Hillingdon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Hillingdon
Hillingdon Court Park - Aimee Atkinson.jpg
Hillingdon Court Park
Hillingdon is located in Greater London
Hillingdon

 Hillingdon shown within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ071827
    - Charing Cross14.2 mi (22.9 km)  E
London boroughHillingdon
Ceremonial countyGreater London
RegionLondon
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townUXBRIDGE
Postcode districtUB8, UB9, UB10
Dialling code020
01895
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK ParliamentUxbridge and South Ruislip
London AssemblyEaling and Hillingdon
List of places
UK
England
London
 
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°31′58″N 0°27′18″W / 51.5329°N 0.4550°W / 51.5329; -0.4550

Hillingdon
Hillingdon Court Park - Aimee Atkinson.jpg
Hillingdon Court Park
Hillingdon is located in Greater London
Hillingdon

 Hillingdon shown within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ071827
    - Charing Cross14.2 mi (22.9 km)  E
London boroughHillingdon
Ceremonial countyGreater London
RegionLondon
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townUXBRIDGE
Postcode districtUB8, UB9, UB10
Dialling code020
01895
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK ParliamentUxbridge and South Ruislip
London AssemblyEaling and Hillingdon
List of places
UK
England
London

Hillingdon is a suburban area within the London Borough of Hillingdon, situated 14.2 miles (22.8 km) west of Charing Cross. It was an ancient parish in the county of Middlesex that originally included the market town of Uxbridge. During the 1920s Hillingdon experienced a rapid increase in population and was absorbed by Uxbridge Urban District in 1929.[1] It has formed part of Greater London since 1965.[2]

Much of Hillingdon is represented as the Hillingdon East ward within the local authority, Hillingdon London Borough Council. In November 2010, the ward had a recorded population of 12,403.[3]

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Hillingdon appears in the Domesday Book (1086) as Hillendone, possibly meaning "hill of a man named Hille".[4]

Early developments[edit]

Hillingdon was an ancient parish, and had within it the chapelry of Uxbridge, which became a separate civil parish in 1866. Under the Local Government Act 1894, Hillingdon parish was divided in two. Hillingdon West became, with Uxbridge, part of the Uxbridge Urban District; Hillingdon East became part of the Uxbridge Rural District.

Urban development[edit]

Uxbridge Rural District was abolished in 1928, with the East parish being added to Uxbridge Urban District. Both East and West parishes were abolished in 1938 and added to Uxbridge parish. The name was revived in 1965, consequent upon the London Government Act 1963, as the name of the western-most borough of Greater London.

The A40 (Western Avenue) was rerouted in the early 1990s to run slightly north of its original route, thereby allowing traffic to flow without interruption at the junction of Hillingdon Circus. Hillingdon tube station was required to be demolished in order for the new road to be constructed, and a new station was opened further south along the line in 1994, winning the Underground Station of the Year award for that year.[5]

Governance[edit]

Hillingdon is a traditional Conservative stronghold lying in the boundary of the Uxbridge and South Ruislip constituency, represented by John Randall MP. Randall has represented the constituency, and before that Uxbridge, since 1997, following the death of fellow Conservative Sir Michael Shersby.

Education[edit]

Primary schools in Hillingdon include Oak Farm Juniors, St Bernadette's Roman Catholic Primary School, Hillingdon Primary and Ryefield Primary. Secondary schools include Abbotsfield School for Boys, ACS Hillingdon, Bishopshalt School, Vyners School and Swakeleys School for Girls.

Transport[edit]

Hillingdon tube station is served by the Metropolitan and Piccadily lines of the London Underground.

Bus route U2 serves Hillingdon, operating between Uxbridge station and Brunel University.[6]

Landmarks[edit]

Church of St John the Baptist[edit]

The Church of St John the Baptist

The church of St John the Baptist stands at the top of Hillingdon Hill, at its junction with Royal Lane. It was built in 1629, replacing an earlier building deemed to have become unsafe.[7] In 1846, the architect George Gilbert Scott was asked to design an extension, after the increasing population meant the church was becoming too cramped. This extension was completed between 1847 and 1848 by the Fassnidge builders from Uxbridge.[7] The barrel roof of the chancel was renovated in 1953 to commemorate the coronation of Elizabeth II. In 1964, a vestry was built on the north-eastern side of the church.[8] On 8 November 1940, a bomb fell on the south side of the church, damaging many of the windows on the south and east sides of the church. The windows were repaired following the end of the Second World War.[9]

Hillingdon Court[edit]

Hillingdon Court was built in 1858 by Sir Charles Mills as his family home, after he had bought separate adjacent properties in Vine Lane. Both buildings were demolished and the plots combined to allow for the construction of the new property. The mansion remained in the family's ownership until the death of the Second Baron Hillingdon, Charles Mills in 1919. Part of the estate was bought by the local authority, while the mansion was bought by the Roman Catholic Order of the Sacred Heart and became a nursing home in 1920. After the Second World War, the mansion became a girls' school, and in 1978 was bought by ACS International Schools to become ACS Hillingdon. Under the ownership of ACS International Schools, the mansion has been extended and converted in parts to meet the needs of a school. The area of land bought by the local authority remains today as Hillingdon Court Park.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Hillingdon East CP (historic mappopulation (area ). Retrieved on 11 November 2012.
  2. ^ Young, K. & Garside, P., (1982). Metropolitan London: Politics and Urban Change 1837-1981. 
  3. ^ "A focus on Hillingdon East". London Borough of Hillingdon. April 2011. p. 4. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Pearce 2007, p. 7.
  5. ^ Coombs, Dan (13 June 2011). "Tube station among Hillingdon buildings to get protection". Uxbridge Gazette. Retrieved 13 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Buses from Uxbridge". Transport for London. 6 November 2010. Retrieved 15 March 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Pearce 2007, p.16
  8. ^ Pearce 2007, p.17
  9. ^ Pearce 2007, p.20
  10. ^ Jones, Alice (13 May 2011). "James Corden: The History Boy who grew up". The Independent. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  11. ^ Pearce 2007, p.41
Bibliography

External links[edit]