High School Musical

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High School Musical
HSMposter.jpg
Promotional poster
Distributed byDisney-ABC Domestic Television
Directed byKenny Ortega
Produced byDon Schain
Written byPeter Barsocchini
Starring
Music byDavid Nessim Lawrence
CinematographyGordon Lonsdale
Editing bySeth Flaum
Production companySalty Pictures
First Street Films
Budget$4.2 million[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Original channelDisney Channel
Release date
  • January 20, 2006 (2006-01-20)
Running time98 minutes
Followed byHigh School Musical 2
 
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High School Musical
HSMposter.jpg
Promotional poster
Distributed byDisney-ABC Domestic Television
Directed byKenny Ortega
Produced byDon Schain
Written byPeter Barsocchini
Starring
Music byDavid Nessim Lawrence
CinematographyGordon Lonsdale
Editing bySeth Flaum
Production companySalty Pictures
First Street Films
Budget$4.2 million[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Original channelDisney Channel
Release date
  • January 20, 2006 (2006-01-20)
Running time98 minutes
Followed byHigh School Musical 2

High School Musical is a 2006 American teen/children's romantic comedy musical television film and the first installment in the High School Musical trilogy. Upon its release on January 20, 2006, it became the most successful film that Disney Channel Original Movie (DCOM) ever produced,[2][3][4] with a television sequel High School Musical 2 released in 2007 and the feature film High School Musical 3: Senior Year released to theaters in October 2008. It is the first Disney Channel Original Movie to have a theatrical sequel.[5] The film's soundtrack was the best-selling album in the United States for 2006.[6]

High School Musical was Disney Channel's most watched film that year with 7.7 million viewers in its premiere broadcast in the US, until August's premiere of The Cheetah Girls 2, which achieved 8.1 million viewers.[7] In the UK, it received 789,000 viewers for its premiere (and 1.2 million viewers overall during the first week), making it the second most watched program for the Disney Channel (UK) of 2006. On December 29, 2006, it became the first DCOM to be broadcast on the BBC.[8] Globally, High School Musical has been seen by over 225 million viewers.[9][10]

With a plot described by the author and numerous critics as a modern adaptation of Romeo & Juliet,[11] High School Musical is a story about two high school juniors from rival cliques – Troy Bolton (Zac Efron), captain of the basketball team, and Gabriella Montez (Vanessa Hudgens), a beautiful and shy transfer student who excels in math and science.[12] Together, they try out for the lead parts in their high school musical, and as a result, divide the school. Despite other students' attempts to thwart their dreams, Troy and Gabriella resist peer pressure and rivalry, inspiring others along the way not to "stick to the status quo". High school diva Sharpay Evans (Ashley Tisdale) will do anything to sabotage the friendship between Troy and Gabriella and also get a lead in the school musical, assisted by her brother Ryan (Lucas Grabeel).

High School Musical was filmed at East High School located in Salt Lake City, Utah, the auditorium of Murray High School, and Downtown Salt Lake City. Murray High School was also the set of several other Disney productions: Take Down (1978), Read It and Weep (2006), Minutemen (2008)[13] and High School Musical: Get in the Picture (2008).[14]

Plot[edit]

On New Year's Eve, juniors Troy Bolton and Gabriella Montez meet at a party while both teens are at a ski lodge during winter break. At the party, the two are called upon to sing karaoke together ("Start of Something New"). They seem to be attracted to each other, and exchange numbers before going their separate ways.

After Christmas break, Troy sees Gabriella in his homeroom, and she explains that she just moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico and transferred to East High School over break. Troy shows Gabriella around the school, and they pause in front of the sign-up sheet for the winter musical auditions. Drama Club president Sharpay Evans arrives, assuming that Gabriella is interested in auditioning. Wanting to eliminate competition, Sharpay investigates the new girl and has the scholastic decathlon captain, Taylor McKessie, find out about Gabriella's past academic achievements, resulting with Taylor and Gabriella becoming great friends.

During basketball practice, Troy has trouble focusing because his thoughts are on Gabriella and the idea that he might enjoy singing more ("Get'cha Head in the Game"). Gabriella and Troy both go to the musical auditions where Sharpay and her twin brother Ryan perform ("What I've Been Looking For") but both are too shy to audition. When Gabriella finally gains the confidence to step forward, Troy offers to sing with her, but Ms. Darbus tells them that they are too late. After Ms. Darbus attempts to leave, Kelsi Nielson, the musical's composer, trips and drops her things. Troy and Gabriella rush to help her, and they sing together as Kelsi plays piano ("What I've Been Looking For (Reprise)"). Ms. Darbus overhears them and gives them a callback audition.

