High Sheriff of Essex

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The High Sheriff of Essex was an ancient High Sheriff title originating in the time of the Angles, not long after the invasion of the Kingdom of England, which was in existence for around a thousand years. The High Shrievalties are the oldest secular titles under the Crown in England and Wales, their purpose being to represent the monarch at a local level, historically in the shires.

The office was a powerful position in earlier times, as sheriffs were responsible for the maintenance of law and order and various other roles. It was only in 1908 under Edward VII of the United Kingdom that the Lord Lieutenant became more senior than the High Sheriff. Since then the position of High Sheriff has become more ceremonial, with many of its previous responsibilities transferred to High Court judges, magistrates, coroners, local authorities and the police.

This is a list of High Sheriffs of Essex. Prior to 1567 the High Sheriff of Essex was also the High Sheriff of Hertfordshire.

Contents

William I, William II, Henry I, Stephen

Henry II

Richard I

John

Henry III

Edward I

Edward II

Edward III

Richard II

Henry IV

Henry V

Henry VI

Edward IV

Edward V

Richard III

Henry VII

Henry VIII

Edward VI

Mary

Philip & Mary

Elizabeth

1567–1599

1600–1699

1700–1799

  • 1703: Edward Bullock
  • 1708: Thomas Millington of Gosfield Hall, Essex[26]
  • 1709: Daniel Wray
  • 1710: Sir Henry Bendish, 4th Baronet[10]
  • 1711: Fisher Tench of The Great House, Low Leyton[27]
  • 1714: Sir Henry Fetherston, 2nd Baronet of Blakesware, Herts [28]
  • 1715: William Blackborne
  • 1719: William Lockey [29]
  • 1720: Samuel Tufnell of Langleys
  • 1724: James Braine [30]
  • 1726: Edward Pearson [31]
  • 1727: Philip Hall, of Upton [32]
  • 1729: Catlin Thorogood [33]
  • 1732: Edward Holloway, of Walthamstow [34]
  • 1734: Champion Branfill [35]
  • 1737: Herbert Trist[36]
  • 1740: Mark Wynne, of Warley [37]
  • 1741: Joshua Baker[38]
  • 1742: Osmond Beavoir of Downham [39]
  • 1743: Edward Stephenson, of Barnfield [40]
  • 1744: Peter Du Cane, Sr.
  • 1746: John Olmius of New Hall[41]
  • 1747: Nicholas Corscllis of Wivenhoe [42]
  • 1748: Baily Heath
  • 1749: John Fishpool of Billericay [43]
  • 1753: William Hunt, of Woodford [44]
  • 1754: Richard Benion, of Giddy Hall [45]
  • 1755: Richard Chiswell, of Pebden [46]
  • 1756: Edward Emmet, of Alborough Hatch [47]
  • 1757: Humphry Bellamy, of Walthamstow [48]
  • 1758: Smart Lethieullier, of Little Illford[49]
  • 1758: Sir John Henniker, 2nd Baronet of Newton Hall[50]
  • 1760: Sir Charles Smyth, 5th Baronet[10]
  • 1761:
  • 1768: Richard Lomas of Loughton
  • 1769: Daniel Mathews of Felix Hall
  • 1770: John Tyrell of Boreham
  • 1771: Sir Charles Raymond, 1st Baronet of Valentine House, Barking[10]
  • 1772: Samuel Bosanquet of Walthamstow
  • 1773: John Archer of Coopersdale
  • 1774: Henry Lovibond Collins of Boreham
  • 1775: John Pardoe of Low Layton
  • 1776: Richard Trench of Debden Hall
  • 1777: Henry Sperling of Dines Hall
  • 1778: William Lushington of Latton
  • 1779: William Godfrey of Woodford
  • 1780: Henry Hinde Pelley of Upton
  • 1781: Richard Wyatt of Hornchurch
  • 1782: William Dalby of Walthamstow
  • 1783: John Godslave of Crosse, Baddow
  • 1784: Robert Preston of Woodford
  • 1785: George Bowles, of Wanstead[51]
  • 1786: John Jolliffe, Great Waltham
  • 1787: John Judd [50]
  • 1788: Thomas Theophilus of Messing
  • 1789: Henry Merttins Bird, of Dagenham[52]
  • 1790: Thomas Nottage
  • 1791: Donald Cameron of Ilford[10]
  • 1792: Zachariah Button of Stifford
  • 1793: Staines Chamberlayne of Hatfield Broad Oak
  • 1794: Richard Neave, later Sir Richard Neave, 1st Baronet of Dagnams Park[53] (chosen but did not act)
  • 1795: John Hanson of Great Bromley[54]
  • 1796: Jackson Barwis
  • 1797: William Manbey of Stratford
  • 1798: John Perry of Moor Hall
  • 1799: Capel Cure of Blake Hall

