United States Department of Health and Human Services

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Department of Health and Human Services
US-DeptOfHHS-Seal.svg
Seal of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
US-DeptOfHHS-Logo.svg
Logo of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Flag of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.svg
Flag of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Department overview
FormedApril 11, 1953 (as the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare)
May 4, 1980; 34 years ago (1980-05-04)
Preceding agenciesFederal Security Agency
United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
JurisdictionFederal government of the United States
Headquarters

Hubert H. Humphrey Building
Washington, D.C.

38°53′12″N 77°00′52″W / 38.88667°N 77.01444°W / 38.88667; -77.01444Coordinates: 38°53′12″N 77°00′52″W / 38.88667°N 77.01444°W / 38.88667; -77.01444
Employees76,341 (2013)[1]
Annual budget$940.9 billion (2013)[1]
Department executivesSylvia Mathews Burwell[2], Secretary
Bill Corr, Deputy Secretary
Child DepartmentHHS agencies
Websitewww.HHS.gov
 
  (Redirected from Health and Human Services)
Jump to: navigation, search
"HEW" redirects here. For the Hanford Engineer Works, see Hanford site.
"DHHS" redirects here. For Druid Hills High School, see Druid Hills High School.
Department of Health and Human Services
US-DeptOfHHS-Seal.svg
Seal of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
US-DeptOfHHS-Logo.svg
Logo of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Flag of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.svg
Flag of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Department overview
FormedApril 11, 1953 (as the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare)
May 4, 1980; 34 years ago (1980-05-04)
Preceding agenciesFederal Security Agency
United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
JurisdictionFederal government of the United States
Headquarters

Hubert H. Humphrey Building
Washington, D.C.

38°53′12″N 77°00′52″W / 38.88667°N 77.01444°W / 38.88667; -77.01444Coordinates: 38°53′12″N 77°00′52″W / 38.88667°N 77.01444°W / 38.88667; -77.01444
Employees76,341 (2013)[1]
Annual budget$940.9 billion (2013)[1]
Department executivesSylvia Mathews Burwell[2], Secretary
Bill Corr, Deputy Secretary
Child DepartmentHHS agencies
Websitewww.HHS.gov
Headquarters in Washington, D.C.

The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. Its motto is "Improving the health, safety, and well-being of America".[3] Before the separate federal Department of Education was created in 1979, it was called the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW).

History[edit]

The HHS headquarters in Washington, D.C.

Federal Security Agency[edit]

The Federal Security Agency (FSA) was established on July 1, 1939, under the Reorganization Act of 1939, P.L. 76-19. The objective was to bring together in one agency all Federal programs in the fields of health, education, and social security. The first Federal Security Administrator was Paul V. McNutt.[4]

The new agency originally consisted of the following major components:

  1. Office of the Administrator
  2. Public Health Service (PHS)
  3. Office of Education
  4. Civilian Conservation Corps
  5. Social Security Board

Origins[edit]

Early years[edit]

  1. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was transferred from the Department of Agriculture; and
  2. Saint Elizabeth's Hospital, Freedmen's Hospital, and
  3. Federal functions relating to Howard University and the Columbia Institution for the Deaf were transferred to FSA from the Department of the Interior

Post WWII[edit]

Organizational Changes[4]

When the war ended, President Truman moved to "strengthen the arm of the Federal Government for better integration of services in the fields of health, education, and welfare."

Unlike statutes authorizing the creation of other executive departments, the contents of Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953 were never properly codified within the United States Code, although Congress did codify a later statute ratifying the Plan. Today, the Plan is included as an appendix to Title 5 of the United States Code. The result is that HHS is the only executive department whose statutory foundation today rests on a confusing combination of several codified and uncodified statutes.[citation needed]

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare[edit]

Seal of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Flag of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Flag of the U.S. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
Flag of the U.S. Under Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
Flag of the U.S. Assistant Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
The seal of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, the flag of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, the flag of the U.S. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, the flag of the U.S. Under Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, and the flag of the U.S. Assistant Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) was created on April 11, 1953, when Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953 became effective. HEW thus became the first new Cabinet-level department since the Department of Labor was created in 1913. The Reorganization Plan abolished the FSA and transferred all of its functions to the Secretary of HEW and all components of the Agency to the Department. The first Secretary of HEW was Oveta Culp Hobby, a native of Texas, who had served as Commander of the Women's Army Corps in World War II and was editor and publisher of the Houston Post. Sworn in on April 11, 1953, as Secretary, she had been FSA Administrator since January 21, 1953.

Department of Health and Human Services[edit]

The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was renamed the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in 1979,[5] when its education functions were transferred to the newly created United States Department of Education under the Department of Education Organization Act.[6] HHS was left in charge of the Social Security Administration, agencies constituting the Public Health Service, and Family Support Administration.

