High jump

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Athletics
High jump
Yelena Slesarenko failing 2007.jpg
Men's records
WorldJavier Sotomayor 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) (1993)
OlympicCharles Austin 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) (1996)
Women's records
WorldStefka Kostadinova 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) (1987)
OlympicYelena Slesarenko 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) (2004)
 
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see High jump (disambiguation).
Athletics
High jump
Yelena Slesarenko failing 2007.jpg
Men's records
WorldJavier Sotomayor 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) (1993)
OlympicCharles Austin 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) (1996)
Women's records
WorldStefka Kostadinova 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) (1987)
OlympicYelena Slesarenko 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) (2004)

The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without the aid of certain devices. In its modern most practiced format, auxiliary weights and mounds have been used for assistance; rules have changed over the years. Over the centuries since, competitors have introduced increasingly more effective techniques to arrive at the current form.

Javier Sotomayor (Cuba) is the current men's record holder with a jump of 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) set in 1993, the longest standing record in the history of the men's high jump. Stefka Kostadinova (Bulgaria) has held the women's world record at 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) since 1987, also the longest-held record in the event.

Rules[edit]

Canadian high jumper Nicole Forrester demonstrating the Fosbury flop

Jumpers must take off on one foot.

A jump is considered a failure if the bar is dislodged by the action of the jumper whilst jumping or the jumper touches the ground or breaks the plane of the near edge of the bar before clearance . The technique one uses for the jump must be almost flawless in order to have a chance of clearing a high bar.

Competitors may begin jumping at any height announced by the chief judge, or may pass, at their own discretion. Three consecutive missed jumps, at any height or combination of heights, will eliminate the jumper from competition.

The victory goes to the jumper who clears the greatest height during the final. If two or more jumpers tie for first place, the tie-breakers are: 1) The fewest misses at the height at which the tie occurred; and 2) The fewest misses throughout the competition.

If the event remains tied, the jumpers have a jump-off, beginning at the next greater height. Each jumper has one attempt. The bar is then alternately lowered and raised until only one jumper succeeds at a given height.[1]

History[edit]

Konstantinos Tsiklitiras during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

The first recorded high jump event took place in Scotland in the 19th century. Early jumpers used either an elaborate straight-on approach or a scissors technique. In the latter, the bar was approached diagonally, and the jumper threw first the inside leg and then the other over the bar in a scissoring motion. Around the turn of the 20th century, techniques began to modernise, starting with the Irish-American Michael Sweeney's Eastern cut-off. By taking off like the scissors, but extending his back and flattening out over the bar, Sweeney achieved a more economic clearance and raised the world record to 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) in 1895.

Another American, George Horine, developed an even more efficient technique, the Western roll. In this style, the bar again is approached on a diagonal, but the inner leg is used for the take-off, while the outer leg is thrust up to lead the body sideways over the bar. Horine increased the world standard to 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) in 1912. His technique was predominant through the Berlin Olympics of 1936, in which the event was won by Cornelius Johnson at 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in).

American and Soviet jumpers held the playing field for the next four decades, and they pioneered the evolution of the straddle technique. Straddle jumpers took off as in the Western roll, but rotated their (belly-down) torso around the bar, obtaining the most economical clearance up to that time. Straddle-jumper Charles Dumas was the first to clear 7 feet (2.13 m) in 1956, and American John Thomas pushed the world mark to 2.23 m (7 ft 334 in) in 1960. Valeriy Brumel took over the event for the next four years. The elegant Soviet jumper radically sped up his approach run, took the record up to 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in), and won the Olympic gold medal in 1964, before a motorcycle accident ended his career.

Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Her winning result was 1.59 m (5 ft 212 in).
Platt Adams during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

American coaches, including two-time NCAA champion Frank Costello of the University of Maryland, flocked to Russia to learn from Brumel and his coaches. However, it would be a solitary innovator at Oregon State University, Dick Fosbury, who would bring the high jump into the next century. Taking advantage of the raised, softer landing areas by then in use, Fosbury added a new twist to the outmoded Eastern Cut-off. He directed himself over the bar head and shoulders first, sliding over on his back and landing in a fashion which would likely have broken his neck in the old, sawdust landing pits. After he used this Fosbury flop to win the 1968 Olympic gold medal, the technique began to spread around the world, and soon floppers were dominating international high jump competitions. The last straddler to set a world record was Vladimir Yashchenko, who cleared 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in) in 1977 and then 2.35 m (7 ft 812 in) indoors in 1978.

Among renowned high jumpers following Fosbury's lead were: Americans Dwight Stones and his rival, 1.73 metres (5 ft 8 in) tall Franklin Jacobs of Paterson, NJ, who cleared 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in), 0.59 metres (1 ft 11 in) over his head (a feat equaled 27 years later by Sweden's Stefan Holm); Chinese record-setters Ni-chi Chin and Zhu Jianhua; Germans Gerd Wessig and Dietmar Mögenburg; Swedish Olympic medalist and world record holder Patrik Sjöberg; and female jumpers Iolanda Balaş of Romania, Ulrike Meyfarth of Germany and Italy's Sara Simeoni.

Technical aspects[edit]

High jump shoes[edit]

High jump shoes are different from most other track shoes in that they have much thicker soles than ordinary "sprint spikes" - in order to provide stability and comfort at take-off, although in the 1960s and early 70s, when the straddle technique still predominated, a single shoe was often worn on the take-off foot where the built-up sole would allow the free leg to swing without spikes catching the ground. There are an additional four holes in the heel of the take-off shoe, where the user can insert spikes for increased traction. The total number of spikes allowed by the IAAF can not exceed 11 in the sole, and jump shoes are normally configured with six or seven in the front, and four in the heel: spikes may not exceed 12mm in length. The four heel spikes aid greatly in the last four to five steps of the J-approach, allowing the jumper to run on his or her curve at a fast speed without slipping. The limit for the length of spikes in the shoe may not exceed 9mm in length on a synthetic track. Some high jump shoes are even more technologically developed and in addition to the extra spikes on the heel, the shoes are modified to lean the direction of the approach to provide further support while running their curve. As well as the approach, high jump shoes also help and support the jumper's takeoff. The IAAF regulations specify a maximum sole thickness for both high jump and long jump shoes; competitors in all other events may wear shoes with soles of any thickness.

