Heredia, Costa Rica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Heredia
City
El Fortín Monument

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Ciudad de las Flores  (Spanish)
" City of Flowers "
Motto: Libertad, Paz, y Progreso
Heredia, Costa Rica is located in Costa Rica
Heredia
Location in Costa Rica
Coordinates: 9°59′47″N 84°7′0″W / 9.99639°N 84.11667°W / 9.99639; -84.11667Coordinates: 9°59′47″N 84°7′0″W / 9.99639°N 84.11667°W / 9.99639; -84.11667
CountryFlag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica
ProvinceHeredia Province
CantonHeredia Canton
Founded1705
Districts
Government
 • MayorJosé Manuel Ulate Avendaño (PLN)
 • Municipal Council PresidentManuel de Jesús Zumbado Araya
Elevation1,150 m (3,770 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total123,616
Websitehttp://www.heredia.go.cr/
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Heredia
City
El Fortín Monument

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Ciudad de las Flores  (Spanish)
" City of Flowers "
Motto: Libertad, Paz, y Progreso
Heredia, Costa Rica is located in Costa Rica
Heredia
Location in Costa Rica
Coordinates: 9°59′47″N 84°7′0″W / 9.99639°N 84.11667°W / 9.99639; -84.11667Coordinates: 9°59′47″N 84°7′0″W / 9.99639°N 84.11667°W / 9.99639; -84.11667
CountryFlag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica
ProvinceHeredia Province
CantonHeredia Canton
Founded1705
Districts
Government
 • MayorJosé Manuel Ulate Avendaño (PLN)
 • Municipal Council PresidentManuel de Jesús Zumbado Araya
Elevation1,150 m (3,770 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total123,616
Websitehttp://www.heredia.go.cr/

Heredia (Spanish pronunciation: [eˈɾeðja]) is a city in the Heredia province of Costa Rica, of which it is the capital; it is 10 kilometers to the north of the country's capital, San José.

The city is home to one of the largest colleges in Costa Rica, the National University of Costa Rica, which accepts many international students.

History[edit]

Prior to its founding, the area around Heredia was inhabited by the native tribe that is known as the Huetares, who were commanded at the coming of the Spanish by the Cacique Garabito. In 1706 settlers from Cartago, set up a small church at a place they called "Alvirilla", which soon became more populated. Between 1716 and 1717 the settlers moved their village to the north, to a place the Indians called Cubujuquí. In 1736 Heredia was deemed sufficiently large to be granted its own parish, and the first incarnation of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada was built to serve as its parish church. In 1751, the Bishop of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, Monseñor Pedro Agustín Morel de Santa Cruz supervised the founding of the first school in Heredia, which was run by the church. This school is now known as the Liceo de Heredia. In 1763 the town was promoted to the status of Villa; it was later renamed Heredia in honor of the President of the Audiencia de Guatemala who had conferred the status, don Alonso Fernández de Heredia. During the 18th century the area around Heredia was developed, with the founding Barva and other towns. On October 31, 1796, Padre Felix de Alvarado laid the foundation stone for the rebuilding of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada. The Municipality of Heredia was founded on 19 May 1812, and in 1824, Heredia was promoted to city by Juan Rafael Mora, the first President of the Republic. The 1848 constitution made Heredia the capital of Heredia Province, promoted it to cantón, and assigned it seven parishes.[1]

For a brief period in the 1830s, Heredia served as the capital of Costa Rica.[citation needed]

Sister cites[edit]

Today, Heredia is a sister city to Marietta, Georgia, and the Israeli settlement of Ariel, in the West Bank. The city is a friendship city to Richfield, Minnesota.[2]

Climate[edit]

Warm year-round, the temperatures are tempered by the amount of cloud cover that affects the area. The rains are spread throughout the year, but the rainiest period is May to October. The climate is relatively low throughout the year.


Climate data for Heredia
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)24.3
(75.7)
25.1
(77.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
25.8
(78.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.8
(76.6)
24.8
(76.6)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
24
(75)
25.08
(77.12)
Average low °C (°F)14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
15
(59)
15.7
(60.3)
15.5
(59.9)
15.7
(60.3)
15.4
(59.7)
15
(59)
15.1
(59.2)
15.5
(59.9)
15.4
(59.7)
15.18
(59.33)
Precipitation mm (inches)20.4
(0.803)
21.7
(0.854)
47.8
(1.882)
110.1
(4.335)
333.1
(13.114)
327.8
(12.906)
199.5
(7.854)
241.6
(9.512)
410.8
(16.173)
424.6
(16.717)
182.4
(7.181)
54.5
(2.146)
2,374.3
(93.477)
Source: National Meteorologic Institute of Costa Rica[3]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipal Website
  2. ^ "City of Richfield, MN website". 
  3. ^ "Instituto Metereológico Nacional" (in Spanish). Retrieved November 4, 2007. 
  4. ^ Lic. Carlos Melendez Ch. The book "Añoranzas de Heredia"

External links[edit]