Hernando County, Florida

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Hernando County, Florida
Hernando Cty Crths Brooksville02.jpg
Hernando County Courthouse
Seal of Hernando County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Hernando County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
SeatBrooksville
Largest citySpring Hill
Area
 • Total589.08 sq mi (1,526 km2)
 • Land478.31 sq mi (1,239 km2)
 • Water110.77 sq mi (287 km2), 18.80%
Population
 • (2010)172,778
 • Density361/sq mi (139.44/km²)
Websitewww.co.hernando.fl.us
 
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Hernando County, Florida
Hernando Cty Crths Brooksville02.jpg
Hernando County Courthouse
Seal of Hernando County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Hernando County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
SeatBrooksville
Largest citySpring Hill
Area
 • Total589.08 sq mi (1,526 km2)
 • Land478.31 sq mi (1,239 km2)
 • Water110.77 sq mi (287 km2), 18.80%
Population
 • (2010)172,778
 • Density361/sq mi (139.44/km²)
Websitewww.co.hernando.fl.us

Hernando County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. Its 2010 population was 172,778.[1] Its county seat is Brooksville[2] and its largest community is unincorporated Spring Hill. Hernando, together with Pasco, Hillsborough, and Pinellas counties to the south comprise the Tampa-St.Petersburg-Clearwater Metropolitan Statistical Area, and along with various combinations of Manatee and Sarasota counties further south, Citrus County to the north, and Polk County to the southeast is often referred to as the Tampa Bay Area. As of 2005, Hernando was the 35th fastest growing county in the country.[3]

History[edit]

Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto

Around 1840, Fort DeSoto was established in present-day Hernando County in the northeast edge of present-day Brooksville to protect settlers in the area from Native Americans. Fort DeSoto became a small community center, trading post, and way station on the route to Tampa. When settlement by the fort began around 1845, it was alternatively known as Pierceville.

Then encompassing a significantly larger area of west central Florida than it does today, Hernando County was officially established on February 27, 1843, two years prior to Florida's admission into the Union. It was created from portions of Alachua, Hillsborough and Orange Counties and included all of present day Citrus and Pasco Counties. Named for Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto, whose name has also been honored in De Soto County, Hernando County was briefly renamed Benton County in 1844 for Missouri Senator Thomas Hart Benton, a strong supporter of territorial expansion who aided in the county's creation. However, Benton fell out of favor with the county's residents later in the decade due to his decision to support the Missouri Compromise and the overall reversal of his stance on slavery, and the county's name reverted in 1850.

In December 1854, the legislature designated the small port town of Bayport the county seat. Residents living in the eastern section of the county instead desired a more central place for the county government, and by 1855, voters had selected an inland site within five miles (8 km) of the center of the county at the town of Melendez. In 1856, the citizens of Hernando County chose to rename the town, their new County Seat, Brooksville in honor of South Carolina Representative Preston Brooks, who in the same year beat fierce abolitionist Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner with a cane in the Senate chambers, winning the Congressman great renown in the South.

In 1855, town founder Joseph Hale donated land for a county courthouse in the center of present-day Brooksville. Soon thereafter, the structure was completed, serving the county until September 29, 1877, when it was destroyed in a fire.

During the Civil War, Hernando County primarily contributed foodstuffs, cotton, and lumber to the Confederacy. Although Union ships imposed a blockade on the port of Bayport, runners enjoyed a great deal of success—enough to lead the Union in June 1864 to order some 150–250 troops to destroy Confederate stockpiles in the county. In early July, the expedition marched northward from Anclote River to Brooksville, meeting some resistance from assembled Confederate troops hastily organized to protect the city. The Federal troops won this engagement (known locally as the Brooksville Raid[4] and marched to Bayport, where they and an auxiliary force landing from gunboats sacked Rebel operations. The skirmish between Union raiders and local Confederates is reenacted annually in the county.[5]

