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Regular heptagon  

A regular heptagon  
Type  Regular polygon 
Edges and vertices  7 
Schläfli symbol  {7} 
Coxeter diagram  
Symmetry group  Dihedral (D_{7}), order 2×7 
Internal angle (degrees)  ° 
Dual polygon  self 
Properties  convex, cyclic, equilateral, isogonal, isotoxal 
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (December 2011) 
Regular heptagon  

A regular heptagon  
Type  Regular polygon 
Edges and vertices  7 
Schläfli symbol  {7} 
Coxeter diagram  
Symmetry group  Dihedral (D_{7}), order 2×7 
Internal angle (degrees)  ° 
Dual polygon  self 
Properties  convex, cyclic, equilateral, isogonal, isotoxal 
In geometry, a heptagon is a polygon with seven sides and seven angles. In a regular heptagon, in which all sides and all angles are equal, the sides meet at an angle of 5π/7 radians, 128.5714286 degrees. Its Schläfli symbol is {7}. The area (A) of a regular heptagon of side length a is given by
The heptagon is also occasionally referred to as the septagon, using "sept" (an elision of septua, a Latinderived numerical prefix, rather than hepta, a Greekderived numerical prefix) together with the Greek suffix "agon" meaning angle).
A regular heptagon is not constructible with compass and straightedge but is constructible with a marked ruler and compass. This type of construction is called a neusis construction. It is also constructible with compass, straightedge and angle trisector. The impossibility of straightedge and compass construction follows from the observation that is a zero of the irreducible cubic x^{3} + x^{2} − 2x − 1. Consequently this polynomial is the minimal polynomial of 2cos(^{2π}⁄_{7}), whereas the degree of the minimal polynomial for a constructible number must be a power of 2.
A neusis construction of the interior angle in a regular heptagon.  A neusis construction of the interior angle in a regular heptagon. (method by John Horton Conway 
An animation of an approximate compassandstraightedge construction of a regular heptagon. 
A decent approximation for practical use with an error of ≈0.2% is shown in the drawing. Let A lie on the circumference of the circumcircle. Draw arc BOC. Then gives an approximation for the edge of the heptagon.
A regular heptagon with sides can be inscribed in a circle of the diameter with an error of less than 0.00013%.
This follows from a rational approximation of .
Two kinds of star heptagons can be constructed from regular heptagons, labeled by Schläfli symbols {7/2}, and {7/3}, with the divisor being the interval of connection.
Blue, {7/2} and green {7/3} star heptagons inside a red heptagon.
The United Kingdom currently (2011) has two heptagonal coins, the 50p and 20p pieces, and the Barbados Dollar is also heptagonal. The 20eurocent coin has cavities placed similarly. Strictly, the shape of the coins is a Reuleaux heptagon, a curvilinear heptagon to make them curves of constant width: the sides are curved outwards so that the coin will roll smoothly in vending machines. Botswana pula coins in the denominations of 2 Pula, 1 Pula, 50 Thebe and 5 Thebe are also shaped as equilateralcurve heptagons. Coins in the shape of Reuleaux heptagons are in circulation in Mauritius, U.A.E., Tanzania, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, Haiti, Jamaica, Liberia, Ghana, the Gambia, Jordan, Jersey, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Gibraltar, Guyana, Solomon Islands, Falkland Islands and Saint Helena. The 1000 Kwacha coin of Zambia is a true heptagon.
The Brazilian 25cent coin has a heptagon inscribed in the coin's disk. Some old versions of the coat of arms of Georgia, including in Soviet days, used a {7/2} heptagram as an element.
In architecture, heptagonal floor plans are very rare. A remarkable example is the Mausoleum of Prince Ernst in Stadthagen, Germany.
Apart from the heptagonal prism and heptagonal antiprism, no convex polyhedron made entirely out of regular polygons contains a heptagon as a face.
Regular heptagons can tile the hyperbolic plane, as shown in this Poincaré disk model projection:
The K_{7} complete graph is often drawn as a regular heptagon with all 21 edges connected. This graph also represents an orthographic projection of the 7 vertices and 21 edges of the 6simplex. The 21 and 35 vertices of the rectified and birectified 6simplex also orthogonally project into regular heptagons.
6simplex (6D)  Rectified 6simplex (6D)  Birectified 6simplex (6D) 
Look up Heptagon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. 