The approach[edit]

Spanish jumper Ruth Beitia approaching the bar from an angle

The approach of the high jump may actually be more important than the take off. If a high jumper runs with bad timing or without enough aggression, clearing a high bar becomes more of a challenge. The approach requires a certain shape or curve, the right amount of speed, and the correct number of strides. The approach angle is also critical for optimal height.

Most great straddle jumpers have a run at angles of about 30 to 40 degrees. The length of the run is determined by the speed of the person's approach. A slower run requires about 8 strides. However, a faster high jumper might need about 13 strides. A greater run speed allows a greater part of the body's forward momentum to be converted upward .[2]

The J type approach, favored by Fosbury floppers, allows for horizontal speed, the ability to turn in the air (centripetal force), and good take-off position. The approach should be a hard controlled stride so that a person does not fall from creating an angle with speed. Athletes should run tall and lean from the ankles on the curve and not the hips.[3] Unlike the "classic" straddle technique, where the take-off foot is "planted" in the same spot at every height, flop-style jumpers must adjust their take-off as the bar is raised. Their J approach run must be adjusted slightly so that their take-off spot is slightly further out from the bar in order to allow their hips to clear the bar while still maintaining enough momentum to carry their legs across the bar. Jumpers attempting to reach record heights commonly fail when most of their energy is directed into the vertical effort, and they brush the bar off the standards with the backs of their legs as they stall-out in mid-air.

Drills can be practiced to solidify the approach. One drill is to run in a straight line (the linear part of the approach) and then run two to three circles spiraling into one another. Another is to run or skip a circle of any size, two to three times in a row.[4] It is important to train to leap upwards without first leaning into the bar, allowing the momentum of the J approach to carry the body across the bar.

Declaring the winner[edit]

In competition the winner is the person who cleared the highest height. In case of a tie, fewer failed attempts at that height are better: i.e., the jumper who makes a height on his/her first attempt is placed ahead of someone who clears the same height on the second or third attempt. If there still is a tie here, all the failed attempts at lower heights are added up, the one with the fewest number of total misses is declared the winner. If still tied a playoff is held. Starting height is the next larger height after the overjumped one. If all the competitors clear the height, the bar is raised 2 cm (0.79 in), and if they fail, the bar is lowered 2 cm. That continues until only one competitor succeeds in overjumping that height, he is declared the winner.

Athlete1.91 m1.93 m1.95 m1.97 m1.99 m2.01 mHeightRank
A--XOXOXOXXX1.991st
BO-OOXXX1.973rd
CO-XOXOX--XX1.974th
D-XOOXXOXXOXXX1.992nd
E---XXX5th

All-time top ten athletes[edit]

Men (outdoor)[edit]

RankMarkAthleteVenueDateRef
12.45 m (8 ft 014 in) Javier Sotomayor (CUB)Salamanca27 July 1993
22.43 m (7 ft 1112 in) Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)Brussels5 September 2014[9]
32.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)Stockholm30 June 1987
 Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)New York City14 June 2014[10]
52.41 m (7 ft 1034 in) Igor Paklin (URS)Kobe4 September 1985
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS)Doha9 May 2014
72.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Rudolf Povarnitsyn (URS)Donetsk11 August 1985
 Sorin Matei (ROM)Bratislava20 June 1990
 Charles Austin (USA)Zürich7 August 1991
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)London5 August 2000
 Derek Drouin (CAN) [11]Des Moines25 April 2014
 Andriy Protsenko (UKR)Lausanne3 July 2014[12]

Women (outdoor)[edit]

RankMarkAthleteVenueDate
12.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)Rome30 August 1987
22.08 m (6 ft 934 in) Blanka Vlašić (CRO)Zagreb31 August 2009
32.07 m (6 ft 914 in) Lyudmila Andonova (BUL)Berlin20 July 1984
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)Cheboksary22 July 2011
52.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)Eberstadt26 July 2003
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA)Paris31 August 2003
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)Athens28 August 2004
 Ariane Friedrich (GER)Berlin14 June 2009
92.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Tamara Bykova (URS)Kiev22 June 1984
 Heike Henkel (GER)Tokyo31 August 1991
 Inha Babakova (UKR)Tokyo15 September 1995
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL)Beijing23 August 2008
 Chaunté Lowe (USA)Des Moines26 June 2010

Men (indoor)[edit]

RankMarkAthleteVenueDateRef
12.43 m (7 ft 1112 in) Javier Sotomayor (CUB)Budapest4 March 1989
22.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) Carlo Thränhardt (FRG)Berlin26 February 1988
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS)Prague25 February 2014[13]
42.41 m (7 ft 1034 in) Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)Piraeus1 February 1987
52.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Hollis Conway (USA)Seville10 March 1991
 Stefan Holm (SWE)Madrid6 March 2005
 Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS)Arnstadt8 February 2014
82.39 m (7 ft 10 in) Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG)Cologne24 February 1985
 Ralf Sonn (GER)Berlin1 March 1991
102.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Igor Paklin (URS)Indianapolis7 March 1987
 Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)Indianapolis7 March 1987
 Steve Smith (GBR)Wuppertal4 February 1994
 Wolf-Hendrik Beyer (GER)Weinheim18 March 1994
 Sorin Matei (ROM)Wuppertal3 February 1995
 Matt Hemingway (USA)Atlanta4 March 2000
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)Stockholm15 February 2005
 Linus Thörnblad (SWE)Gothenburg25 February 2007
 Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)Sopot9 March 2014

Women (indoor)[edit]

RankMarkAthleteVenueDate
12.08 m (6 ft 934 in) Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)Arnstadt6 February 2006
22.07 m (6 ft 914 in) Heike Henkel (GER)Karlsruhe8 February 1992
32.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)Athens20 February 1988
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO)Arnstadt6 February 2010
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)Arnstadt4 February 2012
62.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Tia Hellebaut (BEL)Birmingham3 March 2007
 Ariane Friedrich (GER)Karlsruhe15 February 2009
82.04 m (6 ft 814 in) Alina Astafei (GER)Berlin3 March 1995
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)Budapest7 March 2004
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)Banská Bystrica9 February 2011

