Henderson, Nevada

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City of Henderson
—  City  —
Location of Henderson in Clark County, Nevada
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 36°2′N 114°59′W / 36.033°N 114.983°W / 36.033; -114.983
CountryUnited States
StateNevada
CountyClark
Government
 • TypeCouncil/Manager
 • MayorAndy A. Hafen
Area
 • Total94.5 sq mi (244.7 km2)
 • Land94.5 sq mi (244.7 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation1,867 ft (538 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total260,068 (US: 73th)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes89002, 89009, 89011, 89012, 89014-89016, 89044, 89052, 89053, 89074, 89077
Area code(s)702
FIPS code32-31900
GNIS feature ID0856267
Websitewww.cityofhenderson.com
 
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City of Henderson
—  City  —
Location of Henderson in Clark County, Nevada
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 36°2′N 114°59′W / 36.033°N 114.983°W / 36.033; -114.983
CountryUnited States
StateNevada
CountyClark
Government
 • TypeCouncil/Manager
 • MayorAndy A. Hafen
Area
 • Total94.5 sq mi (244.7 km2)
 • Land94.5 sq mi (244.7 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation1,867 ft (538 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total260,068 (US: 73th)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes89002, 89009, 89011, 89012, 89014-89016, 89044, 89052, 89053, 89074, 89077
Area code(s)702
FIPS code32-31900
GNIS feature ID0856267
Websitewww.cityofhenderson.com

Henderson is a city in Clark County, Nevada. The city is part of the Las Vegas metropolitan area, which spans the entire Las Vegas Valley. It is the second largest city in Nevada, after Las Vegas, with an estimated population of 257,729 in the 2010 census.[1] It occupies the southeast end of the valley, at an elevation of approximately 1,330 feet (410 m).

In 2011, Forbes magazine ranked Henderson as America's second safest city.[2] Analysts attribute this to Henderson being an affluent city, with a high median income and amenities catering to local residents. This limits movement throughout the area and to nearby Las Vegas. Henderson has also been named as "One of the Best Cities to Live in America" by Bloomberg Businessweek.[3]

Contents

History [edit]

Henderson was named in honor of Senator Charles B. Henderson.

The township of Henderson first emerged in the 1940s during World War II with the building of the Basic Magnesium Plant. Henderson quickly became a main supplier of magnesium in the United States, the "miracle metal" of World War II.[4] The plant supplied the US War Department with magnesium for incendiary munition casings and airplane engines, frames, and other parts. A quarter of all US wartime magnesium came from the Henderson Plant to strengthen aluminum, using 25% of Hoover Dam's power to separate the metal from its ore by electrolysis.[5] Mayor Jim Gibson's grandfather, Fred D. Gibson, was one of the original engineers sent to Great Britain to learn the secret of creating the "miracle metal" which would eventually help the United States and its allies win the war.

Although "born in America's defense," Henderson's future after World War II was uncertain. In 1947, magnesium production was no longer necessary for defense, and the majority of the 14,000 BMI employees moved away. Enrollment in the school system was reduced by two thirds and well over half the townsite houses, built to house plant workers, became vacant. In 1947, the United States War Asset Administration had offered Henderson for sale as war surplus property.

In an effort to save the city, the Nevada Legislature spent a weekend visiting Henderson evaluating the possibility of state administration of Basic Magnesium. Within days of the visit, the legislators unanimously approved a bill giving the Colorado River Commission of Nevada the authority to purchase the industrial plants. Governor Vail Pittman signed the Bill on March 27, 1947, helping save Henderson from becoming war surplus property.

With the help of local industry, Henderson, Nevada, was officially incorporated on April 16, 1953 as the City of Henderson. On May 23, 1953, Henderson, with its population of 7,410, elected Dr. Jim French as the city's first Mayor. Originally about 13 square miles (34 km2) in size, the city quickly began to grow and flourish. Today, Henderson has grown to cover 94 square miles (240 km2) and is the second largest city in Nevada. The city's official slogan "A Place to Call Home", reflecting a community that enjoys small town values while benefiting from big city efficiencies.