When the callback list is posted, Sharpay discovers that she has competition for the lead in the musical, and the rest of the Wildcats are shocked that Troy and Gabriella have auditioned for a musical. Other students confess their own secret passions and talents ("Stick to the Status Quo"), alarming both Taylor and Troy's best friend Chad Danforth. Since Gabriella has agreed to join the scholastic decathlon team, both Taylor and Chad want their teammates to focus on their upcoming competitions rather than the musical. Troy is tricked into saying that Gabriella is not important while she watches through a wi-fi link that the scholastic decathlon team has set up. Gabriella goes into depression ("When There Was Me and You") and decides not to audition for the musical. Troy is left confused as to why Gabriella did not want to audition anymore. Realizing their mistake, Chad and the basketball team tell Troy what happened and offer to support him in callbacks. Troy goes to Gabriella's house and they reconcile.

After overhearing Gabriella and Troy practicing, Sharpay has Ms. Darbus change the callback time to coincide with both the basketball championship and the scholastic decathlon to interfere with Gabriella and Troy's participation. Kelsi overhears the conversation and the basketball team and the decathlon team work together to come up with a plan. On the day of the competitions, Taylor and Gabriella use the school's computers to delay the championship and the decathlon. Troy and Gabriella rush to the auditorium, and Sharpay and Ryan finish performing their song ("Bop to the Top"), confident that their plan worked. After Gabriella and Troy audition ("Breaking Free"), Ms. Darbus gives the two the lead roles, making Sharpay and Ryan understudies. Troy and Gabriella both win their respective competitions, and the entire school gathers in the gym to celebrate ("We're All In This Together")Chad asks Taylor out, and Sharpay makes peace with Gabriella.

In a post-credits scene, Zeke paces alone in the gym as Sharpay runs in declaring the cookies she rejected from him earlier "genius". She then hugs him and he says he will make her a crème brûlée.

Cast[edit]

Musical numbers[edit]

The soundtrack was released on January 10, 2006 and debuted at number 133 on the Billboard 200, selling 7,469 copies in its first week. In the album's third week, for the chart dated February 11, 2006, it climbed to number ten, and has since risen to number one on the Billboard 200 twice (on March 1 and 22) and had shipped 3.8 million copies on December 5, 2006. Out of those copies, more than 3 million copies have been sold by August 2006; it was certified quadruple platinum by the RIAA.[15]

SongChiefly Sung ByOther SingersScene
"Start of Something New"Troy and GabriellaNoneMountain Ski Resort
"Get'cha Head in the Game"TroyBasketball PlayersEast High's Gym
"What I've Been Looking For"Ryan and SharpayNoneEast High's Auditorium
"What I've Been Looking For (Reprise)"Troy and GabriellaNoneEast High's Auditorium
"Stick to the Status Quo"Sharpay, Ryan, Zeke, Martha, Skater DudeJocks, Brainiacs, Skater Dudes, WildcatsEast High's Cafeteria
"When There Was Me and You"GabriellaNoneEast High's Science Lab, Hallways and Corridors
"Bop to the Top"Sharpay and RyanNoneEast High's Auditorium
"Breaking Free"Troy and GabriellaNoneEast High's Auditorium
"We're All in This Together"Troy, Gabriella, Ryan, Sharpay,WildcatsEast High's Gym

Reception[edit]

On its premiere, the film was a success with 7.7 million viewers.[16] However, the reviews were mixed. On Rotten Tomatoes, it has a rating of 56%,[17] while Common Sense Media rated it at 4/5 stars.