On January 2, 1887, the Florida State Legislature divided Hernando County into three independent counties: Pasco County to the south, Citrus County to the north, and Hernando County in the middle. Since then, Hernando County's borders have remained unchanged.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 589.08 square miles (1,525.7 km2), of which 478.31 square miles (1,238.8 km2) (or 81.20%) is land and 110.77 square miles (286.9 km2) (or 18.80%) is water.[6] According to the World Atlas USA, Hernando County is the geographic center of Florida. Elevation in the county ranges from mean sea level along the Gulf coast to its highest natural point of 269 feet at Chinsegut Hill.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected area[edit]

Weeki Wachee Springs Withlacoochee State Forest

Other points of interest[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850926
18601,20029.6%
18702,938144.8%
18804,24844.6%
18902,476−41.7%
19003,63846.9%
19104,99737.4%
19204,548−9.0%
19304,9488.8%
19405,64114.0%
19506,69318.6%
196011,20567.4%
197017,00451.8%
198044,469161.5%
1990101,115127.4%
2000130,80229.4%
2010172,77832.1%
Est. 2012173,4220.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 130,802 people, 55,425 households, and 40,016 families residing in the county. The population density was 106/sq mi (274/km²). There were 62,727 housing units at an average density of 51/sq mi (131/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.85% White, 4.07% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. 5.04% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. 91.1% spoke English, 4.5% Spanish, 1.1% German and 1.1% Italian as their first language.

There were 55,425 households, which 21.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.70.

In the county the population was spread out with 18.90% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 20.40% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 30.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 90.50 males. For every 100 females, age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,572, and the median income for a family was $37,509. Males had a median income of $30,295 versus $21,661 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,321. About 7.10% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those ages 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
YearRepublicanDemocraticOther
200851.0%47.5%1.5%
200452.9%46.2%0.9%
200047.0%50.1%2.9%

Communities[edit]

Incorporated[edit]

Unincorporated census designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities not census designated places[edit]

Economy[edit]

Hernando County is home to the largest (truck-to-truck) Wal-Mart Distribution Center in the U.S. approximately 1,600,000 square feet (150,000 m2) in size and located in Ridge Manor. The industrial park Airport Industrial Park is a 155-acre (0.63 km2) located near the Hernando County Airport. Over one hundred aviation, manufacturing and distribution businesses are located in this area.

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Mass transit[edit]

Hernando THE Bus provides bus service in Brooksville and Spring Hill.

Railroads[edit]

CSX operates two rail lines within the county. Amtrak formerly provided passenger rail service along the old Atlantic Coast Line Railroad line east of US 301 in Ridge Manor, but had no stops in the county, and the service was terminated in late 2004.[11] The other line is the Brooksville Subdivision, which runs close to US 41, and was previously owned by the Seaboard Air Line.

Notable abandoned railroad lines include a former branch of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad spanning from southeast of Ridge Manor through Istachatta that became part of the Withlacoochee State Trail, and a spur of this line from Croom west into Brooksville, part of which is being replaced by a new rail trail called the Good Neighbor Trail. Though the Good Neighbor Trail only exists within Brooksville itself, the ultimate goal is to extend it to the Withlacoohee State Trail.

Major highways[edit]

Emergency Management[edit]

Fire Departments[edit]

Law Enforcement Agencies[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

Brooksville Regional Hospital, HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital of Spring Hill, Oak Hill Hospital, Spring Hill Regional Hospital, Springbrook Hospital

Library[edit]

Hernando County is served by the Hernando County Public Library System.

See also[edit]

Government links/Constitutional offices[edit]

Special districts[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Tourism links[edit]

Other sites[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/12053.html
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Christie, Les (March 15, 2006). "100 Fastest Growing Counties". CNN. 
  4. ^ Cannon, Jeff (December 11, 2009). "The Brooksville-Bayport Raid and The Civil War in Hernando County". Retrieved February 8, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Brooksville raid re-enactment to be held today". St. Petersburg Times (www.tampabay.com). January 15, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ Chinsegut Hill, Florida (Mountain Peaks.net)
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "St. Petersburg Times". Loss of Amtrak service shouldn't derail Dade City. Retrieved 2004-10-29. 

Coordinates: 28°33′N 82°28′W / 28.55°N 82.47°W / 28.55; -82.47