Shades of green

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Green
Color icon green.svg
Spectral coordinates
Wavelength520–570 nm
Frequency~575–525 THz
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00FF00
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 255, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 100%)
SourceW3C TR CSS3 Color Module[1]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Some tints and shades of green
 
  (Redirected from Hunter green (color))
Jump to: navigation, search
Green
Color icon green.svg
Spectral coordinates
Wavelength520–570 nm
Frequency~575–525 THz
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00FF00
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 255, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 100%)
SourceW3C TR CSS3 Color Module[1]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Some tints and shades of green

Varieties of the color green may differ in hue, chroma (also called saturation or intensity) or lightness (or value, tone, or brightness), or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a green or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Contents

Green in nature

Green is common in nature, especially in plants. Many plants are green mainly because of a complex chemical known as chlorophyll which is involved in photosynthesis.[2] Many shades of green have been named after plants or are related to plants. Due to varying ratios of chlorophylls (and different amounts as well as other plant pigments being present), the plant kingdom exhibits many shades of green in both hue (true color) and value (lightness/darkness). The chlorophylls in living plants have distinctive green colors, while dried or cooked portions of plants are different shades of green due to the chlorophyll molecules losing their inner magnesium ion.

Asparagus

Steamed asparagus prepared with roasted pine nuts.
Asparagus
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#87A96B
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(135, 169, 107)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(20, 0, 37, 34)
HSV       (h, s, v)(93°, 37%, 66[3]%)
SourceCrayola
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Asparagus is a tone of green that is named after the vegetable. Crayola created this color in 1993 as one of the 16 to be named in the Name The Color Contest.

Dark green

Dark Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#006400
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 100, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 100, 61)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 39[4]%)
SourceX11[1]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Dark green is a dark shade of green.

Dark green environmentalism is the concept that adherence to environmentalism is best promoted by local communities and by society as a whole with appropriate legislation (such as a carbon tax to combat global warming) and the encouragement of appropriate technology and renewable energy.[5]

Fern green

Ferns at Muir Woods, California
Fern
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#71BC78
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(113, 188, 120)
SourceCrayola
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Fern green is a color that resembles ferns. A Crayola crayon named Fern was created in 1998. The first recorded use of fern green as a color name in English was in 1902.[6]

Forest green

Forest green (web)
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#228B22
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(34, 139, 34)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 50, 100, 50)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 76%, 55%)
SourceX11
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Forest green refers to a green color said to resemble the color of the trees and other plants in a forest.[7]


Hooker's green

Hooker's Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#49796B
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(73, 121, 107)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(73, 36, 59, 15)
HSV       (h, s, v)(163°, 39.7%, 47.5[8]%)
Source[9]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Hooker's green is a dark green color created by mixing Prussian blue and Gamboge. The color is displayed at right.

Hooker's green takes its name from botanical artist William Hooker (1779 – 1832) who first created a special pigment for leaves.[10][11]

Jungle green

Jungle green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#29AB87
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(41, 171, 135)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(50, 0, 50, 2)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 80%, 70%)
SourceCrayola
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed on the right is the color jungle green. In 1990 Crayola named and formulated the specific color of jungle green. The first recorded use of jungle green as a name of a color in the English language was in 1926.[12]

Laurel green

Laurel green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A9BA9D
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(169, 186, 157)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(9, 0, 16, 27)
HSV       (h, s, v)(95°, 16%, 73%)
Sourceunsourced
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Laurel green is a hue of greenish gray similar to Asparagus.

Light green

Light Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#90EE90
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(144, 238, 144)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(40, 0, 40, 7)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 39%, 93[13]%)
SourceX11[1]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Light green is a light tint of green.

Light green environmentalism is the concept that adherence to environmentalism is best promoted as an individual consumer choice.[5] The term lite green environmentalism is used by environmentalists as a synonym for greenwashing.


Mantis

Mantis
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#74C365
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(116, 195, 101)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(41, 48, 0, 24)
HSV       (h, s, v)(110°, 48%, 77[14]%)
SourceXona.com color list
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Mantis is a color that is a representation of the color of a praying mantis.

The first use of mantis as a color name in English was when it was included as one of the colors on the Xona.com color list, promulgated in the year 2001.

Moss green

A small clump of moss.

Moss green is a shade of green. It is normally a hazy gray-green, close to an earthtone.

