Hell's Kitchen (U.S. TV series)

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Hell's Kitchen
Hells Kitchen title.png
GenreReality television
Created byGordon Ramsay
Directed by
  • Tony Croll (season 1)
  • Brad Kreisberg (seasons 2–5)
  • Sharon Trojan Hollinger (seasons 6-)
StarringGordon Ramsay
Narrated byJason Thompson
Opening theme"Fire" by the Ohio Players
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons11
No. of episodes165
Executive producer(s)
  • Arthur Smith
  • Kent Weed
  • Gordon Ramsay
Running time42 minutes
Production company(s)
Original channelFox
Picture format
Audio formatDolby Digital 5.1
Original runMay 30, 2005 (2005-05-30) – present (present)
Related showsHell's Kitchen (UK TV series)
External links
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Hell's Kitchen
Hells Kitchen title.png
GenreReality television
Created byGordon Ramsay
Directed by
  • Tony Croll (season 1)
  • Brad Kreisberg (seasons 2–5)
  • Sharon Trojan Hollinger (seasons 6-)
StarringGordon Ramsay
Narrated byJason Thompson
Opening theme"Fire" by the Ohio Players
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons11
No. of episodes165
Executive producer(s)
  • Arthur Smith
  • Kent Weed
  • Gordon Ramsay
Running time42 minutes
Production company(s)
Original channelFox
Picture format
Audio formatDolby Digital 5.1
Original runMay 30, 2005 (2005-05-30) – present (present)
Related showsHell's Kitchen (UK TV series)
External links

Hell's Kitchen is an American reality television cooking competition (based on the British series of the same name) broadcast on Fox. It is hosted by celebrity chef Gordon Ramsay.

Ramsay and Fox unveiled both the tenth season of Hell's Kitchen and the third season of MasterChef on June 4, 2012.[1] On April 12, 2012, Fox renewed the show for an additional two seasons.[2]


The U.S. version of Hell's Kitchen differed from the U.K version in many ways. Firstly, the participants and the customers were not celebrities. Secondly, it was not broadcast live nightly, it was broadcast recorded weekly. Thirdly, there was no presenter, there was just a voiceover. Fourthly, there was a challenge where the winner would win a reward and the loser facing a punishment. Fifthly, after dinner service, Chef Ramsay would decide which team would win whereas the team who loses has to nominate two of their team members for elimination. And sixth and finally, eliminations would not be decided by the viewing public where it was announced live in front of the customers, it would be decided by Chef Ramsay alone after dinner service.

The format of the U.S. version of Hell's Kitchen is otherwise similar to that of the United Kingdom, in which Chef Gordon Ramsay under his sole discretion progressively eliminates chefs from a pool of 12 to 20 contestants down to one, the winner, in which he/she is given the opportunity to be the head chef of a high-end restaurant.[3] The aspiring chefs are from various backgrounds and are brought to the Hell's Kitchen restaurant facility in Los Angeles, where they live in dorms attached to the kitchen facilities during the course of the series. They are introduced to Chef Gordon Ramsay and to the audience typically by cooking their signature dish and presenting it to Ramsay for judging. The chefs are subsequently divided into teams, Red and Blue (Season 1 only). Since the 2nd season, the teams have been divided into men (Blue) and women (Red). They are then given a set of utensils (theirs to keep regardless of their progress), a menu to study (also theirs to keep), and a chef's jacket of their team color (which they must earn the right to keep). The restaurant features two identical kitchens, one for each team, and each are supervised by Ramsay's sous chefs with Ramsay observing both kitchens for quality control. While in Hell's Kitchen, the chefs are given a broad array of cooking lessons, including how to cook some of Ramsay's most difficult dishes such as risotto and Beef Wellington.[4]

Outside of the premiere episode, the teams participate in two cooking challenges within each episode. The first challenge is a cooking skill test, ranging from properly preparing the larger number of raw ingredients in a fixed amount of time, preparing new dishes based on limited ingredient selections, a blind taste test, or preparing a tasting menu for clients.[4] The winning team of this challenge is given a reward such as a relaxing day away from the restaurant or a prize. The losing team is given a grueling task, such as cleaning both kitchens, doing the restaurant's laundry by hand, or preparing the raw ingredients for the next meal service for both kitchens.

