Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

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Hilton Head Island
Town
Town of Hilton Head Island
Harbour Town Marina in Sea Pines Resort
Harbour Town Marina in Sea Pines Resort
Official seal of Hilton Head Island
Seal
Nickname(s): Hilton Head, HHI, Harbor Town
Motto: Preserve and prosper
Location of Hilton Head Island in Beaufort County and South Carolina
Location of Hilton Head Island in Beaufort County and South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the United States
Location of South Carolina in the United States
Coordinates: 32°10′44″N 80°44′35″W / 32.17889°N 80.74306°W / 32.17889; -80.74306Coordinates: 32°10′44″N 80°44′35″W / 32.17889°N 80.74306°W / 32.17889; -80.74306
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountyBeaufort
Incorporated (town)1983
Government
 • MayorDrew Laughlin
 • Town managerSteve Riley
 • Fire chiefBrad Tadlock - Appointed June 20, 2014
Area
 • Total69.2 sq mi (179.1 km2)
 • Land41.4 sq mi (107.1 km2)
 • Water27.8 sq mi (71.9 km2)  40.17%
Elevation10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total37,099
 • Density897/sq mi (346.3/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code29925, 29926, 29928
Area code(s)843
FIPS code45-34045[1]
GNIS feature ID1246002[2]
Websitewww.hiltonheadislandsc.gov
 
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Hilton Head Island
Town
Town of Hilton Head Island
Harbour Town Marina in Sea Pines Resort
Harbour Town Marina in Sea Pines Resort
Official seal of Hilton Head Island
Seal
Nickname(s): Hilton Head, HHI, Harbor Town
Motto: Preserve and prosper
Location of Hilton Head Island in Beaufort County and South Carolina
Location of Hilton Head Island in Beaufort County and South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the United States
Location of South Carolina in the United States
Coordinates: 32°10′44″N 80°44′35″W / 32.17889°N 80.74306°W / 32.17889; -80.74306Coordinates: 32°10′44″N 80°44′35″W / 32.17889°N 80.74306°W / 32.17889; -80.74306
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountyBeaufort
Incorporated (town)1983
Government
 • MayorDrew Laughlin
 • Town managerSteve Riley
 • Fire chiefBrad Tadlock - Appointed June 20, 2014
Area
 • Total69.2 sq mi (179.1 km2)
 • Land41.4 sq mi (107.1 km2)
 • Water27.8 sq mi (71.9 km2)  40.17%
Elevation10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total37,099
 • Density897/sq mi (346.3/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code29925, 29926, 29928
Area code(s)843
FIPS code45-34045[1]
GNIS feature ID1246002[2]
Websitewww.hiltonheadislandsc.gov

Hilton Head Island, sometimes referred to as simply Hilton Head, is a Lowcountry resort town located on an island of the same name in Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States. It is 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Savannah, Georgia, and 95 miles (153 km) southwest of Charleston. The island gets its name from Captain William Hilton. In 1663, Hilton identified a headland near the entrance to Port Royal Sound, which he named "Hilton's Head" after himself. The island features 12 miles (19 km) of beachfront on the Atlantic Ocean and is a popular vacation destination. In 2004, an estimated 2.25 million visitors pumped more than $1.5 billion into the local economy.[3] The year-round population was 37,099 at the 2010 census,[4] although during the peak of summer vacation season the population can swell to 275,000.[5] Over the past decade, the island's population growth rate was 32%.[6] Hilton Head Island is a primary city within the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The island has a rich history that started with seasonal occupation by native Americans thousands of years ago, and continued with European exploration and the Sea Island Cotton trade. It became an important base of operations for the Union blockade of the Southern ports during the Civil War. Once the island fell to Union troops, hundreds of ex-slaves flocked to Hilton Head, which is still home to many "native islanders", many of whom are descendants of freed slaves known as the Gullah (or Geechee) who have managed to hold onto much of their ethnic and cultural identity.[7]