Olympic medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
 Ellery Clark (USA) James Connolly (USA)none awarded
 Robert Garrett (USA)
1900 Paris
details
 Irving Baxter (USA) Patrick Leahy (GBR) Lajos Gönczy (HUN)
1904 St. Louis
details
 Samuel Jones (USA) Garrett Serviss (USA) Paul Weinstein (GER)
1908 London
details
 Harry Porter (USA) Géo André (FRA)
none awarded
 Con Leahy (GBR)
 István Somodi (HUN)
1912 Stockholm
details
 Alma Richards (USA) Hans Liesche (GER) George Horine (USA)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Richmond Landon (USA) Harold Muller (USA) Bo Ekelund (SWE)
1924 Paris
details
 Harold Osborn (USA) Leroy Brown (USA) Pierre Lewden (FRA)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Bob King (USA) Benjamin Hedges (USA) Claude Ménard (FRA)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Duncan McNaughton (CAN) Bob Van Osdel (USA) Simeon Toribio (PHI)
1936 Berlin
details
 Cornelius Johnson (USA) Dave Albritton (USA) Delos Thurber (USA)
1948 London
details
 John Winter (AUS) Bjørn Paulson (NOR) George Stanich (USA)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Walt Davis (USA) Ken Wiesner (USA) José da Conceição (BRA)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Charles Dumas (USA) Chilla Porter (AUS) Igor Kashkarov (URS)
1960 Rome
details
 Robert Shavlakadze (URS) Valeriy Brumel (URS) John Thomas (USA)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Valeriy Brumel (URS) John Thomas (USA) John Rambo (USA)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Dick Fosbury (USA) Ed Caruthers (USA) Valentin Gavrilov (URS)
1972 Munich
details
 Jüri Tarmak (URS) Stefan Junge (GDR) Dwight Stones (USA)
1976 Montreal
details
 Jacek Wszoła (POL) Greg Joy (CAN) Dwight Stones (USA)
1980 Moscow
details
 Gerd Wessig (GDR) Jacek Wszoła (POL) Jörg Freimuth (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) Zhu Jianhua (CHN)
1988 Seoul
details
 Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS) Hollis Conway (USA) Rudolf Povarnitsyn (URS)
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) Hollis Conway (USA)
 Tim Forsyth (AUS)
 Artur Partyka (POL)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Charles Austin (USA) Artur Partyka (POL) Steve Smith (GBR)
2000 Sydney
details
 Sergey Klyugin (RUS) Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Abderahmane Hammad (ALG)
2004 Athens
details
 Stefan Holm (SWE) Matt Hemingway (USA) Jaroslav Bába (CZE)
2008 Beijing
details
 Andrey Silnov (RUS) Germaine Mason (GBR) Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
2012 London
details
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS) Erik Kynard (USA) Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)
 Derek Drouin (CAN)
 Robert Grabarz (GBR)

Women[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Ethel Catherwood (CAN) Lien Gisolf (NED) Mildred Wiley (USA)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Jean Shiley (USA) Babe Didrikson (USA) Eva Dawes (CAN)
1936 Berlin
details
 Ibolya Csák (HUN) Dorothy Odam (GBR) Elfriede Kaun (GER)
1948 London
details
 Alice Coachman (USA) Dorothy Tyler (GBR) Micheline Ostermeyer (FRA)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Esther Brand (RSA) Sheile Lerwill (GBR) Aleksandra Chudina (URS)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Mildred McDaniel (USA) Thelma Hopkins (GBR)none awarded
  Mariya Pisareva (URS)
1960 Rome
details
 Iolanda Balaş (ROU) Jarosława Jóźwiakowska (POL)none awarded
 Dorothy Shirley (GBR)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Iolanda Balaş (ROU) Michele Brown (AUS) Taisia Chenchik (URS)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Miloslava Rezková (TCH) Antonina Okorokova (URS) Valentina Kozyr (URS)
1972 Munich
details
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL) Ilona Gusenbauer (AUT)
1976 Montreal
details
 Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR) Sara Simeoni (ITA) Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL)
1980 Moscow
details
 Sara Simeoni (ITA) Urszula Kielan (POL) Jutta Kirst (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) Sara Simeoni (ITA) Joni Huntley (USA)
1988 Seoul
details
 Louise Ritter (USA) Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Tamara Bykova (URS)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Heike Henkel (GER) Alina Astafei (ROU) Ioamnet Quintero (CUB)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Niki Bakogianni (GRE) Inha Babakova (UKR)
2000 Sydney
details
 Yelena Yelesina (RUS) Hestrie Cloete (RSA) Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
 Oana Pantelimon (ROU)
2004 Athens
details
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) Hestrie Cloete (RSA) Vita Styopina (UKR)
2008 Beijing
details
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL) Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Anna Chicherova (RUS)
2012 London
details
 Anna Chicherova (RUS) Brigetta Barrett (USA) Svetlana Shkolina (RUS)

World Championships medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS) Tyke Peacock (USA) Zhu Jianhua (CHN)
1987 Rome Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)
 Igor Paklin (URS)
none awarded
1991 Tokyo Charles Austin (USA) Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Hollis Conway (USA)
1993 Stuttgart Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Artur Partyka (POL) Steve Smith (GBR)
1995 Gothenburg Troy Kemp (BAH) Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Artur Partyka (POL)
1997 Athens Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Artur Partyka (POL) Tim Forsyth (AUS)
1999 Seville Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS) Mark Boswell (CAN) Martin Buß (GER)
2001 Edmonton Martin Buß (GER) Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)
none awarded
2003 Saint-Denis Jacques Freitag (RSA) Stefan Holm (SWE) Mark Boswell (CAN)
2005 Helsinki Yuriy Krymarenko (UKR) Víctor Moya (CUB)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
none awarded
2007 Osaka Donald Thomas (BAH) Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)
2009 Berlin Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP) Sylwester Bednarek (POL)
 Raúl Spank (GER)
2011 Daegu Jesse Williams (USA) Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS) Trevor Barry (BAH)
2013 Moscow Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR) Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) Derek Drouin (CAN)

