Howard County Public School System

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Howard County Public School System
Type and location
TypePublic
GradesPreK−12
CountryUSA
LocationEllicott City, Maryland
District information
SuperintendentRenee A. Foose (2012–13)
Schools73
Budget725,280,030 (FY 2014)
NCES District ID2400420
Students and staff
Students50969
Teachers3741
Student-teacher ratio13.63
Other information
Websitewww.hcpss.org
 
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Howard County Public School System
Type and location
TypePublic
GradesPreK−12
CountryUSA
LocationEllicott City, Maryland
District information
SuperintendentRenee A. Foose (2012–13)
Schools73
Budget725,280,030 (FY 2014)
NCES District ID2400420
Students and staff
Students50969
Teachers3741
Student-teacher ratio13.63
Other information
Websitewww.hcpss.org

The Howard County Public School System (HCPSS) is the school district that manages the public schools of Howard County, Maryland, USA. It is headquartered in Columbia, Maryland; the facility has an Ellicott City mailing address.[1][2] It operates under the supervision of an elected, eight-member Board of Education. Renee A. Foose is the current Superintendent.

The district operates 76 Schools: 41 elementary schools, 20 middle schools, 12 high schools, and 3 special schools/education centers.[3] As of February 2013, a total of 52,000 students were enrolled.[4]

Howard County consistently earns high marks in school performance metrics such as test scores and graduation rates. It gets high percentages at all levels of the Maryland School Assessments.[6] In 2007 Forbes magazine rated Howard County as one of the ten most cost-efficient school systems in the USA

Fast facts[edit]

Superintendent − Renee A. Foose[edit]

Howard County Board of Education members[edit]

Total enrollment − 50,969*[edit]

*Official count does not include PreK

Race/Ethnicity[edit]

Attendance rate 2011−2012[edit]

Elementary: >95% Middle: >95% High: >95%

Graduation rate: 90.6%*[edit]

*4-year adjusted cohort

Howard County Education History[edit]

Early education[edit]

the Patapsco Female Institute

In 1723, Maryland enacted a bill requiring a school in each county.[6] Rev Joeseph Colebatch, Col Samuel Young, William Locke, Charles Hammond, Capt Daniel Maraitiee, Richard Warfield, and John Beale were commissioned to buy land and build schools in what was then Anne Arundel County.[7] In 1835, the state declared Ellicott's Mills a primary school district.[8] In 1839 The Howard District of Anne Arundel County was formed. Early schools were funded and managed independently through towns, investors, the state and churches. Some early examples are St. Charles College, incorporated in 1830 near Doughoregan Manor, Patapsco Female Institute (1833) in Ellicott City, and Mount St. Clement (1867) at Illchester.[9] In 1864, Maryland created the state board of education for public education, leaving counties to control their own school boards.[10] The Patapsco Female Institute was the first women's school to receive State funding. After the civil war, single room schoolhouses within walking distance of communities were built throughout the county. In 1885, former Maryland Governor John Lee Carroll joined the school board along with J.T. Williams and John W. Dorsey.[11] In 1894, Chairman Robert A. Dobbin and the remainder of the county school board were indicted for receiving money in excess of per diem.[12]

1920s[edit]

In 1922, The State of Maryland authorized $600,000 in bond sales for Howard County expenses. A cap of $60,000 was placed on school improvement expenses, and $540,000 was required to be allocated to road construction.[13] By the mid-1920s some children rode to school on private produce trucks. In 1928, the first County School Bus service started.[14] During the period 156 Rosenwald Schools were built in Maryland for teaching African American children. In Howard county, the five-teacher school in Cooksville, the two-teacher Guilford school was constructed, and the one room Elkridge school.[15]

Depression era[edit]

Former Justice of the Peace and Coroner, Stanley E. Grantham served as board president until WWII.[16] In 1937, The school system dropped the practice of charging students for bus fare to its schools, as well as transporting parochial students. It also dedicated its first classroom in Savage for "backward" special needs students, and implemented its first modular classroom to hold students until repairs could be made to an unsafe school. Future commissioner and board member Charles E. Miller starts his own bus service and vehicle sales to the County.[17]

