Hope, Arkansas

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Hope, Arkansas
City
Downtown Hope.
Downtown Hope.
Motto: A Slice of the Good Life
Hempstead County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Hope Highlighted.svg
Coordinates: 33°40′4″N 93°35′24″W / 33.66778°N 93.59000°W / 33.66778; -93.59000
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyHempstead
Founded1875
Area
 • City10.1 sq mi (26 km2)
 • Land10.0 sq mi (25.9 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation351 ft (107 m)
Population (2012)
 • City17,264
 • Density1,061.9/sq mi (409.9/km2)
 • Metro32,057
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes71801-71802
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-33190
GNIS feature ID0057940
WebsiteOfficial website
 
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Hope, Arkansas
City
Downtown Hope.
Downtown Hope.
Motto: A Slice of the Good Life
Hempstead County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Hope Highlighted.svg
Coordinates: 33°40′4″N 93°35′24″W / 33.66778°N 93.59000°W / 33.66778; -93.59000
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyHempstead
Founded1875
Area
 • City10.1 sq mi (26 km2)
 • Land10.0 sq mi (25.9 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation351 ft (107 m)
Population (2012)
 • City17,264
 • Density1,061.9/sq mi (409.9/km2)
 • Metro32,057
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes71801-71802
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-33190
GNIS feature ID0057940
WebsiteOfficial website

Hope is a city in Hempstead County in southern Arkansas, United States. Hope is the county seat of Hempstead County[1] and the principal city of the Hope Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Hempstead and Nevada counties. Hope is the hometown of two long-serving Arkansas governors: Bill Clinton (who went on to become the 42nd President of the United States after the 1992 election) and Mike Huckabee (who ran for the Republican presidential nomination in 2008).

History[edit]

Street scene in Hope, c. 1904

Hope had its start in the year 1873 by the building of the railroad through that territory. It was named for the daughter of James Loughborough, a railroad official.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Hope is located at 33°40′4″N 93°35′24″W / 33.66778°N 93.59000°W / 33.66778; -93.59000 (33.667779, -93.589908).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26 km2), of which, 10.0 square miles (26 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.60%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 10,616 people, 3,961 households, and 2,638 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,061.9 people per square mile (409.9/km²). There were 4,301 housing units at an average density of 430.2 per square mile (166.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.71% White, 43.17% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.63% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. 13.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,961 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 21.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. Of 3,961 households, 192 are unmarried partner households: 175 heterosexual, 11 same-sex male, and 6 same-sex female households. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,385, and the median income for a family was $28,445. Males had a median income of $23,525 versus $17,394 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,783. About 22.3% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hope has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[6]

Economy[edit]

Hope is also known for growing watermelons and continues to produce records for the largest specimens in the world. The last record was set by Lloyd Bright in 2005 with a 268.8 pound watermelon. The Watermelon Festival is celebrated annually from Thursday-Saturday during the second week of August. The watermelon is used in the municipal logo and the Hope slogan: A Slice of the Good Life.

Education[edit]

Public education at the elementary and secondary school level is provided by the Hope School District and Spring Hill School District, which lead students to graduate from Hope High School and Spring Hill High School, respectively.

Media[edit]

Hope has many forms of local media. The Hope Star is the city's commercial newspaper. In addition, there are at least five local radio stations in and around Hope. The city is served by local television stations from the Little Rock and Ark-La-Tex markets. The only station in Hope is KTSS-LP, which broadcasts at low-power to southwestern Arkansas, including areas as far away as Texarkana. KTSS is affiliated with the Ion Television Network. It is one of the few Ion stations in Arkansas.

Infrastructure[edit]

Airport[edit]

The Hope Municipal Airport was the Southwestern Proving Ground during World War II and had the claim of the third longest runway in the United States. Paul Klipsch used to joke that his desk was not in the same spot as the one he had during his United States Army service at the Proving Ground; it was on the other side of the room. Years later, during the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, the Federal Emergency Management Agency used land near the airport as a staging area for manufactured homes intended for transport as temporary housing for hurricane victims. Many of these homes remain at the airport as of summer 2009, long after the disaster, eliciting wide criticism of the federal agency.

