Helsby

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Helsby
Helsby Village - geograph.org.uk - 11574.jpg
Helsby from Helsby Hill
Helsby is located in Cheshire
Helsby

 Helsby shown within Cheshire
Population4,701 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ491755
Civil parishHelsby
Unitary authorityCheshire West and Chester
Ceremonial countyCheshire
RegionNorth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townFRODSHAM
Postcode districtWA6
Dialling code01928
PoliceCheshire
FireCheshire
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK ParliamentWeaver Vale
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire
 
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Coordinates: 53°16′23″N 2°46′23″W / 53.273°N 2.773°W / 53.273; -2.773

Helsby
Helsby Village - geograph.org.uk - 11574.jpg
Helsby from Helsby Hill
Helsby is located in Cheshire
Helsby

 Helsby shown within Cheshire
Population4,701 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ491755
Civil parishHelsby
Unitary authorityCheshire West and Chester
Ceremonial countyCheshire
RegionNorth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townFRODSHAM
Postcode districtWA6
Dialling code01928
PoliceCheshire
FireCheshire
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK ParliamentWeaver Vale
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire

Helsby is a small town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. At the 2001 Census, Helsby had a population of 4,701.[1]

Contents

Geography

Map of civil parish of Helsby within the former borough of Vale Royal

The village is situated on the A56 main road between Chester and Runcorn. The neighbouring settlements are Dunham-on-the-Hill, Frodsham, Elton and Alvanley. Helsby is a semi-rural village, with many dairy and arable farms, but is also in close proximity to a number of industrial plants around the Mersey Estuary including the Royal Dutch Shell Stanlow oil refinery, the Quinn Glass manufacturing plant, the Kemira fertiliser plant on Ince Marshes and the chemical manufacturing site (previously ICI chemicals, now Ineos Chlor) and power station at Rocksavage. There are few jobs in Helsby itself, due to the larger surrounding cities, Chester and Runcorn offering better prospects and a wider range of careers. The Tesco supermarket is one of the biggest employers there. The village is popular with commuters as a residential area, due to its links to the M56 motorway and rail networks.

History

There are traces of Stone Age and Iron Age settlements on the Helsby hill,[2] but the first known settlers of Helsby were the Vikings in the 10th century[citation needed]. In fact, the name 'Helsby' is derived from the Viking name Hjallr-by, meaning "the village on the edge" (placenames with the suffix "by" often denote Viking/Danish origins, e.g. Derby, Grimsby, Whitby, etc.).

The village was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 under the Norman name of Hellesbe.[3] The Manor of Helsby was owned by a series of aristocratic landowners, most recently the Marquis of Cholmondeley.

In 1968, Mudiad Amddiffyn Cymru (Welsh Defence Movement), a Welsh republican movement, blew up a water pipe at Hapsford near Helsby. The water pipe was carrying water from Chester to Liverpool.[4]

Community

A Methodist church was established in 1800, 70 years before the Anglican church was built in 1870. Helsby also has one of the most successful schools in Cheshire: Helsby High School.[citation needed]

The village is home to three pubs, all of which are alongside the A56 road. The Railway Inn offers Greenalls cask ale and is frequently host to live music. The Robin Hood and Horse & Jockey are currently closed. On 23 September 2011, around 1.50pm, the Robin Hood pub caught fire, causing roads to be closed throughout the village for some hours. On the outskirts of town is the Helsby Arms, a large establishment with a reputation for locally sourced, home-cooked food and real ales.

Behind The Railway Inn is "The Courtyard Helsby", a development of holiday cottages in period barn conversions offering a place to stay in the village, close to the North Cheshire Way footpath. There is also "Homestead Boutique Cottages" offering accommodation on Lower Robin Hood Lane.

Future

It has been proposed that a waste incinerator be constructed at Ince Marshes, near Helsby.[5] A public inquiry was held and as a result the Government has given permission to build it.[6]

Transport

Railway services

The railway came to Helsby in 1850, with the construction of the line between Chester and Warrington. Helsby railway station has won awards as one of the best kept unmanned stations in the UK. The signal box at Helsby Junction is still operated manually.

Services are operated at approximately hourly intervals by Arriva Trains Wales to Manchester Piccadilly and in the other direction to Chester and Llandudno.

