Hook (film)

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Hook
Hook poster transparent.png
Theatrical release poster by Drew Struzan
Directed bySteven Spielberg
Produced byFrank Marshall
Kathleen Kennedy
Gerald R. Molen
Screenplay byJames V. Hart
Malia Scotch Marmo
Story byJames V. Hart
Nick Castle
Based onCharacters created 
by J. M. Barrie
StarringDustin Hoffman
Robin Williams
Julia Roberts
Bob Hoskins
Music byJohn Williams
CinematographyDean Cundey
Edited byMichael Kahn
Production
company
Distributed byTriStar Pictures
Release dates
  • December 11, 1991 (1991-12-11)
Running time144 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$70 million[1]
Box office$300,854,823
 
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Hook
Hook poster transparent.png
Theatrical release poster by Drew Struzan
Directed bySteven Spielberg
Produced byFrank Marshall
Kathleen Kennedy
Gerald R. Molen
Screenplay byJames V. Hart
Malia Scotch Marmo
Story byJames V. Hart
Nick Castle
Based onCharacters created 
by J. M. Barrie
StarringDustin Hoffman
Robin Williams
Julia Roberts
Bob Hoskins
Music byJohn Williams
CinematographyDean Cundey
Edited byMichael Kahn
Production
company
Distributed byTriStar Pictures
Release dates
  • December 11, 1991 (1991-12-11)
Running time144 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$70 million[1]
Box office$300,854,823

Hook is a 1991 American fantasy adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by James V. Hart and Malia Scotch Marmo. It stars Robin Williams as Peter Pan/Peter Banning, Dustin Hoffman as the character of Captain Hook, Julia Roberts as Tinker Bell, Bob Hoskins as Smee, Maggie Smith as Granny Wendy, Caroline Goodall as Moira Banning, and Charlie Korsmo as Jack Banning. The film acts as a sequel to J. M. Barrie's 1911 novel Peter and Wendy, focusing on a grown-up Peter Pan who has forgotten his childhood. Now known as Peter Banning, he is a successful corporate lawyer with a wife and two children. Hook kidnaps his children, and Peter must return to Neverland and reclaim his youthful spirit in order to challenge his old enemy.

Spielberg began developing the film in the early 1980s with Walt Disney Productions and Paramount Pictures, which would have followed the storyline seen in the 1924 silent film and 1953 animated film. Peter Pan entered pre-production in 1985, but Spielberg abandoned the project. James V. Hart developed the script with director Nick Castle and TriStar Pictures before Spielberg decided to direct in 1989. Hook was shot almost entirely on sound stages at Sony Pictures Studios in Culver City, California. The film received mostly negative reviews by critics, and while it was a commercial success, its box office intake was lower than expected. However, it was nominated in five categories at the 64th Academy Awards.

Plot[edit]

Peter Pan, after his adventures in Neverland, decides to enter the "real world" and marry Wendy Darling's granddaughter Moira. Meanwhile, Captain Hook escaped and stuffed the crocodile that supposedly ate him. J. M. Barrie lived as Wendy's neighbor and was so impressed with her stories, that he incorporated them into a book. Years later, Peter Banning has entirely forgotten his childhood as Peter Pan. He becomes a successful corporate lawyer who never has time for his wife Moira and kids, Jack and Maggie. The family travels to London to visit Wendy, now at an old age, known for being a curator of orphans. While at a banquet honoring Wendy for her work, Jack and Maggie are kidnapped back home by Captain Hook. Wendy tries to tell Peter of his past, but he does not believe her.

Tinker Bell visits Peter that night, taking him to Neverland. He wakes up among the pirates; then, observing Hook boasting of kidnapping Peter's children to use as bait, Peter reveals himself. Hook is disgusted at his nemesis' ineffectual condition. Smee, Hook's henchman, concludes that being away from Neverland for so long has wiped his memory clean of the past. Hook is ready to have Peter and his children killed, but Tinker Bell talks him into giving Peter three days to train for a duel. She takes Peter to the Lost Boys, led by Rufio, who initially don't believe he's Peter Pan. Tinker Bell convinces them that he is Pan, and they re-train him. Peter is hampered by his inability to remember being a boy or how to fly. At the same time Hook decides to "teach" Peter's children to love him as a means of demoralizing Peter when the day comes. Although Maggie does not fall for the ploy, the often-overlooked Jack listens, and with Hook cheering him on at a pirate baseball game (as his father had failed to do), he comes to accept the pirate as a father figure.