Government [edit]

The city received its charter from the Nevada State Legislature in 1953, formally incorporating the city with a Council/Manager form of government.

Henderson is divided into four wards. A mayor and four councilmembers are elected city-wide, but no more than one councilmember are allowed to reside in each ward.

Lorna Kesterson was elected as Henderson's first female mayor, serving two terms until 1993.[6][7] She remains the only woman to serve as mayor to date.[7]

Fire prevention services are provided by the Henderson Fire Department and police services by the Henderson Police Department.

ServiceMayor
1953-1957James B. French
1957-1965William B. Byrne
1965-1969William R. Hampton
1969-1973Estes M. McDoniel
1973-1975Cruz Olague
1975Richard A. Stewart, Sr.
1975-1981Lorin L. Williams
1981-1985Leroy Zike
1985-1993Lorna J. Kesterson
1993-1997Robert A. Groesbeck
1997-2009James B. Gibson
2009–presentAndy A. Hafen

Geography [edit]

Henderson is located at 36°2′23″N 114°58′52″W / 36.03972°N 114.98111°W / 36.03972; -114.98111 (36.03972, -114.98111).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 79.7 square miles (206 km2), all land.

As of the 2006, according to the city, the city measured 94.5 square miles (245 km2).[9]

The mountains that surround Henderson mostly have gentle slopes. The McCullough Range is the range closest to the city and most of this range is covered by black rocks from a volcanic explosion millions of years ago. These mountains reach an average height of about 3,800 feet (1,200 m). The landscape consists of desert with barely any water. The only water that is in the city is from washes like Duck Creek.

Master-planned residential areas include Anthem, Anthem Country Club, Black Mountain Vistas, Calico Ridge, Champion Village, Green Valley, Green Valley Ranch, Inspirada, Lake Las Vegas, MacDonald Highlands, MacDonald Ranch, Madeira Canyon, Seven Hills, Sun City Anthem, Sun City MacDonald Ranch, Tuscany Residential Village, and Whitney Ranch.

Climate [edit]

Henderson is classified as having a hot desert climate (BWh) in the Köppen climate classification. It has mild winters and hot summers. Snow can occasionally fall in the winter. The monsoon can bring torrential storms in the summer, which can cause flash flooding, thunderstorms, and loss of electric power.

Climate data for Henderson, NV
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)75
(24)
86
(30)
91
(33)
97
(36)
111
(44)
114
(46)
117
(47)
112
(44)
110
(43)
100
(38)
90
(32)
78
(26)
117
(47)
Average high °F (°C)54
(12)
59
(15)
67
(19)
75
(24)
85
(29)
95
(35)
101
(38)
99
(37)
91
(33)
78
(26)
64
(18)
54
(12)
76.8
(24.8)
Average low °F (°C)41
(5)
44
(7)
49
(9)
56
(13)
65
(18)
74
(23)
79
(26)
78
(26)
71
(22)
60
(16)
48
(9)
40
(4)
58.8
(14.8)
Record low °F (°C)11
(−12)
12
(−11)
25
(−4)
31
(−1)
37
(3)
41
(5)
56
(13)
59
(15)
43
(6)
30
(−1)
4
(−16)
9
(−13)
4
(−16)
Precipitation inches (mm)0.70
(17.8)
0.96
(24.4)
0.57
(14.5)
0.23
(5.8)
0.11
(2.8)
0.11
(2.8)
0.46
(11.7)
0.72
(18.3)
0.42
(10.7)
0.36
(9.1)
0.49
(12.4)
0.60
(15.2)
5.73
(145.5)
Source: [10]

Demographics [edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19503,643
196012,525243.8%
197016,39530.9%
198024,36348.6%
199064,942166.6%
2000175,381170.1%
2010257,72947.0%
Est. 2011260,0680.9%
source:[11][12]

According to the 2000 census, there were 175,381 people, 66,331 households, and 47,095 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,200.8 people per square mile (849.7/km²). There were 71,149 housing units at an average density of 892.8 per square mile (344.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.49% White, 3.76% African American, 0.70% Native American, 3.98% Asian, 0.42% Pacific Islander, 3.16% from other races, and 3.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.71% of the population.

