House of Cards (U.S. TV series)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

House of Cards
House of Cards title card.png
Genre
Created byBeau Willimon
Based on
Starring
Theme music composerJeff Beal
Composer(s)Jeff Beal
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons2
No. of episodes26 (List of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s)
Location(s)Baltimore, Maryland
CinematographyEigil Bryld
Tim Ives
Igor Martinovic
Running time46–59 minutes
Production company(s)Media Rights Capital
Trigger Street Productions
Wade/Thomas Productions
DistributorNetflix
Broadcast
Original channelNetflix
Picture format1080p (2:1 HDTV) (2013)
4K (2:1 UHDTV) (2014–present)
Audio formatDolby Digital 5.1
Original runFebruary 1, 2013 (2013-02-01) – present
Chronology
Related showsHouse of Cards
External links
Website
 
Jump to: navigation, search
For the 1990 UK series of the same name, see House of Cards (UK TV series).
House of Cards
House of Cards title card.png
Genre
Created byBeau Willimon
Based on
Starring
Theme music composerJeff Beal
Composer(s)Jeff Beal
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons2
No. of episodes26 (List of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s)
Location(s)Baltimore, Maryland
CinematographyEigil Bryld
Tim Ives
Igor Martinovic
Running time46–59 minutes
Production company(s)Media Rights Capital
Trigger Street Productions
Wade/Thomas Productions
DistributorNetflix
Broadcast
Original channelNetflix
Picture format1080p (2:1 HDTV) (2013)
4K (2:1 UHDTV) (2014–present)
Audio formatDolby Digital 5.1
Original runFebruary 1, 2013 (2013-02-01) – present
Chronology
Related showsHouse of Cards
External links
Website

House of Cards is an American political drama television series, developed and produced by Beau Willimon. It is an adaptation of a previous BBC mini-series of the same name and is based on the novel by Michael Dobbs. The entire first season, thirteen episodes, premiered on February 1, 2013, on the streaming service Netflix.[2] A second season of thirteen episodes[2][3] premiered on February 14, 2014.[4] On February 4, 2014, ten days prior to the first available streaming release of the second season, Netflix announced that the show had been renewed for a third season.[5]

Set in present-day Washington, D.C., House of Cards is the story of Frank Underwood (Kevin Spacey), a Democrat from South Carolina's 5th congressional district and House majority whip who, after being passed over for appointment as Secretary of State, initiates an elaborate plan to get himself into a position of power. His loyal wife, Claire Underwood (Robin Wright), assists him in this endeavor. The series is primarily about ruthless pragmatism,[6] manipulation, power and doing bad things for the greater good.[7]

For its first season, House of Cards received nine Primetime Emmy Award nominations, to become the first original online-only web television series to receive major Emmy nominations.[8] Among its nine nominations were Outstanding Drama Series, Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series for Kevin Spacey, Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series for Robin Wright, and Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series for David Fincher. The show also earned four Golden Globe Award nominations and Wright won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama to be the first major acting award for an online-only web television series. For its second season, the series received 13 Primetime Emmy Award nominations.[9]

Cast and characters[edit]

Real-life media figures such as Donna Brazile, Morley Safer; CNN's Candy Crowley, John King, Ashleigh Banfield, and Soledad O'Brien; Fox News's Dennis Miller and Sean Hannity; HBO's Bill Maher; ABC's George Stephanopoulos; MSNBC's Chris Hayes, Rachel Maddow and Chris Matthews; and CBS's Major Garrett make cameo appearances as themselves.

Plot[edit]

SeasonEpisodesRelease dateDVD and Blu-ray release date
Region 1Region 2Region 4
113February 1, 2013 (2013-02-01)June 11, 2013 (2013-06-11)[10]June 10, 2013 (2013-06-10)[11]June 27, 2013 (2013-06-27)[12]
213February 14, 2014 (2014-02-14)June 17, 2014 (2014-06-17)[13]June 16, 2014 (2014-06-16)[14]June 19, 2014 (2014-06-19)[15]
3N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A

Season 1 (2013)[edit]

The series opens with congressman Francis Underwood displaying his ruthless practicality by killing a suffering pet dog with his bare hands while explaining to the audience how there are times when we require someone to do the unpleasant thing yet the necessary thing. Along this theme we follow Francis "Frank" Underwood, a power hungry Democratic congressman from South Carolina and House majority whip. After securing the election of President Garrett Walker to gain himself appointment to Secretary of State, Underwood is devastated to learn that he is being passed over. Chief of Staff Linda Vasquez tells Underwood that the president wants him to promote his agenda in Congress and will not honor their agreement. Seething inside, Underwood must quickly gain control of his anger and hide his disappointment to present himself as a helpful lieutenant to the president and his agenda. In reality Underwood begins an elaborate plan behind the president's back, with the ultimate goal of gaining power for himself.

