210019282017291517281513258014229015286015286016260517244016221018283018
 Japan260515244015209020262521254021230522212022196521256521257521224522210522196021240522
 Kazakhstan248021241017233515310011311511274016240519216518274519279017261516244017222516290017
 North Korea680419503711053676536110536660446454470543705437304348545540456004560045
 South Korea14203214553013603195032132032132032136531139530139533148533160531166528174025240023
 Latvia306010290010267593335933109299510274011261010328510326512298512276511252011329510
 Lithuania188527172027162027208526227025210525197023181023235523230024212524190525170026214526
 Luxembourg6354275542785425504270543710426954370044700446654465043665436804368043
 Mexico820397704177543540438453991538101037102538152532152032138533123034111036150532
 Mongolia260464154551545515455404631546375464154641546
 Netherlands213525201523188523240023236023215524193524175524218525221025208025192524176524235524
 New Zealand80040870409103863538925389003989039850398504092540106538112537112035112037
 Norway25352022652121051827601829351527801427351225451132701133051131759296082685933509
 Poland255019229520208521263520258020239520217521194022241522240522221523202023183523235025
 Romania196526184526168526219525213526197026177027160528200028194528180028172527163527207527
 Russia3480631057290553725637255353553400232001396523980136501342513040338404
 Serbia168529156529142029181529174529155530142530136532181029193529175530156531137531173031
 Slovakia34805323532965438054368563390629558263593470734058313010310062840834858
 Slovenia259516242016229516290016287018264018246015219017275518273019256518237518221517304514
 South Africa9903793038845405904083041770417554279040790417354274042780417904179041
 Spain12303411703410903776037104037109036112036116534170530179030178529166529144530191029
 Sweden3610234002309524035140951374013400330953385543845336303328043105140001
 Switzerland3135929209271583525835008325083020727257346583540732407291092845735557
 Turkey62543690437954156541775428304076541750411230371265351110371015399454082540
 Ukraine301011272012249011301514300513274015243517213519280517276018249519223520197020247521
 United Arab Emirates2204716547110472754727547
 United States3330731456286563575735807337573105629155382553650633406306572895637056

Women's rankings[edit]

The Women's 2014 ranking[5] is based on the performance at the World Championships of 2013, 2012, and 2011 and at the 2014 Olympic Ice Hockey Tournament in Sochi, Russia.[3] For all years the points received is the shown at their full value. The "Total" column is the countries score after the previous years have been depreciated by their respected value. A dash in a tournament column indicates that the country did not participate.

Only six nations have achieved a top ten ranking every year between 2003–2014. These nations are Canada, the United States, Finland, Sweden, Russia, and Switzerland. An additional seven nations, Germany (11 years), Kazakhstan (10 years), Japan (10 years), China (9 years), Slovakia (5 years), Czech Republic (2 years), and Norway (1 year) have been in the top ten at least once. Canada (9) and United States (3) are the only countries to have accomplished a first place ranking as well as the only two to achieve a top two ranking every year.

Rank
TeamWorld Championship
division (as of 2014)
OLY 2014
(100%)
WC 2013
(75%)
WC 2012
(50%)
WC 2011
(25%)
TotalChange
+/−
1 CanadaChampionship12001160120011602960+1
2 United StatesChampionship11601200116012002940–1
3 SwitzerlandChampionship11201040112010402720+2
4 FinlandChampionship10601100110011202715–1
5 RussiaChampionship10401120104011002675–1
6 SwedenChampionship11001020106010602660
7 GermanyChampionship1020106010209602565
8 Czech RepublicDivision I A96010009608402400+1
9 JapanChampionship100096092086012395+1
10 SlovakiaDivision I A880920100010202325–2
11 NorwayDivision I A9208809409402285
12 DenmarkDivision I A9409408408002265+5
13 AustriaDivision I A8409009009002190–1
14 ChinaDivision I B9007808208802115+1
15 KazakhstanDivision I B86076086010002110–1
16 LatviaDivision I B7408608809202055–3
17 FranceDivision I A8208408008202055–1
18 NetherlandsDivision I B7608207607201935+2
19 Great BritainDivision II A7807407807601915–1
20 ItalyDivision II A8007007407801890–1
21 HungaryDivision I B7207207006801780+1
22 SloveniaDivision II B6806206406601630–1
23 PolandDivision II A7006406005001605+4
24 South KoreaDivision II A6406005605801515+4
25 CroatiaDivision II B6205606206401510–1
26 SpainDivision II B6605805804801505+3
27 AustraliaDivision II A6806807001025–4
28 New ZealandDivision II A660660600975–3
29 North KoreaDivision I B8007200960–3
30 IcelandDivision II B540540560815
31 BelgiumDivision II B520520620805
32 South AfricaDivision II B Qual500500520755
33 TurkeyDivision II B480440470+1
34 BulgariaDivision II B Qual460460460–1
35 IrelandDivision II B Qual440420435
36 Romania540135