Women[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki Tamara Bykova (URS) Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) Louise Ritter (USA)
1987 Rome Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Tamara Bykova (URS) Susanne Beyer (GDR)
1991 Tokyo Heike Henkel (GER) Yelena Yelesina (URS) Inha Babakova (URS)
1993 Stuttgart Ioamnet Quintero (CUB) Silvia Costa (CUB) Sigrid Kirchmann (AUT)
1995 Gothenburg Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Alina Astafei (GER) Inha Babakova (UKR)
1997 Athens Hanne Haugland (NOR) Inha Babakova (UKR)
 Olga Kaliturina (RUS)
none awarded
1999 Seville Inha Babakova (UKR) Yelena Yelesina (RUS) Svetlana Lapina (RUS)
2001 Edmonton Hestrie Cloete (RSA) Inha Babakova (UKR) Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2003 Saint-Denis Hestrie Cloete (RSA) Marina Kuptsova (RUS) Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2005 Helsinki Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) Chaunte Howard (USA) Emma Green (SWE)
2007 Osaka Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
none awarded
2009 Berlin Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Anna Chicherova (RUS) Ariane Friedrich (GER)
2011 Daegu Anna Chicherova (RUS) Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
2013 Moscow Svetlana Shkolina (RUS) Brigetta Barrett (USA) Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Ruth Beitia (ESP)

Athletes with most medals[edit]

Athletes who have won multiple titles at the two most important competitions, the Olympic Games and the World Championships:

Kostadinova and Sotomayor are the only high jumpers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion and broken the world record.

Men[edit]

AthleteOlympic GamesWorld ChampionshipsWorld Indoor ChampionshipsContinental ChampionshipsContinental Indoor ChampionshipsUniversiadeRegional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Asian
Total
Gold medal olympic.svgSilver medal olympic.svgBronze medal olympic.svgGold medal world centered-2.svgSilver medal world centered-2.svgBronze medal world centered-2.svgGold medal world centered-2.svgSilver medal world centered-2.svgBronze medal world centered-2.svgGold medal europe.svgSilver medal europe.svgBronze medal europe.svgGold medal europe.svgSilver medal europe.svgBronze medal europe.svgGold FISU.svgSilver FISU.svgBronze FISU.svgGold MedGames.svgSilver MedGames.svgBronze MedGames.svgGold medal icon.svgSilver medal icon.svgBronze medal icon.svg
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)110220410201---1003001341
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG)100000010100521000---731
 Stefan Holm (SWE)100010400011210000---721
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)021100111000400000---632
 Lee Jin-Taek (KOR)000000000310---101200611
 Igor Paklin (URS)000010100100000200---410
 Valeriy Brumel (URS)110000000100000200---410
 Zhu Jianhua (CHN)001001000200---000200402
 Charles Austin (USA)100100101100---000000401
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)001130140100011100---382
 Dragutin Topić (SRB)000000001100102100001304
 Vladimir Yashchenko (URS)000000000100200000---300
 Gennadiy Avdeyenko (URS)100110010000001000---221
 Hollis Conway (USA)011001100000---110001223

Women[edit]

AthleteOlympic GamesWorld ChampionshipsWorld Indoor ChampionshipsContinental ChampionshipsContinental Indoor ChampionshipsUniversiadeRegional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Commonwealth
Total
Gold medal olympic.svgSilver medal olympic.svgBronze medal olympic.svgGold medal world centered-2.svgSilver medal world centered-2.svgBronze medal world centered-2.svgGold medal world centered-2.svgSilver medal world centered-2.svgBronze medal world centered-2.svgGold medal europe.svgSilver medal europe.svgBronze medal europe.svgGold medal europe.svgSilver medal europe.svgBronze medal europe.svgGold FISU.svgSilver FISU.svgBronze FISU.svgGold MedGames.svgSilver MedGames.svgBronze MedGames.svgGold medal icon.svgSilver medal icon.svgBronze medal icon.svg
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)110200500100410000---1320
 Sara Simeoni (ITA)1200000001024002122001024
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO)010200211100000000100621
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA)020200000300000000100620
 Heike Henkel (FRG)100100112100201000---613
 Iolanda Balaş (ROM)200000000210000200---610
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)001102200101110000---514
 Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR)100000000110300000---510
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)101120021000100100---442
 Tamara Bykova (URS)001110110010110101---422
Alina Astafei
(Romania & Germany)
010010100001211100---432
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL)100000100100100000---400
 Ruth Beitia (ESP)000001012200131000000344
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)200010000000100010---320
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)100000210000000001---311
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)000011010000100000110231

Season's bests[edit]

Men[edit]

YearHeightAthleteVenue
19712.29 m (7 ft 6 in) Pat Matzdorf (USA)Berkeley
19722.25 m (7 ft 412 in) Jüri Tarmak (URS)Moscow
19732.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Dwight Stones (USA)Munich
19742.28 m (7 ft 534 in) Dwight Stones (USA)Oslo
19752.28 m (7 ft 534 in) Dwight Stones (USA)New York
19762.32 m (7 ft 714 in) Dwight Stones (USA)Philadelphia
19772.33 m (7 ft 712 in) Vladimir Yashchenko (URS)Richmond
19782.35 m (7 ft 812 in) (i) Vladimir Yashchenko (URS)Milano
19792.32 m (7 ft 714 in) Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG)Ottawa
19802.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Gerd Wessig (GDR)Moscow
19812.33 m (7 ft 712 in) Aleksey Demyanyuk (URS)Leningrad
19822.33 m (7 ft 712 in) Zhu Jianhua (CHN)Delhi
19832.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Zhu Jianhua (CHN)Shanghai
19842.39 m (7 ft 10 in) Zhu Jianhua (CHN)Eberstadt
19852.41 m (7 ft 1034 in) Igor Paklin (URS)Kobe
19862.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Igor Paklin (URS)Rieti
19872.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)Stockholm
19882.43 m (7 ft 1112 in) Javier Sotomayor (CUB)Salamanca
19892.44 m (8 ft 0 in) Javier Sotomayor (CUB)San Juan
19902.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Sorin Matei (ROM)Bratislava
19912.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Javier Sotomayor (CUB)
 Charles Austin (USA)
 Hollis Conway (USA)
Saint-Denis
Zürich
Sevilla
19922.38 m (7 ft 912 in) (i) Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)Genova
19932.45 m (8 ft 014 in) Javier Sotomayor (CUB)Salamanca
19942.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) Javier Sotomayor (CUB)Seville
19952.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Javier Sotomayor (CUB)Mar del Plata
19962.39 m (7 ft 10 in) Charles Austin (USA)Atlanta
19972.37 m (7 ft 914 in) Javier Sotomayor (CUB)Athens
19982.37 m (7 ft 914 in) Javier Sotomayor (CUB)Maracaibo
19992.37 m (7 ft 914 in) Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)Seville
20002.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)London
20012.37 m (7 ft 914 in) Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)Eberstadt
20022.37 m (7 ft 914 in) Jacques Freitag (RSA)Durban
20032.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Aleksander Walerianczyk (POL)Bydgoszcz
20042.37 m (7 ft 914 in) (i) Stefan Holm (SWE)Stockholm
20052.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) (i) Stefan Holm (SWE)Madrid
20062.37 m (7 ft 914 in) Andrey Silnov (RUS)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS)
Monaco
Arnstadt;Moskva
Arnstadt
20072.39 m (7 ft 10 in) (i) Ivan Ukhov (RUS)Moskva
20082.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Andrey Silnov (RUS)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
London
Moskva
20092.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) (i) Ivan Ukhov (RUS)Pireás
20102.38 m (7 ft 912 in) (i) Ivan Ukhov (RUS)Banská Bystrica
20112.38 m (7 ft 912 in) (i) Ivan Ukhov (RUS)Hustopece; Banská Bystrica; Paris-Bercy
20122.39 m (7 ft 10 in) Ivan Ukhov (RUS)
 Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)
Cheboksary
Lausanne
20132.41 m (7 ft 1034 in) Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)Lausanne
20142.43 m (7 ft 1112 in) Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)Bruxelles