The second cooking challenge is to run a full dinner service, which normally consists of 100 diners split between the two kitchens. Within each team, the chefs are assigned to specific stations: meats, fish, appetizers, garnish and desserts. Teams are expected to serve an appetizer, an entree, and a dessert to each diner, with food prepared to Ramsay's strict standards; however, he himself does not prepare the food, and often will taste the food to make sure it's good enough to serve. Ramsay requires that all dishes be served to a table at the same time, so that if one order is not to his standards, he will normally require the team to re-fire all the dishes for that table. If one chef is having significant difficulties, Ramsay may tell them to leave the kitchen, forcing the rest of the team to cover for their absence. If an entire team is floundering, he will tell the team to "get out" or "shut it down", ending their part of the service early; this can happen to both teams at the same time if they are taking too long for the dinner service.

Upon completion of the dinner service, Ramsay will determine which team is the winning team, if there is one, in his opinion or from other metrics, such as which team completed the full service the fastest. From the losing team(s), Ramsay may identify one chef as "the best of the worst" to nominate two other chefs on their team for elimination. In other cases, Ramsay may tell the entire team to come to consensus for whom should be nominated. The chefs are given time to negotiate and discuss the pending nominations in the dorms. On returning to Ramsay while the winning team looks on, the team(s) identify their nominees, but Ramsay is free to identify others he believes should be up for elimination. Those nominated are given the opportunity to justify why they should stay, after which Ramsay names his choice for elimination, whereupon they hand over their chef's jacket and "leave Hell's Kitchen"; they are given an opportunity to say a few last words for the audience. If the elimination should leave a team with two or more less members than the other team, Ramsay will either ask for a volunteer or name a chef on the other team to switch over to balance the teams. Either way, each episode ends with a voice-over of Chef Ramsay giving his reason for his choice of elimination, concluding with him going back upstairs to his office and forcefully hanging the exiting chef's jacket on a sharp hook that pokes a hole in the jacket; this also causes a photo of that chef to go up in flames to symbolize their elimination from the competition.

When the number of chefs is down to five or six, Ramsay will merge the teams into a single Black team, at which point the competition becomes individual. Both challenges and dinner services still take place, but with individual winners. During this period, the remaining kitchen staff will gain the help of Ramsay's sous chefs to expedite meals. Typically, one service (With three or four chefs left) will feature the opportunity for each chef to run the pass (taking over for Ramsay) allowing Ramsay to see how well they run the kitchen. Ramsay and his sous chefs will purposely introduce quality control problems (e.g., substituting crab meat for lobster in a risotto) as a test of the chef's quality control. One challenge will include replicating a dish made by Ramsay and/or his sous-chefs, using only the senses of taste, looks, and texture; with the person coming closest to all the right ingredients as the winner.

When only two chefs remain, the two are taken to the site of the restaurant where the eventual head chef will work, and are challenged to design a full menu for their dream restaurant; the chefs can get help from the sous-chefs if need be. Earlier seasons included a focus on designing restaurant decor, but this has been scrapped in later seasons. For the final cooking challenge itself, the two chefs are to make a specific number of dishes (such as a hot appetizer, a cold appetizer, etc.) After designing their menus, the two chefs are given a choice of previously eliminated chefs to work alongside them as sous chefs for the upcoming service. During this service, the chefs must manage all aspects of the kitchen and their chefs to ensure a good service. After service, Ramsay evaluates comments from his sous chefs, the returning chefs, and the diners, as well as his own observations, to choose a winner. The winner is revealed by Ramsay calling both chefs to his office, having them hold the handles of two identical doors, and then instructing them to open their doors at the same time; only the winner's door is unlocked and will open.

