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For other uses, see Husky (disambiguation).
Husky 3.JPG
Dogsled Huskies at rest. Ottawa, Canada, 2011.

Husky /ˈhʌski/ is a general name for a type of dog used to pull sleds in northern regions, differentiated from other sled-dog types by their fast pulling style.[1] They are "an ever-changing cross-breed of the...fastest dogs".[2] The Alaskan Malamute, by contrast, is "the largest and most powerful" sled dog,[3] and was used for heavier loads. Huskies are used in sled dog racing. In recent years companies have been marketing tourist treks with dog sledges for adventure travelers in snow regions as well.[4] Huskies are also today kept as pets, and groups work to find new pet homes for retired racing and adventure trekking dogs.[5]

Name origin[edit]

The word Husky originated from the word referring to Arctic people in general, Eskimos (aka Inuit), "...known as Huskies, a contraction of Huskimos, the pronunciation given to the word "Eskimos" by the English sailors of trading vessels."[6] Use of Husky is recorded from 1852 for dogs kept by Inuit people.[citation needed]


Husky type dogs are energetic and athletic. They usually have a thick double coat that can be gray, black, copper red, or white.[7] Huskies are known for pale blue eyes, although they may also have brown eyes, green eyes, blue eyes, or may even have yellow eyes. Huskies commonly have different colored eyes, a trait called heterochromia of the eye. Huskies are more commonly affected with some degree of uveitis than other types of dogs.[8]


Husky-type dogs were originally used to pull sleds and hunt large game. Commonly thought to have descended closely from wolves of the region.


Husky lying on the ground

Husky type dogs originally were landrace breeds kept by Arctic indigenous peoples.[9] DNA analysis has found that Huskies are one of the oldest types of dog, although one researcher "questioned the assignment of dogs to the ancient breed group, saying that any recent crossbreeding with wolves, as has happened with malamutes and Siberian huskies, could make a breed look primitive." [10]

Examples of these landraces in modern times have been selectively bred and registered with various kennel clubs as modern purebred breeds, including the Siberian Husky and Greenland Dog. The Sakhalin Husky is a Japanese sled dog related to the Japanese Spitz and Akita Inu. The Alaskan Husky is a type of sled dog found in Alaska (rather than Siberia or other Arctic areas) and the Mackenzie River Husky is a subtype referring to different dog populations in the Arctic and subarctic regions of Alaska and Canada.

Alternate activities[edit]

Since many owners now have Husky dogs as pets in settings that are not ideal for sledding, other activities have been found which are good for the dog and fun for the owner.

Huskies in popular culture[edit]

The phrase "three dog night", meaning it is so cold you would need three dogs in bed with you to keep warm, originated with the Chukchi people of Siberia, who kept the Siberian Husky landrace dog that became the modern purebred breed of Siberian Husky.[11]

Huskies are the mascots of several post-secondary institutions in the United States, including the University of Southern Maine, Houston Baptist University, the University of Washington, the University of Connecticut, Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania, Northeastern University, Michigan Technological University, St. Cloud State University, Northern Illinois University, and the University of Wisconsin-Marathon County. They are also the mascots for Saint Mary's University (Halifax), George Brown College (Toronto), and the University of Saskatchewan in Canada.[citation needed]

The Allied invasion of Sicily was called "Operation Husky".

Huskies have been the subject of several motion pictures, particularly in the context of sledding, including Balto, White Fang 2: Myth of the White Wolf, Eight Below, and Snow Dogs.


  1. ^ Dogs of the Iditarod, by Jeff Schultz, pg 41, Sasquatch Books, January 28, 2003, ISBN 1-57061-292-7
  2. ^ Dogs of the Iditarod, by Jeff Schultz, Sasquatch Books, January 28, 2003, ISBN 1-57061-292-7
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Dictionary of Newfoundland English, by George Morley Story, W. J. Kirwin, John David Allison Widdowson, pg 263, University of Toronto Press 2004, ISBN 0-8020-6819-7
  7. ^ The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English 2009 online
  8. ^ Uveodermatologic syndrome,
  9. ^
  10. ^ New York Times, Collie or Pug? Study Finds the Genetic Code by Mark Derr, May 21, 2004
  11. ^ William James Burroughs (2005). Climate Change in Prehistory: The End of the Reign of Chaos. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 129. ISBN 0-521-82409-5.