Women[edit]

YearHeightAthleteVenue
19701.87 m (6 ft 112 in) Antonina Lazareva (URS)Kiev
19711.92 m (6 ft 312 in) Ilona Gusenbauer (AUT)Vienna
19721.94 m (6 ft 414 in) Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL)Zagreb
19731.92 m (6 ft 312 in) Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL)Warsaw
19741.95 m (6 ft 434 in) Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR)Rome
19751.94 m (6 ft 414 in) Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR)Nice
19761.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR)Dresden
19772.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR)Berlin
19782.01 m (6 ft 7 in) Sara Simeoni (ITA)Brescia
19791.99 m (6 ft 614 in) Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR)Turin
19801.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Sara Simeoni (ITA)Turin
19811.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Pamela Spencer (USA)Brussels
19822.02 m (6 ft 712 in) Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)Athens
19832.04 m (6 ft 814 in) Tamara Bykova (URS)Pisa;Budapest
19842.07 m (6 ft 914 in) Lyudmila Andonova (BUL)Berlin
19852.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)Moscow
19862.08 m (6 ft 934 in) Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)Sofia
19872.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)Rome
19882.07 m (6 ft 914 in) Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)Sofia
19892.04 m (6 ft 814 in) Silvia Costa (CUB)
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)
Barcelona;Pireás
19902.02 m (6 ft 712 in) Yelena Yelesina (URS)Seattle
19912.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Heike Henkel (GER)Tokyo
19922.07 m (6 ft 914 in) (i) Heike Henkel (GER)Karlsruhe
19932.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)Fukuoka
19942.02 m (6 ft 712 in) (i) Alina Astafei (GER)Berlin
19952.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Inga Babakova (UKR)Tokyo
19962.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)Atlanta
19972.02 m (6 ft 712 in) Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)
 Inga Babakova (UKR)
Osaka;Paris-Bercy
Fukuoka
19982.03 m (6 ft 734 in) Venelina Veneva (BUL)Kalamata
19992.04 m (6 ft 814 in) Hestrie Cloete (RSA)Monaco
20002.02 m (6 ft 712 in) Monica Iagăr (ROM)Villeneuve d'Ascq
20012.04 m (6 ft 814 in) Venelina Veneva (BUL)Kalamáta
20022.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)Poznań
20032.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA)
Eberstadt
Saint-Denis
20042.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)Athens
20052.03 m (6 ft 734 in) Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)Sheffield
20062.08 m (6 ft 934 in) (i) Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)Arnstadt
20072.07 m (6 ft 914 in) Blanka Vlašić (CRO)Stockholm
20082.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Blanka Vlašić (CRO)Istanbul
Madrid
20092.08 m (6 ft 934 in) Blanka Vlašić (CRO)Zagreb
20102.06 m (6 ft 9 in) (i) Blanka Vlašić (CRO)Arnstadt
20112.07 m (6 ft 914 in) Anna Chicherova (RUS)Cheboksary
20122.06 m (6 ft 9 in) (i) Anna Chicherova (RUS)Arnstadt
20132.04 m (6 ft 814 in) Brigetta Barrett (USA)Des Moines
20142.01 m (6 ft 7 in) Maria Kuchina (RUS) (i)
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Ruth Beitia (ESP)
Stockholm
Eugene
Zurich

Height differentials[edit]

All time lists of athletes with the highest recorded jumps above their own height.[14][15]

Men[edit]

RankDifferentialAthleteHeightMark
10.59 m (1 ft 11 in)Stefan Holm1.81 m (5 ft 1114 in)2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
Franklin Jacobs1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)
30.58 m (1 ft 1034 in)Linus Thörnblad1.80 m (5 ft 1034 in)2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)
Anton Riepl1.75 m (5 ft 834 in)2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)
Rick Noji1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)2.31 m (7 ft 634 in)
60.57 m (1 ft 1014 in)Hollis Conway1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
70.56 m (1 ft 10 in)Takahiro Kimino1.76 m (5 ft 914 in)2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)
Charles Austin1.84 m (6 ft 014 in)2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
Sorin Matei1.84 m (6 ft 014 in)2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
100.55 m (1 ft 912 in)Robert Wolski1.84 m (6 ft 014 in)2.31 m (7 ft 634 in)
Hari Shankar Roy1.70 m (5 ft 634 in)2.25 m (7 ft 412 in)
Marcello Benvenuti1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)
Milton Ottey1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)

Women[edit]

RankDifferentialAthleteHeightMark
10.35 m (1 ft 134 in)Antonietta Di Martino1.69 m (5 ft 612 in)2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)
10.35 m (1 ft 134 in)Inika McPherson1.65 m (5 ft 434 in)2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
20.33 m (1 ft 034 in)Kajsa Bergqvist1.75 m (5 ft 834 in)2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)
Niki Bakoyianni1.70 m (5 ft 634 in)2.03 m (6 ft 734 in)
40.32 m (1 ft 012 in)Yolanda Henry1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
Emilia Dragieva1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
60.31 m (1 ft 0 in)Marie Collonvillé1.63 m (5 ft 4 in)1.94 m (6 ft 414 in)
70.30 m (0 ft 1134 in)Jessica Ennis1.65 m (5 ft 434 in)1.95 m (6 ft 434 in)
Viktoriya Seryogina1.70 m (5 ft 634 in)2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
Antonella Bevilacqua1.69 m (5 ft 612 in)1.99 m (6 ft 614 in)
Lyudmila Andonova1.77 m (5 ft 912 in)2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)
Cindy Holmes1.53 m (5 ft 0 in)1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)

Female two metres club[edit]

As of January 2014, 65 different female athletes had ever been able to jump 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in).[6][8] The following table shows the only ten countries from which more than one athlete has cleared that mark.