Critical response[edit]

Kevin Carr gave the film a score of 3/5 saying, "The filmmakers were just trying to tell a story. Sex, drugs and violence just didn't factor into that equation."[18] On the other hand, David Nusair gave the film a negative review with a score of 1.5/4 saying, "...it's difficult to imagine even the most die-hard fan of musicals finding anything here worth embracing."[19] Scott Weinberg also gave the film a negative review saying, "A schmaltzy little piece of obvious fluff that's directed in truly horrendous fashion and populated by cardboard characters who spit out simplistic platitudes and breathy pop tunes."[20]

Home media[edit]

The DVD was released on May 23, 2006 under the title, High School Musical: Encore Edition. It created a sales record when 1.2 million copies were sold in its first six days, making it the fastest-selling television film of all time.[21] It is, however, the second DCOM (Disney Channel Original Movie) on DVD to be certified Platinum in DVD sales, the first being The Cheetah Girls. The High School Musical DVD was also released in Australia on July 12, 2006 through Walt Disney and was released on European Region 2 on December 4, 2006 where it went on to reach number one in the UK DVD charts. It was also shown on Disney Channel South Africa, the latest Disney channel at that time in the southern hemisphere. It was the top selling DVD in Australia in August 2006. In addition, the Region 3 DVD was released on October 10 in Hong Kong. It also released in Taiwan on December 15, 2006. This is the first Region 3 DCOM DVD ever released. It was released in Mexico on November 10 and in Brazil on December 6 to coincide with Christmas and the Rede Globo broadcast of the film. It was released in New Zealand on July 12, 2006 and was awarded most popular pre teen movie in New Zealand for 2006

The Remix Edition, a 2-disc Special Edition, was released on December 5, 2006.[22] The Remix DVD was released in France on June 20, 2007.[23] and in Germany on September 13, 2007.[24] The Remix DVD was released in the UK on September 10, 2007.[25]

Despite being filmed in the 1.85:1 aspect ratio, both the original and Remix Edition DVD releases featured a 1.33:1 "full screen" version (though not pan and scan as the camera stays directly in the center of the image), the format of the film as shown on the Disney Channel. The widescreen, high definition version is available exclusively on Disney Blu-ray in North America and has subsequently been showing in the UK &Ireland on BBC One, and BBC HD and RTE One.[26] The HD version is also available on PlayStation StoreVideo section and Sony Entertainment on line for the US market.[27]

Other media[edit]

Sequels[edit]

High School Musical 2[edit]

Main article: High School Musical 2

High School Musical 2 is the first sequel. It debuted on August 17, 2007 on Disney Channel in the U.S., and on Family in Canada. The premiere brought in a total of 17.3 million viewers in the United States—almost 10 million more than its predecessor—making it (at the time of its airing) the highest-rated Disney Channel Movie to date and the most viewed television film to date.[28][29]

High School Musical 3: Senior Year[edit]

High School Musical 3: Senior Year is the third installment in Disney's High School Musical franchise. It was released to theaters across the United States on October 24, 2008. Kenny Ortega returned as director and choreographer, as did all six primary actors.[30][31]

Sharpay's Fabulous Adventure[edit]

Sharpay's Fabulous Adventure is a spin-off and direct-to DVD film starring Ashley Tisdale.[32][33] The film features Sharpay Evans trying to get a role in a Broadway show following graduation.[34] The film was released as a Blu-ray and DVD combination pack on April 19, 2011.[35]

Foreign adaptations[edit]

Argentina[edit]

High School Musical: El desafio (Argentina) is a spin-off for the Argentine market, based on the book "Battle of the Bands". The film arrived in Argentine theaters on July 17, 2008.

Brazil[edit]

High School Musical: O Desafio is a spin-off of the American film High School Musical. The Brazilian spin-off is based on the book Battle of the Bands. The film was released in Brazilian theaters on February 5, 2010.

China[edit]

High School Musical China: College Dreams is a Chinese version of the American series, released in North America on DVD under the Disney World Cinema Brand.[36]

On stage performances[edit]

Concert tour[edit]

The "High School Musical: The Concert" tour started on November 29, 2006 kicking off in San Diego, California. The tour continued until January 28, 2007 performing in major cities around the United States, Canada and Latin America. The concert featured all of the original cast members except for Zac Efron, who was shooting Hairspray. Efron was replaced by Drew Seeley (whose voice was blended with Efron's during the film). The concert featured the original songs from the film, as well as songs from Vanessa Hudgens, Ashley Tisdale, and Corbin Bleu.

Stage musical[edit]

Pacific Repertory Theatre's School of Dramatic Arts production of Disney's High School Musical.

On August 1, 2006, Playbill announced that the Stagedoor Manor summer theater camp, featured in the film Camp, would be the first venue to produce High School Musical on-stage.