There is also a minimal (Parliamentary) service operated by Northern Rail to neighbouring Ince & Elton and Stanlow & Thornton with trains terminating at Ellesmere Port where a connection is made with the Merseyrail electric service to Liverpool.

Bus services

There are frequent bus links X30 to, Warrington and Chester, and the X36 between Liverpool Airport and Ellesmere Port. Most of these run Monday to Saturday only.

Industry

The factory site at the western end of the village has for many years been the main source of employment in the village. Originally built in the 1880s by the Telegraph Manufacturing Company, as the Britannia Telegraph Works, the factory was used to manufacture cables, and was most recently owned by BICC Electronic Cables. It employed up to 5,000 people at its peak (from the Second World War until 1970), but continued to decline following a series of redundancy initiatives started in 1970, and the site eventually closed in 2002. The site was then redeveloped for retail, light industrial and residential purposes. The first completed development on the site was a Tesco supermarket, which opened in September 2005.

Landmarks

Helsby Hill

Helsby Hill

The village sits at the foot of a wooded sandstone hill 370 feet (110 m) above sea level. Helsby Hill has steep cliffs on the northern and western sides and is a prominent landmark rising above the Cheshire Plain and overlooking the Mersey Estuary. Much of the hill is owned and managed by the National Trust. It is the site of Helsby hill fort, an ancient British hillfort, and more recently acquired a concrete pillar trig point on its summit. The top of the hill also features an abandoned Royal Observer Corps post, which was abandoned in 1992.[citation needed] The post was extensively damaged by fire and its large blast-proof hatch is now permanently open, causing it to be flooded and have large amounts of detritus. Visitors who see Helsby Hill from the M56 or on the train could sometimes see a man's face within the cliff face from east, west and sometimes from the north. This is referred to as the "Old Man of Helsby".

Access to hill

Numerous footpaths run from the public roads which encircle the hill, giving ready access to it for walkers. A large sandstone cutting, through which one of these paths known as Hill Road runs, was the route of a railway in the Second World War. The hilltop offers views of the Welsh hills and, on exceptionally clear days, Snowdon. The landmarks of Liverpool can clearly be seen beyond the Helsby marshes, Stanlow Oil Refinery, Kemira Fertiliser Plant and the Manchester Ship Canal. Also on very clear days, visitors can see across Lancashire, past Bolton to Winter Hill; often on mid-mornings (with the sun reflecting off it) visitors may make out the large white section on top of the Winter Hill TV Mast. The view looking back is not as diverse, but the Peckforton Hills and Beeston Castle can be discerned.

Rock climbing

The craggy face of the hill provides many routes for rock climbers at a range of grades from easy climbs suitable for beginners (some of which do not require ropes), to challenging climbs up to a grade 6c. The cliff is also split into two lateral sections. The main face is easily accessible from the ground. At the top is a large grassy area, followed by an easily accessible 10-foot (or thereabouts) cliff to the summit, which is excellent for bouldering. Despite its often slimy appearance, the cliff's sandstone composition means it dries out quickly after rain, and, after several accidents, several large metal spikes were placed at the top of the main cliff for top-rope climbing that offer extra safety for climbers worried about the sandstone's crumbly nature.[citation needed]

Mountskill Quarry

The Tunnel, Mountskill Quarry - geograph.org.uk - 175825.jpg

Sandstone was extracted from a working quarry from the early 19th century until the 1920s. Much of the stone was transported by ferry to Liverpool and Birkenhead, where several buildings, including the Customs House near Canning Dock, were built of Helsby stone. The quarry originally had its own dedicated horse-drawn tramway link to Ince Pier. After stone production ceased, it was not until the late 1980s that an alternative use was found for the site and in the intervening decades the derelict site was used as a tip by local residents. The site was acquired by the former Vale Royal Borough Council in 1988 and transformed into a woodland park, which was opened in 1990. 'Helsby Quarry Woodland Park' is now managed by Cheshire West and Chester Council. It contains a range of trees including oak, sycamore, rowan, silver birch, willow and beech—some of which grew naturally during the site's period of dereliction, and some of which were planted specifically in preparing the woodland park[citation needed]. The woodland and grassland are inhabited by many animal and bird species.[citation needed] Aside from the wildlife, the geology of the site is one of its most significant features and it is designated a Regionally Important Geological Site. The site features exposed rock walls and a tunnel, which enable sandstone formations from the Triassic period (251–199 million years ago) to be viewed.

See also

References

External links