#NationsAthletes
16 RussiaAnna Chicherova 2.07, Elena Slesarenko 2.06, Tamara Bykova 2.05, Irina Gordeeva 2.04, Marina Kuptsova 2.03,
Svetlana Shkolina 2.03, Tatyana Babashkina 2.03, Yelena Yelesina 2.02, Yelena Gulyayeva 2.01, Svetlana Lapina 2.00,
Ekaterina Savchenko 2.00, Larisa Kositsyna 2.00, Viktoriya Klyugina 2.00, Viktoriya Seryogina 2.00, Yuliya Lyakhova 2.00, Mariya Kuchina 2.00
8 United StatesChaunté Lowe 2.05, Brigetta Barrett 2.04, Louise Ritter 2.03, Amy Acuff 2.01, Tisha Waller 2.01,
Coleen Sommer 2.00, Jan Wohlschlag 2.00, Tisha Waller 2.00, Yolanda Henry 2.00, Inika McPherson 2.00
 GermanyHeike Henkel 2.07, Ariane Friedrich 2.06, Alina Astafei 2.04, Ulrike Meyfarth 2.03, Gabriele Günz 2.01, Heike Balck 2.01,
Daniela Rath 2.00, Meike Kröger 2.00
5 BulgariaStefka Kostadinova 2.09, Lyudmila Andonova 2.07, Venelina Veneva-Mateeva 2.04, Emilia Dragieva 2.00, Svetlana Isaeva-Leseva 2.00
 UkraineInha Babakova 2.05, Vita Styopina 2.02, Iryna Mykhalchenko 2.01, Vita Palamar 2.01, Lyudmila Avdeyenko 2.00
3 ItalyAntonietta Di Martino 2.04, Sara Simeoni 2.01, Alessia Trost 2.00 m
 South AfricaHestrie Cloete 2.06, Desiré Du Plessis 2.01, Charmaine Gale-Weavers 2.00
2 SwedenKajsa Bergqvist 2.08, Emma Green Tregaro 2.01
 CubaSilvia Costa 2.04, Ioamnet Quintero 2.01
 East GermanySusanne Beyer 2.02, Rosemarie Ackermann 2.00

National records[edit]

Updated November 2014.

Men[edit]

NationHeightAthleteVenueDateRef
 Cuba2.45 m (8 ft 014 in)Javier SotomayorSalamanca27 July 1993
 Qatar2.43 m (7 ft 1112 in)Mutaz Essa BarshimBrussels5 September 2014[16]
 Sweden2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in)Patrik SjöbergStockholm30 June 1987
 Russia2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) iIvan UkhovPrague25 February 2014[17]
 Germany2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) iCarlo ThränhardtBerlin26 February 1988
 Ukraine2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in)Bohdan BondarenkoNew York City14 June 2014[10]
 Kyrgyzstan2.41 m (7 ft 1034 in)Igor PaklinKobe4 September 1985
 Romania2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)Sorin MateiBratislava20 June 1990
 United States2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)Charles AustinZürich7 August 1991
 Canada2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)Derek DrouinDes Moines25 April 2014[18]
 China2.39 m (7 ft 10 in)Zhu JianhuaBeijing1983-06-11
 Serbia2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)Dragutin TopicBelgrad1993-08-01
 Bahamas2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)Troy KempNice1995-07-12
 Poland2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)Artur PartykaEberstadt1996-08-18
 South Africa2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)Jacques FreitagOudtshoorn2005-03-05
 Azerbaijan2.37 m (7 ft 914 in)Valeriy SeredaRieti1984-09-02
 United Kingdom2.37 m (7 ft 914 in) mSteve SmithSeoul1992-09-20
Stuttgart1993-08-22
Robbie GrabarzLausanne2012-08-23[19]
 Belgium2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)Eddy AnnysGhent1985-05-26
 Slovakia2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)Jan ZvaraPrague1987-08-23
 Czech Republic2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)Jaroslav BabaRome2005-07-08
 Bermuda2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)Clarence SaundersAuckland1990-02-01
 Bulgaria2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)Georgi DakovBrussels1990-08-10
 Greece2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)Lambros PapakostasAthens1992-07-21
 Australia2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)Tim ForsythMelbourne1997-03-02
 Norway2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)Steinar HoenOslo1997-07-01
 Israel2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)Konstantin MatusevichPerth2000-02-05
 France2.35 m (7 ft 812 in)Jean-Charles GicquelParis1994-03-13
 Cyprus2.35 m (7 ft 812 in)Kyriakos IoannouOsaka2007-08-29
 Lithuania2.34 m (7 ft 8 in)Rolandas VerkysWarsaw1991-06-16
 Spain2.34 m (7 ft 8 in)Arturo OrtízBarcelona1991-06-22
 Belarus2.34 m (7 ft 8 in)Andrey SankovichGomel1993-05-15
 South Korea2.34 m (7 ft 8 in)Lee Jin-TaekSeoul1997-06-20
 Algeria2.34 m (7 ft 8 in)Abderrahmane HammadAlgiers2000-07-14
 Jamaica2.34 m (7 ft 8 in)Germaine MasonSanto Domingo2003-08-09
 Botswana2.34 m (7 ft 8 in)Kabelo KgosiemangAddis Ababa2008-05-04
 Italy2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)Marcello BenvenutiVerona1989-09-12
 Colombia2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)Gilmar MayoPereira1994-10-17
 Japan2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)Naoyuki DaigoKobe2006-07-02
 Uzbekistan2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)Gennadiy BelkovTashkent1982-05-29
 Slovenia2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)Rožle PrezeljMaribor2012-06-17
 Brazil2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)Jessé de LimaLausanne2008-09-02
  Switzerland2.31 m (7 ft 634 in)Roland DalhäuserEberstadt1981-06-07
 Tajikistan2.31 m (7 ft 634 in)Oleg PalaschevskiyBryansk1990-08-12
 Bosnia and Herzegovina2.31 m (7 ft 634 in)Elvir KrehmicZagreb1998-07-07
 Finland2.31 m (7 ft 634 in)Mika PolkuHämeenkyrö2000-07-22
Toni HuikuriBratislava2002-06-11
 Netherlands2.30 m (7 ft 612 in)Wilbert PenningsEberstadt7 August 1999[20]
 Peru2.30 m (7 ft 612 in)Hugo MunozLima1995-10-29
 Estonia2.30 m (7 ft 612 in)Marko TurbanRakvere1996-06-05
 Latvia2.30 m (7 ft 612 in)Normunds SietiņšNurmijärvi1992-07-20
 Ireland2.30 m (7 ft 612 in)Adrian O'DwyerAlgiers2004-06-24
 Iceland2.28 m (7 ft 534 in)Einar Karl HjartarsonReykjavík2001-02-20
 Cameroon2.28 m (7 ft 534 in)Fernand DjoumessiBühl19 June 2014[21]
 Malaysia2.27 m (7 ft 514 in)Lee Hup WeiBeijing25 May 2008
 Sri Lanka2.27 m (7 ft 514 in)Manjula Kumara WijesekaraColombo23 July 2004
Incheon4 September 2005
 Venezuela2.27 m (7 ft 514 in)Eure YáñezSão Paulo4 May 2014[22]
 Sudan2.26 m (7 ft 434 in)Mohamed Younes IdrisAbidjan26 April 2014[23]
 Puerto Rico2.26 m (7 ft 434 in)Luis CastroGarbsen18 May 2014[24]
São Paulo3 August 2014[25]
 San Marino2.24 m (7 ft 4 in)Eugenio RossiTbilisi21 June 2014[26]
 Saudi Arabia2.21 m (7 ft 3 in)Nawaf Ahmad Al-YamiSalzburg15 June 2013
 Mali2.16 m (7 ft 1 in)Abdoulaye DiarraBamako19 May 2013
 United Arab Emirates2.16 m (7 ft 1 in)Sayed Abbas Al-AlaouiDoha10 April 2013
 Panama2.16 m (7 ft 1 in)Alexander BowenTegucigalpa22 June 2014[27]
 Trinidad and Tobago2.15 m (7 ft 012 in)Daniel KashefSan Marcos11 May 2014[28]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis2.12 m (6 ft 1114 in)Adolphus JonesVeracruz24 November 2014[29]
 Suriname2.03 m (6 ft 734 in)Miguel van AssenNassau31 March 2013