North Shore Music Theater in Beverly, MA had a stage production of High School Musical running until the end of July 2007, featuring Broadway actor Andrew Keenan-Bolger and Kate Rockwell, a semi-finalist on Grease: You're the One that I Want!, as Sharpay. Pacific Repertory Theatre's School of Dramatic Arts staged the California premiere in 2007 (which it revived in 2008), and presented the West Coast premiere of High School Musical 2 in January 2009.[37]

Theater of the Stars in Atlanta, Georgia was the first professional company to put on High School Musical. A parody, Scary Musical, has been created in Northern Ireland.

Ice tour[edit]

"Feld Entertainment" produced global tour titled, High School Musical: The Ice Tour which had its world premiere in New York City on September 29, 2007.[38] The cast included 2004 World Junior Bronze Medalist Jordan Brauninger and 2004–2005 Australian national champion Bradley Santer. The show contained elements and songs from both the original film and its sequel, High School Musical 2 and featured a special preview of High School Musical 3: Senior Year when the movie of the same name premiered in theaters.

Book series[edit]

In June 2006, Disney Press published High School Musical: The Junior Novel, the novelization of the successful film. This novel hit number one on the New York Times best-selling list and remained on the list for sixteen weeks.[39] As of August 2007, the novel has sold more than 4.5 million copies, with 1 million copies of the novel's follow-up, High School Musical 2: The Junior Novel, being shipped to American retailers.[39] "High School Musical 3: Senior Year: The Junior Novel" came out on September 23, 2008. Shortly after the success of the original novel, Disney announced that a book series, entitled Stories From East High, would be published in February 2007 with a new book being published every 60 days until July 2008. It also came to England, at the O2.

Video games[edit]

Disney Interactive Studios has produced 6 video games based on the High School Musical series, all taking the guise of music video games incorporating songs and plots from the films.

Reality series[edit]

During July and August 2008, ABC broadcast a reality competition based on the series, High School Musical: Get in the Picture [40] hosted by Nick Lachey. The winner of the show appeared in a music video during the credits of High School Musical 3.[41] The series premiered to poor ratings, with the show coming in fourth place in its timeslot.[42] In the UK, a reality show titled Hairspray: The School Musical premiered in 2008 on Sky1. It saw a team of vocal coaches, acting coaches and choreographers hold auditions at a regular comprehensive school where a mix of students could audition for a West End production of the hit Broadway musical, Hairspray. Although the musical being performed was not High School Musical, the film was the inspiration behind the show. The show was presented by Denise Van Outen and was credited, along with High School Musical, for inspiring a generation of children in the United Kingdom to get into theatrical work.

Awards[edit]

YearAwardCategoryResult
2006
Billboard Music AwardSoundtrack Album of the YearWon
Emmy AwardOutstanding Choreography
Outstanding Children's Program
Teen Choice AwardTelevision – Choice Breakout Star
(Zac Efron)
Television – Choice Chemistry
(Vanessa Hudgens & Zac Efron)
Television Critics Association AwardOutstanding Achievement in Children's Programming
American Music AwardBest Pop AlbumNominated
Billboard Music AwardAlbum of the Year
Emmy AwardOutstanding Casting for a Miniseries, Movie, or a Special
Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie, or a Dramatic Special
Outstanding Original Music and Lyrics
("Get'cha Head in the Game")
Outstanding Original Music and Lyrics
("Breaking Free")

References[edit]

