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Human Resources Development (HRD) as a theory is a framework for the expansion of human capital within an organization through the development of both the organization and the individual to achieve performance improvement. Adam Smith states, “The capacities of individuals depended on their access to education”. The same statement applies to organizations themselves, but it requires a much broader field to cover both areas.
Human Resource Development is the integrated use of training, organization, and career development efforts to improve individual, group and organizational effectiveness. HRD develops the key competencies that enable individuals in organizations to perform current and future jobs through planned learning activities. Groups within organizations use HRD to initiate and manage change. Also, HRD ensures a match between individual and organizational needs.
Six journals that emphasize human resource development issues include:
Advances in Developing Human Resources: http://adh.sagepub.com/
Human Resource Development International: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rhrd20/current
Human Resource Development Quarterly: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1532-1096
Human Resource Development Review: http://hrd.sagepub.com/
New Horizons in Adult Education & Human Resource Development: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-NHA3.html
T&D Magazine: http://www.astd.org/Publications/Magazines/TD
TD alone can leave an organization unable to tap into the increase in human, knowledge or talent capital. OD alone can result in an oppress rce[clarification needed]. HRD practicitioners find the interstices of win/win solutions that develop the employee and the organization in a mutually beneficial manner. HRD does not occur without the organization, so the practice of HRD within an organization is inhibited or promoted upon the platform of the organization's mission, vision and values.
Other typical HRD practices include:
HRD positions in businesses, health care, non-profit, and other fields include:
Academic programs in Human Resource Development (HRD) are available at both the undergraduate and graduate level.
Having become available only in 1980, one of the more well-known universities offering degrees in Human Resource Development is the University of Minnesota. By 2011, many universities offered Human Resource Development degrees (both graduate and undergraduate).
|University||Institution Type||Degree||Online||Regional accreditation|
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign||Public, Not for Profit||MS, PhD||Yes||North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, HLC|
|University of Arkansas at Fayetteville||Public, Not for Profit||Bachelor of Science in Education, HRD Major||Yes||North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, HLC|
|Xavier University||Private, Not for Profit||Graduate (Masters level)||No||North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, HLC|
|University of Minnesota||Public, Not for Profit||Bachelor Master||No||North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, HLC|
|University of Louisville||Public, Not for Profit||Bachelor's, Master's, Ph.D.||Yes||Southern Association of Colleges and Schools|
|Villanova University||Private, Not for Profit||Graduate||Yes||Middle States Commission on Higher Education, Dept. of Education|
|Florida International University||Public, Not for Profit||Master of Science (M.S.), Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)||M.S. may be completed fully online, fully face-to-face, or blended. Ed.D. requires many of the same courses as the M.S., which may be completed online or face-to-face; however, some Ed.D. courses are only offered face-to-face.||The Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS)|
|Barry University||Private, Not for Profit||Master of Science (M.S.), Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)||No||The Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS)|
|Texas A&M University||Public, Not for Profit||BS, MS, Ph.D.||Bachelor's, No. Master's, Yes. Ph.D, No.||Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools|
|University of Texas at Tyler||Public, Not for Profit||BS, MS, Ph.D.||Bachelor's, No. Master's, Yes. PhD, No (PhD is Executive Format)||Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools|