Hope, British Columbia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Hope
District municipality
Municipal building and street clock with Memorial Park in background

Flag

Seal
Hope, British Columbia is located in British Columbia
Hope
Location of Hope in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°23′09″N 121°26′31″W / 49.38583°N 121.44194°W / 49.38583; -121.44194
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
RegionFraser Canyon, Fraser Valley
Regional DistrictFraser Valley
Established1848
Government
 • MayorSusan Johnston
Area
 • Total41.14 km2 (15.88 sq mi)
Elevation41 m (135 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total5,969
 • Density145.1/km2 (376/sq mi)
Time zonePacific Standard Time
 • Summer (DST)Pacific Daylight Time (UTC)
Websitehttp://www.hope.ca/
 
  (Redirected from Hope, BC)
Jump to: navigation, search
Hope
District municipality
Municipal building and street clock with Memorial Park in background

Flag

Seal
Hope, British Columbia is located in British Columbia
Hope
Location of Hope in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°23′09″N 121°26′31″W / 49.38583°N 121.44194°W / 49.38583; -121.44194
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
RegionFraser Canyon, Fraser Valley
Regional DistrictFraser Valley
Established1848
Government
 • MayorSusan Johnston
Area
 • Total41.14 km2 (15.88 sq mi)
Elevation41 m (135 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total5,969
 • Density145.1/km2 (376/sq mi)
Time zonePacific Standard Time
 • Summer (DST)Pacific Daylight Time (UTC)
Websitehttp://www.hope.ca/

Hope is a district municipality located at the confluence of the Fraser and Coquihalla rivers in the province of British Columbia, Canada. Hope is at the eastern end of both the Fraser Valley and the Lower Mainland region, and is at the southern end of the Fraser Canyon. To the east over the Cascade Mountains is the Interior region, beginning with the Similkameen Country on the farther side of the Allison Pass in Manning Park. Located 154 kilometres (96 mi) east of Vancouver, Hope is at the southern terminus of the Coquihalla Highway and the western terminus of the Crowsnest Highway, locally known as the Hope-Princeton (Highways 5 and 3, respectively), where they merge with the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1). Hope is at the eastern terminus of Highway 7. Hope is a member municipality of the Fraser Valley Regional District which provides certain municipal-type services to unincorporated settlements and rural areas.

The District of Hope includes Hope Townsite[1] (the previous Town of Hope)[2] and surrounding areas including the communities of Kawkawa Lake,[3] Silver Creek,[4] Flood, and Lake of the Woods.[5]

History[edit]

The history of Hope can be divided into thousands of years of First Nations settlement and a European settlement period from 1808 to present day.

First Nations history[edit]

Hope's First Nations settlement period starts with the first traces of people living in the Fraser Valley. These first nation origins date from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago, when the Sto:lo First Nations were in the area. In late 1782 a smallpox epidemic among the Stó:lō killed thousands or an estimated two thirds of the population.

European history[edit]

The European settlement period of Hope history begins in 1808. Explorer Simon Fraser arrived in what is now Hope in 1808, and the Hudson's Bay Company created the Fort Hope trading post in 1848. The area was transformed by the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, beginning in 1858. The following year Governor James Douglas laid out the Fort Hope townsite. Hope became part of the Colony of British Columbia when the new British colony was created on 2 August 1858. Along with the rest of British Columbia, Hope became part of Canada in 1871. Late in 1859, Reverend Alexander St. David Francis Pringle arrived in Hope. On December 1 of that year, he founded the first library on the British Columbia mainland. Within two years, he founded Christ Church (Anglican). Today, Christ Church is the oldest church on the B.C. mainland still holding services on its original site and is a National Historic Site of Canada.[6][7] Hope incorporated as a Village on 6 April 1929, became a Town on 1 January 1965, and was reincorporated as a District Municipality named the District of Hope on 7 December 1992.[8]

WWII[edit]

During World War II an internment camp for Japanese Canadians was set up near Hope at Tashme (today's Sunshine Valley) just beyond the 100-mile exclusion zone from the Coast.