Ramsay is often free to ignore the show's rules.[5] In several cases, Ramsay has eliminated contestants in the middle of a service (Josh in Season 3, J and Lacey in Season 5, Louie in Season 6, and most notably Nilka in Season 7) for dismal performances. In two instances, contestants have left in the middle of dinner service after arguing with Ramsay and deciding they could no longer handle his temper (Jeff in Season 1 and Andrew in Season 7). Ramsay will often call forward chefs that were not selected for nomination and put them up for nomination if he feels that they should have been included. In nine cases (Sharon from Season 4, Colleen And Carol from Season 5, Mikey And Salvatore from Season 7, Curtis And Raj from season 8, Gina and Jamie From Season 9, and Jeremy from Season 11) Ramsay eliminated a member of the winning or losing team (without giving them a chance to plead why they should stay), believing this chef's performance was far worse than any member of the winning or losing team. There have also been a few occurrences where Ramsay allows the eliminated chef to keep their jacket, based on their performance throughout the season (Ji in Season 5, Ariel in Season 6, Jillian in Season 8, Elise in Season 9, Dana in Season 10, and Jon in Season 11). There has only been one instance where a contestant was eliminated on the spot during elimination, after arguing with Ramsay and not following his rules (Joseph in Season 6). There have also been cases where contestants have been medically evacuated from the show, and several instances where a contestant actually quit the competition for injury or illness reasons (Larry in Season 2, Aaron in Season 3, Vanessa in Season 4, Ji and Robert in Season 5, Antonia in Season 8, and Jason in Season 9). There has been only one instance so far in which a contestant quit before a challenge (Gina in Season 11). Recently, season 10 was the only season where no contestant "took" themselves out of the competition or were forced to leave due to medical reasons. In other words, all contestants were normally eliminated.

Analyst Arthur Perkins credits the show's success with four factors:

  1. Numerous cameras (up to 72) allow tight editing and capturing every action
  2. A confessional booth reveals insights into competitors' characters
  3. Ramsay's "enfant terrible" personality, impeccable credentials, and overall showmanship
  4. Casting relatively unknown chefs[6]

Perkins compared Ramsay's unusual showmanship to that of P. T. Barnum of the famed Ringling Brothers circus:

Ramsay's personality is so unusual that many watch him rant, rave and throw things. I consider him the "enfant terrible" of reality television. ... He has a fiery temper ... He practices ritual humiliation, verbal abuse and even occasionally physical abuse.

—Arthur Perkins, in Chef Wars: Hell's Kitchen, 2011[7]

Special services[edit]

Since the third season, it has special services once per season; including a wedding reception, a super sweet sixteen birthday party, Bar Mitzvah party, homecoming party, a wedding anniversary party, a high school prom, high school reunion, a fashion show, and most recently, a quinceañera.

Grand Prize[edit]

In season 1 of Hell's Kitchen, the grand prize was the investment capital for the winner to start their own restaurant, or the right to work with Gordon Ramsay for one year. Season 1 winner Michael Wray, originally accepted the position with Gordon, but changed his mind and opted for the capital to start his own restaurant, in order to be closer to his family.

From Season 2 onwards, the grand prize has nominally been a head or executive chef position at a well known restaurant in a hotel, resort, or one of Gordon Ramsay's restaurants, although most winners do not actually get the position as described. The winning contestant since Season 2 also has the option of taking a one time cash prize of $250,000 if the winning contestant cannot or does not wish to accept the grand prize position. In Season 5, the winning contestant won both the grand prize position and the $250,000 cash prize.


Gordon Ramsay is the head chef. The narrator is Jason Thompson. Jean-Philippe Susilovic, a Belgian maître d' comes from Petrus, one of Ramsay's London restaurants and appeared in the first seven seasons and later returned for the 11th season. Susilovic was also the maître d' for the first series of the original British version. James Lukanik replaced Susilovic for the eighth-tenth seasons.[8]

Each team also has the services of one of two sous-chefs. The sous-chefs are Season 2 winner Heather West (season 6 and season 12 onwards) and James Avery (from season 11 onwards). Previous sous-chefs were Mary Ann Salcedo, Gloria Felix, Andrea "Andi" Van Willigan and Scott Leibfried.

