Human Rights Day

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Human Rights Day is celebrated annually across the world on 10 December.

The date was chosen to honour the United NationsGeneral Assembly's adoption and proclamation, on 10 December 1948, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the first global enunciation of human rights and one of the first major achievements of the new United Nations. The formal establishment of Human Rights Day occurred at the 317th Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly on 4 December 1950, when the General Assembly declared resolution 423(V), inviting all member states and any other interested organizations to celebrate the day as they saw fit.[1][2]

The day is normally marked both by high-level political conferences and meetings and by cultural events and exhibitions dealing with human rights issues. In addition it is traditionally on 10 December that the five-yearly United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights and Nobel Peace Prize are awarded. Many governmental and nongovernmental organizations active in the human rights field also schedule special events to commemorate the day, as do many civil and social-cause organizations.

Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, (United States) holding a Declaration of Human Rights © UN Photo

Human Rights Day is observed by the international community every year on 10 December. It commemorates the day in 1948 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The formal inception of Human Rights Day dates from 1950, after the Assembly passed resolution 423 (V) inviting all States and interested organizations to adopt 10 December of each year as Human Rights Day.

When the General Assembly adopted the Declaration, with 48 states in favor and eight abstentions, it was proclaimed as a "common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations", towards which individuals and societies should "strive by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance". Although the Declaration with its broad range of political, civil, social, cultural and economic rights is not a binding document, it inspired more than 60 human rights instruments which together constitute an international standard of human rights. Today the general consent of all United Nations Member States on the basic Human Rights laid down in the Declaration makes it even stronger and emphasizes the relevance of Human Rights in our daily lives.

The High Commissioner for Human Rights, as the main United Nations rights official, and her Office play a major role in coordinating efforts for the yearly observation of Human Rights Day.

The 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights occurred on 10 December 2008, and the UN Secretary-General launched a year-long campaign leading up to this anniversary. Because the UDHR holds the world record as the most translated document (except for the Bible), organizations around the globe used the year to focus on helping people everywhere learn about their rights.

Past observances[edit]







10 December 2009 marked the 61st anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Tom Malinowsky from Human Rights Watch in the U.S. state of Washington commented that there had been progress in human rights over the last 40 years" "I think there is greater awareness around the world that people have fundamental rights and that those rights are enshrined in both law domestically and internationally".[14]


Following a year of protest in many countries, from Tunisia to Cairo to the Occupy movement, the theme of 2011 recognized the significance of social media and technology in assisting human rights defenders in new ways.[15]

Date variance[edit]

It is celebrated on 11 December in Kiribati.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 5 Resolution 423(V). A/RES/423(V) 4 December 1950. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  2. ^ Office of the High Commission for Human Rights (2009). "The History of Human Rights Day". Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  3. ^ "A global campaign against Internet censorship and the long-term imprisonment of journalists in Asia". PEN American Center. Retrieved 15 December 2006. 
  4. ^ "On the occasion of Human Rights Day, the UN, Inter-American and African protection mechanisms call on governments to protect human rights defenders." (Press release). Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. 10 December 2004. Retrieved 2006-12-15. 
  5. ^ "Satellite Imagery for Conflict Prevention and Human Rights: An Event in Honor of Human Rights Day 2006". The American Association for the Advancement of Science, Science and Human Rights Program. 16 June 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2006. 
  6. ^ Catan, Thomas and Crooks, Nathan (11 December 2006). "General Pinochet, 91, dies awaiting trial for murder". The Times (London). Retrieved 11 December 2006. 
  7. ^ "" Calling in 'Gay' to Work Is Latest Form of Protest" ABC News". Retrieved 9 December 2008. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Chinese police detain protesters", BBC, 10 December 2008.
  9. ^ "Write4Rights". Retrieved 9 December 2008. 
  10. ^ "Abuses persist as UN rights declaration turns 60", AFP, December 10, 2008.
  11. ^ "Inequality is fuelling rights violations, UN warns govt", December 10, 2008.
  12. ^ "International Human Rights Day marked in Russia", ITAR-TASS, December 10, 2008.
  13. ^ "Students celebrate Human Rights Day", Times of India, December 10, 2008.
  14. ^ "International Human Rights Day Marks Progress and Setbacks - Human rights advocates say the world has come a long way but some countries can do better"
  15. ^ "Human Rights Day 2011"
  16. ^ "Human Rights Day". South African Human Rights Commission. Archived from the original on 23 September 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2006. 

External links[edit]