Women[edit]

NationHeightAthleteVenueDateRef
 Bulgaria2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in)Stefka KostadinovaRome1987-08-30
 Sweden2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)Kajsa BergqvistArnstadt2006-02-04
 Croatia2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)Blanka VlašićZagreb2009-08-31
 Germany2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)Heike HenkelKarlsruhe1992-02-08
 Russia2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)Anna ChicherovaCheboksary2011-07-22
 South Africa2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)Hestrie CloeteParis2003-08-31
 Ukraine2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)Inga BabakovaTokyo1995-09-15
 Belgium2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)Tia HellebautBirmingham2007-03-03
 United States2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)Chaunte LoweDes Moines2010-06-26
 Cuba2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)Silvia CostaBarcelona1989-09-09
 Italy2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)Antonietta Di MartinoBanská Bystrica2011-02-09
 Greece2.03 m (6 ft 734 in)Niki BakogianniAtlanta1996-08-03
 Romania2.03 m (6 ft 734 in)Monica IagarBucharest1999-01-23
 Spain2.02 m (6 ft 712 in)Ruth BeitiaSan Sebastián2007-08-04
 Kazakhstan2.01 m (6 ft 7 in)Olga TurchakMoscow1986-07-07
 Norway2.01 m (6 ft 7 in)Hanne HauglandZürich1997-08-13
 Yugoslavia2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)Biljana PetrovićSaint-Denis1990-06-22
 Belarus2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)Tatyana ShevchikGomel1993-05-14
 Czech Republic2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)Zuzana HlavoňováPrague2000-06-05
 Slovenia2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)Britta BilačHelsinki1994-08-14
 Hungary2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)Dóra GyőrffyNyíregyháza2001-07-26
 Poland2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) iKamila LićwinkoArnstadt8 February 2014[30]
Sopot22 February 2014[31]
8 March 2014[32]
 Uzbekistan1.98 m (6 ft 534 in)Lyudmila ButuzovaSochi1984-06-10
 Canada1.98 m (6 ft 534 in)Debbie BrillRieti1984-09-02
 Australia1.98 m (6 ft 534 in)Alison InverarityIngolstadt1989-02-12
 Saint Lucia1.98 m (6 ft 534 in)Levern SpencerAthens, GA2010-05-08
 Lithuania1.98 m (6 ft 534 in)Airinė PalšytėKaunas27 July 2014[33]
 China1.97 m (6 ft 512 in)Jin LingHamamatsu1989-05-07
 Latvia1.97 m (6 ft 512 in)Valentīna GotovskaVilnius1992-30-03
 Austria1.97 m (6 ft 512 in)Sigrid KirchmannStuttgart1993-08-21
 Moldova1.97 m (6 ft 512 in)Olga BolşovaRieti1993-09-05
 Argentina1.97 m (6 ft 512 in)Solange WitteveenManaus2001-05-19
 Dominican Republic1.97 m (6 ft 512 in)Juana Rosario ArrendelSan Salvador2002-12-02
 Kyrgyzstan1.97 m (6 ft 512 in)Tatyana EfimenkoRome2003-07-11
 Mexico1.97 m (6 ft 512 in)Romary RifkaXalapa2004-04-04
 Estonia1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)Anna IljuštšenkoViljandi2011-08-09
 Japan1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)Miki ImaiYokohama15 September 2001
 United Kingdom1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) iKatarina Johnson-ThompsonSheffield8 February 2014[34]
1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)Isobel PooleyEberstadt24 August 2014[35]
 Ireland1.95 m (6 ft 434 in)Deirdre RyanDaegu1 September 2011
 France1.95 m (6 ft 434 in)Maryse Ewanje-EpeeGöteborg4 March 1984
 Israel1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) iDanielle FrenkelParis5 March 2011
 Vietnam1.94 m (6 ft 414 in)Bui Thi NhungBangkok4 May 2005
 Bosnia and Herzegovina1.94 m (6 ft 414 in)Amra TemimVaraždin1987-08-15
 Serbia1.94 m (6 ft 414 in)Amra TemimThessaloniki1988-09-16
 Netherlands1.94 m (6 ft 414 in)Nadine BroersenZürich14 August 2014[36]
 Turkey1.93 m (6 ft 334 in)[37]Candeğer OğuzIstanbul2004-05-16
 Brazil1.92 m (6 ft 312 in)Orlane dos SantosBogotá1989-08-11
 Finland1.92 m (6 ft 312 in)Hanna MikkonenTampere12 June 2005
 Cyprus1.92 m (6 ft 312 in)Leontia KallenouLexington17 May 2014[38]
 Bahamas1.87 m (6 ft 112 in) iSaniel Atkinson GrierNashville24 January 2014[39]
Blacksburg8 February 2014[40]
 Iran1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)Sepideh TavakkoliIncheon28 September 2014[41]
 Luxembourg1.82 m (5 ft 1112 in)Elodie TshilumbaMannheim6 July 2014[42]
 Morocco1.80 m (5 ft 1034 in)Ghizlane SibaWarri30 March 2013
Reims5 May 2013
Villeneuve d'Ascq19 May 2013
 Malaysia1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)Yap Sean YeeHanoi27 June 2013
Shabana Khanum Jalal DinBangkok5 May 2005
 Ethiopia1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)Ariyat Dibow UbangMarrakech12 August 2014[43]
 Anguilla1.77 m (5 ft 912 in)Shinelle ProctorFayetteville31 May 2014[44]
 Curaçao1.70 m (5 ft 634 in)Sharyaane GijsberthaNassau1 April 2013[45]
 Suriname1.60 m (5 ft 234 in)Deborah GalonWillemstad10 March 2013