His wife Claire runs a charity, but her intentions are not explicit. She seems to use her charity for power and influence and yet the ultimate purpose for its need is unknown. In the opening episode, she deems the successful charity organization that she has put together to have too limited a footprint. Keen to be on the international stage, she decides to change her organization to one that supports international well digging to provide clean water. This is met with great misgivings by her office manager. Claire directs her to fire eighteen of her employees, cutting the staff in half. At the end of the day she checks in to ask how the process went, and then informs the manager she is being let go as well. It is clear from the outset that Claire is as cold-hearted, ruthlessly pragmatic and has a deep desire for power like her husband.

Underwood begins a highly intricate plan to obtain a cabinet position, acquiring pawns he can manipulate in his power play. He begins an extramarital relationship with Zoe Barnes, a young political reporter, and then makes a deal with her in exchange for the leak of damaging stories about his rivals in the House. Meanwhile, he manipulates Peter Russo, a troubled congressman from Pennsylvania, into helping him undermine Walker's pick for Secretary of State, Senator Michael Kern. Underwood eventually has him replaced with his own choice, Senator Catherine Durant. Underwood also uses Russo in a plot to end a teacher's strike and pass an education bill, which improves Underwood's standing with Walker.

Because the new vice president is the former governor of Pennsylvania, a special election is to be held for governor. Underwood helps Russo get clean and props up his candidacy, but later uses call girl Rachel Posner to break his sobriety and trigger his downfall shortly before the election. Distraught, Russo decides to make amends for his failure by coming clean to the press about his role in Underwood's schemes. As a result, Frank stages his suicide and leaves him in a closed garage with his car running. With the Pennsylvania special election in chaos, Underwood convinces the vice president to step down and run for his old position of governor – leaving the vice presidency open to Underwood, as was his plan all along.

Walker appears to have other plans. Underwood ends up vetting a surprising choice for Vice President, billionaire Raymond Tusk. Tusk later reveals that he is actually appraising Underwood for the position. Meanwhile, after Underwood brings their affair to an end, Zoe begins piecing together clues about Underwood's scheming. The season ends when Underwood receives and accepts the nomination for vice president.

Season 2 (2014)[edit]

With Frank on the verge of being sworn in as Vice President, Zoe and her colleagues Lucas Goodwin and Janine Skorsky continue to dig for information, ultimately locating Rachel Posner. Frank's aide, Doug Stamper, brings her to a safe house while Frank lures Zoe to a DC Metro station and, unseen to security cameras, pushes her in front of a train. As a result, Janine abandons the digging and heads to Ithaca to stay away from the potential danger that could get her killed like Zoe. Zoe's death galvanizes Lucas to continue the search alone and he solicits the help of a hacker to retrieve Frank's text history from AT&T. However the hacker is actually working under Doug Stamper to entrap Lucas, leading the reporter to be ultimately caught in an FBI sting and pleading guilty to cyberterrorism. Later on, the hacker uses the existence of Rachel Posner to extort Doug. Fearing relocation and potential harm, Rachel hits Doug with a rock, possibly killing him, before fleeing the scene in his car.

Claire becomes close with the First Lady and they support a bill to reform the military's prosecution of sexual assault after Claire reveals in an interview that she had an abortion as a result of being raped in college by a man who has just been commissioned as a general. She learns that the President's marriage is strained and offers the First Lady the aid of a spiritual advisor and marriage counsellor.

