Hemidactylus

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Hemidactylus
Mediterranean house gecko.JPG
Mediterranean house gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Subphylum:Vertebrata
Class:Reptilia
Order:Squamata
Suborder:Gekkota
Family:Gekkonidae
Genus:Hemidactylus
Oken, 1817[1]
Type species
Gecko tuberculosus
Diversity
Around 90 species, and see text
Synonyms

In alphabetical order:

[2]

 
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Hemidactylus
Mediterranean house gecko.JPG
Mediterranean house gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Subphylum:Vertebrata
Class:Reptilia
Order:Squamata
Suborder:Gekkota
Family:Gekkonidae
Genus:Hemidactylus
Oken, 1817[1]
Type species
Gecko tuberculosus
Diversity
Around 90 species, and see text
Synonyms

In alphabetical order:

[2]

Hemidactylus (the house geckos) is a genus of the family of common geckos, Gekkonidae. It has about 90 described species, newfound ones being described every few years. These geckos are found in all the tropical regions of the world, extending into the subtropical parts of Africa and Europe. They excel in colonizing oceanic islands by rafting on flotsam, and are for example found across most of Polynesia. In some archipelagoes, cryptic species complexes are found.[2]

They are typically known as house geckos, due to their readiness to adapt to and coexist with humans. This genus was originally established by Lorenz Oken in 1817 for the species at that time known as Hemidactylus tuberculosus, and now described as the tropical house gecko (Hemidactylus mabouia).[2]

Feces[edit]

A house gecko will usually confine its excretions to one area of a house. This is sometimes considered a nuisance by home owners, and may stain certain surfaces.[3] The feces are approximately five (5) millimeters in length, two (2) millimeters wide, and dark brown (almost black) in color.

Description[edit]

Foot upperside (left) and underside of the oriental leaf-toed gecko (H. bowringii).

The dorsal lepidosis is either uniform or heterogeneous. The pupil of the eye is vertical. Males have pre-anal or femoral pores. Each finger or toe has a slender distal clawed joint, angularly bent and rising from within the extremity of the dilated portion.[4]

The fingers and toes are free, or more or less webbed, and dilated; underneath they bear two[citation needed] rows of lamellae in a pattern resembling a paripinnate compound leaf.[4] This leads to their other and more ambiguous common name, "leaf-toed geckos", used mainly for species from South Asia and its surroundings to prevent confusion with the many "leaf-toed" Gekkota not in Hemidactylus.


Species[edit]