Head Chefs
Sous Chefs
  • Scott Leibfried (Seasons 1 – 10)
  • Mary-Ann Salcedo (Seasons 1 – 3)
  • Gloria Felix (Seasons 4 – 5)
  • Heather West (Season 6, 12 – present)
  • Andi Van Willigan (Seasons 7 – 11)
  • James Avery (Seasons 11 – present)
Maître d's



The theme song is "Fire" by the Ohio Players. When the U.S. version is broadcast in the UK, Italy, Portugal and some countries (shown on the table below), it features only the instrumental version of this song.

CountryChannelCurrent seasonNotes
Middle EastMBC 4Season 7Bleep censored and pixelated to mask profanity.
Southeast AsiaStar WorldSeason 9 (ended)Premiered on October 17, 2011, but aired only three times a week. First new season to be aired outside of the USA, Canada, Australia and the UK.
FoxSeason 11Premiered on September 5, 2013.
 AustraliaOne Season 5 air 2012/13, Lifestyle ChannelSeason 9Previously broadcast on GEM, Channel Nine, GO! and Lifestyle Food Network. Airings are usually uncensored.
 BelgiumVIJFSeason 5[9]Broadcast as Hell's Kitchen USA and left uncensored. Also shown on AB3 (Season 5)
 BrazilTLC (Travel & Living Channel)Currently Broadcasting Season 6 (one episode from Monday to Friday), and Season 7 (One episode every Monday) and Season 8 (ended)Bleep Censored
 BulgariaNova TelevisionUnknownPreviously broadcast on Nova+
Omni Television
CurrentBleep censored and pixelated to mask profanity. Simsubbed with Fox in most areas. Reruns available on Food Network Canada which may be run uncensored. Also translated in French for Évasion in Quebec.
 ChinaICSSeason 9
 Czech RepublicTV BarrandovSeason 4Translated as Pekelná Kuchyně. Dubbed, profanity censored. After the seventh season was broadcast the fourth started over again.
PrimaFamilySeason 1 (Upcoming)/2O13 ?/, Czech version of Ramsay's original show . Translate as (Pekelná Výzva)
 EstoniaKanal 12Season 3With uncensored Estonian subtitles.
 FinlandMTV3Season 7The title is translated as Kauhukeittiö which means "The Kitchen of Horrors". Profanity uncensored.
 FranceTMCSeason 5 (ended)Season 5 has debuted in France on April 1, 2012 and has ended on July 2012.[10]
 GermanyVIVASeason 5
 GreeceMakedonia TVSeason 3
 HungaryViasat3Season 10Season 7 and 8 ran simultaneously on Viasat 3. Airing of Season 10 begun on May 6, 2013.
 IcelandStöð 2Season 5
 IndiaTLCSeason 6 (ended)
 IrelandTV3Season 6 (ended)
 IsraelyesStars DramaSeason 9Previously broadcast also on yes Next HD Profanity is censored.
 ItalySky UnoSeason 11 (ended)Mutes some profanity. SKY Uno airs 2 episodes a night.
CieloSeason 11 (begin)The curse words are not censored
 JapanFox LifeSeason 1, 2Season 1 started on November 8, 2009 and Season 2 started on May 7, 2010. Profanity is bleep censored.
 LithuaniaBTV[11]Season 1 in
September 2012
 MalaysiaStar WorldSeason 9Bleeped and pixelated to mask profanity. Astro mutes all profanity. The ninth season premiered on October 17, 2011, but aired only three times a week. Season 9 is the first new season to be aired outside of the USA, Canada and the UK.
FoxSeason 10 (ended)Premiered on October 20, 2012 and it airs twice a week. aired with dual language English and Bahasa Malaysia.
 Costa Rica
 El Salvador
 Dominican Republic
TLC (Latin America)Season 8Previous broadcast on Liv (Season 5) and Casa Club TV (Season 1–4).
 NetherlandsNET 5Season 9Profanity is censored
 New ZealandTV2Season 10[12]All profanity censored during the daytime. Late night re-screenings of Hell's Kitchen on TV2 are mostly uncensored.
 NorwayTV3Season 8[13]Profanity is censored during the daytime. Late night airings are usually uncensored.
 PakistanTLCSeason 6 (ended)
 Philippines2nd AvenueSeason 4Mutes all profanity.
Star World[14]Season 9Same with Asia feed with the premiere date shown above, but only five times a week.
FoxSeason 11It premiered on September 2, 2013.
 PolandTVN StyleSeason 8Previously carried by Polsat and kuchnia.tv
 PortugalSIC RadicalSeason 11Season 4 subtitled and onward uncensored
 RussiaMuz-TV(U)Season 1–10
 SingaporeStar WorldSeason 9Subtitled in Chinese and censored
FoxSeason 9 (ended)Premiered on February 27, 2012 and concluded on April 2, 2012, airs three times a week.
 SloveniaKanal ASeason 1 in
September 2012
SpainDiscovery MAXSeason 1
 SwedenTV3Season 10 (Start October 31, 2012)Bleep censored when shown during the daytime, night time airings not censored.
 TaiwanStar WorldSeason 9Profanity is bleep censored and pixelated. Uncensored when shown after watershed hours.
FoxSeason 10 (ended)Premiered on October 20, 2012 and it airs twice a week.
 ThailandStar WorldSeason 9Subtitled in Thai and censored
FoxSeason 9 (ended), continues season 10Premiered on February 27, 2012 and concluded on April 2, 2012, airs three times a week.
 TurkeyFXSeason 9
 UkraineCITISeason 7 (ended)
 United KingdomITV2Current (Start 12/06/13)Broadcast as Hell's Kitchen USA (Gordon Ramsay's Hell's Kitchen USA for Season 8/9). Uncensored during watershed hours.[15]
 United StatesFoxCurrentBleep censored and pixelated to mask profanity


