Hull Paragon Interchange

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Hull Paragon Interchange National Rail
Hull Paragon Interchange
Location
PlaceKingston upon Hull
Local authorityKingston upon Hull
Coordinates53°44′37″N 0°20′46″W / 53.7435°N 0.3460°W / 53.7435; -0.3460Coordinates: 53°44′37″N 0°20′46″W / 53.7435°N 0.3460°W / 53.7435; -0.3460
Grid referenceTA090287
Operations
Station codeHUL
Managed byFirst TransPennine Express
Number of platforms7 (train)
38 (bus)
4 (coach)
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05 1.961 million
2005/06Increase 1.970 million
2006/07Increase 2.051 million
2007/08Increase 2.113 million
2008/09Increase 2.163 million
2009/10Decrease 2.146 million
History
Opened 1840 (1840)
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Hull Paragon Interchange from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Please note: methodology may vary year on year.
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Hull Paragon Interchange National Rail
Hull Paragon Interchange
Location
PlaceKingston upon Hull
Local authorityKingston upon Hull
Coordinates53°44′37″N 0°20′46″W / 53.7435°N 0.3460°W / 53.7435; -0.3460Coordinates: 53°44′37″N 0°20′46″W / 53.7435°N 0.3460°W / 53.7435; -0.3460
Grid referenceTA090287
Operations
Station codeHUL
Managed byFirst TransPennine Express
Number of platforms7 (train)
38 (bus)
4 (coach)
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05 1.961 million
2005/06Increase 1.970 million
2006/07Increase 2.051 million
2007/08Increase 2.113 million
2008/09Increase 2.163 million
2009/10Decrease 2.146 million
History
Opened 1840 (1840)
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Hull Paragon Interchange from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Please note: methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal
The Royal Station Hotel, c. 1880. The end of the original station building appears to the left of the hotel.

Hull Paragon Interchange is a transport complex in the centre of the city of Kingston upon Hull (usually known as Hull), England, which opened in September 2007.[1] It integrates the city's railway station with the formerly separate bus and coach station brought together under one roof so that passengers can move between the train platforms and the bus stands without going outside.

Contents

Rail

The railway station was historically called "Hull Paragon", and has always been referred to by locals as "Paragon station", but "Paragon" was dropped from the official name many years ago and railway timetables refer simply to "Hull" station. Currently it is operated by First TransPennine Express, which provides train services along with Northern Rail, First Hull Trains and East Coast.

The station was used as a location in the film Clockwise with John Cleese.[2] It also featured heavily in an early episode of Agatha Christie's Poirot entitled 'The Plymouth Express' (from Poirot's Early Cases), made by LWT and starring David Suchet.[3]

Bus station

The former 'Hull Coach Station', which was only partially covered over, used to be shared by Hull Corporation Transport (later KHCT), operating within the city boundaries, and East Yorkshire Motor Services (EYMS), linking all parts of the former East Riding. EYMS is still the main bus company for routes throughout East Yorkshire, but the city routes, and a few beyond the city, are now run by Stagecoach in Hull.[4][5] Other, smaller operators include Alpha Bus and Coach and CT Plus.[6]

History of the railway station

The original station at Manor House Street (closer to the Humber Estuary) opened in 1840. The current station of 2.5 acres (10,000 m2) was opened by the York and North Midland Railway as "Hull Paragon Street station" on 8 May 1848[7] (though not officially until 1851) as a centrally-located railway terminal for Hull, with a three-bay pitched-roof trainshed. The name Paragon Station derives from a nearby street name. The adjacent hotel, named the Royal Station Hotel after a stay by Queen Victoria in 1854, but later renamed the Royal Hotel was added in 1851. Both the station and the hotel were designed by George Townsend Andrews, who died in 1853, young and in poverty, four years after the decline in fortune and death of George Hudson, the 'Railway King'.

The Y&NMR became part of the North Eastern Railway, created in 1854 by merger with other railway companies. The NER changed the station name to "Hull Paragon".[7] Half a century later the NER rebuilt and expanded the station, creating the last of Britain's great barrel-vaulted glass-and-iron railway stations, being reopened in 1904 with a five-bay trainshed (see picture above right) and two additional barrel vault bays at right angles covering the concourse (see picture below right).

The four railway lines on the south side of the station and outside the canopy (see right-hand side of the top picture) were used by passengers transiting from Europe to the USA via Liverpool, often fleeing the pogroms of eastern Europe in the 19th century,. Because of the cholera outbreaks in Hull of 1832 and 1849 and the sensitivity of the city to the reintroduction of this disease many left from a quarantine building next to the southernmost of these four lines. This building still exists and fronts on to Anlaby Road. A small ticket office still exists on the platform next to the northernmost of these four lines.