There were 66,331 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age for the city was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $55,949, and the median income for a family was $61,176. The per capita income for the city was $26,815. About 3.9% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation [edit]

The city is served by RTC Transit (formerly Citizens Area Transit/CAT) with its network of bus routes which run throughout the Las Vegas Valley.

Henderson is served by four major highways: Henderson Black Hills and (State Route 582), which is the main thoroughfare connecting with Las Vegas and Boulder City; Lake Mead Parkway (State Route 564); Interstate 515 and Interstate 215. State Route 146, also known as Saint Rose Parkway, connects Interstate 15 near Sloan with Interstate 215 in Green Valley. This stretch is formally a part of Lake Mead Parkway which is a direct link to Henderson for motorists traveling in and out of Southern California.

Henderson is home for the Henderson Executive Airport. The main airport for the metropolitan area is McCarran International Airport, located northwest of Henderson.

Street numbering is different within the city of Henderson than with the rest of the Las Vegas Valley. The center of Henderson lies within the intersection of Water Street and Lake Mead Parkway. The Henderson Police Department for years referred to Lake Mead Parkway (and its former name Lake Mead Drive) as "146", while Boulder Highway is often referred as "93", its former highway designation.

The Union Pacific Railroad serves Henderson over a branch line originally built to support construction of Hoover Dam. The final few miles of the line, owned by the U.S. Government, were abandoned after the dam was completed. The line still extends to Boulder City; in 1985, the state purchased the section east of appropriately I-515, with the Nevada Southern Railroad Museum operating excursion trains over the easternmost seven miles (11 km).

Rocket fuel factory fire [edit]

In 1988, the PEPCON rocket fuel factory became engulfed in fire. There were multiple explosions, causing some earthquakes, some measuring over 3.0 on the Richter magnitude scale. Two people were killed. The explosion spurred the development of Henderson from industrial to the largely residential area it is today. There are no signs of the Pepcon explosion today, and the site now consists mostly of office buildings.

Culture and entertainment [edit]

An increasing number of major shopping malls, movie theater complexes, restaurants and casino resorts offer residents a variety of choices for leisure time in Henderson. The city also sits a few miles southeast of Las Vegas and is not too far from the world-famous Las Vegas Strip. "Shakespeare in the Park" celebrated its tenth anniversary in 1996, a testament to Henderson's long standing support for the arts and cultural programs. The city also boasts the largest recreational facility - the Multigenerational Facility at Liberty Pointe - in Nevada as well as Nevada's only scenic Bird Preserve. The city supports a variety of other cultural events as well, many of which are held at the outdoor amphitheater, the largest one of its kind in Nevada.

Hiking trails [edit]

Prevention magazine tapped Henderson in 2007 as the sixth best walking city in America, ahead of San Diego, California, and just behind Seattle, Washington.[dead link][13] Henderson has more than 37 miles (60 km) of trails.[14]

Film history [edit]

Media [edit]

Newspapers [edit]

Television [edit]

KVVU is licensed to broadcast from Henderson as Fox 5 News.

Economy [edit]

Top employers [edit]

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[15] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1City of Henderson2,963
2St. Rose Dominican Hospital – Siena Campus1,000-1,499
3Green Valley Ranch1,000-1,499
4M Resort1,000-1,499
5Sunset Station1,000-1,499
6Medco Health Solutions800-899
7St. Rose Dominican Hospital – Rose de Lima Campus800-899
8Zappos.com600-699
9Walmart600-699
10Fiesta Henderson500-599

Some notable residents [edit]

MacDonald Highlands is located in Henderson and is one of the most affluent neighborhoods in the United States.

