IAAF World Championships in Athletics

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IAAF World Championships in Athletics
SportAthletics
Founded1983
No. of teams200 (2007), 202 (2009), 204 (2011), 206 (2013)
ContinentInternational (IAAF)
Most recent champion(s)Last winners lists
TV partner(s)SBS Two (Australia)
Eurovision (Europe)
TBS (Japan)
NBC Universal (United States)
 
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IAAF World Championships in Athletics
SportAthletics
Founded1983
No. of teams200 (2007), 202 (2009), 204 (2011), 206 (2013)
ContinentInternational (IAAF)
Most recent champion(s)Last winners lists
TV partner(s)SBS Two (Australia)
Eurovision (Europe)
TBS (Japan)
NBC Universal (United States)

The World Championships in Athletics is an event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Originally, it was organised every four years, but this changed in 1991, and it has since been organised biennially.

History[edit]

The idea of having an Athletics World Championships was around well before the competition's first event in 1983. In 1913, the IAAF decided that the Olympic Games would serve as the World Championships for athletics. This was considered suitable for over 50 years until in the late 1960s the desire of many IAAF members to have their own World Championships began to grow. In 1976 at the IAAF Council Meeting in Puerto Rico an Athletics World Championships separate from the Olympic Games was approved.

Following bids from both Stuttgart, West Germany and Helsinki, Finland, the IAAF Council awarded the inaugural competition to Helsinki, to take place in 1983 and be held in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium (where the 1952 Summer Olympics were held).

Two IAAF world championship events preceded the inaugural edition of the World Championships in Athletics in 1983. The 1976 World Championships had just one event – the men's 50 kilometres walk was dropped from the Olympic programme for the 1976 Summer Olympics and the IAAF responded by setting up their own contest. Four years later, the 1980 World Championships contained only two newly approved women's events (400 metres hurdles and 3000 metres), neither of which featured on the programme for the 1980 Summer Olympics.[1][2]

Over the years the competition has grown in size. In 1983 an estimated 1,300 athletes from 154 countries participated.[3] By the 2003 competition, in Paris, it had grown to 1,907 athletes from 203 countries with coverage being transmitted to 179 different countries.

There has also been a change in the schedule over the years, with several new events, all for women, being added. By 2005 the schedule for men and women was almost equal. The only differences being the men had the extra event of the 50 km walk, while women competed in the 100 m hurdles and heptathlon compared to the men in the 110 m hurdles and decathlon respectively.

The following list shows when new events were added for the first time.

Championships[edit]

EditionYearCityCountryDateVenueNo. of
Events
No. of
Athletes
1st1983 (details)Helsinki Finland7 Aug – 14 AugOlympiastadion411,355
2nd1987 (details)Rome Italy28 Aug – 6 SepStadio Olimpico431,451
3rd1991 (details)Tokyo Japan23 Aug – 1 SepNational Olympic Stadium431,517
4th1993 (details)Stuttgart Germany13 Aug – 22 AugGottlieb-Daimler-Stadion441,689
5th1995 (details)Gothenburg Sweden5 Aug – 13 AugUllevi441,804
6th1997 (details)Athens Greece1 Aug – 10 AugOlympiako Stadio441,882
7th1999 (details)Seville Spain20 Aug – 29 AugEstadio Olímpico de la Cartuja461,821
8th2001 (details)Edmonton Canada3 Aug – 12 AugCommonwealth Stadium461,677
9th2003 (details)Saint-Denis France23 Aug – 31 AugStade de France461,679
10th2005 (details)Helsinki Finland6 Aug – 14 AugOlympiastadion471,688
11th2007 (details)Osaka Japan24 Aug – 2 SepNagai Stadium471,800
12th2009 (details)Berlin Germany15 Aug – 23 AugOlympiastadion471,895
13th2011 (details)Daegu South Korea27 Aug – 4 SepDaegu Stadium471,867
14th2013 (details)Moscow Russia10 Aug – 18 AugLuzhniki Stadium471,970
15th2015 (details)Beijing China22 Aug – 30 AugBeijing National Stadium
16th2017 (details)London United Kingdom5 Aug – 13 AugOlympic Stadium

Medal totals since 1983[edit]