1800–1899

  • 1800 George Lee of Great Ilford
  • 1801 John Archer Houblon of Hallingbury Place
  • 1802 Robert Raikes of Great Ilford
  • 1803 Stephen Fryer Gillum of Shenfield
  • 1804 William Palmer of Nazeing
  • 1805 James Reed of Warleys
  • 1806 James Urmston of Chigwell
  • 1807 William Mathew Raikes of Walthamstow
  • 1808 John Coggan of Wanstead
  • 1809 John Rutherford Abdy
  • 1810 John Rigg of Walthamstow
  • 1811 Charles Smith of Suttons
  • 1812 Sir Robert Wigram of Walthamstow
  • 1813 Richard John Brassey of Great Ilford
  • 1814 Robert Wilson of Woodhouse
  • 1815 Luke William Walford of Little Bardfeld
  • 1816 Nicholas Pearce of Loughton
  • 1817 John Hall of Woodford
  • 1818 John Theophilus of Layton
  • 1819 John Wilkes of Wedon Lofts
  • 1820: Sir Thomas Neave, 2nd Baronet of Dagnam[55]
  • 1821: Robert Westley Hall the younger of Great Ilford [56]
  • 1822: Sir George Henry Smyth, 6th Baronet of Berechurch Hall [57]
  • 1823: John Jolliffe Tuffnell of Langleys [58]
  • 1824: Nathaniel Garland of Michaelstow Hall
  • 1825: Peter Du Cane of Braxted Lodge
  • 1826: Frederick Nassau of St Osyth
  • 1827: Fiske Goodeve Fiske-Harrison of Copford Hall in Copford
  • 1827: Sir John Tyrell, 1st Baronet [59]
  • 1828: Sir Charles Joshua Smith of Suttons
  • 1829: Brice Pearse of Monkham in Woodford
  • 1830: Capel Cure, of Blake Hall in Bobbingworth[60]
  • 1831: William Davis, of Leyton[61]
  • 1832: John Thomas Selwin, of Down Hall[62]
  • 1833: Richard Birch Wolfe, of Woodhall in Arksden[63]
  • 1834: John Round, of Danbury Park[64]
  • 1835: George William Gent, of Moyns Park, Steeple Bumstead[65]
  • 1836: William Whitaker Maitland, of Loughton Hall[66]
  • 1837: Jonathan Bullock, of Falkborne Hall[67]
  • 1838: William Cotton, of Wallwood in Leyton[68]
  • 1839: John Fletcher Mills, of Lexden Park[69]
  • 1840: Christopher Thomas Tower, of Weald Hall[70]
  • 1841: John Archer Houblon, of Great Hallingbury Place[71]
  • 1842: John Faithful Fortescue, of Writtle Lodge[72]
  • 1843: Henry John Conyers, of Copped Hall[73]
  • 1844: Stanes Brocket Brocket, of Spains Hall[74][75]
  • 1845: George Round, of Colchester[76]
  • 1846: John Clarmont Whiteman, of the Grove, Thoydon Garnon[77]
  • 1847: William Coxhead Marsh, of Park Hall, Thoydon Garnon[78]
  • 1848: Beale Blackwell Colvin, of Mangham's Hall[79]
  • 1849: Onley Savill Onley, of Stistead Hall[80]
  • 1850: Thomas Burch Western, of Felix Hall[81]
  • 1851: William Philip Honywood, of Marks Hall[82]
  • 1852: Sir Charles Smith, 3rd Baronet, of Suttons[83]
  • 1853: John Gurdon Rebow, of Wivenhoe Park[84]
  • 1854: Thomas White, of Weathersfield[85]