Myrtle

Myrtle is a variety of the color green. It is immoderately dark, slightly more so than the color spinach.[citation needed]

Myrtle the official designation of the green stripes on Waterloo Rugby Club's shirts, the green of Hunslet Hawks Rugby League Club, the green (along with the cardinal red) stripes of the South Sydney Rabbitohs and the green of the blazers, sports kit and scarf of St. Aloysius' College, Glasgow. It is also one of the school colors of Lane Technical College Prep High School in Chicago, the other being gold.

Pale green

Pale Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#98FB98
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(152, 251, 152)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(39, 0, 39, 2)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 39%, 98[15]%)
SourceX11[1]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Pale green is a pale tint of green.

Pine green

Pine green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#01796F
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(1, 121, 111)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(99, 0, 8, 53)
HSV       (h, s, v)(175°, 99%, 47%)
SourceCrayola
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Pine green is a rich shade of spring green that resembles the color of pine trees. It is an official Crayola color (since 1949) that is this exact shade in the Crayola crayon, but in the markers, it's known as crocodile green.

The first recorded use of pine tree as a color name in English was in 1923.[16]

Sap green

Sap green is a green pigment that was traditionally made of ripe buckthorn berries. However, modern colors marketed under this name are usually a blend of other pigments, commonly with a basis of Phthalocyanine Green G.

Tea green

Tea green is a light shade of green. It is a representation of the color of brewed green tea, i.e., the color of the hot green tea after the green tea leaves have been brewed in boiling water.[17]

The first recorded use of tea green as a color name in English was in 1858.[18]

Teal

Teal
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#008080
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 128, 128)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 0, 50)
HSV       (h, s, v)(180°, 100%, 50%)
SourceHTML/CSS[19]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Teal is displayed at right. It is a dark green color with a blue and medium shades that is a representation of the color of the neck coloring of a duck called the common teal.


Olive

Olive is the shade of dark yellow-green found on green olives. It has been commonly used by militaries around the world as a color for uniforms and equipment.

Computer web color greens

Green (RGB) (X11 green) (HTML/CSS lime) (color wheel green) (electric green)

Green (X11)
Lime (HTML/CSS)
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00FF00
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 255, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(Not, possible, in, CMYK)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 100%)
SourceX11 color names[20]
HTML/CSS[1]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Red, green and blue lights, representing the three basic additive primary colors of the RGB color system, red, green, and blue.

The color defined as green in the RGB color model, displayed on the right, is the brightest possible green that can be reproduced on a computer screen, and is the color named green in X11. It is one of the three primary colors used in the RGB color space along with red and blue. The three additive primaries in the RGB color system are the three colors of light chosen such as to provide the maximum gamut of colors that are capable of being represented on a computer or television set.

This color is also called color wheel green. It is at precisely 120 degrees on the HSV color wheel, also known as the RGB color wheel (Image of RGB color wheel). Its complementary color is magenta.

Another name for this color is electric green as opposed to the darker HTML/CSS green and the deeper pigment green, both shown below.

Green takes up a large portion of the CIE chromaticity diagram because it is in the central area of human color perception.

Green (HTML/CSS color)

Green (HTML/CSS color)
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#008000
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 128, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 100, 50)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 50%)
SourceHTML/CSS[1]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color defined as green in HTML/CSS color standard is displayed at right. It is the color called green, low green or medium green in many of the older 8-bit computer palettes.

Another name for this color is green W3C.

Additional definitions of green

Green (CMYK) (pigment green)

Green (CMYK) (Pigment Green)
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00A550
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(00, 165, 80)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 100, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(149°, 100%, 65%)
SourceCMYK
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Cyan, magenta, and yellow are the three subtractive primary colors used in printing.

The color defined as green in the CMYK color system used in printing, also known as pigment green, is the tone of green that is achieved by mixing process (printer's) cyan and process (printer's) yellow in equal proportions. It is displayed at right.

The purpose of the CMYK color system is to provide the maximum possible gamut of color reproducible in printing.

The color indicated is only approximate as the colors of printing inks may vary.

Green (NCS) (psychological primary green)

Green (NCS)
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#009F6B
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 159, 107)
HSV       (h, s, v)(160°, 100%, 63[21]%)
SourcesRGB approximation to NCS 2060-G[22]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Approximations within the sRGB gamut to the primary colors of the Natural Color System, a model based on the opponent process theory of color vision.

The color defined as green in the NCS or Natural Color System is shown at right (NCS 2060-G). The Natural Color System is a color system based on the four unique hues or psychological primary colors red, yellow, green, and blue. The NCS is based on the opponent process theory of vision.