Education [edit]

The Clark County School District provides elementary and secondary public education. Henderson is the location for 29 elementary schools, nine middle schools, and nine high schools. Five of the nine high schools are public schools. A tenth high school, Silverado High School, also serves parts of Henderson but is located in the unincorporated Clark County (Paradise).

Colleges and universities [edit]

Henderson is home to several colleges and universities. Nevada State College, a baccalaureate college in the Nevada System of Higher Education. The Roseman University of Health Sciences, a private university which awards degrees in nursing, pharmacy, and business, is located in Henderson. The College of Southern Nevada, a community college based in Las Vegas, maintains a branch campus in Henderson. California's National University and Touro University Nevada also maintain a campus in Henderson.

Several for-profit colleges also operate in the city, including the International Academy of Design & Technology, The Art Institute of Las Vegas, Everest College-Henderson formerly Las Vegas College, and the Nevada branch of the ITT Technical Institute.

Nevada State College [edit]

Founded in 2002 on a 509-acre (2.06 km2) site in the southern foothills of Henderson, Nevada State College offers academic programs regular and accelerated nursing degrees, education degrees, and liberal arts majors including psychology, biology, history, English, criminal justice, and an Occupational Therapy joint degree program in conjunction with Touro College. Its first permanent building, the Liberal Arts and Sciences building, opened in August 2008. Nevada State College’s full-time faculty is 34.2% ethnic/racial minorities, which is the highest percentage of all colleges of the Nevada System of Higher Education institutions. The college realized accreditation through the efforts of its late President Dr. Fred Maryanski.

Select points of interest [edit]

See also [edit]

References [edit]

  1. ^ http://www.city-data.com/us-cities/The-West/Reno-Population-Profile.html
  2. ^ http://www.forbes.com/sites/bethgreenfield/2011/12/15/americas-safest-cities/ | America's Safest Cities - Forbes
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Lelande Quick, Miracle Metal from Nevada Hills, Desert Magazine, June 1944, pages 10-13
  5. ^ Moore, David. The Hoover Dam: A World Renowned Concrete Monument Roman Concrete, 1999. Accessed: 26 February 2012.
  6. ^ McMurdo, Doug (2012-01-17). "Former Henderson mayor Lorna Kesterson dies at 86". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  7. ^ a b Zvosec, Carla J. (2012-01-18). "City’s first and only female mayor dies at age 86". Henderson Press. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ http://www.visithenderson.com/visit/glance/history/ visithenderson.com
  10. ^ "Monthly Averages for Henderson, NV". Weather.com. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  11. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 156.
  12. ^ Table 3. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Nevada: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011
  13. ^ Top 100 Best Walker-Friendly Cities - Prevention.com[dead link]
  14. ^ Lyle, Michael (May 15, 2008). "Battle-born Henderson now ‘A Place to Call Home’". Las Vegas Sun.
  15. ^ City of Henderson Comprehensive Annual Financial Report
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ [3]
  18. ^ Flavor Flav and 'Flavor of Love' winner Nikki Alexander "just friends"
  19. ^ McLean, Craig (2006-09-24). "Songs of praise". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  20. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/pierre-omidyars-house/
  21. ^ Harrison, Rick; Keown, Tim; Russell, Austin. License to Pawn: Deals, Steals, and My Life at the Gold & Silver 2011. Hyperion Books. New York. ISBN 978-1-4013-2430-8. Page 203.
  22. ^ 72os.com - Poker League, Poker Community - David Sklansky - Player Profile
  23. ^ Las Vegas Business Press :: News : Inspirada brings 'New Urbanism' feel to Henderson community

External links [edit]

Coordinates: 36°01′45″N 115°01′31″W / 36.0292°N 115.0253°W / 36.0292; -115.0253