Though Raymond Tusk wields major influence over the President, Frank aims to drive a wedge between them. He meets Xander Feng, a Chinese businessman and ally of Tusk to engage in backchannel diplomatic negotiations which he intentionally scuttles, though he uses the chaos of the situation to make it appear as if Tusk is equally responsible for the failed talks. This sours Sino-US relations leading to a trade war over rare earth minerals and a spike in US energy prices. Tusk openly opposes the President's efforts to deal with the crisis and begins having a tribal casino funnel money into Republican PACs in retaliation. When Frank discovers that the source of the funnelled money is in fact Xander Feng, he gets Feng to end his partnership with Tusk in exchange for a lucrative bridge contract.

The Department of Justice discovers that Doug Stamper was videotaped at the casino and begins to investigate the relationship between Feng, Tusk, and the White House. Seeking to establish trust with the special prosecutor, Frank manipulates the President into volunteering his travel records which reveal his visits to the marriage counsellor and raises questions about whether or not the illicit campaign donations were ever discussed. Wishing to avoid disclosure to the public of his personal issues, he has the White House counsel coach the counsellor which the special prosecutor interprets as witness tampering. As the House Judiciary committee begins drafting articles of impeachment, both the President and Frank offer Tusk a Presidential pardon in exchange for implicating the other. Tusk sides with the President at first, leaving Frank no other option than to regain the president's trust as a friend. The President calls off Tusk's pardon deal as a sign of friendship to Frank, whereby Tusk reciprocates by incriminating the President by saying that he knew about the deal with China. This leaves the President no choice except to resign. Frank is sworn in as the new President of the United States.

Season 3 (2015)[edit]

Netflix announced on February 4, 2014 that House of Cards has been renewed for a third season[16][17][18] and is expected to be released around February 2015.[18] Two episodes of the third season will be directed by Agnieszka Holland.[19]

Production[edit]

Conception[edit]

The world of 7:30 on Tuesday nights, that's dead. A stake has been driven through its heart, its head has been cut off, and its mouth has been stuffed with garlic. The captive audience is gone. If you give people this opportunity to mainline all in one day, there's reason to believe they will do it.

 — David Fincher[20]

Independent studio Media Rights Capital, founded by Mordecai Wiczyk and Asif Satchu, producer of films such as Babel, purchased the rights to House of Cards with the intent of creating a series.[3] While finishing production on his 2008 film The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, David Fincher's agent showed him House of Cards, a BBC miniseries starring Ian Richardson.[3] Fincher was interested in producing a potential series with Eric Roth.[3] Fincher said that he was interested in doing television because of its long-form nature,[21] adding that working in film doesn't allow for complex characterizations the way that television allows.[21] "I felt for the past ten years that the best writing that was happening for actors was happening in television. And so I had been looking to do something that was longer form," Fincher stated.[21]

MRC approached different networks about the series, including HBO, Showtime and AMC, but Netflix, hoping to launch its own original programming, outbid the other networks.[22] Ted Sarandos, Netflix's Chief Content Officer, looked at the data of Netflix users' streaming habits and concluded that there was an audience for Fincher and Spacey.[23] "It looked incredibly promising," he said, "kind of the perfect storm of material and talent."[3] In finding a writer to adapt the series, Fincher stated that they needed someone who could faithfully translate parliamentary politics to Washington."[3] Beau Willimon, who has served as an aide to Charles Schumer, Howard Dean and Hillary Clinton,[24] was hired and completed the pilot script in early 2011.[3] Willimon saw the opportunity to create an entirely new series from the original and deepen its overall story.[3]

This is the future, streaming is the future. TV will not be TV in five years from now...everyone will be streaming.

 — Beau Willimon[20]

The project was first announced in March 2011, with Kevin Spacey attached to star and serve as an executive producer.[25] Fincher was announced as director for the first two episodes, from scripts by Willimon. Netflix ordered 26 episodes to air over two seasons.[26]

Spacey called Netflix's model of publishing all episodes at once a "new perspective."[20] He added that Netflix's commitment to two full seasons gave the series greater continuity. "We know exactly where we are going," he said.[20] In a speech at the Edinburgh International Television Festival, he also noted that while other networks were interested in the show, they all wanted a pilot, whereas Netflix – relying solely on their statistics – ordered the series directly.[27]

Casting[edit]

"I was lucky to get into film at a time that was very interesting for drama. But if you look now, the focus is not on the same kind of films that were made in the 90s. When I look now, the most interesting plots, the most interesting characters, they are on TV."