For the show's first two seasons, the Hell's Kitchen restaurant set itself was housed in the former studios of Los Angeles television station KCOP at 915 North La Brea Avenue, in Hollywood, which at one time hosted production of game shows Tic Tac Dough and The Joker's Wild.[16] KCOP was acquired by News Corporation in 2001 and its studios were integrated with those of Fox affiliate KTTV in 2003, leaving the La Brea facility vacant.[17] Originally the studio was put up for sale, but in the end they were retooled for the production of Hell's Kitchen. The dining room area was the location of the former KCOP news studios, and living quarters for the contestants were built on behind the restaurant.[18] Before season three, the Hell's Kitchen facility was moved to Century Studios at 3322 La Cienega Place in Los Angeles. Since the fourth season, Hell's Kitchen's venue has been located at 8660 Hayden Place in Culver City.[citation needed] According to Arthur Perkins, the soundstage is only open for audience members when filming is taking place.[7] The studio sits on the former location of the famous RKO Forty Acres backlot, which was used in movies such as Gone With The Wind and television series such as The Andy Griffith Show and The Adventures of Superman. The studio building sits on the location of the military camp seen in the television series Gomer Pyle U.S.M.C..

Accusations of staging[edit]

The series has drawn numerous online and editorial accusations of staging and dramatic license,[19][20][21] mostly due to editing techniques of the producers which splice together several hours of footage from a dinner service, in order to make certain contestants appear as poor performers, later justifying their elimination. This was most obvious when one episode featured clips showing an already eliminated contestant in the background, still cooking.[22]

One of the most controversial accusations of staging on Hell's Kitchen relates to an incident with contestant Joseph Tinnelly, who, during one elimination round, angrily confronted Chef Ramsay, challenging him to fight, and was then escorted off the set. The incident drew immediate fire from critics as an overplayed and possibly faked scene, conducted to cause action and tension on the show in order to spark viewer interest.[23]


