Hors d'oeuvre

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Hors d'oeuvre
Tomato Bruschetta.jpg
Tomato bruschetta
CourseAppetizer
Food energy
(per serving)
 kcal
Cookbook:Hors d'oeuvre  Hors d'oeuvre
 
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"Appetizer" redirects here. For the dock application, see Appetizer (software).
Hors d'oeuvre
Tomato Bruschetta.jpg
Tomato bruschetta
CourseAppetizer
Food energy
(per serving)
 kcal
Cookbook:Hors d'oeuvre  Hors d'oeuvre

An hors d'oeuvre (/ɔr ˈdɜrv, ˈdɜrvr(ə)/; French: hors d'œuvre [ɔʁ dœvʁ] ( ), literally "apart from the [main] work") or the first course, is a food item served before the main courses of a meal, typically smaller than main dishes, and often meant to be eaten by hand (with minimal use of cutlery).[1] The French spelling is the same for singular and plural usage, hors d’œuvre; in English, the œ ligature is usually replaced by the digraph oe with the plural commonly written hors d'oeuvres and pronounced /ɔr ˈdɜrvz/.

Use[edit]

If there is an extended period between when guests arrive and when the meal is eaten (for example during a cocktail hour), these might also serve the purpose of sustaining guests during the wait, in the same way that apéritifs are served as a drink before meals. Hors d'oeuvres are sometimes served with no meal afterward. This is the case with many reception and cocktail party events.

Hors d'oeuvres may be served at the dinner table as a part of the meal, or they may be served before seating. Hors d'oeuvres prior to a meal are either rotated by waiters or passed. Stationary hors d'oeuvres served at the table may be referred to as "table hors d' oeuvres". Passed hors d'oeuvres may be referred to as "butler-style" or "butlered" hors d'oeuvres.

Though any food served prior to the main course is technically an hors d'oeuvre, the phrase is generally limited to individual items, cheese, or fruit. For example, a glazed fig topped with mascarpone and wrapped with prosciutto is considered an "hors d'oeuvre," whereas figs on a platter are not.

Examples[edit]

Examples of hors d'oeuvre include:

Other languages and cultures[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]