Updated after 2013 Championships

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States1388874300
2 Russia536055168
3 Kenya433732112
4 Germany352838101
5 Jamaica24423298
6 Soviet Union22252875
7 Ethiopia22192364
8 Great Britain and N.I.21293282
9 East Germany20181553
10 Cuba18221252
11 Poland13101235
12 Czech Republic125421
13Italy Italy11151339
14 Ukraine1191333
15 France10151843
16 Belarus10121335
17China China10111435
18 Morocco1011627
19Australia Australia1091231
20 Sweden83516
21 Spain7151638
22 Finland78520
23 South Africa76417
24 Norway65213
25 Algeria6039
26 Romania58922
27 Bahamas57618
28 Portugal56516
29 Bulgaria53715
30 Bahrain5117
31 New Zealand5106
32 Canada410923
33 Japan461222
34 Greece451019
35 Czechoslovakia44311
36  Switzerland4037
37 Ireland3306
38 Mexico31812
39 Mozambique3115
40 Croatia3103
40 Ecuador3104
42 Denmark3014
43 Trinidad and Tobago24511
44 Estonia2428
45 Lithuania2215
45 Qatar2215
47 Dominican Republic2114
47 Uganda2114
49 Tajikistan2002
50 Brazil15511
51 Netherlands1449
52 Namibia1405
53 Zambia1203
54 Slovenia1124
55 Panama1102
55 Botswana1102
57 Saint Kitts and Nevis1045
58 Senegal1012
58 Somalia1012
58 Syria1012
61 Barbados1001
61 Colombia1023
61 Grenada1001
61 North Korea1001
65 Hungary06511
66 Nigeria0448
67 Kazakhstan0336
68 Turkey0213
68 Djibouti0213
70 Cameroon0202
70 Ivory Coast0202
70 Puerto Rico0202
73 Austria0112
73 Burundi0112
73 Cyprus0112
73 Ghana0112
73 Israel0112
73 Sri Lanka0112
73 Suriname0112
73 Tunisia0112
81 Bermuda0101
81 Eritrea0101
81 Sudan0101
81 Tanzania0101
85 Belgium0044
86 Slovakia0033
87 Serbia0022
88 American Samoa0011
88 Dominica0011
88 Haiti0011
88 India0011
88 Iran0011
88 Latvia0011
88 Saudi Arabia0011
88 Zimbabwe0011
95Total6316256271883
Proportional symbol map of the world showing medal totals by country since 1983 for the IAAF World Championships in Athletics

Ceremonies[edit]

The opening and closing ceremonies of the 8th IAAF World Championships held in Edmonton in 2001 were broadcast live to over 200 countries. The event included the men's marathon, and featured a thousand voice choir and original music by The Second City alumni Jan Randall.

Multiple medallist[edit]

Men

There are fourteen athletes who have won at least six medals.[4]

AthleteCountryGold medal world centered-2.svgSilver medal world centered-2.svgBronze medal world centered-2.svgTot.
Usain Bolt Jamaica82010
Carl Lewis United States81110
Michael Johnson United States8008
LaShawn Merritt United States6208
Haile Gebrselassie Ethiopia4217
Sergey Bubka Soviet Union /  Ukraine6006
Jeremy Wariner United States5106
Kenenisa Bekele Ethiopia5016
Lars Riedel Germany5016
Hicham El Guerrouj Morocco4206
Ezekiel Kemboi Kenya3306
Butch Reynolds United States3216
Bernard Lagat United States /  Kenya2316
Greg Haughton Jamaica0336
Women

There are twelve athletes who have won at least six medals.[4]

AthleteCountryGold medal world centered-2.svgSilver medal world centered-2.svgBronze medal world centered-2.svgTot.
Merlene Ottey Jamaica /  Slovenia34714
Allyson Felix United States81110
Jearl Miles Clark United States4329
Veronica Campbell-Brown Jamaica2709
Gail Devers United States5308
Gwen Torrence United States3418
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Jamaica5207
Yuliya Pechonkina Russia2327
Beverly McDonald Jamaica1427
Lorraine Graham Jamaica1337
Carmelita Jeter United States3137
Sanya Richards-Ross United States5106

Athletes with most appearances[edit]

There are fifteen athletes that competed in at least eight editions.[4]

App.NameCountryYears contestedEvents
11Susana Feitor Portugal91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 1110 km walk / 20 km walk
Jesús Angel García Spain93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 1350 km walk
10Franka Dietzsch Germany91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09Discus throw
9Tim Berrett Canada91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 0720 km walk / 50 km walk
Maria Mutola Mozambique91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07800 m
Danny McFarlane Jamaica93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09400 m / 400 m hurdles / 4x400 m
Nicola Vizzoni Italy97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13Hammer throw
8Jan Železný Czechoslovakia /  Czech Republic87, 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03Javelin throw
Lars Riedel Germany91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05Discus throw
Hatem Ghoula Tunisia93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 0720 km walk
Merlene Ottey Jamaica /  Slovenia83, 87, 91, 93, 95, 97, 03, 07100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Kevin Sullivan Canada93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 071500 m
Sergey Makarov Russia97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11Javelin throw
Venelina Veneva Bulgaria91, 95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 09, 11High Jump
Aleksander Tammert Estonia95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09Discus throw

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]