SeasonOriginal runWinnerRunner-upReason for winningContestantsWinner's prize
1May 30 – August 1, 2005Michael WrayRalph PaganoHigh standards[24]12United States Tatou in Los Angeles[n 1]
2June 12 – August 14, 2006Heather WestVirginia DalbeckDetermination[24]United States Terra Rossa at Red Rock Resort Spa and Casino in Las Vegas
3June 4 – August 13, 2007Rahman "Rock" HarperBonnie MuirheadLeadership[24]United States Terra Verde at Green Valley Ranch in Henderson
4April 1 – July 8, 2008Christina MachamerLouis PetrozzaPotential15United States London West Hollywood in Los Angeles
5January 29 – May 14, 2009Danny VeltriPaula da SilvaMaturity[24]16United States Fornelletto at the Borgata in Atlantic City
6July 21 – October 13, 2009Dave LeveyKevin CottleAbility[24]17Canada Araxi Restaurant and Bar in Whistler
7June 1 – August 10, 2010Holli UgaldeJason "Jay" SantosConfidence[24]16United Kingdom Savoy Grill at Savoy Hotel in London[n 2]
8September 22 – December 15, 2010Nona SivleyRussell Kook IIPalate[24]United States LA Market at JW Marriott Hotel in Los Angeles
9July 18 – September 19, 2011Paul NiedermannWill LustbergEnthusiasm18United States BLT Steak in New York City
10June 4[1] – September 10, 2012[25]Christina WilsonJustin AntiorioPassionUnited States Gordon Ramsay Steak in the Paris Las Vegas[26]
11March 12 – July 25, 2013Ja'Nel WittMary PoehneltComposure20United States Gordon Ramsay Pub & Grill at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas[27][n 3]
  1. ^ Wray was offered the alternative choice of working at Gordon Ramsay in London, which he initially accepted, but subsequently reverted to the original prize due to not wanting to be separated from his family.
  2. ^ Ugalde was refused a UK work permit, and so was awarded the cash prize in lieu of the job at the Savoy Grill.
  3. ^ Witt's job offer was withdrawn after she failed a drug test, but she kept the cash prize.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Hell's Kitchen has been nominated for three Primetime Emmy Awards in the Outstanding Art Direction for Variety, Music or Nonfiction Programming category in 2007, 2008, and 2009. It has also been nominated for two Art Directors Guild Awards in the Television — Awards Show, Variety, Music or Non-Fiction Program category in 2007 and 2008, winning one in 2008. It has also been nominated for a Teen Choice Award for Choice Summer Series.

In 2009, Gordon Ramsay won an Astra Award for Favourite International Personality or Actor.[28]

At the 2011 People's Choice Awards, Hell's Kitchen was nominated for Favorite Reality Show and Gordon Ramsay was nominated for Favorite TV Chef[29]

Other media[edit]

DVD releases[edit]

Visual Entertainment has released the first ten seasons of Hell's Kitchen in Region 1.[30] Season 11 will be released in Canada on April 15, 2014.[31]

In Region 4, Shock Entertainment has released seasons 1–8 on DVD in Australia.[32]

DVD titleNo. of
Release dates
Region 1 (CAN)Region 1 (US)Region 4
Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 1: Raw and Uncut10April 8, 2008December 1, 2008
Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 2: Raw and Uncut10October 27, 2009May 11, 2010February 2, 2009
Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 3: Raw and Uncut11August 10, 2010September 21, 2010February 2, 2009
Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 4: Raw and Uncut15November 16, 2010November 9, 2010April 1, 2009
Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 5: Raw and Uncut15August 30, 2011November 27, 2009
Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 6: Raw and Uncut15November 1, 2011April 10, 2012March 9, 2011[33]
Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 7: Raw and Uncut15June 5, 2012May 11, 2011[34]
Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 8: Raw and Uncut15December 4, 2012May 11, 2011[35]
Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 9: Raw and Uncut16August 27, 2013September 10, 2013TBA
Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 10: Raw and Uncut20October 8, 2013[36]October 1, 2013TBA
Hell's Kitchen USA - Season 11: Raw and Uncut22April 15, 2014TBATBA

Hell's Kitchen: The Game[edit]

Hell's Kitchen: The Game
Platform(s)Wii, Nintendo DS, Windows and iPhone OS
Release date(s)September 11, 2008

On September 11, 2008, Ubisoft released Hell's Kitchen: The Game for the Wii, Nintendo DS, Windows, and iOS which features the likeness of Ramsay, and the many important tasks shown in the U.S. version of the show.[37]

Hell's Kitchen on Facebook
Developer(s)Ludia / Social2u
Release date(s)April 2, 2009

On April 2, 2009, Ludia and Social2u released the official Facebook version of the Hell's Kitchen game.[38]