The Royal Station Hotel was subsequently enlarged in a style somewhat unsympathetic with the elegant and coherent appearance of the original 1851 building, this also necessitating some shortening of the adjacent main station entrance portico which had been part of the 1904 station rebuild and extension. This portico was swept away completely in the early 1960s to be replaced by Paragon House, a typical 1960s concrete and glass structure, which in turn was demolished in 2007. The hotel was significantly damaged in a fire and then rebuilt in 1990.

On 14 February 1927 it was the site of a head-on train collision in which 12 passengers were killed and 24 seriously injured, caused by a signalling error.[8]

The station has survived the bombing of two world wars and subsequent decades of redevelopment. The new transport interchange was officially opened by the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh when they unveiled a plaque on 5 March 2009 after arriving at the station on the Royal Train.[9]

First TransPennine Express was awarded Station Excellence Of The Year at the HSBC Rail Business Awards 2007 for the interchange.[10]

Philip Larkin statue

Bronze Statue of Phillip Larkin, by sculptor Martin Jennings

A life-size bronze statue of Hull resident Philip Larkin was unveiled by the Lord Mayor of Hull at a ceremony at Hull Paragon Interchange on 2 December 2010, marking the 25th anniversary of the poet's death.[11][12][13][14][15] The statue was designed by Martin Jennings and cost £100, 000 which was raised at a number of local charity events and auctions held in Hull. It is located near the Royal Hotel, one of Larkin's favourite haunts. Visitors to Hull will now be greeted by the statue which has been installed to blend in with the historic station's fabric.

Rail services

Former Travel Centre at Hull Paragon, now is a waiting room.

The typical Monday-Friday off-peak service from Hull Paragon is:

East Coast
First Hull Trains
First TransPennine Express

Some evening and Sunday services start/terminate at Leeds.

Northern Rail
Preceding stationNational Rail National RailFollowing station
Brough First Hull Trains
London - Hull
 Terminus
Brough First TransPennine Express
North TransPennine
 Terminus
Brough East Coast
East Coast Main Line
 Terminus
Hessle Northern Rail
Sheffield-Hull Line
 Terminus
Hessle Northern Rail
Hull-York Line
 Terminus
Hessle Northern Rail
York & Selby Lines
 Terminus
Terminus Northern Rail
Yorkshire Coast Line
 Cottingham
Disused railways
Terminus Hull and Holderness Railway Hull Botanic Gardens
 Hull and Hornsea Railway 
 Victoria Dock Branch Line 
Terminus Hull and Barnsley Railway Springhead Halt

References

  1. ^ "City's new interchange is open". BBC News Online. 16 September 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/6997371.stm. Retrieved 19 September 2007. 
  2. ^ Clockwise film locations
  3. ^ The LNER Encyclopedia
  4. ^ "Timetable search". Stagecoach in Hull. http://www.stagecoachbus.com/hull/timetables.php. Retrieved 5 March 2009. 
  5. ^ "Bus Services". EYMS. http://www.eyms.co.uk/content/busservices/busservices.aspx. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  6. ^ London group wins Hull park and ride deal, thisishullandeastriding.co.uk. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
  7. ^ a b Butt 1995, p. 125
  8. ^ L.T.C. Rolt (1955). Red for Danger, pp. 216-8.
  9. ^ "Queen meets city's flood victims". BBC News Online. 5 March 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/7925450.stm. Retrieved 6 March 2009. 
  10. ^ "HSBC Rail Business Awards 2007 - Winners 2007". Rail Business Awards. 27 February 2008. http://www.coventry.anglican.org/news/pressreleases/opt/1/item/255. Retrieved 4 March 2008. 
  11. ^ "Bronze tribute depicts Philip Larkin rushing for train at Paragon". Hull Daily Mail. 3 December 2010. http://www.thisishullandeastriding.co.uk/news/Philip-Larkin-statue-poetry-motion/article-2966204-detail/article.html. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  12. ^ "Philip Larkin statue unveiled in Hull". BBC News Online. BBC. 2 December 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/humberside/hi/people_and_places/arts_and_culture/newsid_9252000/9252600.stm. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  13. ^ "Life-size statue of Larkin to be put up at Paragon station - despite divided opinion". This is Hull and East Riding. 5 August 2010. http://www.thisishullandeastriding.co.uk/news/Statue-poet-Philip-Larkin-erected-Paragon-Station/article-2493377-detail/article.html. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  14. ^ "Events December 2010". Philip Larkin Society. http://www.philiplarkin.com/events.htm. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  15. ^ Youngs, Ian (2 December 2010). "Remembering Philip Larkin 25 years on". BBC News Online (BBC). http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-11890592. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 

Bibliography

External links