The "Natural Color System" is widely used in Scandinavia.


Green (Munsell)

Green (Munsell)
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00A877
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 168, 119)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 29, 54)
HSV       (h, s, v)(163°, 100%, 66[23]%)
SourceMunsell Color Wheel
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
The hues of the Munsell color system, at varying values, and maximum chroma to stay in the sRGB gamut.

The color defined as green in the Munsell color system (Munsell 5G) is shown at right. The Munsell color system is a color space that specifies colors based on three color dimensions: hue, value (lightness), and chroma (color purity), spaced uniformly in three dimensions in the elongated oval at an angle shaped Munsell color solid according to the logarithmic scale which governs human perception. In order for all the colors to be spaced uniformly, it was found necessary to use a color wheel with five primary colors—red, yellow, green, blue, and purple.

The Munsell colors displayed are only approximate as they have been adjusted to fit into the sRGB gamut.


Other notable green colors

Army green

The color army green has been used in militaries since at least World War II, and probably before, though the precise tint varies considerably between and within different nations.

Bottle green

Bottle green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#006A4E
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 106, 78)
HSV       (h, s, v)(164°, 100%, 41[24]%)
SourceVexillological
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Bottle green is a dark shade of green, similar to pine green. It is a representation of the color of green glass bottles.

The first recorded use of Bottle green as a color name in English was in 1816.[25]

Bottle green is a color in Prismacolor marker and pencil sets. It is also the color of the uniform of the Police Service of Northern Ireland replacing the Royal Ulster Constabulary's "rifle green" colored uniforms in 2001.

"Bottle green" is also the color most associated with guide signs and street name signs in the United States.

Most notably, "bottle green" is the background color of the Flag of Bangladesh, as defined by the Government of Bangladesh.[26]

Bright green

Bright green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#66FF00
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(102, 255, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(60, 0, 100, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(96°, 100%, 100%)
SourceHexcode Color Chart
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed on the right is the color bright green. Bright green is a bright shade of green. It is on the color wheel approximately one-third of the way between chartreuse green and harlequin (color #3FFF00) (closer to chartreuse green than to harlequin). Bright green represents a visual stimulus of 556 nanometers on the visual spectrum as measured on the CIE chromaticity diagram. The X11 color green is somewhat similar to bright green, with a hex triplet of 00FF00, compared to bright green's triplet of 66FF00.

The color bright green may be used to represent bright green environmentalism or the Viridian design movement.

Brunswick green

Brunswick Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#1B4D3E
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(27, 77, 62)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(65, 0, 20, 70)
HSV       (h, s, v)(162°, 65%, 30[27]%)
SourceISCC NBS}[28]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Brunswick green is a common name for green pigments made from copper compounds, although the name has also been used for other formulations that produce a similar hue, such as mixtures of chrome yellow and Prussian blue. The pigment is named after Braunschweig, Germany (also known as Brunswick in English) where it was first manufactured. It is a deep, dark green, which may vary from intense to very dark, almost black.[29]

The first recorded use of brunswick green as a color name in English was in 1764. [30] Another name for this color is English green. The first use of English green as a synonym for brunswick green was in 1923. [31]

The source of this color is: ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955)--Color Sample of Brunswick Green (color sample #146—English Green (Brunswick Green (deep)):.

"Deep Brunswick green" is commonly recognized as part of the British racing green spectrum, the national auto racing color of the United Kingdom. A similar color, also called "Brunswick green", was never the official color for passenger locomotives of the nationalized British Railways it was always referred to as "dark green". A similar—but slightly brighter—shade was used by the Great Western Railway.

The color used by the Pennsylvania Railroad for locomotives was often called "Brunswick green", but officially was termed Dark Green Locomotive Enamel (DGLE). This was a shade of green so dark as to be almost black, but which turned greener with age and weathering as the copper compounds further oxidized. See PRR equipment colors and painting for more details.[32]

Cal Poly Pomona green

Cal Poly Pomona green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#1E4D2B
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(30, 77, 43)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 83, 47)
HSV       (h, s, v)(137°, 61.0%, 30.2%)
SourceInternet
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Cal Poly Pomona green is one of the two official colors of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona). The official university colors are green (PMS 349) and gold (PMS 131). The Cal Poly Pomona Office of Public Affairs created the Cal Poly Pomona colors for web development and has technical guidelines, copyright and privacy protection; as well as logos and images that developers are asked to follow in the University's Guidelines for using official Cal Poly Pomona logos. If web developers are using green on a university website, they are encouraged to use Cal Poly Pomona green. It is notable for its prominent use representing Cal Poly Pomona's athletic teams, the Cal Poly Pomona Broncos.