Rail service[edit]

In October 2009, Amtrak added Hope to its timetable brochure for its Texas Eagle service. On March 24, 2013, it was announced that service would begin on April 4.[7] The Texas Eagle travels daily in each direction between Chicago and San Antonio.[8][9]

Notable people[edit]

The childhood home of Bill Clinton

Bill Clinton[edit]

The town is best known as the hometown of Bill Clinton. (See Bill Clinton childhood home.) At the 1992 Democratic National Convention in New York City, Clinton ended his acceptance speech by saying, "I still believe in a place called Hope." The city tagged this statement as their unofficial motto. The city converted its railroad depot to a museum about Clinton's life.

Mike Huckabee[edit]

Hope is also the hometown of the former Governor Mike Huckabee. In his autobiographical From Hope to Higher Ground (2007), Huckabee recalls the Hope of the 1960s as "a wonderful community. A child could leave his house in the morning on a bicycle and not return until after dark, and it caused no one alarm. It was the kind of place where I could misbehave eight blocks from home, but by the time I pedaled back to 309 East Second Street, six people would have called my parents to report my behavior. I am not sure that it took a village to raise a child, but I am quite sure that an entire village did its part to help raise me!"[10]

Others[edit]

Others from Hope include former White House Chief of Staff Mack McLarty; attorney Vincent Walker Foster, Jr. (1945–1993); former Louisville, Kentucky, Mayor David L. Armstrong; Gary Dee; former Arkansas Secretary of State Kelly Bryant, PGA golfer Ken Duke, actress/vocalist Ketty Lester, and actress Melinda Dillon. Country Music Hall of Fame singer Patsy Montana attended school in Hope.

A leading figure in the restoration of nearby Historic Washington State Park in Washington, Arkansas, was James H. Pilkinton (1914–1994) of Hope, who served as president of the Pioneer Washington Restoration Foundation, Inc., from 1959–1960 and again from 1973-1990. In 1966, Pilkinton was the unsuccessful Democratic nominee for lieutenant governor, having narrowly been defeated by the Republican Maurice L. Britt, the running-mate of Winthrop Rockefeller, who won the first of his two two-year terms as governor that year. Pilkinton is interred at Rose Hill Cemetery.

Former U.S. Representative Oren Harris was born in Hempstead County near Hope but was reared in Nevada County before he began his law practice and political career in El Dorado.

Former Republican U.S. Representative from Michigan, Robert James Huber, is buried in Hope, but he did not live there. It was the hometown of his wife, the former Mary Pauline "Polly" Tolleson, a graduate of Hope High School. Another member of Congress born in Hope was Joseph Barton Elam of Louisiana's 4th congressional district, who served from 1877 to 1881 and resided in Mansfield, Louisiana.

Harry Jacob Lemley, a U.S. District Court judge appointed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, had formerly practiced law in Hope.

Paul Klipsch founded Klipsch and Associates in Hope in 1946. Klipsch invented the world famous Klipschorn speaker, a folded horn loaded speaker that revolutionized the industry. The Klipschorn and a number of other speaker lines are still manufactured in Hope by Klipsch Audio Technologies.

Former U.S. Representative Mike Ross of Arkansas's 4th congressional district, currently resides in Prescott in Nevada County but is a former resident of Hope. He graduated in 1979 from Hope High School, and his father, Gene Ross, is a former administrator in the Hope School District. Ross is the 2014 Democratic gubernatorial nominee against Republican Asa Hutchinson.

Hope is home to a few African-American figures, such as Henry C. Yerger, who established a school for blacks in 1895.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Hope (Hempstead County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. The Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 160. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Hope, Arkansas
  7. ^ Amtrak Texas Eagle adds stop in Hope, ARK
  8. ^ Harris-Smith, Stephanie (September 18, 2009). "Amtrak still rolling Hope's way". Hope Star (Hope, Arkansas: GateHouse Media, Inc.). Retrieved 2009-12-08. 
  9. ^ "Texas Eagle And Heartland Flyer" (pdf). National Railroad Passenger Corp. 2009-10-26. Retrieved 2009-12-08. 
  10. ^ Mike Huckabee, From Hope to Higher Ground, New York: Center Street Publishers, 2007, pp. 3-4

External links[edit]

Official website