 — Kevin Spacey[28]

Fincher stated that every main cast member was their first choice.[21] In the first read through, he said "I want everybody here to know that you represent our first choice — each actor here represents our first choice for these characters. So do not fuck this up."[21] Spacey, whose last regular television role was in the series Wiseguy, which ran from 1987 until 1990, responded positively to the script. He then played Richard III at The Old Vic, which Fincher said was "great training."[21] Spacey supported the decision to release all of the episodes at once, believing that this type of release pattern will be increasingly common with television shows. He said, "When I ask my friends what they did with their weekend, they say, 'Oh, I stayed in and watched three seasons of Breaking Bad or it's two seasons of Game of Thrones."[29] He was officially cast on March 18, 2011.[25] Robin Wright was approached by Fincher to star in the series when they worked together in The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo.[21] She was cast as Claire Underwood in June 2011.[30] Kate Mara was cast as Zoe Barnes in early February 2012.[31] Mara's sister, Rooney, worked with Fincher in The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, and when Kate Mara read the part of Zoe, she "fell in love with the character" and asked her sister to "put in a word for me with Fincher." The next month, she got a call for an audition.[32]

Filming[edit]

Filming for the first season began in January 2012[33] in Harford County, Maryland.[34] Filming in 2013 centered primarily around Baltimore, Maryland.

In June 2014, filming of three episodes in the UN Security Council chamber was vetoed by Russia at the last minute.[35]

Tax credits[edit]

According to the Maryland Film Office, the state spent millions in tax credits to subsidize the production costs.

Broadcast[edit]

In Australia, where Netflix is not available, the series was broadcast on Showcase, premiering May 7, 2013. Australian subscription TV provider Foxtel, and owner of Showcase, offered the entire first season to Showcase subscribers via their On Demand feature on Foxtel set top boxes connected to the internet, as well as through their Xbox 360, Internet TV, and mobile (Foxtel Go) services. Although the entire season was made available, it maintained its weekly timeslot on Showcase.[37] Season two returned to Showcase on February 15, 2014. As with season one, the entire season was made available on demand to Showcase subscribers while also retaining a weekly timeslot.[38] The series has also been made available to non Foxtel subscribers through Apple's Apple TV service.

In New Zealand, where Netflix is unavailable, season 1 premiered on TV3 in early 2014 followed immediately by season 2.[39]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

The first season received positive reviews from critics. It has a score of 76 out of 100 on Metacritic, based on 25 reviews.[40][41] On Rotten Tomatoes, based on 32 reviews, it received a positive response from 81% of critics with an average rating of 8.2/10.[42] USA Today critic Robert Bianco praised the series, particularly Spacey's and Wright's lead performances, stating "If you think network executives are nervous, imagine the actors who have to go up against that pair in the Emmys."[43] Tom Gilatto of People Weekly lauded the first two episodes, calling them "cinematically rich, full of sleek, oily pools of darkness."[40] In her review for The Denver Post, Joanne Ostrow said the series is "Deeply cynical about human beings as well as politics and almost gleeful in its portrayal of limitless ambition." She added: "House of Cards is a wonderfully sour take on power and corruption."[44] Writing in The New York Times, critic Alessandra Stanley noted that the writing in the series sometimes fails to match the high quality of its acting: "Unfortunately Mr. Spacey’s lines don’t always live up to the subtle power of his performance; the writing isn’t Shakespeare, or even Aaron Sorkin, and at times, it turns strangely trite." Nevertheless she lauded House of Cards as an entertainment that "revels in the familiar but always entertaining underbelly of government."[45] Andrew Davies, the writer of the original UK TV series, stated that Spacey's character lacks the "charm" of Ian Richardson's,[46] while The Independent praised Spacey's portrayal as a more "menacing" character, "hiding his rage behind Southern charm and old-fashioned courtesy."[47] Randy Shaw, writing for The Huffington Post, criticized House of Cards for glorifying "union bashing and entitlement slashing within a political landscape whose absence of activist groups or anyone remotely progressive resembles a Republican fantasy world".[48] Critics such as Time television critic James Poniewozik and Hank Stuever of The Washington Post compare the series to Boss.[49][50] Given that the show is based on the UK show and novel of the same name which were in turn heavily influenced by both Macbeth and Richard III, it is not surprising that many have noted a strong resemblance to the aforementioned works of William Shakespeare.[51][52] In addition, some critics find elements of Othello, such as Iago's bitter ire.[53]

