Herford

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Herford
Town Hall
Town Hall
Coat of arms of Herford
Coat of arms
Herford   is located in Germany
Herford
Herford
Coordinates: 52°8′0″N 8°41′0″E / 52.13333°N 8.68333°E / 52.13333; 8.68333Coordinates: 52°8′0″N 8°41′0″E / 52.13333°N 8.68333°E / 52.13333; 8.68333
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDetmold
DistrictHerford
Founded789
Subdivisions12
Government
 • MayorBruno Wollbrink (SPD)
Area
 • Total78.95 km2 (30.48 sq mi)
Elevation56-240 m (−731 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total65,333
 • Density830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes32049, 32051, 32052
Dialling codes05221
Vehicle registrationHF
Websitewww.herford.de
 
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Not to be confused with Hereford.
For other uses, see Herford (disambiguation).
Herford
Town Hall
Town Hall
Coat of arms of Herford
Coat of arms
Herford   is located in Germany
Herford
Herford
Coordinates: 52°8′0″N 8°41′0″E / 52.13333°N 8.68333°E / 52.13333; 8.68333Coordinates: 52°8′0″N 8°41′0″E / 52.13333°N 8.68333°E / 52.13333; 8.68333
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDetmold
DistrictHerford
Founded789
Subdivisions12
Government
 • MayorBruno Wollbrink (SPD)
Area
 • Total78.95 km2 (30.48 sq mi)
Elevation56-240 m (−731 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total65,333
 • Density830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes32049, 32051, 32052
Dialling codes05221
Vehicle registrationHF
Websitewww.herford.de

Herford (German pronunciation: [ˈhɛɐ̯fɔɐ̯t]) is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the lowlands between the hill chains of the Wiehen Hills and the Teutoburg Forest. It is the capital of the district of Herford.

Geography[edit]

Geographic location[edit]

The former Hanseatic town of Herford is situated in the chain of hills south of the Wiehen Hills (Ravensberg Hills). The highest place is the Dornberg (240 m) in the Schwarzenmoor district; the lowest point (56 m) is located in the Werretal in the Falkendiek district. The River Aa joins the river Werre in the centre of the town. The Stuckenberg is located east of the town.

Neighbouring towns[edit]

Districts[edit]

  • Altstädter Feldmark
  • Neustädter Feldmark
  • Radewiger Feldmark
  • Diebrock¹
  • Eickum¹
  • Elverdissen¹
  • Falkendiek¹
  • Herringhausen¹
  • Laar¹
  • Schwarzenmoor¹
  • Stedefreund¹

History[edit]

The town was founded in 789 by Charlemagne in order to guard a ford crossing the narrow Werre river. A century later, Matilda, daughter of Theudebert, duke of Saxony, grew up in the abbey of Herford; she was a descendant of the Saxon leader Widukind. In Herford she met Henry the Fowler, who later became king of Germany.

In late medieval times Herford was a member of the Hanseatic League. It was a Free Imperial City, i.e. it was directly subordinated to the emperor. This status was lost after the Peace of Westphalia (1648), when Herford was annexed by Brandenburg-Prussia. It was administered within the Province of Westphalia following the Napoleonic Wars, and made part of the new state North Rhine-Westphalia after World War II.

Herford Minster
Saint John´s Church
MARTa-Museum
Saint Jacob´s Church
Saint Mary´s Church
Bürgermeisterhaus
Wulferthaus
Frueherrenhaus

Culture and sights[edit]

Sights[edit]

Museums[edit]

The MARTa Herford, a museum for contemporary art and design, housed in a building designed by Frank Gehry, has been open to the public since May 2005. Its exhibits change regularly. The current artistic director is Roland Nachtigäller.

The Daniel-Pöppelmann-Haus in Herford explores the history of the city, and the Memorial and Meeting Place Cell Block, in the basement of the city hall, documents the persecution and the obliteration of minorities. Plans to construct a museum of city history next to the city hall and the Minster church have been postponed.

Music and theatre[edit]

Herford is the seat of the Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie (Northwest German Philharmonic) which performs regularly in the Stadtpark Schützenhof as well as many neighbouring cities in North Rhine-Westphalia. Eugene Tzigane is the principal conductor designate (2010–present). The current director is Andreas Kuntze.

The Stadttheater (Municipal theatre) provides seats for 706 viewers and it is served by visiting theatre companies.

Events at regular intervals[edit]

Military[edit]

Herford is the location of the headquarters of the 1st (United Kingdom) Armoured Division and Signal Regiment part of British Forces Germany. Currently there are 870 soldiers serving at three camps (Wentworth Barracks, Hammersmith Barracks, and Harewood Barracks). Herford has a British military postal address of BFPO 15. Including civilian staff and families, 2200 British people live in Herford.

The British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) studio for Germany was located in Wentworth Barracks until 2009 when it moved to Hohne.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Herford is twinned with:

City-friendships include:

Born in Herford[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 4 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "45 ans de jumelage : Histoire de cités Le jumelage à Voiron" [45 years of twinning: The history of Voiron's twin towns]. Voiron Hôtel de Ville [Voiron council] (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-05-03. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  3. ^ "Kreis de Herford : (Allemagne) Ville jumelée avec Voiron" [Kreis de Herford, Germany: Twin town of Voiron]. Voiron Hôtel de Ville [Voiron council] (in French). Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  4. ^ "Hinckley, UK - Herford, Germany twinning". Hinckley & Bosworth Borough Council. Retrieved 2013-07-14. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.