In 1938, many single-room school houses were sold to private bidders and multiple Elementary and High School projects were started using 45% Federal Emergency Agency grants used to reduce unemployment, and set fair wages. In 1939, the county issued its first school bonds, borrowing $107,000 for construction of Ellicott City Elementary, Clarksville Middle, Clarksville High, and Highland Colored School. From this date to present, the county has maintained public debt interest expenses for school expansion. It also consolidated all insurance under one broker, W Emil Thompson a candidate for state senator.[18][19]

WWII Era[edit]

In 1941, hospital owner and land developer, Issac Taylor became board President. As early as November 1940, the board expressed concerns about selective service pulling away most of the male teachers for military service. The same year, Gun lockers were installed in the Ellicott Elementary Gym for the local guard, and the board terminated Norman Schussler for "unamerican" behavior and not wanting to serve his country. African American school teacher Effie Liggans Scott was released for working while pregnant.[20][21] When conscientious objector Richard MCleary refused to salute the flag in class, the board made a policy to dismiss the student from school.[22] By late 1944, School construction had been at a standstill and there was a shortage of qualified teachers. The board focused on teacher bonuses, and bus contracts.

Post war[edit]

At wars end, Eleanor M. Cissel became the president of the board. Her family was active as school bus operators in the county, and Charlie Cissel taught at the Lisbon agriculture school. The State board of education mandated classroom sizes reduced to 35 from 40 and the addition of a 12th grade.[23] In 1946, future County Executive Omar Jones started as an Agriculture teacher.[24] Physical education was funded for the first time in 1947, and the budget nearly doubled since the beginning of the war, without significant school construction or student population changes. In 1948, A single centralized county high school with busing was proposed, but the $1,000,000 cost was considered prohibitive.[25] The only major program funded in the decade since the PWA money grants, was the agriculture shop at Lisbon which ballooned from $8,000 to over $18,000 in construction costs by 1949.[26]

Cold War[edit]

In 1949, John H Brown became the board president. After 10 years without school construction, the county awaited legislation for bonds that could be paid off in the 20-year design life of the buildings, leaving the county without debt by 1969. A single central High school design was modified to one that would serve three districts and plans for additions to Clarksville, Libson, and West Friendship were made at an estimated cost of $875,000. Newspaper publication of the school budget was refused, and replaced with a mimeograph supplied on request. It was also the first year that the school board met with representatives regarding the combined impact of schools with water, sewer, and roads. Four colored and one white schools without water were funded for new wells. School buses and drivers were inspected for the first time. The Board expanded to four members in May 1949 with the addition of Norman H Warfield, and a new position of County Superintendent was created and given with Warfield's vote to John E. Yingling. In 1949 Future land developer and County Executive Norman E. Moxley is hired to a new position as chairman of the school building commission.[27] The school board remains self-elected by its own four members with one-year terms. By 1952, the first major subdivisions are started in Ellicott City, prompting the League of Women Voters to express concern. The school board noted that there was plenty of land in the county for schools, just little funding for new buildings. The planning board provided the first listings of building permits to the school board showing growth rates nearly doubling in three months. School salaries are raised to a base of $3,000 a year and student-to-teacher ratio is lowered to 33.[28] In 1953, Maryland expanded the loans for new schools to $514,000, and driver's education classes began.[29] In 1955 Charles E. Miller is elected President of the Board. In 1956 football is expanded from six man teams to eleven man teams with games to be played at Howard High School.