  1. ^ Disney hits high note with the tweenagers - Industry sectors - Times Online
  2. ^ Maling, Michel Yvonne. "Disney’s High School Musical is a Smash Hit". Retrieved August 11, 2012. "In January 2006, Disney released High School Musical 1 and it ended up proving to be their most popular and successful movie ever made." 
  3. ^ Nielsens ratings for January 28 – February 3 – USATODAY.com
  4. ^ High School Musical 101 (Slideshow) – FamilyEducation.com
  5. ^ Hetrick, Adam (April 9, 2008). "Bet On It: Disney Plans Fourth "High School Musical"". Playbill. Retrieved April 10, 2008. 
  6. ^ Market Data for 2006 | LinuxElectrons
  7. ^ Keveney, Bill (August 13, 2007). "Can 'High School Musical' do it again?". USA Today. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  8. ^ Maling, Michel Yvonne. "Disney's High School Musical is a Smash Hit". Retrieved August 11, 2012. "It was the most watched film that year, and in December of 2006 it became the first Disney Channel Original Movie to be broadcast on BBC." 
  9. ^ Maling, Michel Yvonne. "Disney's High School Musical is a Smash Hit". Retrieved August 11, 2012. "More than 225 million viewers have watched this smash hit globally." 
  10. ^ "DisneyChannelFacts". Disney Channel. Retrieved June 13, 2009. 
  11. ^ Disney scores kid points with 'High School Musical'; Nerdy "Romeo and Juliet" a hit for Disney – Reuters 5/22/06 – MiceChat; Talkin' Broadway Regional News & Reviews – "High School Musical on Tour" – 8/4/07; DVD Review: High School Musical (Two-Disc Remix Edition) – DVD; What Is 'High School Musical,' Anyway? – News Story | Music, Celebrity, Artist News|MTV News
  12. ^ 'High School Musical 2' debuts Friday as Disney's pop-culture phenomenon fuels a cottage industry;Bloomberg.com: Exclusive;High School Musical plants its upbeat message onstage – CBC Arts | Theatre
  13. ^ Deseret Morning News | Disney moment for Murray, Highland
  14. ^ ksl.com – ‘High School Musical' reality show wraps up filming
  15. ^ "RIA Gold & Platinum". Retrieved December 17, 2008. 
  16. ^ Graff, Gary (August 21, 2007). "'High School Musical' Kids Soaking Up Success". Billboard. Retrieved March 2, 2014. "The first "High School Musical" drew 7.7 million viewers in 2006 and spawned a soundtrack that was the year's best-selling album." 
  17. ^ "High School Musical - Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  18. ^ Carr, Kevin. ""High School Musical" - DVD Review". 7M Pictures. Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  19. ^ Nusair, David. "The High School Musical Series". Reel Film Reviews. Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  20. ^ Weinberg, Scott (December 10, 2006). "High School Musical: Remix". DVD Talk. Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  21. ^ Arnold, Thomas. "'High School Musical' Debuts at No. 1". 
  22. ^ "High School Musical Remix Edition – Disney press release". 
  23. ^ "High school musical Remix – Edition Collector 2 DVD". 
  24. ^ "High School Musical – remix (2 DVDs)". 
  25. ^ "High School Musical – Remix Edition 2006". 
  26. ^ "DVD Talk Review: High School Musical". May 28, 2006. 
  27. ^ "Disney Channel Original Movies". Archived from the original on June 16, 2008. Retrieved July 24, 2008. 
  28. ^ ""Patriots-Ravens game sets cable TV viewership record," Providence Journal". Retrieved December 6, 2007. 
  29. ^ Kissell, Rick; Schneider, Michael (August 18, 2007). "Variety.com -'High School Musical 2' huge hit". Retrieved August 18, 2007. 
  30. ^ Graser, Marc. "'Musical' kids return for 'Senior Year'", Variety, January 14, 2008;
  31. ^ Kit, Borys. "Gang's all in for 'HSM3' movie", The Hollywood Reporter, January 15, 2008
  32. ^ "SHARPAY IS BACK IN 2011 - NEW DISNEY CHANNEL MOVIE COMING SOON!". Warner Bros. Records. March 31, 2010. Retrieved March 31, 2010. 
  33. ^ Grossberg, Josh (March 31, 2010). "Disney Graduates to Efron-Less Post-High School Musical". E! Online. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  34. ^ Harris, Scott (April 1, 2010). "Ashley Tisdale Prepares 'Sharpay's Fabulous Adventure'". Inside TV. AOL. Retrieved April 16, 2010. 
  35. ^ "'Sharpay's Fabulous Adventure' Announced for Blu-ray". High Def Digest. December 16, 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2010. 
  36. ^ http://disneydvd.disney.go.com/high-school-musical-china.html
  37. ^ pacrep.org/archive
  38. ^ "Disney's High School Musical: The Ice Tour Heats Up with Announcement of Principal Cast". June 27, 2007. Retrieved July 4, 2007. 
  39. ^ a b Disney launches two 'High School Musical' books
  40. ^ Surette, Tim (April 1, 2008). "ABC's summer: chock full o' reality". Retrieved June 23, 2008. 
  41. ^ Michael Schneider (March 2, 2008). "ABC heads to High School". Variety. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  42. ^ "ABC's 'High School Musical' reality show missteps". The Live Feed. 

External links[edit]