  • 1855: John Watlington Perry Watlington, of Moor Hall[86]
  • 1856: Robert Hills, of Colne Engaine[87]
  • 1857: John Francis Wright, of Kelvedon Hall[88]
  • 1858: Osgood Hanbury, of Holfield Grange, Coggeshall[89]
  • 1859: Champion Russell, of Upminster[90]
  • 1860: George Henry Errington, of Lexden Park, near Colchester[91]
  • 1861: George Alan Lowndes, of Barrington Hall, Hatfield Broad Oak[92]
  • 1862: Joseph Samuel Lescher, of Boyles Court, Brentwood[93]
  • 1863: George Palmer, of Nazing[94]
  • 1864: Edgar Disney, of The Hyde, Ingatestone[95]
  • 1865: Sir Thomas Barrett-Lennard, 2nd Baronet, of Belhus[96]
  • 1866: Arthur Pryor[97]
  • 1867: Richard Baker Wingfield-Baker, of Orsett Hall[98][99]
  • 1868: William Charles Smith, of Shortgrove, Saffron Walden
  • 1869: John Wright, of Hatfield Priory, Hatfield Peverel
  • 1870: John Jolliffe Tufnell, of Langleys, Great Waltham
  • 1871: Robert Gosling, junior, of Hassobury, Farnham
  • 1872: Thomas Kemble, of The Hall, Runwell
  • 1873: Robert John Bagshaw, of Dovercourt
  • 1874: Thomas George Graham White, of Wethersfield
  • 1875: Sir Thomas Neville Abdy, 1st Baronet,[10] of Albyns, Romford
  • 1876: Christopher John Hume Tower,of Weald Hall, South Weald
  • 1877: John-Robert Vaizey, of Attwoods, Halstead
  • 1878: Philip John Budworth, of Greenstead Hall, Ongar
  • 1879: Edward. Ind, of Coombe Lodge, Great Warley
  • 1880: Andrew Johnston, of Woodford
  • 1881: Thomas Jenner Spitty, of Billericay
  • 1882: Hector John Gurdon Rebow, of Wivenboe Park, Wivenhoe
  • 1883: John Oxley Parker, of Woodham Mortimer Place, Woodham Mortimer
  • 1884: Sir William Neville Abdy, 2nd Baronet[10]
  • 1885: Joseph Francis Lescher, of Hutton Park, near Brentwood
  • 1886: Henry Ford Barclay, of Monkhams, Woodford
  • 1887: John Lionel Tufnell-Tyrell, of Boreham House, Boreham
  • 1888: Edward North Buxton, of Knighton, Woodford
  • 1889: Sir William Bowyer-Smijth, 12th Baronet, of Hill Hall, Theydon Mount[100]
  • 1890: Richard Beale Colvin, of Felix Hall, Kelvedon[101]
  • 1891: Thomas Courtenay Theydon Warner, of Highams, Woodford Green[102]
  • 1892: William Swaine Chisenhale Marsh, of Gaynes Park, Epping[103]
  • 1893: Arthur Janison Evans, of Beech Hill Park, Waltham Abbey[104]
  • 1894: Horace George Egerton-Green, of King's Ford, Colchester[105]
  • 1895: Henry Joslin, of Gaynes Park, Upminster[106]
  • 1896: George Courtauld, of Cut Hedges, Halstead[107]
  • 1897: Edward Murray Ind, of Coombe Lodge, Great Warley[108]
  • 1898: Col. George Bramston Arthur Houblon, of Hallingbury Place, Great Hallingbury[109]
  • 1899: Edward Kensit Norman, of Mistley Lodge, Manningtree[110]