With the help of Tinker Bell becoming human-sized and kissing him, Peter manages to find his flight-enabling "happy thought": his love for Moira and becoming a father, the reasons he left Neverland. Peter leads the Lost Boys into battle with the pirates. Rufio takes on Hook while Peter rescues his son and daughter. Rufio dies, his last words telling Peter that he wishes he had a father like him. Jack is finally convinced that his father cares for him, and pleads to go home. Realizing that Hook will not stop and that he will return to threaten his family time and again, he resumes the duel. It ends when the giant crocodile comes back to life and swallows Hook. Peter passes on his sword and leadership to the biggest of the Lost Boys, Thud Butt, and flies back to London with his children. He awakens in his regular clothes at the famous statue of Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, and sees Tinker Bell one last time. He assures her that he still believes in fairies, and she leaves. He returns to his family, finally remembering who he is, and appreciating them all as he should.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

J. M. Barrie considered writing a story in which Peter Pan grew up; his 1920 notes for the latest stage revival of Peter Pan included possible titles for another play: The Man Who Couldn't Grow Up or The Old Age of Peter Pan.[2] The genesis of Hook started when director Steven Spielberg's mother often read him Peter and Wendy as a bedtime story. Spielberg explained in 1985, "When I was eleven years old I actually directed the story during a school production. I have always felt like Peter Pan. I still feel like Peter Pan. It has been very hard for me to grow up, I'm a victim of the Peter Pan syndrome."[3]

In the early 1980s, with Walt Disney Pictures, Spielberg began to develop a film which would have closely followed the storyline of the 1924 silent film and 1953 animated film.[4] He also considered directing Peter Pan as a musical with Michael Jackson in the lead.[5] Jackson expressed interest in the part, but was not interested in Spielberg's vision of an adult Peter Pan who had forgotten about his past.[6] The project was taken to Paramount Pictures, where James V. Hart wrote the first script with Dustin Hoffman already cast as Captain Hook.[5] Peter Pan entered pre-production in 1985 for filming to begin at sound stages in England. Elliot Scott had been hired as production designer.[4] With the birth of his first son, Max, in 1985, Spielberg decided to drop out. "I decided not to make Peter Pan when I had my first child," Spielberg commented. "I didn't want to go to London and have seven kids on wires in front of blue screens. I wanted to be home as a dad."[5] Around this time, Spielberg considered directing Big, which carried similar motifs and themes with Peter Pan.[5] In 1987, Spielberg "permanently abandoned" Peter Pan, feeling he expressed his childhood and adult themes in Empire of the Sun.[7]

Meanwhile, Paramount and Hart moved forward on production with Nick Castle as director. Hart began to work on a new storyline when his son, Jake, showed his family a drawing. "We asked Jake what it was and he said it was a crocodile eating Captain Hook, but that the crocodile really didn't eat him, he got away," Hart reflected. "As it happens, I had been trying to crack Peter Pan for years, but I didn't just want to do a remake. So I went, 'Wow. Hook is not dead. The crocodile is. We've all been fooled'. In 1986 our family was having dinner and Jake said, 'Daddy, did Peter Pan ever grow up?' My immediate response was, 'No, of course not'. And Jake said, 'But what if he did?' I realized that Peter did grow up, just like all of us baby boomers who are now in our forties. I patterned him after several of my friends on Wall Street, where the pirates wear three-piece suits and ride in limos."[8]

By 1989, Ian Rathbone changed the title of Peter Pan to Hook, and took it from Paramount to TriStar Pictures, headed by Mike Medavoy, who was Spielberg's first talent agent. Robin Williams signed on, but Williams and Hoffman had creative differences with Castle. Medavoy saw Hook as a vehicle for Spielberg and Castle was dismissed, but paid a $500,000 settlement.[8] Dodi Fayed, who owned certain rights to make a Peter Pan film, sold his interest to TriStar in exchange for an executive producer credit.[9] Spielberg briefly worked together with Hart to rewrite the script[4] before hiring Malia Scotch Marmo to rewrite Captain Hook's dialog and Carrie Fisher for Tinker Bell's dialog. The Writers Guild of America gave Hart and Marmo screenplay credit, while Hart and Castle were credited with story. Fisher went uncredited. Filming began on February 19, 1991, occupying nine sound stages at Sony Pictures Studios in Culver City, California.[1] Stage 30 housed the Neverland Lost Boys playground, while Stage 10 supplied Captain Hook's ship cabin. Hidden hydraulics were installed to rock the setpiece to simulate a swaying ship, but the filmmakers found the movement distracted the dialogue, so the idea was dropped.[10]