Home media[edit]

House of Cards Season 1 was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc in the United States on June 11, 2013. Season 2 was released on both formats on June 17, 2014.[54]

Awards and nominations[edit]

For its first season, House of Cards received nine nominations for the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards in 2013, to become the first original online-only web television series to receive major nominations.[55] Among House of Cards' nine nominations, "Chapter 1" received four nominations for the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards and 65th Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards becoming the first webisode (online-only episode) of a television series to receive a major Primetime Emmy Award nomination: Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series for David Fincher. This episode also received several Creative Arts Emmy Award nominations, including Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series, Outstanding Single-Camera Picture Editing for a Drama Series, and Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Original Dramatic).[55][56] Although Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series is not a category that formally recognizes an episode, Spacey submitted "Chapter 1" for consideration to earn his nomination.[57] At the Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Award presentation, "Chapter 1" and Eigil Bryld earned the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series, making "Chapter 1" the first Emmy-awarded webisode.[58][59] At the Primetime Emmy Awards ceremony, Fincher won for Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series for directing the pilot episode "Chapter 1" in addition to the pair of Creative Arts Emmy Awards, making "Chapter 1" the first Primetime Emmy-awarded webisode.[60] None of the Emmy awards were considered to be in major categories.[61]

For the 71st Golden Globe Awards, House of Cards received four nominations.[62] Among those nominations was Wright for Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama for her portrayal of Claire Underwood, which she won. In so doing she became the first actress to win a Golden Globe Award for an online-only web television series.[63][64][65]

For its second season, House of Cards received 13 Primetime Emmy Award nominations, including Outstanding Drama Series, Kevin Spacey for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series, Robin Wright for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series, Kate Mara for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series, and Reg E. Cathey for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series.[9]

YearAwardCategoryRecipient(s)ResultRef
Season 1
2013
Webby Award
Special Achievement Award
Kevin Spacey and Dana Brunetti
Won
[66]
2013
Critics' Choice Television Award
Best Actor in a Drama Series
Kevin Spacey
Nominated
[67]
Best Supporting Actor in a Drama Series
Corey Stoll
Nominated
2013
Television Critics Association Awards
Program of the Year
Nominated
[68][69]
Outstanding New Program
Nominated
2013
Primetime Emmy Award
Outstanding Drama Series
Nominated
[70][71]
Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series
Kevin Spacey
Nominated
Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series
Robin Wright
Nominated
Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series
David Fincher / "Chapter 1"
Won
Outstanding Casting for a Drama Series
Laray Mayfield / Julie Schubert
Won
Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series
Eigil Bryld / "Chapter 1"
Won
Outstanding Single-Camera Picture Editing for a Drama Series
Kirk Baxter / "Chapter 1"
Nominated
Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Original Dramatic Score)
Jeff Beal / "Chapter 1"
Nominated
Outstanding Original Main Title Theme Music
Jeff Beal
Nominated
2014
People's Choice Awards
Favorite Streaming Series
Nominated
[72]
2014
Producers Guild of America Award
Outstanding Producer of Episodic Television, Drama
Karyn McCarthy, Beau Willimon, John Melfi, Kevin Spacey, Joshua Donen, Eric Roth, David Fincher
Nominated
[73]
2014
Writers Guild of America Award
Television: Dramatic Series
Kate Barnow, Rick Cleveland, Sam R. Forman, Gina Gionfriddo, Keith Huff, Sarah Treem, Beau Willimon
Nominated
[74][75]
Television: New Series
Kate Barnow, Rick Cleveland, Sam R. Forman, Gina Gionfriddo, Keith Huff, Sarah Treem, Beau Willimon
Won
Television: Episodic Drama
Beau Willimon / "Chapter 1"
Nominated
2014
Golden Globe Awards
Best Television Series – Drama
Nominated
[76]
Best Actor – Television Series Drama
Kevin Spacey
Nominated
Best Actress – Television Series Drama
Robin Wright
Won
Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
Corey Stoll
Nominated
2014
Screen Actors Guild Award
Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Drama Series
Kevin Spacey
Nominated
[77]
2014
Directors Guild of America Award
Drama Series
David Fincher / "Chapter 1"
Nominated
[78]
2014
Satellite Awards
Best Drama Series
Nominated
[79][80]
Best Actor in a Drama Series
Kevin Spacey
Nominated
Best Actress in a Drama Series
Robin Wright
Won
Best Supporting Actor in a Drama Series
Corey Stoll
Nominated
2014
Peabody Award
Area of Excellence
Won
[81]
2014
BAFTA TV Awards
Best International
Beau Willimon, David Fincher, Joshua Donen, Kevin Spacey
Nominated
[82]
Season 2
2014
Critics' Choice Television Award
Best Actress in a Drama Series
Robin Wright
Nominated
2014
Television Critics Association Awards
Outstanding Achievement in Drama
Pending
2014
Primetime Emmy Award
Outstanding Drama Series
Pending
Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series
Kevin Spacey
Pending
Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series
Robin Wright
Pending
Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series
Reg E. Cathey
Pending
Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series
Kate Mara
Pending
Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series
Carl Franklin / "Chapter 14"
Pending
Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series
Beau Willimon / "Chapter 14"
Pending
Outstanding Casting for a Drama Series
Laray Mayfield / Julie Schubert
Pending
Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series
Igor Martinovic / "Chapter 18"
Pending
Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Original Dramatic Score)
Jeff Beal / "Chapter 26"
Pending
Outstanding Single-Camera Picture Editing for a Drama Series
Byron Smith / "Chapter 14"
Pending
Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Comedy or Drama Series (One Hour)
Lorenzo Millan, Nathan Nance, Scott R. Lewis / "Chapter 14"
Pending
Outstanding Art Direction For A Contemporary Or Fantasy Series (Single-Camera)
Steve Arnold, Halina Gebarowicz, Tiffany Zappulla/ "Chapter 14" & "Chapter 18"
Pending