Castleton green

Castleton green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00563F
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 86, 63)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 27, 66)
HSV       (h, s, v)(164°, 100%, 33.7[33]%)
SourceInternet
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Castleton green is one of the two official colors of Castleton State College in Vermont. The official college colors are green (PMS 343) and white. The Castleton State College Athletics Department created the Cal Poly Pomona colors for web development and has technical guidelines, copyright and privacy protection; as well as logos and images that developers are asked to follow in the College's Guidelines for using official CSC logos. If web developers are using green on a university website, they are encouraged to use Castleton green. It is notable for its prominent use representing Castleton's athletic teams, the Castleton Spartans.

Celadon

Celadon (pronounced /ˈsɛlədɒn/) is a color that is a pale tint of spring green.

Celadon colored pottery is a specific style of pottery produced in Korea.[34] It is normally associated with a pale sea-green pigment though the style originally was made with much darker pigments. The pale green pigment came from the artisans who used specific clays and potting techniques to create the style now associated with the name. It was most commonly used in Chinese, Korean and Japanese art and spread to the other Asian cultures. Celadon, as it is known by the west, or Gingci, is an ancient type of Chinese glaze that was particularly favoured by the Song court. These pots have blue-green glazes and are made in elegant shapes and were produced in kilns from all over China. Korean celadon pottery has been described by ancient Chinese artisans as having a quiet elegance whose color is "beyond description," in that it must be experienced to be understood, and its simplicity of form and style has been compared to the spirit of Zen Buddhism.[35]

Dartmouth green

Dartmouth green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00703C
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 112, 60)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(93, 33, 92, 25)
HSV       (h, s, v)(121°, 90%, 50%)
Source[2]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Dartmouth green is the official color of Dartmouth College, adopted in 1866. It was famously chosen after a crew race with a number of other colleges for being "the only decent color that had not been taken already."[36] It is notable for its prominent use as the name of the Dartmouth College athletic team, the Dartmouth Big Green. The Dartmouth athletic teams adopted this new name after the college officially discontinued the use of its unofficial mascot, the Dartmouth Indian, in 1974.

Dartmouth High School in Dartmouth, Massachusetts traditionally uses the same colors as Dartmouth College for its athletics teams, which still retain the Indian nickname and mascot.

Emerald

Emerald
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#50C878
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(80, 200, 120)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(60, 0, 40, 22)
HSV       (h, s, v)(140°, 60%, 78%)
Source[3][37]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Emerald, also called emerald green, is a tone of green that is particularly light and bright, with a faint bluish cast. The name derives from the typical appearance of the gemstone emerald.

The first recorded use of emerald as a color name in English was in 1598.[38]

Ireland is sometimes referred to as the Emerald Isle due to its lush greenery. The May birthstone is Emerald. Seattle is sometimes referred to as the Emerald City, because its abundant rainfall creates lush vegetation. In the middle ages, The Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistus was believed to contain the secrets of alchemy. "Emerald City", from the fictional story of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, by L. Frank Baum, is a city where everything from food to people are emerald green. However, it is revealed at the end of the story that everything in the city is normal colored, but the glasses everyone wears are emerald tinted. The Green Zone in Baghdad is sometimes ironically and cynically referred to as The Emerald City.[39] The Emerald Buddha is a figurine of the sitting Buddha, made of green jade (rather than emerald), clothed in gold, and about 45 cm tall. It is kept in the Chapel of the Emerald Buddha (Wat Phra Kaew) on the grounds of the Grand Palace in Bangkok. The Emerald Triangle refers to the three counties of Mendocino, Humboldt, and Trinity in Northern California, United States[40] because these three counties are the biggest marijuana producing counties in California and also the USA.[40] A county-commissioned study reports pot accounts for up to two-thirds of the economy of Mendocino.[40] Emerald Cities: Urban Sustainability and Economic Development is a book published in 2010 by Joan Fitzgerald, director of the Law, Policy and Society Program at Northeastern University, about ecologically sustainable city planning.

Feldgrau

Feldgrau
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#4D5D53
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(77, 93, 83)
HSV       (h, s, v)(56°, 7%, 14%)
SourceMindjunker
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Feldgrau (field grey) was the color of the field uniform of the German Army from late 1907 until 1945, and of some post-war uniforms of the West German Bundeswehr and the East German NVA armies.[41] Metaphorically, Feldgrau used to refer to the armies of Germany (the Imperial German Army and the Heer [army] component of the Reichswehr and the Wehrmacht).