1960s[edit]

In 1965, the county implemented a .25% transfer tax to fund new schools and parks, netting $70,000 in its fist nine months.[30] Howard County attempts to consolidate its offices in Ellicott City. The board of education declines, and offers to relocate to an existing vacant school.[31]

Desegregation[edit]

The Howard County school system was segregated since the building of the Ellicott City Colored School in 1888. In 1938, African American teachers petitioned for equal salaries, Superintendent S.E. Grantham and the commissioners felt they could not allow an additional $7,500 in expenses, ending the effort.[32] In 1940, a Federal Court mandated equal salaries which lead the board to offer an extra month's pay if the teacher's union would not litigate against them for equal salaries.[33] In the urgency following the Pearl Harbor attack, Teachers from all races trained together on First-Aid for the first time. The racial equity less apparent when the board announced in September 1942, that students seeking clinic aid for syphilis could only use colored buses, because using a white bus was considered improper.[34] By 1949, the Cooksville School had 79 students for one teacher. In 1952 Howard County operated 8 Elementary, 2 Junior High, and 3 High schools for 3,790 white students. There were 9 "colored" Elementary and 1 High school with 976 students.[35] The school board recognized overcrowding, and noted that colored students would soon be requesting modern indoor bathrooms like other schools in the County. In 1954, Segregation was outlawed by the supreme court in Brown v. Board of Education. In November 1955 a Citizen's committee on desegregation is formed and asked to report its findings in 1956 for the 1956-1957 school year. The NAACP wrote the board asking why they were not following the Supreme Court decision.[36] On July 13, 1963 the Board of education put together a plan to desegregate schools, which was put into effect in November 1963.[37] Howard County eliminated one class of segregated students a year, taking 11 years to implement integrated classes.[38][39][40]

1970s[edit]

With the development of Columbia, The school system shift's its emphasis on neighborhood schools.[41] Future County Executive Charles I. Ecker is brought on as superintendent for Howard County schools. He served from 1974 to 1989.[42]

Residential subdivision[edit]

In 1964, the developers of Columbia, Maryland envisioned an independent year round school system for its residents. A portion of the land bought by Rouse corporation was provided at no cost to the school system to build schools to accommodate the impact from the development. Howard County remained in control of the school system.[43]

Laurel Woods Elementary surrounded with modular classrooms

As Columbia reached its maximum planned capacity, developers turned to the Eastern portion of Howard County served by public water and sewer for infill development opportunities. The Howard County School system increased substantially in size. Development in the county outpaced the number of seats available for students. In 2006, An adequate public facilities ordinance (APFO) was enacted. It temporarily limited development in elementary school districts only which were over 120% capacity. It still allowed allowed developers the ability to proceed with projects three years after submittal regardless of overcrowding.[44] To keep up with demand, the school system developed a method of regular redistricting, moving students to Western schools with more capacity.[45] The School system revived the concept of portable trailers in the early 1990s increasing to 50 units in 1995 and over 217 by 2013.[46][47]

YearHigh SchoolsJunior High SchoolsElementary SchoolsTotal SchoolsStudentsBudget$ per student (adjusted to 2013)
1900[48]CombinedCombined70 (Grades 1−11 single-room)55(segregated),15(colored)3,019$41,666.49 ($979,680.19 Inflation adjusted to 2013)$324
1941 [49]3 (segregated), 1(colored)No Jr. High3,469$290,000
19473 (segregated), 1(colored)No Jr High6 (segregated), 8(colored)183,619$520,000[50]
1952[51]3 (segregated), 1(colored)2 (segregated)8 (segregated),9(colored)234,776$1,043,107.00 ($9,162,533.80 inflation adjusted to 2013)$1918
19756723,992[52]
198081025,228[52]
198581024,978[52]
19908102630,002[52]$155,000,000 (Operating)$9,520.07
199581537,323[52]
2000101844,525[52]
2005121947,795[52]
2010121949,991[52]
2011121950,497[52]$13,708
201312194071 + 3 special needs51,177$703,667,400 (operating), $77,490,000 (capitol)$15,263

High schools[edit]

The county operates 12 high schools.[53]

NameEnrollmentPrincipalHistoryModular Classrooms
Atholton High School1360Est. 196623
Centennial High School1360Est. 19774
Glenelg High School1420Est. 1958
Hammond High School1220Est. 19764
Howard High School1420Est. 19504
Long Reach High School1488Est. 19963
Marriotts Ridge High School1222Est. 2005
Mount Hebron High School1456Est. 19654
Oakland Mills High School1144Est. 1973
Reservoir High School1512Est. 20025
River Hill High School1389Est. 1996
Wilde Lake High School1271Est. 1971

Middle schools[edit]

The County operates 19 middle schools.