Hilton Head Island in the summer of 2012

The Town of Hilton Head Island incorporated as a municipality in 1983 and is well known for its eco-friendly development.[8] The town's Natural Resources Division enforces the Land Management Ordinance which minimizes the impact of development and governs the style of buildings and how they are situated amongst existing trees.[9] As a result, Hilton Head Island enjoys an unusual amount of tree cover relative to the amount of development.[10] Approximately 70% of the island, including most of the tourist areas, is located inside gated communities.[11] However, the town maintains several public beach access points, including one for the exclusive use of town residents, who have approved several multi-million dollar land-buying bond referendums to control commercial growth.[12]

Hilton Head Island offers an unusual number of cultural opportunities for a community its size, including Broadway-quality plays at the Arts Center of Coastal Carolina, the 120-member full chorus of the Hilton Head Choral Society, the highly rated Hilton Head Symphony Orchestra, the largest annual outdoor, tented wine tasting event on the east coast, and several other annual community festivals. It also hosts the Heritage Golf Classic, a PGA Tour tournament played on the Harbour Town Golf Links in Sea Pines Resort.[13]

History[edit]

New World discovery[edit]

The Baynard Mausoleum, built in 1846, is the oldest intact structure on the island.
Fort Walker, Battle of Port Royal, November 7, 1861

The Sea Pines shell ring can be seen near the east entrance to the Sea Pines Forest Preserve. The ring, one of only 20 in existence, is 150 feet (46 m) in diameter and is believed to be over 15,000 years old. Archeologists believe that the ring was a refuse heap, created by Indians that lived in the interior of the ring, which was kept clear and used as a common area. Two other shell rings on Hilton Head were destroyed when the shells were removed and used to make tabby for roads and buildings. The Green's Shell Enclosure, Sea Pines, and Skull Creek shell rings are listed in the National Register of Historic Places and are protected by law.[14]

Since the beginning of recorded history in the New World, the waters around Hilton Head Island have been known, occupied and fought for in turn by the English, Spanish, French, and Scots.[15]

A Spanish expedition led by Francisco Cordillo explored the area in 1521, initiating European contact with local tribes.[16] In 1663, Captain William Hilton sailed on the Adventure from Barbados to explore lands granted by King Charles II of England to the eight Lords Proprietor. In his travels, he identified a headland near the entrance to Port Royal Sound. He named it "Hilton's Head" after himself.[17] He stayed for several days, making note of the trees, crops, "sweet water" and "clear sweet air".[18]

17th to 19th centuries[edit]

In 1698, Hilton Head Island was granted as part of a barony to John Bayley of Ballingclough, County of Tipperary, Kingdom of Ireland. Another John Bayley, son of the first, appointed Alexander Trench as the island's first retail agent. For a time, Hilton Head was known as Trench's Island. In 1729, Trench sold some land to John Gascoine which Gascoine named "John's Island" after himself. The land later came to be known as Jenkin's Island after another owner.[19]

Dock built by Union troops on Hilton Head Island, April 1862
U.S. General Hospital, March 23, 1863
Mitchelville "refugee quarters", 1864

In the mid-1740s, the South Carolina provincial half-galley Beaufort was stationed in a cove at the southern tip of Hilton Head to guard against intrusions by the Spanish of St. Augustine. The point and cove are named after Captain David Cutler Braddock, commander of the Beaufort. Captain Braddock was a mariner and privateer of note in Colonial times. Earlier, he had been placed in command of the Georgia schooner Norfolk by James Oglethorpe, founder of Georgia, and helped chase the Spanish back to St. Augustine after their failed 1742 invasion of St. Simons Island. After relocating to Savannah in 1746, he served two terms in the Georgia Commons House of Assembly while earning a living as a highly active privateer. He drew a well-known chart of the Florida Keys while on a privateering venture in 1756. The chart[20] is in the Library of Congress.

