Henry I of Castile

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Henry I
Enrique I de Castilla.jpg
King of Castile and Toledo
Reign5 October 1214 – 6 June 1217
PredecessorAlfonso VIII
SuccessorBerengaria
ConsortMafalda of Portugal
HouseHouse of Burgundy
FatherAlfonso VIII of Castile
MotherEleanor of England
Born(1204-04-14)14 April 1204
Valladolid
Died6 June 1217(1217-06-06) (aged 13)
Palencia
BurialLas Huelgas, Burgos
ReligionRoman Catholicism
 
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Henry I
Enrique I de Castilla.jpg
King of Castile and Toledo
Reign5 October 1214 – 6 June 1217
PredecessorAlfonso VIII
SuccessorBerengaria
ConsortMafalda of Portugal
HouseHouse of Burgundy
FatherAlfonso VIII of Castile
MotherEleanor of England
Born(1204-04-14)14 April 1204
Valladolid
Died6 June 1217(1217-06-06) (aged 13)
Palencia
BurialLas Huelgas, Burgos
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Henry I of Castile (14 April 1204 – 6 June 1217) was king of Castile. He was the son of Alfonso VIII of Castile and his wife was Eleanor Plantagenet, (daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine).[1]

In 1211, Henry became heir to the throne when his older brother Ferdinand suddenly died.

When his father died, in 1214, Henry was just 10 years old, so the regency was assumed by Henry's older sister Berengaria of Castile, wife of Alfonso IX of Leon.

In 1215, Henry married Mafalda of Portugal, daughter of Sancho I of Portugal. As he was very young, the marriage was not consummated, and it was dissolved in 1216 by Pope Innocent III on grounds of consanguinity.

Henry I died in Palencia in 1217 at the age of 13, killed by a tile coming off a roof. His sister Berengaria succeeded him, before renouncing the throne in favor of her son Ferdinand III.[2] His body was interred at Las Huelgas monastery in Burgos.[3]

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Previté-Orton, Charles William, The shorter Cambridge Medieval History, (Cambridge University Press, 1952), 828.
  2. ^ Craig Taylor, Debating the Hundred Years War, (Cambridge University Press, 2006), 87.
  3. ^ Enrique I, King of Castile, Theresa M. Vann, Medieval Iberia: An Encyclopedia, Ed. E. Gerli, (Routledge, 2003), 303.

References[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Alfonso VIII
King of Castile
1214–1217
Succeeded by
Berengaria