Stage 27 housed the full-sized pirate ship Jolly Roger and the surrounding Pirate Wharf.[10] Industrial Light & Magic provided the visual effects sequences, this would also prove the introduction of Tony Swatton's career as he would be asked to make weaponry for the film. Hook was financed by Amblin Entertainment and TriStar Pictures, with TriStar distributing the film. Impressed with his work on Cats, Spielberg brought John Napier as a "visual consultant". The original production budget was set at $48 million, but ended up between $60–80 million.[1][11] This was also largely contributed by the shooting schedule, which ran 40 days over its original 76 day schedule. Spielberg explained, "It was all my fault. I began to work at a slower pace than I usually do."[11]

Themes[edit]

Spielberg found close personal connection to the film. The troubled relationship between Peter and his son echoed Spielberg's relationship with his father. Previous films of Spielberg that explored a diminishing father-son relationship included E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. Peter Banning's "quest for success" paralleled Spielberg starting out as a film director and transforming into a Hollywood business magnate. This led to Spielberg's divorce from Amy Irving, which possibly reflects Banning's relationship with his family.[12] "I think a lot of people today are losing their imagination because they are work-driven. They are so self-involved with work and success and arriving at the next plateau that children and family almost become incidental. I have even experienced it myself when I have been on a very tough shoot and I've not seen my kids except on weekends. They ask for my time and I can't give it to them because I'm working."[4] Similar to Peter Banning at the beginning of Hook, Spielberg also has a fear of flying. He feels that Peter Pan's "enduring quality" in the storyline is simply to fly. "Anytime anything flies, whether it's Superman, Batman, or E.T., it's got to be a tip of the hat to Peter Pan," Spielberg reflected. "Peter Pan was the first time I saw anybody fly. Before I saw Superman, before I saw Batman, and of course before I saw any superheroes, my first memory of anybody flying is in Peter Pan."[4]

Soundtrack[edit]

Hook: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Film score by John Williams
ReleasedNovember 26, 1991 (1991-11-26) (original)
March 27, 2012 (2012-03-27) (reissue)[13]
Length75:18 (original)
140:34 (reissue)
LabelEpic Records (original)
La-La Land Records (reissue)
John Williams chronology
Home AloneHookJFK

The film score was composed by John Williams. Williams was brought in at an early stage when Spielberg was considering making the film as a musical. Accordingly, Williams wrote around eight songs for the project at this stage. The idea was later abandoned. Most of Williams's song ideas were incorporated into the instrumental score, though two songs survive as songs in the finished film -- "We Don't Wanna Grow Up" and "When You're Alone", both with lyrics by Leslie Bricusse.

The original 1991 issue was released by Epic Records. In 2012, a limited edition of the soundtrack, called Hook: Expanded Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, was released by La-La Land Records and Sony Music. It contains almost the complete score with alternates and unused material. It also contains liner notes that explain the film's production and score recording.

Commercial songs from film, but not on soundtrack

Expanded Original Motion Picture Soundtrack

Reception[edit]

Spielberg, Williams and Hoffman did not take salaries for the film. Their deal called for the trio to split 40% of TriStar Pictures' gross revenues. They were to receive $20 million from the first $50 million in gross theatrical film rentals, with TriStar keeping the next $70 million in rentals before the three resumed receiving their percentage.[1] Hook was released in North America on December 11, 1991, earning $13.52 million in its opening weekend. The film went on to gross $119.65 million in North America and $181.2 million in foreign countries, accumulating a worldwide total of $300.85 million.[15] It is the fifth-highest-grossing "pirate-themed" film, behind all four films in the Pirates of the Caribbean film series.[16] In North America totals, Hook was the sixth-highest-grossing film in 1991,[17] and fourth-highest-grossing worldwide.[18] While Hook ended up making a profit of $50 million for the studio, it was still declared a financial disappointment.[19]

Film critics gave Hook generally negative reviews. As of May 2013, review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 30% of critics have given the film a positive review, based on 39 reviews, certifying it "Rotten", with an average rating of 4.4/10.[20] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote that the "failure in Hook was its inability to re-imagine the material, to find something new, fresh or urgent to do with the Peter Pan myth. Lacking that, Spielberg should simply have remade the original story, straight, for the '90s generation."[21] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone magazine felt Hook would "only appeal to the baby boomer generation" and highly criticized the sword-fighting choreography.[22] Vincent Canby of The New York Times felt the story structure was not well balanced, feeling Spielberg depended too much on art direction.[23] Hal Hinson of The Washington Post was one of few who gave the film a positive review. Hinson elaborated on crucial themes of children, adulthood and loss of innocence. However, he observed that Spielberg "was stuck too much in a theme park world".[24]