In 1788, a small Episcopal church called the Zion Chapel of Ease was constructed for plantation owners. The chapel's old cemetery, located near the corner of William Hilton Parkway and Mathews Drive (Folly Field), is all that remains. Charles Davant, a prominent island planter during the Revolutionary War, is buried there. Davant was shot by Captain Martinangel of Daufuskie Island in 1781.[17] This location is also home to the oldest intact structure on Hilton Head Island, the Baynard Mausoleum, which was built in 1846.

William Elliott II of Myrtle Bank Plantation grew the first crop of Sea Island Cotton in South Carolina on Hilton Head Island in 1790.

During the Civil War, Fort Walker was a Confederate fort in what is now Port Royal Plantation. The fort was a station for Confederate troops, and its guns helped protect the 2-mile wide (3 km) entrance to Port Royal Sound, which is fed by two slow-moving and navigable rivers, the Broad River and the Beaufort River. It was vital to the Sea Island Cotton trade and the southern economy.[21] On October 29, 1861, the largest fleet ever assembled in North America moved south to seize it.[22] In the Battle of Port Royal, the fort came under attack by the U.S. Navy, and on November 7, 1861, it fell to over 12,000 Union troops.[23] The fort was renamed Fort Welles, in honor of Gideon Welles, the Secretary of the Navy.[24]

Hilton Head Island had tremendous significance in the Civil War, and became an important base of operations for the Union blockade of the Southern ports, particularly Savannah and Charleston. The Union also built a military hospital on Hilton Head Island with a 1,200-foot (370 m) frontage and a floor area of 60,000 square feet (6,000 m2).[25]

Hundreds of ex-slaves flocked to Hilton Head Island, where they could buy land, go to school, live in government housing, and serve in what was called the First Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers (although in the beginning, many were "recruited" at the point of a bayonet).[26] A community called Mitchelville (in honor of General Ormsby M. Mitchel) was constructed on the north end of the island to house them.[27]

The Leamington Lighthouse was built in the 1870s on the southern edge of what is now Palmetto Dunes.

On August 27, 1893, the Sea Islands Hurricane made landfall near Savannah, with a storm surge of 16 feet (5 m), and swept north across South Carolina, killing over a thousand and leaving tens of thousands homeless.[28]

20th and 21st centuries[edit]

"The Beach Pounders" - U.S. Coast Guard Mounted Beach Patrol training on HHI during World War II.
The Liberty Oak in Harbour Town
Coligny Circle Plaza. The plaza provides public beach access to island visitors.

An experimental steam cannon guarding Port Royal Sound was built around 1900 in what is now Port Royal Plantation. The cannon was fixed but its propulsion system allowed for long range shots for the time.

In 1931, Wall Street tycoon, physicist, and patron of scientific research Alfred Lee Loomis, along with his brother-in-law and partner Landon K. Thorne, purchased 17,000 acres (69 km2) on the island (over 63% of the total land mass) for about $120,000 to be used as a private game reserve.[29][30] On the Atlantic coast of the island, large concrete gun platforms were built to defend against a possible invasion by the Axis powers of World War II. Platforms like these can be found all along the Eastern Seaboard. The Mounted Beach Patrol and Dog Training Center on Hilton Head Island trained U.S. Coast Guard Beach Patrol personnel to use horses and dogs to protect the southeastern coastline of the U.S.[31]

In the early 1950s, three lumber mills contributed to the logging of 19,000 acres (77 km2) of the island.[16] The island population was only 300 residents.[16] Prior to 1956, access to Hilton Head was limited to private boats and a state-operated ferry. The island's economy centered on shipbuilding, cotton, lumbering, and fishing.[8]

The James F. Byrnes Bridge was built in 1956. It was a two-lane toll swing bridge constructed at a cost of $1.5 million that opened the island to automobile traffic from the mainland.[16] The swing bridge was hit by a barge in 1974 which shut down all vehicle traffic to the island until the Army Corps of Engineers built and manned a pontoon bridge while the bridge was being repaired. The swing bridge was replaced by the current four-lane bridge in 1982.[16]