Geography[edit]

The Fraser River west of Hope
The Coquihalla River near Hope

Hope is located at the easternmost point of British Columbia's Lower Mainland area and is usually considered to be part of the Fraser Canyon area or Eastern Fraser Valley as the Lower Mainland is commonly understood as synonymous with Greater Vancouver. There are relatively significant peaks to the north, east, and south of the townsite. Only to the west can flat land be seen, and that view is dominated by the broad lower reaches of the Fraser River. The segment from Lytton to Hope separates the Cascade Mountains and Coast Mountains, thereby forming the lower part of the Fraser Canyon, which begins far upriver near Williams Lake. At Hope, the river enters a broad flood plain extending 130 kilometres (81 mi) to the coast and Vancouver, British Columbia. The Coquihalla and Sumallo Rivers and Silverhope Creek rise in the Cascade Mountains northeast and southeast and south of Hope, respectively, and empty into the Fraser River. The Skagit River begins south of Hope, across a low pass from the head of the Silverhope valley, which is the access to the Canadian shoreline of Ross Lake.

A panorama taken in Hope

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Hope Airport
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high Humidex17.119.424.530.540.838.244.142.939.93019.614.744.1
Record high °C (°F)15
(59)
19.4
(66.9)
25.1
(77.2)
30.1
(86.2)
38.4
(101.1)
36.7
(98.1)
40
(104)
39.1
(102.4)
38.3
(100.9)
29
(84)
18.9
(66)
16.1
(61)
40
(104)
Average high °C (°F)4.7
(40.5)
7
(45)
12.1
(53.8)
15.1
(59.2)
18.6
(65.5)
20.9
(69.6)
23.6
(74.5)
24.8
(76.6)
21.4
(70.5)
14.5
(58.1)
7.1
(44.8)
3.5
(38.3)
14.4
(57.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)2.1
(35.8)
3.6
(38.5)
7.4
(45.3)
10.1
(50.2)
13.5
(56.3)
16
(61)
18.2
(64.8)
19
(66)
15.9
(60.6)
10.5
(50.9)
4.6
(40.3)
1.2
(34.2)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F)−0.4
(31.3)
0.3
(32.5)
2.6
(36.7)
5
(41)
8.4
(47.1)
11
(52)
12.8
(55)
13.2
(55.8)
10.3
(50.5)
6.4
(43.5)
2.1
(35.8)
−1
(30)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F)−22.8
(−9)
−21.1
(−6)
−16.7
(1.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.8
(27)
2.2
(36)
3.3
(37.9)
3.9
(39)
−1.1
(30)
−11.2
(11.8)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−24.4
(−11.9)
Wind chill−27.6−31.5−23.7−6.9−4000−2.1−20.4−34.5−36.8−36.8
Precipitation mm (inches)290.5
(11.437)
201.1
(7.917)
159
(6.26)
172.8
(6.803)
112
(4.41)
93.8
(3.693)
77.8
(3.063)
49.1
(1.933)
97
(3.82)
218.6
(8.606)
352.5
(13.878)
219
(8.62)
2,043.3
(80.445)
Rainfall mm (inches)265.9
(10.469)
182.1
(7.169)
154.3
(6.075)
171.7
(6.76)
112
(4.41)
93.8
(3.693)
77.8
(3.063)
49.1
(1.933)
97
(3.82)
217.4
(8.559)
339
(13.35)
195.2
(7.685)
1,955.2
(76.976)
Snowfall cm (inches)27.9
(10.98)
24.9
(9.8)
5.1
(2.01)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.3
(0.51)
14.3
(5.63)
29
(11.4)
103.5
(40.75)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)18.915.917.518.216.313.910.58.110.315.721.617.7184.6
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)16.713.717.218.216.313.910.58.110.215.620.814.9176.1
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)5.641.40.5000000.22.96.320.9
 % humidity77.16857.256.557.659.458.55555.768.880.27864.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours13.256.3114.7144.6185.4194.6236.2251.8188.796.919.64.41,506.4
Percent possible sunshine4.919.831.235.239.140.148.256.449.728.97.11.730.2
Source: [9]

Demographics[edit]

(according to Statistics Canada 2006 census)

Arts and culture[edit]

Totem overlooking Fraser River in downtown Hope

Chainsaw wood carving[edit]

Hope holds chainsaw wood carving competitions and exhibitions. From 4–7 September 2008 the Second Annual Hope Chainsaw Carving Competition took place.[10] Chainsaw wood carvings are displayed and exhibited throughout the downtown core of Hope. Memorial Park in downtown Hope has a display of chainsaw wood carvings. Hope is home to a notable widely known carver named Pete Ryan who has carved a number of the chainsaw wood carvings exhibited in downtown Hope.[11]

Hope Arts Gallery[edit]

The Hope Arts Gallery exhibits and sells a variety of art by local artists.[12] The Hope Arts Gallery is located in downtown Hope and has several rooms displaying sculpture, pottery, paintings and drawings, jewellery, fabric arts, basketry, cards and gifts, and photography. The Hope Arts Gallery is run by volunteers from the Hope Arts Guild. The Hope Arts Gallery presents ART WALK, a self-guided tour to art and chainsaw wood carvings in Hope.