The word feldgrau means "field grey", and by World War I the color was a light grey-green, though there is no specific color, rather a color range of greys to browns, that was one of the first standardized uniforms suitable to the age of smokeless gun powder. Formerly, the Germans wore a Prussian blue shade similar to that of the French.

Sweden used a very similar color for infantry uniforms, for example the grey m/1923 and later on grey-green as the German ones. The last uniform to use the color was the woollen m/58 winter uniform.

The Chilean Army also wears a full dress uniform in Feldgrau.

GO Transit green

GO green
GO Transit logo.svg
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00AB66
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 171, 102)
Source[42]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
A GO Transit train on the Lakeshore West line in Toronto, Canada.

GO green is the colour used for the brand of GO Transit, the regional commuter service in the Greater Toronto Area. Since 1967, the brand and colour that has adorned each of its train, buses, and other property has generally remained unchanged.[43]

Green-yellow

Green-yellow
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ADFF2F
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(173, 255, 47)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(32, 0, 82, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(84°, 82%, 100%)
SourceX11[1]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Green-yellow is a mixture of the colors green and yellow. It is a web color. It is a light tint of chartreuse.

Green-yellow (although not in this exact formulation) is one of the colors of the color wheel in the Munsell color system.

A Crayola green-yellow crayon

"Green Yellow" is an official Crayola crayon color, created in 1949, although the color of the actual crayon with this name is more yellow than the color shown here.

Green-yellow is near the center of the light spectrum visible to the human eye, and is very eye catching to humans. For this reason many emergency vehicles and uniforms exhibit green-yellow.

The colour of goose droppings is known as caca d'oie in French and is a yellowish-green shade.[44]

Harlequin

Harlequin
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#3FFF00
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(63, 255, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(105°, 100%, 100%)
SourceMaerz and Paul[45]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Harlequin is a color described as being located between green and yellow (closer to green than to yellow) on the color wheel. On color plate 17 in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color (see reference below), the color harlequin is shown as being a highly saturated rich color at a position 3/4 of the way between green and yellow (closer to green than to yellow). Thus in modern color terminology, harlequin is the color halfway between green and chartreuse green on the RGB color wheel.

The first recorded use of harlequin as a color name in English was in 1923.[46]

Harlequin is a pure spectral color at approximately 552 nanometers on the visible spectrum when plotted on the CIE chromaticity diagram.[citation needed]

Silver Patron tequila is sold in harlequin colored boxes.

Harlequin is also an adjective used to describe something that is colored in a pattern, usually a diamond shaped pattern.[47] similar to the dress traditionally associated to Harlequins. Similarly, it can mean anything multicolored or prismatic, such as opals or other precious gems which are highly variegated in color & hue. In the early 2000s, a Harlequin Color paint was invented for automobiles that appears different colors from different angles of view.

Hunter green

Hunter green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#0C371D
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(53, 94, 59)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(78, 0, 47, 78)
HSV       (h, s, v)(144°, 78%, 22%)
Source[Unsourced]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Hunter green is a color that is a representation of the color worn by hunters in the 19th century. Most hunters began wearing the color olive drab instead of hunter green about the beginning of the 20th century.[48] Today, some hunters still wear hunter green clothes or hunter green bandanas.[citation needed]

The first recorded use of "hunter green" as a color name in English was in 1892.[49]

Hunter green is the official primary color of A.S.F. Electric, Inc. Electrical Contractors in Daly City, CA, the Green Bay Packers since 1957, the New York Jets since 1998, one of the two official colors of Ohio University, one of the two official colors of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity, and the color of Student Bonfire's Fightin' Texas Aggie Greenpots.


India green

India green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#138808
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(19, 136, 8)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 70, 30)
HSV       (h, s, v)(115°, 94%, 53%)
SourceVexillological
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

India green is the color of the lower band of the Indian National Flag, represents fertility and prosperity.

Islamic green

Islamic green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#009900
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 153, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(27, 51, 77, 7)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 60%)
SourceVexillological
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Islamic green is the shade of green used in the Flag of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.

Green symbolizes Islam because the tribe of the Islamic prophet Muhammad had a green banner and because green represented paradise (the Persian word for garden) to desert dwelling bedouin tribes when they gathered at an oasis.