The beginning of Hilton Head as a resort started in 1956 with Charles E. Fraser developing Sea Pines Resort. Soon, other developments followed, such as Hilton Head Plantation, Palmetto Dunes Plantation, Shipyard Plantation, and Port Royal Plantation, imitating Sea Pines' architecture and landscape. Sea Pines however continued to stand out by creating a unique locality within the plantation called Harbour Town, anchored by a recognizable lighthouse.[32] Fraser was a committed environmentalist who changed the whole configuration of the marina at Harbour Town to save an ancient live oak.[11] It came to be known as the Liberty Oak, known to generations of children who watched singer and song writer Gregg Russell perform under the tree for over 25 years.[33] Fraser was buried next to the tree when he died in 2002.[34]

The Heritage Golf Classic was first played in Sea Pines Resort in 1969, and has been a regular stop on the PGA Tour ever since.[13] Also in 1969, the Hilton Head Island Community Association successfully fought off the development of a BASF chemical complex on the shores of Victoria Bluff (now Colleton River Plantation). Soon after, the association and other concerned citizens "south of the Broad" fought the development of off-shore oil platforms by Brown & Root (a division of Halliburton) and ten-story tall liquefied natural gas shipping spheres by Chicago Bridge & Iron.[35] These events helped to polarize the community, and the Chamber of Commerce started drumming up support for the town to incorporate as a municipality. After the Four Seasons Resort (now Hilton Head Resort) was built along William Hilton Parkway, a referendum of incorporation was passed in May 1983. Hilton Head Island had become a town.[35]

The Land Management Ordinance was passed by the Town Council in 1987. Disney's Hilton Head Island Resort opened in 1996, and the Cross Island Parkway opened in January 1997. An indoor smoking ban in bars, restaurants, and public places took effect on May 1, 2007.[36]

Fort Howell, Cherry Hill School, Daufuskie Island Historic District, Fish Haul Archaeological Site (38BU805), Green's Shell Enclosure, Hilton Head Range Rear Light, Sea Pines, Skull Creek, SS William Lawrence Shipwreck Site, and Stoney-Baynard Plantation are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[37]

Government[edit]

Live oaks with Spanish moss on Hilton Head Island

The Town of Hilton Head Island incorporated as a municipality in 1983 and has jurisdiction over the entire island except Mariner's Cove, Blue Heron Point, and Windmill Harbor.[5] The Town of Hilton Head Island has a Council-Manager form of government. The Town Manager is the chief executive officer and head of the administrative branch and is responsible to the municipal council for the proper administration of all the affairs of the town. The Town Council exercises all powers not specifically delegated to the Town Manager. The Mayor has the same powers, duties, and responsibilities as a member of Town Council. In addition, the Mayor establishes the agenda for Town Council meetings, calls special meetings, executes contracts, deeds, resolutions, and proclamations not designated to the Town Manager, and represents the town at ceremonial functions.[38]

Town departments include Building & Fire Codes, Business License, Code Enforcement, Finance, Fire & Rescue, Human Resources, Legal, Municipal Court, Planning, and Public Projects & Facilities.[39]

The town had a budget of $74,753,260 for fiscal year 2006/2007.[5] It consists of three separate fiscal accounting funds: the General Fund, the Capital Projects Fund, and the Debt Service Fund.[5] The General Fund is the operating fund for the town and accounts for all financial resources of the town except the Capital Projects Fund and the Debt Service Fund.[5] The Capital Projects Fund is used to acquire land and facilities, and improve public facilities, including roads, bike paths, fire stations, vehicle replacement, drainage improvements, and park development.[5] The Debt Service Fund accounts for the accumulation of resources and the payment of debt.[5]

On Tuesday, June 5, 2007, the Town Council approved a $93,154,110 budget for fiscal year 2007/2008 on the first reading with a vote of 6-0.[40] The most recent budget, for the 2010/2011 fiscal year is $74,299,720[41]

Office holders as of January 2011:

  • Drew Laughlin, Mayor[42]
  • Kenneth (Ken) S. Heitzke, Ward 6, Mayor Pro Tem[42]
  • Willie (Bill) Ferguson, Ward 1[42]
  • William (Bill) D. Harkins, Ward 2[42]
  • Vacant, Ward 3[42]
  • Kimberly (Kim) W. Likins, Ward 4[42]
  • George W. Williams Jr., Ward 5[42]
  • Stephen (Steve) Riley, Town Manager[42]

Council mission statement:

To provide excellent customer service to all that come in contact with the Town.
To wisely manage and utilize the financial and physical resources of Town government.
To promote policies and programs which will assure the long term health and vitality of the community.
To encourage and instill job satisfaction for all Town staff.
To develop and enhance the professional growth of all Staff members.[43]

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

Satellite image of Hilton Head Island, accessed from NASA's World Wind project, January 31, 2007

Hilton Head Island is a shoe-shaped island that lies 20 miles (32 km) by air northeast of Savannah, Georgia, and 90 miles (140 km) south of Charleston, South Carolina. The exact coordinates are 32°10′44″N 80°44′35″W / 32.17889°N 80.74306°W / 32.17889; -80.74306 (32.178828, −80.742947).[44]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 69.2 square miles (179.1 km2). Of that, 41.4 square miles (107.1 km2) is land, and 27.8 square miles (71.9 km2), or 40.17%, is water.[4]

Barrier island[edit]

Hilton Head Island is sometimes referred to as the second largest barrier island on the Eastern Seaboard after Long Island (which is not actually a barrier island but two glacial moraines).[45] Technically, however, Hilton Head Island is only half barrier island. The north end of the island is a sea island dating to the Pleistocene epoch, and the south end is a barrier island that appeared as recently as the Holocene epoch. Broad Creek, which is actually a land-locked tidal marsh, separates the two halves of the island.[46]

The terrain of a barrier island is determined by a dynamic beach system with offshore bars, pounding surf, and shifting beaches; as well as grassy dunes behind the beach, maritime forests with wetlands in the interiors, and salt or tidal marshes on the lee side, facing the mainland. A typical barrier island has a headland, a beach and surf zone, and a sand spit.[47]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Hilton Head Island, South Carolina
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)60
(16)
63
(17)
69
(21)
71
(22)
82
(28)
87
(31)
90
(32)
88
(31)
85
(29)
78
(26)
70
(21)
63
(17)
75.5
(24.3)
Average low °F (°C)38
(3)
40
(4)
47
(8)
54
(12)
62
(17)
69
(21)
72
(22)
71
(22)
68
(20)
57
(14)
48
(9)
41
(5)
55.6
(13.1)
Precipitation inches (mm)3.7
(94)
3.5
(89)
3.9
(99)
3.0
(76)
3.6
(91)
5.3
(135)
6.2
(157)
8.9
(226)
5.1
(130)
2.6
(66)
2.4
(61)
3.2
(81)
51.4
(1,306)
Source: Weatherbase[48]

Culture[edit]

Organizations and entities[edit]

The Hilton Head Choral Society, full chorus

Annual events[edit]

Wildlife[edit]

Baby loggerhead sea turtle
Bottlenose dolphin in the Calibogue Sound just outside of Harbour Town Marina

The Hilton Head Island area is home to a vast array of wildlife, including alligators, deer, loggerhead sea turtles, manatees, hundreds of species of birds,[66] and dolphins.

The Coastal Discovery Museum, in conjunction with the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, patrols the beaches from May through October as part of the Sea Turtle Protection Project.[67] The purpose of the project is to inventory and monitor nesting locations, and if necessary, move them to more suitable locations. During the summer months, the museum sponsors the Turtle Talk & Walk, which is a special tour designed to educate the public about this endangered species.[67] To protect loggerhead sea turtles, a town ordinance stipulates that artificial lighting must be shielded so that it cannot be seen from the beach, or it must be turned off by 10:00 p.m. from May 1 to October 31 each year.[68] The waters around Hilton Head Island are one of the few places on Earth where dolphins routinely use a technique called "strand feeding", whereby schools of fish are herded up onto mud banks, and the dolphins lie on their side while they feed before sliding back down into the water.[69][70]