Hope Brigade Days[edit]

One of the largest events of the year in Hope is Hope Brigade Days. Hope Brigade Days occur every year at the start of September. Hope Brigade Days events include a parade, fireworks display, midway, chainsaw carving competition, demolition derby, kids' carnival, and 4x4 racing.[13][14]

Attractions[edit]

A lake and mountain view in Hope

Hope Museum[edit]

The Hope Museum shows the history, culture and heritage of Hope. Located in downtown Hope together with the Hope Visitors Centre, the Hope Museum is open during the summer. Exhibits include First Nations culture, early Fort Hope, the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, the Kettle Valley Railway, pioneer life, logging, and mining. A main exhibit is The Home Gold Mill gold ore concentrator. The large Home Gold Mill exhibit is located outside the Museum and can be viewed year round.[15][16]

Hope Recreation Complex[edit]

The Hope Recreation Complex includes a pool, arena, and fitness centre. The Hope and District Recreation Complex is run by the Fraser Valley Regional District.[17]

Hope Slide[edit]

The Hope Slide was one of the largest landslides ever recorded in Canada. It occurred in the morning hours of January 9, 1965, near Hope, British Columbia, and killed four people. A viewing site showing the Hope Slide is located approximately a 15-minute drive east of Hope on Highway 3.[18][19]

Memorial Park and Friendship Garden[edit]

Friendship Garden

Immediately adjacent to the District Hall in Hope is a Japanese garden called the Friendship Garden, dedicated to the Japanese-Canadians who were interned nearby at Tashme during World War II.[20] It was built by local Japanese-Canadians, and presented to Hope on July 27, 1991.[21] Men from that camp were employed during the war building the Hope-Princeton Highway.

Hope Memorial Park, adjacent to the District Hall and Friendship Garden, is the site of a concert series on Sunday afternoons in July and August.[22]

Memorial Park was granted to the then-village of Hope in 1932 by the province of British Columbia. It occupies roughly 7 acres (28,000 m2) in the heart of the town.

Othello Tunnels[edit]

Othello Tunnels is the popular name for the main human-made features of Coquihalla Canyon Provincial Park, located east of Hope along the canyon of the Coquihalla River and a decommissioned railway grade, now a walking trail, leading eventually to Coquihalla Pass. Originally part of the Kettle Valley Railway, five tunnels and a series of bridges give a spectacular view of the Coquihalla River as it passes through the river's narrow gorge.[23][24]

Sports[edit]

Curling[edit]

The Hope Curling Club is located close to the Hope Recreation Complex. The Hope Curling Club sponsors bonspiels such as the Men's Bonspiel annually in January as well as the Mixed Curling Bonspiel.[25]

Golf[edit]

Hope has a picturesque Golf course and club located on the banks of the Coquihalla River.[26]

The Hope Icebreakers Junior Hockey Club[edit]

The Hope Icebreakers were a Canadian Junior ice hockey team. They played in the Pacific International Junior Hockey League and the town of Hope, British Columbia, Canada from the 03/04 to the 07/08 season, after which they were approved by BC hockey to move to Mission, BC, Canada. They subsequently changed their name to the Mission Icebreakers.Icebreakers have a unique logo of a Sasquatch and is one of a kind.

Government[edit]

The District of Hope is a district municipality that is part of the regional district called the Fraser Valley Regional District.

District Municipality[edit]

The Mayor of Hope is Susan Johnston.[27][28] The District of Hope provides services such as Planning & Community Development, Building Permitting, Bylaw Enforcement, Operations (Public Works) and information about the District of Hope Volunteer Fire Department.[29]

Fraser Valley Regional District[edit]

The Mayor of Hope also serves as a director on the Board of the Fraser Valley Regional District.[30] In addition to regional planning, the Fraser Valley Regional District (FVRD) works in collaboration with the District of Hope to provide recreational and cultural programs, ice arena and swimming pool, regional parks, mapping, air quality, mosquito control, weed control, E911 dispatch fire service, and search and rescue.[31]

Province of British Columbia[edit]

Hope is in the Chilliwack-Hope riding provincially. The current MLA is Gwen O'Mahony,[32] who was elected in the 2012 By-election.