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andreeva, Nellie. "David Manson Joins Netflix's 'House of Cards' As Executive Producer". Deadline.com. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Itzkoff, Dave (October 4, 2012). "Netflix Sets February Premiere for 'House of Cards'". The New York Times. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Stelter, Brian (January 18, 2013). "A Drama's Streaming Premiere". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Twitter / HouseofCards: 02.14.14 http://t.co/RUzmSugBeU". Twitter.com. December 4, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Netflix Renews 'House of Cards' for Season 3". Hollywood Reporter. February 4, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  6. ^ Graves, Lucia (February 19, 2014). "Frank Underwood and a Brief History of Ruthless Pragmatism". National Journal. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  7. ^ Cronk, Jordan (April 29, 2013). "'Doing bad for the greater good': Kevin Spacey, Beau Willimon and Co. Look Back at 'House of Cards' Season One". Indiewire. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  8. ^ Stelter, Brian (July 18, 2013). "Netflix Does Well in 2013 Primetime Emmy Nominations". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Lowry, Brian (July 10, 2014). "2014 Emmy Awards: ‘Game of Thrones,’ ‘Fargo’ Lead Nominations". Variety. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ "House of Cards: The Complete First Season (2013)". Amazon.com. Retrieved April 23, 2013. 
  11. ^ "House of Cards - Season 1 (DVD + UV Copy) (2013)". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  12. ^ "House Of Cards - Season 1". JB Hi-Fi. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  13. ^ "House of Cards: The Complete Second Season Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved February 28, 2014. 
  14. ^ "House Of Cards - Season 2 [Blu-ray]". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  15. ^ "House of Cards: Season 2 (DVD+Ultraviolet) on DVD-Video". EzyDVD. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  16. ^ Taylor, Frances (February 4, 2014). "House of Cards renewed for third season by Netflix". Digital Spy. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  17. ^ O'Connell, Michael (February 4, 2014). "Netflix Renews 'House of Cards' for Season 3". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b Garcia, Megan (February 19, 2014). "House of Cards season 3 release date: Writers hard at work for next season after successful S2". Christian Today. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  19. ^ Roxborough, Scott (June 25, 2014). "Natpe Europe: Agnieszka Holland to Direct Third Season of 'House of Cards'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  20. ^ a b c d Abele, Robert. "Playing With a New Deck". Director's Guild of America. Retrieved January 25, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Sepinwall, Alan (January 29, 2013). "'House of Cards' director David Fincher on making 13 hours for Netflix". HitFix. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  22. ^ Ryan, Maureen (March 18, 2011). "Netflix Builds a 'House of Cards' That Could Knock Down the Networks". aoltv.com. Retrieved March 18, 2011. 
  23. ^ Coyle, Jake (January 24, 2013). "Netflix Show 'House of Cards' Is A Big Gamble". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 25, 2013. 
  24. ^ Carr, David and Ashley Parker (February 22, 2013). "Debating ‘House of Cards’: What the Show Gets Right and Wrong About Journalism". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  25. ^ a b Andreeva, Nellie (March 3, 2011). "Kevin Spacey Set To Star in David Fincher's Drama Series For MRC 'House of Cards'". Deadline. Retrieved March 3, 2011. 
  26. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (March 15, 2011). "Netflix To Enter Original Programming With Mega Deal For David Fincher-Kevin Spacey Series 'House of Cards'". Deadline. Retrieved March 15, 2011. 