Snowy egret with chicks

Particularly prominent in the ocean waters surrounding Hilton Head Island, the stingray serves as a fascination and painful natural encounter for many beach goers. Small stingrays inhabit the quieter, shallow region of ocean floor just beyond the break of the surf, typically buried beneath a thin layer of sand. Stingrays are a type of demersal,[71] cartilaginous fish common to the South Carolina coast as well as other areas on the Atlantic shoreline. Typically, stingrays avoid contact with humans unless they are accidentally stepped upon, a situation often ending in a stingray injury, where the stingray punctures the human with its poisonous barb. While these injuries are extremely painful, they are not usually life-threatening as long as they are properly attended to by a medical professional.[72] One complaint shared by many Hilton Head Island tourists is that the lifeguards maintain a poor alert system for notifying swimmers when numerous stingrays have been sighted within a specific stretch of the shore. This lack of notification on days when multiple sightings are reported can sometimes end in a high number of stingray injuries that might have otherwise been avoided; in 2009, 121 people were treated for stingray injuries.[73]

The saltmarsh estuaries of Hilton Head Island are the feeding grounds, breeding grounds, and nurseries for many saltwater species of game fish, sport fish, and marine mammals. The dense plankton population gives the coastal water its murky brown-green coloration.

Plankton support marine life including oysters, shrimp and other invertebrates, and bait-fish species including menhaden and mullet, which in turn support larger fish and mammal species that populate the local waterways. Popular sport fish in the Hilton Head Island area include the red drum (or spot tail bass), spotted sea trout, sheepshead, cobia, tarpon and various shark species.[74]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
199023,694
200033,86242.9%
201037,0999.6%
Est. 201339,4126.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
[2]
Location of the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort Metropolitan Statistical Area in South Carolina

As of the census of 2000,[1] there were 33,862 people, 14,408 households, and 9,898 families residing in the town, occupying a land area of 42.06 square miles (109 km2). The population density was 805.1 people per square mile (310.8/km²). There were 24,647 housing units at an average density of 586.0 per square mile (226.3/km²).

Although the town occupies most of the land area of the island, it is not coterminous with it; there is a small part near the main access road from the mainland, William Hilton Parkway, which is not incorporated into the town. Hilton Head (the island) therefore has a slightly higher population (48,407 in Census 2000, defined as the Hilton Head Island Urban Cluster) and a larger land area (42.65 sq mi or 110.5 km2) than the town. The Hilton Head Island-Bluffton Beaufort Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Beaufort and Jasper counties, had a 2012 estimated year-round population of 193,882.[75]

The racial makeup of the town was 85.3% White, 8.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.6% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.5% of the population.

There were 14,408 households in which 20.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.68.

In the town the population was spread out with 17.3% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 24.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.

Looking out over the tidal marsh to the Folly

The median income for a household in the town was $60,438, and the median income for a family was $71,211. Males had a median income of $37,262 versus $30,271 for females. The per capita income for the town was $36,621. About 4.7% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.

Emergency services[edit]

Hilton Head Island Fire & Rescue emblem
Hilton Head Island Fire & Rescue patch

Hilton Head Island Fire & Rescue began operations July 1, 1993, as a consolidation of the former Sea Pines Forest Beach Fire Department, the Hilton Head Island Fire District, and the Hilton Head Island Rescue Squad.[76] It is a career department that provides fire suppression and emergency medical services (EMS) at the advanced life support level. Special operations capabilities include HAZMAT, urban search and rescue (USAR), confined space rescue, trench rescue, and rope rescue. The department is accredited by the Commission on Fire Accreditation International (CFAI).[77][78][79]

There are seven fire stations on Hilton Head Island, providing professional fire protection and emergency medical care.