Jade

Jade
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00A86B
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 168, 107)
HSV       (h, s, v)(158°, 1%, 0.66%)
Source[4]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Jade, also called jade green is a representation of the color of the gemstone called jade, although the stone varies widely in hue.

The color name jade green was first used in Spanish in the form piedra de ijada in 1569.[50]

The first recorded use of "jade green" as a color name in English was in 1892.[51]

In Chinese culture, if one wishes to express one's love for someone, one gives them something made of the gemstone jade or an object that is colored jade.[citation needed]

Kelly green

Kelly Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#4CBB17
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(76, 187, 23)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 87%, 73%)
Source[5]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The name kelly green for the color originated in Ireland. The name derives from the fact that the surname Kelly, as well as the color green, are both popular in Ireland. The first recorded use of the term kelly green as a color name in English was in 1917.[52]

Kelly green is the color of the Cavaliers Drum and Bugle Corps, and was chosen over Chartreuse because it would not fade after a summer of marching in direct sunlight.

Kelly green is a school color for Leedey High School, Marshall University, the University of North Texas, Mercyhurst College and the University of North Dakota.

Until 1995, it was used as a primary color by the Oakland Athletics. Afterward, it was replaced by hunter green.

It was used as the primary color of the Philadelphia Eagles until 1995; it was replaced with "midnight green" (Hex triplet: #003b48) for the 1996 season.

From 1978 to 1997, the New York Jets used kelly green as their primary color. In 1998, the Jets discarded the kelly green in favor of hunter green, which is a darker shade of green than the kelly variation.

Midnight green

Midnight green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#004953
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 73, 83)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 15, 26, 70)
HSV       (h, s, v)(187°, 100%, 33%)
Source[53]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Midnight green (sometimes called Eagle green) is the official primary color of the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League.


MSU Green

MSU Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#18453B
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(24, 69, 59)
HSV       (h, s, v)(111°, 116%, 44%)
SourceMSU Brand Color Palette
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Green and White are the primary school colors representing Michigan State University. The University Board of Trustees officially standardized MSU Green as part of a larger university branding effort, replacing a lighter green used from 1997-2010. The official color was chosen based on the traditional darker Spartan green found on the original university varsity letter jackets and marching band jackets. The official green of Michigan State University is represented by Pantone Matching System ink color 567 (PMS 567). Other Michigan State University brand secondary colors can be found at the MSU Brand Color Palette.

Neon green

Neon green is a bright tone of green used in psychedelic art and in fashion.

North Texas Green

North Texas Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#059033
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(5, 144, 51)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 100, 33)
HSV       (h, s, v)(140°, 97%, 56%)
SourceUNT Brand Identity Guide
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The University of North Texas's official colors are green and white.

Office Green

Office Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#008000
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 128, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 80%, 50%)
SourceHTML/CSS[1]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The conservative shade of green shown on the right, office green, was the color designated as "green" in HTML, as opposed to the brighter X11 green.

Pakistan green

Pakistan green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#006600
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 102, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 40[54]%)
SourceVexillological
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Pakistan green is a distinctive shade of dark green, so named for the most visible of the two colors of the Pakistani flag, representing the country's majority Muslim community. Though the choice of green arose from its Islamic symbolism, the shade of green is substantially darker than standard Islamic green. Its origins lie in the flag of the All-India Muslim League, the political party founded in 1906 that was the driving force behind Pakistan's creation in 1947. Pakistan green is often misrepresented as a lighter shade.

Paris green

Paris Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#50C878
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(80, 200, 120)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(60, 0, 40, 22)
HSV       (h, s, v)(140°, 60%, 78%)
Source[Unsourced]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Paris green is a color that ranges from pale and vivid blue green to deeper true green. It comes from the inorganic compound copper (II) acetoarsenite and was once a popular pigment in artists' paints.

Persian green

Persian green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00A693
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 166, 147)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(80, 0, 22, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(135°, 75%, 60%)
SourceISCC-NBS
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Persian green is a color used in pottery and Persian carpets in Iran.

The first recorded use of Persian green as a color name in English was in 1892.[55][56]

Rifle green

Rifle green is a particular shade of dark green. It is so named from the distinctive color of the uniform of rifle regiments (a form of light infantry) of a number of European armies, and is still used as such by rifle regiments in many Commonwealth armies, such as The Rifles and Royal Gurkha Rifles of the British Army.