Parliament of Canada[edit]

Hope is in the electoral district of Chilliwack—Fraser Canyon,[33][34] which is represented in the Canadian House of Commons by Mark Strahl.[35]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

The Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1) passes through Hope. Hope is the southern terminus of the Coquihalla Highway (Highway 5), the western terminus of the Crowsnest Highway, locally known as the Hope-Princeton highway (Highway 3), and the eastern terminus of Highway 7.

Hope Aerodrome[edit]

Hope Aerodrome (IATA: YHE, ICAO: CYHE) is located 2.6 NM (4.8 km; 3.0 mi) west of the Hope Townsite[1](the previous Town of Hope) within the municipal District of Hope, British Columbia, Canada. The aerodrome is operated by the Fraser Valley Regional District. There is one turf runway 3,960 ft (1,210 m) long. The airfield is home to the Vancouver Soaring Association, a gliding club owning and operating school and recreational sailplanes and tow planes. Hope Aerodrome lies within the community of Flood in the District of Hope.[36]

Railways[edit]

Both the Canadian Pacific and Canadian National railways pass through Hope. The Canadian, a Canadian transcontinental passenger train currently operated by Via Rail Canada, passes through Hope, calling at the Hope railway station.

Heliports[edit]

Hope heliport is a private heliport located at Fraser Canyon Hospital.

Charter helicopter service[edit]

Hope has charter helicopter service available that provides service for the natural resource industry, including forestry and mining exploration, as well as other industries including film, tourism, and public service.

Health care[edit]

Fraser Canyon Hospital[edit]

Fraser Canyon Hospital is a 10-bed hospital and provides services including: 24/7 emergency care stabilization and triage and hospice beds and services. Emergency care stabilization and triage 24/7 is unique to Fraser Canyon Hospital due to its geographic isolation and emergency service requirements in an area where major highways converge.[37] Fraser Canyon Hospital officially opened on January 10, 1959, and began as a 20-bed hospital, complete with delivery and operating rooms.[38]

Education[edit]

The Fraser-Cascade School District #78 operates several schools in the District of Hope.[39] There are three schools in Hope Townsite[1](the previous Town of Hope): Coquihalla Elementary School, which offers Kindergarten to Grade 4; C.E. Barry Elementary School, which offers Grades 5-7; and Hope Secondary School, which offers Grades 8-12. In addition, Silver Creek Elementary School, which is located in the community of Silver Creek, offers Grades Kindergarten to 7, with these students then attending Hope Secondary School for Grades 8-12.[40] The Fraser-Cascade School District also operates other educational programs such as the District Alternative Secondary Program.[41]

Hope in the media[edit]

Hope has been a popular location to shoot films. First Blood (1982), the first Rambo film, starring Sylvester Stallone, Brian Dennehy, and Richard Crenna, was filmed almost entirely in and around Hope, as was Shoot to Kill (1988), starring Sidney Poitier, Tom Berenger and Kirstie Alley. K2 (1992) was also filmed nearby, with the area's mountains standing in for the Himalayas.[42]

Hope Springs (2003), starring Colin Firth and Heather Graham, was filmed in and around Hope, but set in a fictional Hope, Vermont in the United States.[42]

Other films made in whole or in part in and around Hope have included Fire with Fire (1986), Yellow Dog (1994), White Fang II (1994), The Pledge (2001), The Stick Up (2003, starring James Spader), Suspicious River (2004), Afghan Knights (2007), and Wind Chill (2007).[42] Hope was the setting for a story by Todd McFarlane in Spider-Man #8-12.

Reality show contestant Ryan Jenkins from VH1's series Megan Wants a Millionaire was found dead in the Thunderbird Motel in Hope on August 23, 2009, of an apparent suicide after being charged with the murder of his wife in California.[citation needed]

In Spider-Man issues #8-12 (the "Perceptions" story arc), a Wendigo creature is blamed in the deaths of several children near Hope, British Columbia and terrorizing the town. Spider-Man's alter ego, Peter Parker, is sent to take pictures during the media frenzy that follows.