Hilton Head Island Fire & Rescue works with Bluffton Township Fire Department as a sponsoring agency for two of South Carolina's designated special teams: one of the state's Hazardous Materials/Weapons of Mass Destruction Response Teams and one of the four Regional Urban Search and Rescue Response Teams.[81][82][83][84]

Police services are contracted through Beaufort County Sheriff's Office.[5] The island is equipped with an enhanced 9-1-1 system.[76]

Economy[edit]

According to Hilton Head Island's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[85] the top employers in the town are:

#Employer# of Employees
1Sea Pines Resort650
2Hilton Head Hospital520
3Marriott Vacation Club491
4Beaufort County School District411
5Westin Hotels & Resorts380
6Cypress of Hilton Head376
7Hilton Head Marriott Resort & Spa305
8Publix263
9Sonesta Resort Hilton Head Island250
10Town of Hilton Head Island249
11Walmart247
12Spinnaker Resorts190
13The Greenery155

Facilities and structures[edit]

Gated communities[edit]

Public beach access[edit]

Island parks[edit]

Schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

NameNotabilityReference
Arthur Blankowner NFL Atlanta Falcons & Home Depot, has a house in Sea Pines Resort[88][89]
Patricia Cornwellfiction author[90]
Bobby CreminsNCAA men's basketball coach, currently resides in Charleston, but maintains a home in Hilton Head.[91][92][93]
Wilbur CrossAuthor
Jim FerreeAmerican professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour and the Senior PGA Tour[94]
Trevor Hallreggae/folk rock singer-songwriter on Now 40, was raised in Hilton Head[95][96]
Darrell Hedricformer head basketball coach at Miami University, former NBA head scout
John Jakesauthor of historical fiction, resides in Hilton Head[89][97]
Michael Jordanformer NBA player, sold his house on Hilton Head when his father died[98]
John V. Lindsayformer mayor of New York City, died in Hilton Head on December 19, 2000[99]
John MellencampRock and Roll Hall of Fame singer-songwriter[89]
Mark MessierNHL hockey player, part-time resident of Hilton Head[100]
Garry Mooretelevision game show host and comedian[101]
Michael Roweformer NBA Team President, General Manager and Executive Vice President of Giants Stadium and Continental Airlines Arena, current President and Chief Executive Officer of Positive Impact Sports and Entertainment, part-owner of Yankee Global Enterprises, part-time resident of Hilton Head Island.[102]
Serge Savardformer Montreal Canadiens defenseman and general manager
Duncan Sheiksinger-songwriter of the 1997 Grammy-nominated song Barely Breathing, was raised in Hilton Head[103][104]
Gregg Russellchildren's singer, performs under the old oak tree in Harbor Town since 1980
Stan Smithformer Wimbledon, US Open and Davis Cup Champ and Tennis Pro[89]
Col. Benjamin H. VandervoortWWII hero, died in his home on Hilton Head in 1990 at the age of 75

[105]

Kathryn R. WallAmerican author of mystery novels[106]
Lois Rhame WestFirst Lady of South Carolina (1971-1975), first woman to chair the Muscular Dystrophy Association[107]
Jayson Williamsformer NBA Basketball player, owns a home on Hilton Head[108]

In popular culture[edit]

In the popular television series A Different World, Whitley Gilbert's parents have a summer home there.

In "Big Trouble in Little Langley", an episode of American Dad!, Francine's birth parents Nick and Cassandra Dawson live there.

In the book By Order of the President, by W. E. B. Griffin, the President of the United States maintains a home on Hilton Head Island. This is where Charlie Castillo meets the President for the first time.

In the movie Parental Guidance, the parents visit Hilton Head Island for a conference. Aerial pans of Harbor Town are shown.

In the science fiction franchise BattleTech, the headquarters of the telecommunications organization "ComStar" are located on Hilton Head Island.

In the ABC Family television mystery-thriller series Pretty Little Liars, main character, Alison DiLaurentis, had a mysterious stay in a resort on the island shortly before her disappearance.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Employment Fast Facts," Hilton Head Island — Bluffton Chamber of Commerce - Accessed January 31, 2007.
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