Rifle green was originally adopted by rifle regiments in the 18th Century. As the traditional role of riflemen was that of marksmen and skirmishers who attacked behind the cover of trees, a dark green uniform was adopted as an early form of camouflage, as opposed to the colorful uniforms worn by other soldiers of the period.

Rifle green was the official uniform color of the Canadian Forces (CF) after unification; it was thereafter generally referred to as "CF green"; indeed, the Service Dress uniform of the day was referred to as "CF greens". After the introduction of the Distinct Environmental Uniform (DEU), rifle green remained as the uniform color of the winter Land Environment DEU; a short-lived tan uniform was worn in summer. After the demise of the tans, the rifle green DEU was worn year-round. Rifle Green was also the color of the uniform worn by the Northern Irish Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) until 2001 where the RUC was renamed the PSNI and while the uniform color remained the same, terminology changed to "bottle green".[57]

Rifle green is 19–0419 TPX in the Pantone palette, or roughly 414833h in the sRGB color space.

Sacramento State green

Sacramento State green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00563F
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(0, 86, 63)
HSV       (h, s, v)(164°, 100%, 34%)
Source[58]
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

In 2004, California State University, Sacramento rebranded itself as Sacramento State, while keeping the official name as the long form. In the process of rebranding a new logo was selected, and in 2005 it formalized the colors which it would use.[58]

Sea green

Sea green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#2E8B57
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(46, 139, 87)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(81, 21, 83, 7)
HSV       (h, s, v)(146°, 67%, 55%)
SourceHTML/CSS
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Sea green is a color that resembles the sea floor as seen from the surface.


UP Forest Green

UP Forest green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#014421
sRGBB    (r, g, b)(1, 68, 33)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(89, 44, 97, 52)
HSV       (h, s, v)(149°, 99%, 27%)
SourceUP Brandbook
B:Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H:Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At the right is one of the official colors used by the University of the Philippines, designated as UP Forest Green. It is based on the approved color specifications to be used for the seal of the university.[59]