NameEnrollmentPrincipalHistory
Bonnie Branch Middle School667Cherolyn Jones1999
Burleigh Manor Middle School683Claire Hafets1992
Clarksville Middle School729Melissa Shindel1979
Lake Elkhorn Middle School450 (approx)Jennifer Peduzzi1976
Dunloggin Middle School544Jeffrey Fink1973
Elkridge Landing Middle School691Gina Cash1995
Ellicott Mills Middle School583Michael Goins1939
Folly Quarter Middle School625Rick Wilson2003
Glenwood Middle School652David Brown1967
Hammond Middle School630Kerry Dufresne1971
Harper's Choice Middle School560Adam Eldridge1973
Lime Kiln Middle School608Scott Conroy1999
Mayfield Woods Middle School548JoAnn Hutchens1991
Mount View Middle School721Tammy Goldeison1993
Murray Hill Middle School636Donyall Dickey1997
Oakland Mills Middle School442Katherine Orlando1972
Patapsco Middle School762Cynthia Dillon1969
Patuxent Valley Middle School740Robert Motley1989
Wilde Lake Middle School524Lisa Smithson1969
Middle School 20 Oxford Square-Coca-Cola-DriveShiney Ann Jones2014

Elementary schools[edit]

The county operates 41 elementary schools.[54]

NameEnrollmentPrincipalHistoryModular Classrooms
Atholton Elementary School387Denise LancasterOpened 19613
Bellows Spring Elementary School762Harry WalkerOpened 20038
Bollman Bridge Elementary School663Jonathan DavisOpened 19882
Bryant Wood Elementary Schoo l[55]335Kelley HoughOpened 19683
Bushy Park Elementary School788Edward CosentinoOpened 19760
Centennial Lane Elementary School628Brad HerlingOpened 19733
*Clarksville Elementary School634Kaye BreonOpened 19641
Clemens Crossing Elementary School522David LarnerOpened 19793
Cradlerock Elementary School487Jason McCoyOpened 19763
Dayton Oaks Elementary School788Carol DeBordOpened 2006
Deep Run Elementary School601Tricia McCarthyOpened 19904
Ducketts Lane Elementary SchoolHeidi BalterOpened 2013
Elkridge Elementary School779Diane MumfordOpened 19924
Forest Ridge Elementary School626Anne SwartzOpened 19924
Fulton Elementary School772Karen Moore-RobyOpened 1997
Gorman Crossing Elementary School540Corita OduyoyeOpened 19982
Guilford Elementary School462Genée A. VarlackOpened 19545
Hammond Elementary School597Judith T. BlandOpened 19711
Hollifield Station Elementary School688Lisa J. BoothOpened 19973
Ilchester Elementary School617David AdelmanOpened 19962
Jeffers Hill Elementary School421Patricia ShifflettOpened 19742
Laurel Woods Elementary School[1]540Susan BrownOpened 19736
Lisbon Elementary School553Michael CaldwellOpened 19761
Longfellow Elementary School418Laurel MarshOpened 19702
Manor Woods Elementary School647Jim WeisnerOpened 19941
Northfield Elementary School672Rebecca StrawOpened 1968
Phelps Luck Elementary School540Sean MartinOpened 197218
Pointers Run Elementary School776Darlene FilaOpened 19919
Rockburn Elementary School667Lauren BauerOpened 19931
Running Brook Elementary School405Troy ToddOpened 19704
St. John's Lane Elementary School597Vicky SarroOpened 1954 - Built by Windsor Construction for $235,985.002
Stevens Forest Elementary School333Ron MorrisOpened 19724
Swansfield Elementary School528Molly KettererOpened 19724
Talbott Springs Elementary School443Nancy ThompsonOpened 19738
Thunder Hill Elementary School368John BirusOpened 19700
Triadelphia Ridge Elementary School544Peggy DumlerOpened 19980
Veterans Elementary School788Robert BruceOpened 20078
Waterloo Elementary School594Susan WebsterOpened 19644
Waverly Elementary School675Kathy JacobsOpened 19900
West Friendship Elementary School396Carol HahnOpened 19250
Worthington Elementary School516Chanel MosbyOpened 19761