The reality show, Highway Thru Hell, shown on the Discovery Channel is based in Hope and surrounding areas.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Ogilvie Peak rises some 5900 feet above the east shore of Kawkawa Lake and is the southwesternmost summit of the Coquihalla Ranges of the Cascade Mountains.
  1. ^ a b c District of Hope name for the area of the previous town of hope see district website - www.hope.ca/upload/dcd597_Hope_Townsite_ROADMAP.pdf
  2. ^ see Fraser Valley Regional District webpage on hope - www.fvrd.bc.ca/AboutUs/FVRDMemberMunicipalities/Pages/DistrictofHope.aspx
  3. ^ District of Hope map of the community of Kawkawa Lake, see district website - www.hope.ca/upload/dcd604_Kawkawa_Lake_road_map.pdf
  4. ^ District of Hope map of the community of Silver Creek, see district website - www.hope.ca/upload/dcd605_Silver_Creek_road_map.pdf
  5. ^ from Map of the District of Hope, see district website file - www.hope.ca/upload/dcd600_frvd_area_hope.pdf on map webpage www.hope.ca/bylaws/index.php?SUID=&selectedFolder=84
  6. ^ "Historical Christ Church still on original site", p. 38 in Experience Hope, 2008 visitor guide to Hope.
  7. ^ Christ Church. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  8. ^ see www.crowsnest-highway.ca/cgi-bin/citypage.pl?city=HOPE, dates are from this good online secondary source for the European history of Hope.
  9. ^ "Calculation Information for 1981 to 2010 Canadian Normals Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  10. ^ p.24 2008 Hope Visitor Guide, Hope Standard Publications
  11. ^ p.25 2008 Hope Visitor Guide, Hope Standard Publications
  12. ^ website - www.hopeartsgallery.com/about.html
  13. ^ 40th Annual Hope Brigade Days Official Guidebook
  14. ^ 40th Annual Hope Brigade Days Official website - www.hopebrigadedays.com
  15. ^ p.9, 2008 Hope Visitor Guide, Hope Standard Publications
  16. ^ p.12B, The Hope Standard newspaper, Thursday 14 August 2008, Experience the Past special reprint section available at Hope Visitor Centre
  17. ^ see official website www.fvrd.bc.ca/Services/HopeRecreationandCulture/AbouttheHopeRecreationComplex/Pages/default.aspx
  18. ^ p.41, 2008 Hope Visitor Guide, Hope Standard Publications
  19. ^ Hope Slide Souvenir Edition, The Hope Standard, January 1965, available at the Hope Visitors Centre
  20. ^ "Beautiful Japanese Garden", p. 26 in Experience Hope, 2008 visitor guide to Hope.
  21. ^ "Friendship Garden". 
  22. ^ "Weekends come alive with music", p. 27 in Experience Hope, 2008 visitor guide to Hope.
  23. ^ p.37, 2008 Hope Visitor Guide, Hope Standard Publications
  24. ^ Official website from BC Parks www.env.gov.bc.ca/bcparks/explore/parkpgs/coquih_can.html
  25. ^ see http://www.hopebc.com/events_hopebc-com.php
  26. ^ see www.golfhope.ca - Hope Golf and Country Club
  27. ^ http://www.hope.ca/staff_contacts/index.php
  28. ^ http://www.cd.gov.bc.ca/LGD/gov_structure/elections/index.htm
  29. ^ http://www.hope.ca/district_services.php
  30. ^ http://www.fvrd.bc.ca/ABOUTUS/BOARDOFDIRECTORS/Pages/default.aspx
  31. ^ http://www.fvrd.bc.ca/AboutUs/FVRDMemberMunicipalities/Pages/DistrictofHope.aspx
  32. ^ http://www.leg.bc.ca
  33. ^ webinfo.parl.gc.ca/MembersOfParliament/ProfileConstituency.aspx?Key=542&Language=E
  34. ^ for a map of the Chilliwack—Fraser Canyon electoral district see map
  35. ^ http://www.parl.gc.ca/MembersOfParliament/ProfileMP.aspx?Key=170609&Language=E
  36. ^ Map of the District of Hope, see district website file - www.hope.ca/upload/dcd600_frvd_area_hope.pdf on map webpage www.hope.ca/bylaws/index.php?SUID=&selectedFolder=84
  37. ^ see website www.fraserhealth.ca/Services/HospitalServices/Pages/HospitalServicesDirectory.aspx
  38. ^ Simone Rolph - Hope Standard, Published: 14 January 2009
  39. ^ see www.sd78.bc.ca/sitemap.html
  40. ^ see www.sd78.bc.ca
  41. ^ see http://www.sd78.bc.ca/dasp.htm
  42. ^ a b c "Hope's Hollywood Moments", p. 20 in Experience Hope, 2008 visitor guide to Hope.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°23′09″N 121°26′31″W / 49.38583°N 121.44194°W / 49.38583; -121.44194