Green in human culture

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "W3C TR CSS3 Color Module". http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-color/#html4. 
  2. ^ The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2002. ISBN 0-85229-787-4
  3. ^ "Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #87A96B (Asparagus):". Web.forret.com. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%2387A96B. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  4. ^ "Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #006400 (Dark Green):". Web.forret.com. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%23006400. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  5. ^ a b ""Bright Green, Light Green, Dark Green, Gray—The New Environmental Spectrum":". Worldchanging.com. 1999-02-22. http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/009499.html. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  6. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 195; color sample of Fern Green: Page 65 Plate 21 Color Sample F5
  7. ^ W3C. "SVG Color Keywords, CSS3 Color Module, W3C Candidate Recommendation 14 May 2003". http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-color/#svg-color. Retrieved 2007-01-06. 
  8. ^ "Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #49796B (Hooker's Green):". Web.forret.com. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%2349796B. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  9. ^ "Colour Chart - Hooker's Green". http://www.winsornewton.com/products/acrylic-colours/galeria-acrylic-colour/colour-chart/hooker%27s-green/. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "Hooker's Green". http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/hooker%27s+green. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  11. ^ "Hooker's green". Merriam-Webster. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hooker%27s%20green. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  12. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 201; color sample of Jungle Green: Page 87 Plate 32 Color Sample L12 Note: The Color Sample shown as Jungle Green in Maerz and Paul is the color shown in the article on "jungle green" as dark jungle green.
  13. ^ "Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #90EE90 (Light Green):". Web.forret.com. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%2390EE90. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  14. ^ "Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #74C365 (Mantis):". Web.forret.com. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%2374C365. Retrieved 2012-08-19. 
  15. ^ "Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #98FB98 (Pale Green):". Web.forret.com. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%2398FB98. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  16. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190; Color Sample of Pine Tree: Page 85 Plate 31 Color Sample L6
  17. ^ I. Patterson, A Dictionary of Colour, Thorogood, 2003, ISBN 1-85418-247-1, page 381. "tea green – The greyish green of green tea."
  18. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 205; Color Sample of Tea Green: Page 65 Plate 21 Color Sample C2
  19. ^ W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords[dead link]
  20. ^ "X11 rgb.txt". http://cvsweb.xfree86.org/cvsweb/*checkout*/xc/programs/rgb/rgb.txt?rev=1.1. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  21. ^ "Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #009F6B (Green (NCS)):". Web.forret.com. 00. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%23009F6B. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  22. ^ The sRGB values are taken by converting the NCS color 2060-G using the “NCS Navigator” tool at the NCS website.
  23. ^ "Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #00A877 (Green (Munsell)):". Web.forret.com. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%2300A877. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  24. ^ "Forret Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #006A4E (Bottle Green):". Web.forret.com. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%23006A4E. Retrieved 2012-08-19. 
  25. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190; Color Sample of Bottle Green: Page 85 Plate 31 Color Sample J7
  26. ^ PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH FLAG RULES, 1972 (Revised up to 2005), Government of Bangladesh, Cabinet Division
  27. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #1B4D3E (Brunswick Green (English Green)):
  28. ^ The color is listed on the ISCC-NBS color list under its alternate name, English Green (color sample #146 on Page E).
  29. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill--Discussion of the color Brunswick Green Page 151
  30. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 191; Color Sample of Brunswick Green (deep): Page 71 Plate 24 Color Sample A12
  31. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 194; the color sample for English Green is noted as being the same as for Brunswick Green (deep): Page 71 Plate 24 Color Sample A12
  32. ^ (unknown) (1913). Modern Artist's Pigments, retrieved on December 13, 2005.
  33. ^ "Forret Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #00563F (Castleton Green):". Web.forret.com. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%23006A4E. Retrieved 2012-08-19. 
  34. ^ "Korean Celadon – Ceramic Crafts and Art Work Gallery". Antiquealive.com. http://www.antiquealive.com/masters/m16/master16_view2.html. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  35. ^ "The aesthetic beauty of Korean celadon" at Korean Arts
  36. ^ Ask Dartmouth Home >. "Ask Dartmouth". Ask.dartmouth.edu. http://ask.dartmouth.edu/categories/misc/22.html. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  37. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called emerald green in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color emerald green is displayed on page 75, Plate 26, Color Sample J10.
  38. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 194; Color Sample of Emerald: Page 75 Plate 26 Color Sample J10
  39. ^ Chandraseekaran, Rajiv Imperial Life in the Emerald City: Inside Iraq's Green Zone 2007
  40. ^ a b c Regan, Trish (2009-01-22). "Pot growers thrive in Northern California: Cash crop now accounts for two-thirds of Mendocino County economy". CNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/28354324/. 
  41. ^ Farbmuster nach RAL 7009, cited in de:Feldgrau
  42. ^ "Metrolinx" (PDF). http://www.ontla.on.ca/library/repository/mon/25010/313456.pdf. Retrieved 2012-08-19. 
  43. ^ "The design history of the GO Transit logo" (PDF). http://www.gregcunneyworth.com/files/goTransit.pdf. Retrieved 2012-08-19. 
  44. ^ Dumas, Firoozeh (May 4, 2010). "A Guide To The Gritty Side Of The French Language". My Guilty Pleasure. NPR books. https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=105169655. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  45. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called harlequin in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color harlequin is displayed on page 57, Plate 17, Color Sample K11.
  46. ^ Maerz, Aloys John; Paul, Morris Rea (1930). A Dictionary of Color (1st ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 57 plate 17 color sample K11; p. 196. OCLC 1150631 
  47. ^ Paterson, Ian (2003). A Dictionary of Colour (1st paperback ed.). London: Thorogood (published 2004). p. 198. ISBN 1-85418-375-3. OCLC 60411025 
  48. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 162—Discussion of color Hunter Green
  49. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample of Hunter Green Page Plate 24 Color Sample C11—Hunter Green
  50. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 162—Discussion of color Jade Green
  51. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 197
  52. ^ Good Housekeeping 1917, Volume 64 page 59 --Retrieved from Google Books
  53. ^ "Team Colors – NFL". Ssur.org. http://www.ssur.org/research/TeamColors/Football_Outdoor/NationalFootballLeague/NationalFootballLeague.htm. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  54. ^ "Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #006600 (Pakistan Green):". Web.forret.com. http://web.forret.com/tools/color.asp?RGB=%23006600. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  55. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 201; color sample of Persian green: Page 85 Plate 31 Color Sample H7
  56. ^ The source of this color is the ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955), a color dictionary used by stamp collectors to identify the colors of stamps, now on the Internet—see sample of the color Persian green (color sample #159) displayed on indicated web page: [1].
  57. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/patten_report/report/chapter20.stm Recommendation 154 of the Patten report
  58. ^ a b "Sacramento State Identity Style Guide" (PDF). Sacramento State. http://www.csus.edu/pa/identity/docs/SacStateSGF05Fv1.pdf. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  59. ^ http://www.upv.edu.ph/downloads/files/UPBrandBook2007.pdf