1900–1999

  • 1900: Henry Collings Wells, of Broomfield Lodge, Broomfield
  • 1901: Ernest James Wythes, of Copped Hall, Epping[111]
  • 1902: Robert Cunliffe Gosling, of Hassobury, Bishops Stortford
  • 1903: Colonel Richard Percival Davis, of New House Farm, Walton-on-the-Naze
  • 1904: James Noah Paxman, of Stisted Hall, Braintree
  • 1905: Sir Thomas Buxton, Bt[10]
  • 1907: Charles Ernest Ridley, of The Elms, Chelmsford
  • 1908: William Nocton of Langham Hall, near Colchester [112]
  • 1909: John Henry Horton, of Mascalls, South Weald, Brentwood [113]
  • 1910: Ralph Frederic Bury, of St Leonards, Nazeing [114]
  • 1911: Reginald Duke Hill, of Holfield Grange, Coggeshall [115]
  • 1912: James Tabor, of The Lawn, Rochford
  • 1913: Charles James Round, of Birch Hall, Colchester [116]
  • 1914: Henry Basham Dickinson, of "Le Mote," Pebmarsh [117]
  • 1915: Sir Drummond Cunliffe Smith, 4th Baronet
  • 1916: Samuel Augustine Courtauld, of The Howe, Halstead[118]
  • 1917: Charles Edmund Gooch, of Wivenhoe Park, Colchester,[119]
  • 1918: Sir Frederick Green, Kt., of Hainault Lodge, Chigwell Row[120]
  • 1919: John James Dumville Botterell, of Colne Park,Earls Colne,[121]
  • 1920: Montagu Edward Hughes-Hughes, of Leez Priory,Hartford End, Chelmsford,[122]
  • 1921: William Julien Courtauld, of Penny Pot, Halstead,[123]
  • 1922: Lt.-Col. F. H. D. C. Whitmore, CMG, DSO
  • 1923: Major Guy Gilbey Gold, of Abbots Hall, Shalford, Braintree.[124]
  • 1924: Lt.-Col. Sir Frederic Carne–Rasch, Bt, of Woodhill, Danbury
  • 1925: Lieut.-Col. Eustace Hill,D.S.O., T.D., of Berwicks, Hatfield Peverel[125]
  • 1927: Major William Sullivan Gosling, of Hassobury,Bishop's Stortford.[126]
  • 1928: Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, Bt, of Woodredon, Waltham Abbey[10]
  • 1929: Brigadier-General Kenneth John Kincaid-Smith, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., of St.Osyth's Priory, Clacton-on-Sea[127]
  • 1930: Brigadier-General John Tyson Wigan, C.M.G., D.S.O., of Danbury Park, Danbury,Chelmsford[128]
  • 1931: Major Nevill Arthur Charles de Hirzel Tufnell, of Langleys, Great Waltham, Essex.[129]
  • 1932: Harold McCorquodale, of Forest Hall, Ongar, Essex[130]
  • 1933: Major Herbert Leslie Melville Tritton, of Lyons Hall, GreatLeighs.[131]
  • 1934: Lt.-Col. Edward North Buxton, MC, of Wallsgrave House, Loughton[10][132]
  • 1935: Lieut.-Col. Frank Hilder, of Huskards, Ingatestone.[133]
  • 1936: Capt. Gerald Murray Strutt, of New House, Terling, Chelmsford.[134]
  • 1937: Major Forrester Colvin Watson, O.B.E., M.C. of Colne Ford House, White Colne[135]
  • 1938: Sir James Adam, Kt.,C.B.E., K.C., of Colne Park, Earls Colne[136]
  • 1939: Col. Stuart Sidney Mallinson, C.B.E., D.S.O.,M.C., of The White House, Woodford Green[137]
  • 1940: Major Wyndham Birch, D.S.O., M.B.E., of Beaumont Hall, Beaumont-cum-Moze, Thorpe-le-Soken, Essex[138]
  • 1941: Capt. John Kidston Swire, of Hubbards Hall, Harlow.[139]
  • 1942: Col. Richard Cecil Oxley Parker, T.D., of Houghton Lodge, Stockbridge, Hampshire[140]
  • 1943: Major Hubert Ashton, MC of Wealdside,South Weald, Brentwood[141]
  • 1944: Wing-Commander Denis Alfred Jex Buxton, of Wilderness House, Ongar[142]
  • 1945: Sir Adam Beattie Ritchie, Kt., of Boreham Manor, Boreham.[143]
  • 1946: William Whitmore Otter-Barry of Horkesley Hall, Little Horkesley, near Colchester.[144]