Former Howard County schools[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact Us."Howard County Public School System. Retrieved on November 30, 2012. "10910 Clarksville Pike (Route 108) Ellicott City, MD 21042" - Driving Directions
  2. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Columbia CDP, MD #2." (Archive) U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on November 30, 2012.
  3. ^ "Howard County Public School System: Schools". Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "The Howard County Public School System Enrollment Report, February 28, 2013". 
  5. ^ "Board Of Education (BOE)". Howard County Public School System. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Elihu Samuel Riley. A History of Anne Arundel County in Maryland: Adapted for Use in the Schools. p. 106. 
  7. ^ Joshua Dorsey Warfield. The founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. p. 207. 
  8. ^ Index to the Laws and Resolutions of Maryland. 
  9. ^ United States Office of Education. Contributions to American Educational History, Issue 19. p. 166. 
  10. ^ Elihu Samuel Rile. A History of Anne Arundel County in Maryland. p. 108. 
  11. ^ Archives of Maryland Manual vol 154. p. 56. 
  12. ^ Mansfield Daily Shield. 15 October 1894. 
  13. ^ "486". Laws of the State of Maryland. 1922. p. 1082. 
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  23. ^ "1944 minutes". Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  24. ^ "1946 Board Minutes". Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
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  31. ^ "Project set in Howard". The Baltimore Sun. 3 March 1967. 
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  36. ^ "1956 Minutes". Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
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  40. ^ Howard County Historical Society. Howard County. p. 68. 
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  43. ^ Joseph Rocco Mitchell, David L. Stebenne. New City Upon a Hill: A History of Columbia, Maryland. p. 100. 
  44. ^ "Howard County, Md., Council Passes Plan to Halt Development at Crowded Schools". The Baltimore Sun. 31 July 2003. 
  45. ^ Erin Texeira (27 March 1988). "Schools to move 887 students; Five elementaries affected by efforts to fill Triadelphia Ridge". The Baltimore Sun. 
  46. ^ Howard Libit (3 March 1995). "Board considers sites to get portable classrooms". Baltimore Sun. 
  47. ^ "2014 Capitol Budget". Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
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  74. ^ "Elkridge High is gone, but memories live on at reunion". Baltimore Sun. 22 July 2013. 
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  78. ^ "Ellicott City residents criticize Hilltop Housing Plan". The Baltimore Sun. 24 February 2011. 
  79. ^ "Maryland Legislature". Baltimore American. 28 February 1888. 
  80. ^ The Baltimore Sun. 29 March 1981. 
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  82. ^ "1949 Board Minutes". Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  83. ^ "1967 Board Minutes". Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  84. ^ Maryland Historical Trust. Maryland Inventory of Historical Properties HO-274. 
  85. ^ "1943 Minutes". Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  86. ^ "History of Mt Zion Methodist Church". Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  87. ^ "Martinents 1860 Map". Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  88. ^ a b Ivan Penn (18 November 1994). The Baltimore Sun. 
  89. ^ "HO-703 Historical Inventory". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
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  91. ^ "1949 Board Minures". Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  92. ^ "Pfeffer's Corner". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  93. ^ "1940 Board Minutes". Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  94. ^ "Board of Education Minutes 1934". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
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  98. ^ "1953 Board Minutes". Retrieved 22 June 2013. 

External links[edit]