Nassau1 April 2013[45]
 Guinea1.62 m (5 ft 334 in) iFatoumata BalleyBordeaux1 February 2014
 Oman1.50 m (4 ft 11 in)Buthayna Ayed Al-YacoobiDebrecen11 July 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] iaaf rules
  2. ^ Straddle Technique
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ High Jump - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  6. ^ a b High Jump - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  7. ^ High Jump - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  8. ^ a b High Jump - women - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  9. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/sports/others/justin-gatlin-rolls-back-the-years-as-tyro-barshim-basks_1465688.html
  10. ^ a b "High Jump Results". IAAF. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Note: Drouin jumped imperial 7'10 ½"
  12. ^ "High Jump Results". Diamond League - Lausanne. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  13. ^ [4]. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-02-25.
  14. ^ High Jump Differentials
  15. ^ 50 cm club - Alltime list in jump above own height
  16. ^ "High Jump Results". IAAF. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  17. ^ Phil Minshull (24 February 2014). "Ukhov stock continue to rise as the russian jumps 2.42 in Prague". IAAF. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  18. ^ "Derek Drouin sets Canadian record in high jump, clears 2.40 metres". www.montreal.ctvnews.ca. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  19. ^ "High Jump Results". IAAF. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  20. ^ "Athlete profile for Wilbert Pennings". IAAF. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  21. ^ "Kameruner Djoumessi Sieger des Hochsprungmeetings in Bühl" (in German). www.tagblatt.de. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  22. ^ Carmen Aular (6 May 2014). "Entre líneas deportivas del CNP Caracas" (in Spanish). www.cnpcaracas.org. Retrieved 7 May 2014. 
  23. ^ "ATHLETISME : Meeting Gabriel Tiacoh d’Abidjan 2014 Les ivoiriens survolent les débats.". www.senesport.info. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  24. ^ "Garbsen (Germany), 18.5.2014 –Springermeeting". www.trackinsun.blogspot.de. May 18, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  25. ^ "High Jump Results". CBAt. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  26. ^ "ETCH3L High Jump results". tbilisi2014.com. 21 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  27. ^ "Central American Championships 2014 Results". www.atletismocadica.org. 22 June 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  28. ^ "High Jump Results". www.results.deltatiming.com. 11 May 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  29. ^ "Decathlon - High Jump Results". www.info.veracruz2014.mx. 24 November 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  30. ^ Phil Minshull (8 February 2014). "Ukhov and Dmitrik clear 2.40m in Arnstadt, but the Olympic champion gets the verdict". IAAF. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  31. ^ "HMP 2014: rekordowe 2.00 Lićwinko, 5.72 Sobery" (in Polish). PZLA. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  32. ^ "High Jump Results Summary". IAAF. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  33. ^ "Kaunas (Lithuania), 26-27.7.2014 –National Championships-". www.trackinsun.blogspot.de. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  34. ^ "High Jump Results". British Athletics. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  35. ^ "Isobel Pooley breaks British outdoor high jump record". www.athleticsweekly.com. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  36. ^ "Heptathlon - High Jump Results". European Athletics. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  37. ^ Website of Turkish Athleticism Federation
  38. ^ "High Jump Result". www.directathletics.com. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  39. ^ "Vanderbilt Invitational 2014 Results". www.cfpitiming.com. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  40. ^ "Doc Hale Virginia Tech Elite 2014 Results". www.virginiasports.com. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  41. ^ "Heptathlon High Jump Results". www.incheon2014ag.org. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  42. ^ "Mannheim (Germany), 5-6.7.2014 –BAUHAUS Junioren Gala-". www.trackinsun.blogspot.de. 6 July 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  43. ^ "African Championships Day 3 Results". www.marrakech2014.com. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  44. ^ "High Jump Results". www.tfrrs.org. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  45. ^ a b "CARIFTA Games 2013 Results". www.bah.milesplit.com. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 

External links[edit]