  • 1947: Brig.-General Claud Edward Charles Graham Charlton, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., of Great Canfield Park, Takeley.[145]
  • 1948: Lieut.-Col. John Oxley Parker, T.D., of Queen's Road, Colchester[146]
  • 1949: Lieut-Colonel Victor Alexander Gascoyne-Cecil of Downham House, Billericay.[147]
  • 1950: Lieut.-Colonel Vernon Stewart Laurie, O.B.E.,T.D., of Old Vicarage, South Weald, Brentwood.[148]
  • 1951: Major George Nigel Capel-Cure, of Blake Hall, Ongar.[149]
  • 1952: Colonel F. Collingwood Drake, OBE, MC[150]
  • 1953: Augustine Courtauld of Spencers, Great Yeldham[151]
  • 1954: Lieut.-Colonel Philip Valentine Upton, M.B.E., T.D., of Park Lodge, Margaretting.[152]
  • 1955: Samuel Ranulph Allsopp, Esq., M.B.E., of Alsa Lodge, Stansted Mountfitchet[153]
  • 1956: Lieut.-Colonel James Gray Round, of Birch Hall, Colchester.[154]
  • 1957: Norman Selwyn Pryor of Manuden House, Bishop's Stortford.[155]
  • 1958: Lieut-Colonel William Douglas Gosling,M.B.E., T.D., of Thrimley House, Farnham.[156]
  • 1959: Major Geoffrey Benyon Hoare, of Colville Hall, White Roding, Dunmow.[157]
  • 1960: Charles Hubert Archibald Butler of Shortgrove, Newport, Saffron Walden.[158]
  • 1961: Christopher William Oxley Parker
  • 1962: Douglas Gurney Pelly
  • 1963: Col Hugh Edward Hunter Jones
  • 1964: Brig Edward Joseph Todhunter
  • 1965: Andrew Hunter Carnwath
  • 1966: Sir Nigel Edward Strutt
  • 1967: Guy Edward Ruggles-Brise
  • 1968: Major N. N. Norman-Butler
  • 1969: Hon. Richard Clive Butler
  • 1970: Lt.-Col. Mark Frederic Strutt
  • 1971: Allan James Vincent Arthur
  • 1972: Aubrey Leland Oakes Buxton, MC[10]
  • 1973: Gerald Colville Seymour Curtis
  • 1974: Col. Richrd George Judd
  • 1975: Ronald Edward Tritton
  • 1976: Lt.-Col. R. Wingate Collins-Charlton
  • 1977: Edmund Hoyle Vestey
  • 1978: Robert Peter Laurie
  • 1979: Alastair Brian Clarke Harrison
  • 1980: John Edward Tabor of Bovingdon Hall[159]
  • 1981: Gerald Anthony Charrington
  • 1982: Col Richard Bennett Gosling of Canterburys Lodge, Margaretting[160]
  • 1983: Hubert Gaitskell Ashton
  • 1984: Peter Buchanan Lake
  • 1985: David William Rushbrooke Evans
  • 1986: Murray David Maitland Keddie
  • 1987: Julius Arthur Sheffield Neave
  • 1988: Leonard F. Ratcliff
  • 1989: Leslie Alan Jordan
  • 1990: Peter Gavin Lee
  • 1991: Michael William Clark
  • 1992: Alan George Tritton [161]
  • 1993: Christopher Spencer Gosling
  • 1994: Evelyn Bridgett Patricia Ward-Thomas
  • 1995: Christopher Ferens Pertwee
  • 1996: Peter Thomas Thistlethwayte
  • 1997: Robert Felix Erith
  • 1998: Robin George Newman
  • 1999: George Ronald Capel-Cure

2000–date

Notes

Brigadier Edward Joseph Todhunter (High Sheriff 1964-65), and Captain Guy Edward Ruggles-Brise (High Sheriff 1967-68), both served in WWII in the Army. They found themselves captured at different times during the ebb and flow of campaigns in North Africa. They ended up in the same Italian prisoner of war camp Vincigliata PG 12 a Medieval castle near Florence. After the Italian armistice in September 1943 they both spent time with the Partisans in the Apennines and after many months together escaped reaching Allied lines in a leaking fishing boat in May 1944.[169]

Evelyn Bridgett Patricia Ward-Thomas (High Sheriff 1994-95), the first female High Sheriff of Essex, is better known as the novelist Evelyn Anthony.

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Notes