Juvenile common house gecko (H. frenatus).
Juvenile Mediterranean house gecko (H. turcicus).
Unidentified Hemidactylus adult from Dindigul (Tamil Nadu, India).
Common lizard in Chennai, India.
  • Hemidactylus aaronbaueri Giri, 2008
  • Hemidactylus acanthopholis Mirza & Sanap, 2014
  • Hemidactylus agrius Vanzolini, 1978
  • Hemidactylus albituberculatus Trape, 2012
  • Hemidactylus albivertebralis Trape & Böhme, 2012
  • Hemidactylus albofasciatus Grandison & Soman, 1963
  • Hemidactylus albopunctatus Loveridge, 1947
  • Hemidactylus alkiyumii Carranza & Arnold, 2012
  • Hemidactylus anamallensis (Günther, 1875)
  • Hemidactylus angulatus Hallowell, 1854
  • Hemidactylus ansorgii Boulenger, 1901
  • Hemidactylus aporus Boulenger, 1906
  • Hemidactylus aquilonius McMahan & Zug, 2007
  • Hemidactylus arnoldi Lanza, 1978
  • Hemidactylus barbierii Sindaco, Razzetti & Ziliani, 2007
  • Hemidactylus barodanus Boulenger, 1901
  • Hemidactylus bavazzanoi Lanza, 1978
  • Hemidactylus bayonii Bocage, 1893
  • Hemidactylus beninensis Bauer, Tchibozo, Pauwels & Lenglet, 2006
  • Hemidactylus boavistensis Boulenger 1906 (often included in H. bouvieri)
  • Hemidactylus bouvieri (Bocourt, 1870)
  • Hemidactylus bowringii (Gray, 1845) – oriental leaf-toed gecko
  • Hemidactylus brasilianus Amaral, 1935
  • Hemidactylus brookii Gray, 1845 – Brook's house gecko
  • Hemidactylus citernii Boulenger, 1912
  • Hemidactylus craspedotusMocquard, 1890
  • Hemidactylus curlei Parker, 1942
  • Hemidactylus dawudazraqi Moravec, Kratochvíl, Amr, Jandzik, Šmíd & Gvoždík, 2011
  • Hemidactylus depressus Gray, 1842
  • Hemidactylus dracaenacolus Rösler & Wranik, 1999
  • Hemidactylus echinus O'Shaughnessy, 1875
  • Hemidactylus endophis Carranza & Arnold, 2012
  • Hemidactylus fasciatus Gray, 1842
  • Hemidactylus festivus Carranza & Arnold, 2012
  • Hemidactylus flaviviridis Rüppell, 1835
  • Hemidactylus forbesii Boulenger, 1899
  • Hemidactylus foudaii Baha El Din, 2003
  • Hemidactylus frenatus Schlegel, 1836 – common house gecko, Pacific house gecko, Asian house gecko
  • Hemidactylus funaiolii Lanza, 1978
  • Hemidactylus garnotii A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1836 – Indo-Pacific gecko, Garnot's house gecko
  • Hemidactylus giganteus Stoliczka, 1871– giant leaf-toed gecko
  • Hemidactylus gracilis Blanford, 1870 – graceful leaf-toed gecko
  • Hemidactylus granchii Lanza, 1978
  • Hemidactylus graniticolus Agarwal, Giri & A.M. Bauer, 2011[5]
  • Hemidactylus granti Boulenger, 1899
  • Hemidactylus greefii Bocage, 1886
  • Hemidactylus haitianus Meerwarth, 1901
  • Hemidactylus homoeolepis Blanford, 1881
  • Hemidactylus hunae - Spotted rock gecko
  • Hemidactylus inintellectus Sindaco, Ziliani, Razzetti, Pupin, Grieco, 2009
  • Hemidactylus intestinalis F. Werner, 1897
  • Hemidactylus isolepis Boulenger, 1895
  • Hemidactylus jubensis Boulenger, 1895
  • Hemidactylus kamdemtohami A.M. Bauer & Pauwels, 2002
  • Hemidactylus karenorum (Theobald, 1868) – Burmese leaf-toed gecko
  • Hemidactylus klauberi Scortecci, 1948
  • Hemidactylus laevis Boulenger, 1901
  • Hemidactylus lankae - Termite Hill Gecko
  • Hemidactylus laticaudatus L.G. Andersson, 1910
  • Hemidactylus leightoni Boulenger, 1911 (often included in H. brooki[verification needed])
  • Hemidactylus lemurinus Arnold, 1980
  • Hemidactylus leschenaultii A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1836 – Leschenault's leaf-toed gecko
  • Hemidactylus longicephalus Bocage, 1873
  • Hemidactylus lopezjuradoi Arnold, Vasconcelos, Harris, Mateo & Carranza, 2008 (formerly in H. bouvieri)
  • Hemidactylus mabouia (Moreau de Jonnès, 1818) – tropical house gecko, Afro-American house gecko, cosmopolitan house gecko
  • Hemidactylus macropholis Boulenger, 1896
  • Hemidactylus maculatus A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1836 – spotted leaf-toed gecko
  • Hemidactylus mahendrai Shukla, 1983
  • Hemidactylus marmoratus Hallowell, 1861
  • Hemidactylus matschiei (Tornier, 1901)
  • Hemidactylus megalops Parker, 1932
  • Hemidactylus mercatorius Gray, 1842
  • Hemidactylus modestus (Günther, 1894)
  • Hemidactylus muriceus Peters, 1870
  • Hemidactylus newtoni Ferreira, 1897
  • Hemidactylus ophiolepis Boulenger, 1903
  • Hemidactylus ophiolepoides Lanza, 1978
  • Hemidactylus oxyrhinus Boulenger, 1899
  • Hemidactylus palaichthus Kluge, 1969
  • Hemidactylus parvimaculata
  • Hemidactylus persicus J. Anderson, 1872 – Persian leaf-toed gecko
  • Hemidactylus platycephalus W. Peters, 1854
  • Hemidactylus platyurus (Schneider, 1792) – flat-tailed house gecko (sometimes in Cosymbotus)
  • Hemidactylus porbandarensis Sharma, 1981
  • Hemidactylus prashadi M.A. Smith, 1935 – Bombay leaf-toed gecko
  • Hemidactylus pseudomuriceus Henle & Böhme, 2003[6]
  • Hemidactylus puccionii Calabresi, 1927
  • Hemidactylus pumilio Boulenger, 1899
  • Hemidactylus reticulatus Beddome, 1870 – reticulate leaf-toed gecko
  • Hemidactylus richardsonii Gray, 1845
  • Hemidactylus ruspolii Boulenger, 1896
  • Hemidactylus scabriceps (Annandale, 1906)
  • Hemidactylus sinaitus Boulenger, 1885
  • Hemidactylus smithi Boulenger, 1895
  • Hemidactylus somalicus Parker, 1932
  • Hemidactylus squamulatus Tornier, 1896
  • Hemidactylus stejnegeri Ota & Hikida, 1989
  • Hemidactylus subtriedrus Jerdon, 1854
  • Hemidactylus tanganicus Loveridge, 1929
  • Hemidactylus tasmani Hewitt, 1932
  • Hemidactylus taylori Parker, 1932
  • Hemidactylus thayene McMahan & Zug, 2007
  • Hemidactylus triedrus (Daudin, 1802) – termite hill gecko
  • Hemidactylus tropidolepis Mocquard, 1888
  • Hemidactylus turcicus Linnaeus, 1758 – Mediterranean house gecko
  • Hemidactylus vietnamensis Darevsky, Kupriyanova & Roshchin, 1984
  • Hemidactylus yerburyi J. Anderson, 1895

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dahms Tierleben. www.dahmstierleben.de
  2. ^ a b c Lizards of the World (2004): Hemidactylus. Version of 2004-FEB-08. Retrieved 2009-APR-04.
  3. ^ "House Geckos". 
  4. ^ a b Boulenger, G.A. (1890). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp. (Genus Hemidactylus, p. 82). Fulltext at the Internet Archive
  5. ^ Angarwal, I., Giri, V.B., & Bauer, A.M. (2011). "A new cryptic rock-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from south India". Zootaxa 2765: 21-37.
  6. ^ Henle, K., and W. Böhme. (2003). "A new species of Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from West Africa, and comments on species hitherto confused with H. muriceus". African Journal of Herpetology 52 (1) 23-38.

External links[edit]