In 1995, the Social Security Administration was removed from the Department of Health and Human Services, and established as an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States Government.

HHS is administered by the Secretary of Health and Human Services, who is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. The United States Public Health Service (PHS) is the main division of the HHS and is led by the Assistant Secretary for Health. The current Secretary, Kathleen Sebelius is the Vice-Chair of the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness, and the Department of Health and Human Services is a member of the Council, which is dedicated to preventing and ending homelessness in America.

The United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, the uniformed service of the PHS, is led by the Surgeon General who is responsible for addressing matters concerning public health as authorized by the Secretary or by the Assistant Secretary of Health in addition to his or her primary mission of administering the Commissioned Corps. The Office of Inspector General (OIG) investigates criminal activity for HHS. The special agents who work for OIG have the same title series "1811", training and authority as other federal criminal investigators, such as the FBI, ATF, DEA and Secret Service. However, OIG Special Agents have special skills in investigating white collar crime related to Medicare and Medicaid fraud and abuse. Organized crime has dominated the criminal activity relative to this type of fraud.

HHS-OIG investigates tens of millions of dollars in Medicare fraud each year. In addition, OIG will continue its coverage of all 50 states and the District of Columbia by its multi-agency task forces (PSOC Task Forces) that identify, investigate, and prosecute individuals who willfully avoid payment of their child support obligations under the Child Support Recovery Act.

HHS-OIG agents also provide protective services to the Secretary of HHS, and other department executives as necessary.

In 2002, the department released Healthy People 2010, a national strategic initiative for improving the health of Americans.

Strengthening Communities Fund[edit]

In June 2010 the Department of Health and Human Services created the Strengthening Communities Fund[7] as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The fund was appropriated $50 million to be given as grants to organizations in the United States who were engaged in Capacity Building programs. The grants were given to two different types of capacity builders:

Capacity building in this program will involve education and outreach that catalyzes more involvement of nonprofit organizations in economic recovery

and building up nonprofit organization's abilities to tackle economic problems. State, Local and Tribal governments can receive up to $250,000 in two year grants

Organization[edit]

HHS business areas.jpg

Internal Structure[edit]

The Department of Health and Human Services is led by the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services, a member of the United States Cabinet appointed by the President of the United States with the consent of the United States Senate. The Secretary is assisted in managing the Department by the Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services, who is also appointed by the President. The Secretary and Deputy Secretary are further assisted by seven Assistant Secretaries, who serve as top Departmental administrators.

Several agencies within HHS are components of the Public Health Service (PHS), including AHRQ, ASPR, ATSDR, CDC, FDA, HRSA, IHS, NIH, SAMHSA, OGHA, and OPHS.[9]

Budget and finances[edit]

The Department of Health and Human Services was authorized a budget for Fiscal Year 2015 of $60.9 billion. The budget authorization is broken down as follows:[10]

ProgramFunding (in billions)
Management and Finance
Departmental Management$1.4
Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund$1.4
Operating Divisions
Food and Drug Administration$2.6
Health Resources and Services Administration$10.4
Indian Health Service$4.8
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention$6.7
National Institutes of Health$30.4
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration$3.4
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality$0.4
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services$906.8
Administration for Children and Families$51.3
Administration for Community Living$2.1
TOTAL1,020.3

Former operating divisions and agencies[edit]

Programs[edit]

The Department of Health and Human Services' administers 115 programs across its 11 operating divisions.[11] Some highlights include:

Health care reform[edit]

The 2010 United States federal budget establishes a reserve fund of more than $630 billion over 10 years to finance fundamental reform of the health care system.[13]

Related legislation[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  2. ^ Goldstein, Amy (June 5, 2014). "Senate confirms Burwell as new secretary of HHS". Washington Post. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "About HHS". U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. A Common Thread of Service: An Historical Guide to HEW. DHEW Publication No. (OS) 73-45 (July 1, 1972). Excerpted and retrieved here http://aspe.hhs.gov/info/hewhistory.htm on January 9, 2014.
  5. ^ Office of the Law Revision Counsel, U.S. House of Representatives, Title 20, Section 3508
  6. ^ Full text of the Department of Education Organization Act, P.L. 96-88
  7. ^ "Strengthening Communities Fund". 
  8. ^ "American Recovery and Reinvestment Act". HHS. 
  9. ^ HHS.gov
  10. ^ 2015 Department of Health and Human Services Budget-in-Brief, pg 10, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Accessed 2015-07-14
  11. ^ Budget and Performance. HHS.gov. Retrieved on 2014-04-15.
  12. ^ http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/css
  13. ^ WhiteHouse.gov

External links[edit]