  27. ^ "Kevin Spacey urges TV channels to give control to viewers". The Telegraph. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  28. ^ Roxborough, Scott (October 10, 2012). "MIPCOM 2012: Kevin Spacey, Robin Wright: Why Netflix's 'House of Cards' Is the Future of TV". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  29. ^ Jeffery, Morgan (January 27, 2013). "Kevin Spacey 'House of Cards' Q&A: 'My role is diabolical, delicious'". Digital Spy. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  30. ^ Goldberg, Lesley (June 9, 2011). "Robin Wright in Talks to Star in Netflix's 'House of Cards' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 9, 2011. 
  31. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (February 1, 2012). "Jennifer Finnigan Joins David E. Kelley TNT Pilot, Kate Mara in Netflix 'House of Cards'". Deadline. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  32. ^ Hughes, Sarah (January 20, 2013). "Why we're watching... Kate Mara". The Guardian. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  33. ^ Zurawik, David (January 5, 2012). "Netflix to produce million 'House of Cards' in Baltimore — Kevin Spacey, David Fincher to produce political thriller". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 5, 2012. 
  34. ^ Goodman, Brian (January 9, 2012). "Political Thriller House of Cards to Film in Harford County". The Dagger. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
  35. ^ *"House of Cards barred from UN Security Council chamber". Stuff/Fairfax. July 3, 2014. 
  36. ^ a b c d Johnson, Jenna (February 21, 2014). "How did ‘House of Cards’ get millions in Maryland tax credits?". Washington Post. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  37. ^ Knox, David (April 4, 2013). "Foxtel to offer full series of House of Cards online TV Tonight". TV Tonight. Retrieved May 15, 2013. 
  38. ^ Knox, David (January 23, 2014). "Returning: House of Cards". TV Tonight. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  39. ^ "The Blacklist, Rake, House of Cards and more coming to TV3". TV3. July 26, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  40. ^ a b "House of Cards (2013): Season 1". Metacritic. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  41. ^ "Netflix's 'House of Cards' Earns Rave Reviews, CEO Reed Hastings Promises Hollywood Takeover". International Business Times. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  42. ^ "House of Cards: Season 1 (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 29, 2014. 
  43. ^ "'House of Cards' is all aces". USA Today. February 1, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  44. ^ "Ostrow: Kevin Spacey shines in "House of Cards" political drama on Netflix". The Denver Post. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  45. ^ Stanley, Alessandra (February 2, 2013). "Political Animals That Slither". The New York Times. 
  46. ^ Jace Lacob, David Fincher, Beau Willimon & Kate Mara On Netflix’s ‘House of Cards’, The Daily Beast (January 30, 2013)
  47. ^ Sarah Hughes, 'Urquhart is deliciously diabolical': Kevin Spacey is back in a remake of House of Cards, The Independent, (January 30, 2013)
  48. ^ House of Cards Is a Republican Fantasy World, Huffington Post, February 20, 2014
  49. ^ Poniewozik, James (January 31, 2013). "Review: House of Cards Sinks Its Sharp Teeth into Washington". Time. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  50. ^ Stuever, Hank (January 31, 2013). "'House of Cards': Power corrupts (plus other non-breaking news)". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  51. ^ "9 Things 'House Of Cards' Took From Shakespeare". The Huffington Post. February 21, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2014. 
  52. ^ D'Addario, Daniel (February 14, 2014). "Yes, "House of Cards" is our Shakespeare: Comparing the show to Shakespeare isn't pretentious; it's appropriate". Salon. Retrieved March 11, 2014. 
  53. ^ "To figure out House of Cards, read a lot of Shakespeare". The Star. February 12, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  54. ^ "House of Cards: The Complete Second Season Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  55. ^ a b Stelter, Brian (July 18, 2013). "Netflix Does Well in 2013 Primetime Emmy Nominations". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2013. 
