Heart valve repair is a surgical technique used to fix defects in heart valves in valvular heart diseases, and provides an alternative to valve replacement. Without further specification, it refers to native heart valve repair, rather than repair of an artificial heart valve.
Valvuloplasty is the widening of a stenotic valve using a balloon catheter. Types include:
Main article: Valvulotomy
Commissurotomy of cardiac valves is called valvulotomy.
Mitral valve repair
Mitral valve repair is mainly used to treat stenosis (narrowing) or regurgitation (leakage) of the mitral valve.
Aortic valve repair
Aortic valve repair is a surgical procedure used to correct some aortic valve disorders as an alternative to aortic valve replacement. Aortic valve repair is performed less often and is more technically difficult than mitral valve repair. There are two surgical techniques of aortic-valve repair:
- The Reimplantation-Technique (David-Procedure)
- The Remodeling-Technique (Yacoub-Procedure)
Tricuspid valve repair
Tricuspid valve repair is used to correct tricuspid regurgitation.
- ^ Page 4 in:Elizabeth D Agabegi; Agabegi, Steven S. (2008). Step-Up to Medicine (Step-Up Series). Hagerstwon, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-7153-6.