  1. ^ a b Posted: March 28, 2012 2:29 pm Updated: March 28, 2012 2:34 pm (March 28, 2012). "'So You Think You Can Dance,' 'Hell's Kitchen' And More: Fox Announces Summer Premiere Dates". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  2. ^ "'Hell's Kitchen' Renewed For Two Seasons: Chef Gordon Ramsay's Series Gets Double Pick Up". The Huffington Post. April 12, 2012. Retrieved April 27, 2012. 
  3. ^ Perkins, Jr. 2011, p. 5.
  4. ^ a b Perkins, Jr. 2011, p. 7.
  5. ^ Perkins, Jr. 2011, p. 6.
  6. ^ Perkins, Jr. 2011, pp. 3–4.
  7. ^ a b Perkins, Jr. 2011, p. 3.
  8. ^ "James Lukanik – Hell's Kitchen on FOX". FOX Broadcasting Company. 
  9. ^ Retrieved October 16, 2010[dead link]
  10. ^ "Hell's Kitchen : la saison 5 arrive le dimanche 1er avril sur tmc". Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  11. ^ http://www.btv.lt September–November 2011
  12. ^ "Retrieved February 8, 2011". Tvnz.co.nz. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  13. ^ [Finished July 14, 2012]
  14. ^ http://www.starworldasia.tv/Programmes/HellsKitchen/Guide STAR World – Hell's Kitchen S8
  15. ^ "See 20.00". Itv.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  16. ^ Reality TV Calendar. June 3, 2007. "Hell's Kitchen — Everything You Want To Know".[1]
  17. ^ Latzman, Darrell. Los Angeles Business Journal. June 30, 2003. "KCOP studio sale is latest chapter in duopoly shifting. (Up Front).(Fox Broadcasting puts television studio facility up for sale)".[2]
  18. ^ Kaplan, Don. New York Post. June 29, 2005 (TV Wednesday section). "DRESSED TO GRILL ; 'HELL' ISN'T A REAL RESTAURANT".[3]
  19. ^ Hayden, David (July 12, 2011). "hell’s kitchen fake". Foodie Knowledge. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Is Hell's Kitchen too fake, even for a reality show?". Aoltv.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  21. ^ Just Hungry. "Why Hell's Kitchen is not a real food show". Just Hungry. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  22. ^ http://www.realityblurred.com/realitytv/archives/hells_kitchen_6/2009_Sep_02_tek_back
  23. ^ "Joseph Just a Ploy on 'Hell's Kitchen'?". Buddytv.com. July 30, 2009. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g Perkins, Jr. 2011, p. 264.
  25. ^ http://thefutoncritic.com/news/2012/06/18/exclusive-fox-sets-finales-for-masterchef-hells-kitchen-so-you-think-you-can-dance-142313/9834/
  26. ^ Huth, Kelly (May 18, 2012). "Phillipsburg chef to compete on new season of 'Hell's Kitchen'". The Express Times. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Hell's Kitchen winner Ja'Nel Witt loses Las Vegas head chef job after 'failing drug test' (but keeps $250k salary)". Daily Mail. August 24, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2013. /
  28. ^ IMDB "Astra Awards (2009)"
  29. ^ "People's Choice Awards 2011 Nominees". PeoplesChoice.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Hell's Kitchen on DVD, Release Info, News at". Tvshowsondvd.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  31. ^ http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/news/Hells-Kitchen-Season-11/19431
  32. ^ EzyDVD Search – Hell's Kitchen
  33. ^ "Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 6: Raw & Uncut (4 Disc Set)". Ezydvd.com.au. March 9, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  34. ^ "Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 7: Raw & Uncut (4 Disc Set)". Ezydvd.com.au. May 11, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Hell's Kitchen USA – Season 8: Raw & Uncut (4 Disc Set)". Ezydvd.com.au. May 11, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  36. ^ http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/news/Hells-Kitchen-Seasons-9-and-10/18870
  37. ^ "Hell's Kitchen: The Game". Hellskitchenvideogame.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Hell's Kitchen on Facebook". Apps.facebook.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 

External links[edit]