Hook was nominated for five categories at the 64th Academy Awards. This included Best Production Design (Norman Garwood, Garrett Lewis) (lost to Bugsy), Best Costume Design (lost to Bugsy), Best Visual Effects (lost to Terminator 2: Judgment Day), Best Makeup (lost to Terminator 2: Judgment Day) and Best Original Song ("When You're Alone", lost to Beauty and the Beast).[25] Hook lost the Saturn Award for Best Fantasy Film to Aladdin, in which Robin Williams co-starred,[26] while cinematographer Dean Cundey was nominated for his work by the American Society of Cinematographers.[27] Dustin Hoffman was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (lost to Robin Williams for The Fisher King).[28] John Williams was given a Grammy Award nomination for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media;[29] Julia Roberts received a Golden Raspberry Award nomination for Worst Supporting Actress (lost to Sean Young as the dead twin in A Kiss Before Dying).[30]

In 2011, Spielberg told Entertainment Weekly: "There are parts of Hook I love. I'm really proud of my work right up through Peter being hauled off in the parachute out the window, heading for Neverland. I'm a little less proud of the Neverland sequences, because I'm uncomfortable with that highly stylized world that today, of course, I would probably have done with live-action character work inside a completely digital set. But we didn't have the technology to do it then, and my imagination only went as far as building physical sets and trying to paint trees blue and red."[31] Spielberg gave a more blunt assessment in a 2013 radio show appearance: "I wanna see Hook again because I so don't like that movie, and I'm hoping someday I'll see it again and perhaps like some of it."[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Joseph McBride (1997). Steven Spielberg: A Biography. New York City: Faber and Faber. p. 411. ISBN 0-571-19177-0. 
  2. ^ Andrew Birkin (2003). J.M. Barrie and the Lost Boys. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-09822-8. 
  3. ^ McBride, p.42—43
  4. ^ a b c d e Ana Maria Bahiana (March 1992). "Hook", Cinema Papers, pp. 67—69.
  5. ^ a b c d McBride, p. 409.
  6. ^ http://www.starpulse.com/news/index.php/2011/12/04/michael_jackson_was_steven_spielbergs_
  7. ^ Myra Forsberg (1988-01-10). "Spielberg at 40: The Man and the Child". The New York Times. 
  8. ^ a b McBride, p. 410.
  9. ^ Medavoy, Mike and Young, Josh (2002). You're Only as Good as Your Next One: 100 Great Films, 100 Good Films, and 100 for Which I Should Be Shot (p. 230). New York City: Atria Books
  10. ^ a b DVD production notes
  11. ^ a b McBride, p. 412.
  12. ^ McBride, p. 413.
  13. ^ "HOOK 2CD Set Includes ‘Over 65 minutes of Music Previously Unreleased’". JWFan. Retrieved May 21, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Hook - John Williams". AllMusic. Retrieved August 26, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Hook". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  16. ^ "Pirate Movies". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  17. ^ "1991 Domestic Totals". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  18. ^ "1991 Worldwide Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  19. ^ Dretzka, Gary. "Medavoy's Method." Chicago Tribune (December 8, 1996).
  20. ^ "Hook". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  21. ^ "Hook". Roger Ebert.com. 1991-12-11. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  22. ^ Peter Travers (1991-12-11). "Hook". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  23. ^ Vincent Canby (1991-12-11). "Hook". The New York Times. 
  24. ^ Hal Hinson (1991-12-11). "Hook". The Washington Post. 
  25. ^ "Hook". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  26. ^ "Past Saturn Awards". Saturn Awards.com. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  27. ^ "7th Annual Awards". American Society of Cinematographers. Archived from the original on November 9, 2006. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  28. ^ "49th Golden Globe Awards". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  29. ^ "Grammy Awards of 1991". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  30. ^ "Twelfth Annual RAZZIE Awards". Golden Raspberry Award. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  31. ^ Breznican, Anthony (December 2, 2011), Steven Spielberg: The EW Interview, Entertainment Weekly .
  32. ^ "Steven Spielberg interviewed by Kermode and Mayo". 26 January 2013. .

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]