1Japan withdrew from 2011 competition due to force majeure, and was thus granted the points of last place in their division.

2003–2013[edit]

Key
 P Points
 R Rank
20032004200520062007200820092010201120122013
TeamPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPRPR
 Australia5302212702113752285023120523140522890235352588024120524154023
 Austria7002612852592021131520158019187517204016213015218515222012
 Belgium535211175221335238302411602413052481024485267802698527122031
 Bulgaria720241000237053387033
 Canada1800130001296012970129801295012930229501293022960129402
 China154572565725757248572520825108248572515723859223513209015
 Croatia5803110953078525123520137520148022153524
 Czech Republic6701115901118401120101221951322051221801221901321551422451223609
 Denmark63516145516170014107017148517165018176019116522137021162519197017
 Estonia5203291032650323903313037037037
 Finland1655327753276532760427554277032785327953280032780327653
 France66012154013178012199514223012222011217013215514210516205516206516
 Germany1565626056262552635525855252572420102350112355102430825357
 Great Britain5602012802014252088522121022138523164520192518194018195517191018
 Hungary5052411652313202482525113525126525785264702783525121023158522
 Iceland54030405307703010903168529415297052996029122530
 Ireland420363153665035
 Italy58518138517161017201511216014206515198016195017195017191518184519
 Japan142510240510238010235010234510242092465924359232011228511231510
 Kazakhstan149082430924758244592445924101024758245582475723509214514
 North Korea650131490151635161005181380191560201775181185215953292031134026
 South Korea600271050277502610702612152676027455287302899526131028
 Latvia64515154512175013199513225011219513213514210515217013219514219013
 Netherlands5701913301915051993520130021148021164521109523126522148021175020
 New Zealand580294352983029111027690284153074027111025145525
 Norway65014151014169515190015214515215014219511222512228012232010228011
 Poland5003497528134027
 Romania320259402511852673027995271100296853041031675304053427036
 Russia1620526805260562585625656257562610626106267052650627104
 Slovakia5951713751815851899019141518173517204015237010247082500724308
 Slovenia3102699024138521170016186516181016107522126019138519150520161521
 South Africa505235052879028465289102811052867531400326453189032113532
 Spain4803594030125529
 Sweden1625427254276042830328253276042745427354270042680526206
 Switzerland1435924358243092480825557264552630526405262062685426655
 Turkey48033840336003336034560333303570034
 United States1740229002294022890228902293022960129502297012940229601

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ The Associated Press (2003-09-20). "Canadiens lose Koivu, Michaud to injury in 4-3 loss to Senators". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  2. ^ Edvinsson, Jan-Ake, ed. (November 2003). "News release–Hockey fans are the best in the world" (PDF). Ice Times (International Ice Hockey Federation) 7 (5): 7. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d "World Ranking". International Ice Hockey Federation. Archived from the original on 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  4. ^ "2014 Olympic Winter Games". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2013-05-16. 
  5. ^ http://www.iihf.com/home-of-hockey/championships/world-ranking/womens-world-ranking/2014-ranking.html 2014 Women's World Ranking

External links[edit]