Herman (bishop)

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Herman
Bishop of Salisbury
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
ProvinceCanterbury
DioceseSalisbury
In office1075–1078
SuccessorOsmund
Orders
Consecrationcirca 1045
Personal details
Died20 February 1078
DenominationRoman Catholic
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Herman
Bishop of Salisbury
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
ProvinceCanterbury
DioceseSalisbury
In office1075–1078
SuccessorOsmund
Orders
Consecrationcirca 1045
Personal details
Died20 February 1078
DenominationRoman Catholic
Previous post

Herman (died 1078) was a medieval cleric who served as the Bishop of Ramsbury and Bishop of Sherborne, before the dioceses were united to form the Bishopric of Salisbury, of which he was the first bishop.[1]

Herman was a native of Flanders.[2] As chaplain of Edward the Confessor he was named to the see of Ramsbury shortly after 22 April 1045. He visited Rome in 1050, where he attended a papal council, along with his fellow English bishop Aldred.[3] He resigned Ramsbury in 1055[4] when King Edward the Confessor of England did not allow the transfer of the see from Ramsbury to Malmesbury.[5] Herman wished to take over the abbey and turn it into his cathedral, because Ramsbury was poor, and Malmesbury was a rich abbey.[6] After his resignation, he returned to the continent and became a monk at the abbey of St. Bertin at Saint-Omer. He was named to the see of Sherborne about 1058 and was restored to Ramsbury, thus holding both bishoprics together.[7] He later moved the see to Salisbury, making the new diocese of Salisbury.[8] Approval of the transfer of the see was given at the Council of London in 1074 and 1075.[7] While bishop he was a patron of Goscelin of Saint-Bertin, a noted medieval historian and musician.[9]

Herman died on 20 February 1078.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ He is sometimes called the "Bishop of Wiltshire".
  2. ^ William of Malmesbury, Gesta Pontificum Anglorum, § 83 cap.6: Regnabat iam tunc Edwardus, qui Hermanno capellano suo, natione Flandrensi, continuo pontificatum donandum putauit.
  3. ^ Smith "Court and Piety" Catholic Historical Review p. 574
  4. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 220
  5. ^ Barlow F., The life of King Edward who rests at Westminster (Oxford 1992), xlviii-xlix
  6. ^ Burton Monastic and Religious Orders pp. 14–15
  7. ^ a b British History Online Bishops of Salisbury accessed on 30 October 2007
  8. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 222
  9. ^ Williams English and the Norman Conquest pp. 134–135

References[edit]


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Bertwald (bishop)
Bishop of Ramsbury
1045–1055
Succeeded by
Ealdred (administrator)
Preceded by
Ealdred (administrator)
Bishop of Ramsbury
1058–1075
Ramsbury and Sherborne
were combined and the see
removed to Salisbury
Preceded by
Ælfwold II
Bishop of Sherborne
1058–1075
New titleBishop of Salisbury
1075–1078
Succeeded by
Osmund