  56. ^ "House of Cards". Emmys.com. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  57. ^ Riley, Jenelle (August 26, 2013). "Emmy Episode Submissions: Lead Actor in a Drama". Back Stage. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  58. ^ "Netflix Makes History With Two Primetime Creative Arts Emmy® Awards". NJ.com. PR Newswire. September 15, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  59. ^ House of Cards (September 15, 2013). "@HouseofCards status update". Twitter. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  60. ^ Sharma, Amol; Alexandra Cheney (September 23, 2013). "Netflix Makes Some History With Showing at Emmys". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  61. ^ "Netflix Wins Three Emmys, 'House of Cards' Shut Out of Major Categories". The Huffington Post. September 23, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  62. ^ Farley, Christopher John (December 12, 2013). "Golden Globes Nominations 2014: '12 Years a Slave,' 'American Hustle' Lead Field". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 12, 2013. 
  63. ^ Zurawik, David (December 12, 2013). "'House of Cards' star Robin Wright earns series' sole Golden Globes win". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 13, 2014. 
  64. ^ Hyman, Vicki (January 12, 2014). "2014 Golden Globes: Robin Wright wins best actress for online-only 'House of Cards'". The Star-Ledger. NJ.com. Retrieved January 13, 2014. 
  65. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (January 12, 2014). "Golden Globes: ‘Brooklyn Nine Nine’ Nabs Upset TV Comedy Wins". Variety. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  66. ^ "2013 17th Annual Webby Awards". Webby Award. May 22, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  67. ^ "Critics' Choice Television Awards". Critics' Choice Awards. May 22, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  68. ^ Sepinwall, Alan (June 10, 2013). "TCA Awards Nominees include 'Game of Thrones,' 'The Walking Dead' & 'House of Cards'". HitFix. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  69. ^ De Moraes, Lisa (August 3, 2013). "TCA Awards: ‘House Of Cards’ Snubbed As AMC’s ‘Breaking Bad,’ ‘FX’s ‘The Americans’ Nab Top Honors – Winners List". Deadline.com. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  70. ^ "The 65th Annual Primetime Entertainment Emmy Award Nominations" (PDF). New York: Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. July 18, 2013. Retrieved May 1, 2013. 
  71. ^ "Emmy nominations 2013: "House of Cards" makes history, "American Horror Story" leads". Cbsnews.com. July 18, 2013. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  72. ^ "People's Choice Awards 2014 Nominees". People's Choice Awards. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  73. ^ "'Arrested Development,' 'Breaking Bad' and CNN Score PGA Nominations". The Hollywood Reporter. December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  74. ^ "'House of Cards', 'Orange Is The New Black' Among Writers Guild's TV Nominees". Deadline.com. December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  75. ^ "Writers Guild Awards: ‘Her’ and ‘Captain Phillips’ Win Screenplay Prizes". The Wrap. February 1, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  76. ^ Nordyke, Kimberly (January 12, 2014). "Golden Globes: Complete Winners List". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  77. ^ "SAG nominations 2014: The complete list of nominees". Los Angeles Times. December 11, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2013. 
  78. ^ "DGA Awards TV Nominations Unveiled". Deadline.com. January 9, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  79. ^ "’12 Years a Slave’ Tops Satellite Award Nominations". Yahoo Movies. December 2, 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  80. ^ "Satellite Awards: '12 Years a Slave' Wins Best Motion Picture". The Hollywood Reporter. February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  81. ^ "2013 Peabody Awards". Peabodyawards.com. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 
  82. ^ Harris, Jamie (April 7, 2014). "BAFTA Television Awards 2014: This year's nominees in full". Digital Spy. Retrieved April 7, 2014. 

External links[edit]