Hatchford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Hatchford
Ockham, Wisley and Hatchford in 1786.jpg
1786 Map of Hatchford and surrounding area
Hatchford is located in Surrey
Hatchford

 Hatchford shown within Surrey
OS grid referenceTQ109581
DistrictElmbridge
Shire countySurrey
RegionSouth East
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCobham
Postcode districtKT11
Dialling code01932
PoliceSurrey
FireSurrey
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK ParliamentEsher and Walton
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
 
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°18′28″N 0°25′38″W / 51.307653°N 0.427281°W / 51.307653; -0.427281

Hatchford
Ockham, Wisley and Hatchford in 1786.jpg
1786 Map of Hatchford and surrounding area
Hatchford is located in Surrey
Hatchford

 Hatchford shown within Surrey
OS grid referenceTQ109581
DistrictElmbridge
Shire countySurrey
RegionSouth East
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCobham
Postcode districtKT11
Dialling code01932
PoliceSurrey
FireSurrey
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK ParliamentEsher and Walton
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Hatchford is a hamlet in the English county of Surrey outside the town of Cobham (its former civil and ecclesiastical parish); it traditionally includes the contiguous hamlet of Pointers Green.

Geography[edit]

Hatchford rests almost wholly on the high Bagshot Formation (above the flood plain of the River Mole), on a country road between Cobham, Martyrs Green, Ockham and Downside. The hamlet is bisected into Pointers Green main sub-localities by the M25 motorway.

Etymology[edit]

Early maps and references to the area relate principally to the historic house that is now called 'Hatchford Park', but which was at earlier times referred to simply as 'Hatchford'.[1] As the hamlet grew in the late nineteenth century, however, the name was applied more broadly, with the historic house taking the name 'Hatchford Park' to distinguish it.[2] The name has also changed over time: it appears on Rocque's Map of Surrey of 1765 and Cary's 1786 map as 'Hatch Fold'.[2][3] It was still 'Hatchfold' in the Ordnance Survey map of 1816.[2] By the time of Brayley's 1848 Topological History, however, it had become 'Hatchford'.[1]

History[edit]

The house at Hatchford Park was originally built in the 1600s, but little physical evidence of this survives. In the nineteenth century, it became the home of Francis Egerton, 1st Earl of Ellesmere, who rebuilt the house in the 1850s. Lord Ellesmere started an arboretum in the grounds in 1845,[4] while Lady Ellesmere laid out the gardens.[5] The garden writer William Keane included the gardens in his book The Beauties of Surrey. Lady Ellesmere lived on at Hatchford Park after the 1857 death of the 1st Earl. Her mother, Lady Charlotte Greville (née Cavendish-Bentinck) died at Hatchford Park on 28 July 1862, aged 86.[6] The estate was later purchased by Isabella Saltonstall, a patron and executor of the painter George Stubbs. The main house was remodelled in c1890 by Rowland Plumbe [7] in mock Jacobean style for its then owner, the City stockbroker, Walter Moresby Chinnery. It then became the home of Bernhard Samuelson MP, who built a mausoleum in the grounds. Its last private owner as a single house was the steel magnate William John Firth, who lived there in the 1930s.

During World War II Hatchford Park was taken over by the War Office. In 1952, it became Hatchford Park School, a residential school for children with disabilities. In 1969 it was used as a filming location for Spearhead an episode of Dr Who broadcast in 1970.[8] In the 1990s, Hatchford Park was bought by property developers for conversion into private apartments. During the redevelopment, a fire was started which severely damaged the manor house and destroyed many of the original features.

At the same time as remodelling the main house, Lord Ellesmere also gave land and funds to build a small church, St. Matthews, on his estate.[2] In 1865, the church was endowed as a parish within the Diocese of Winchester with the Earl of Ellesmere as patron.[9] However, the church was demolished in the 1960s due to disrepair, leaving only the graveyard, which remains in use; the community is now served by parish church of Ockham (All Saints') and the small chapel of St. Matthew in Downside.

Hatchford End, built near Hatchford Park in 1752, was given to house the estate chaplain.[2] In the 1920s, the 4th Earl bought Hatchford End as a home for his three unmarried sisters (Lady Blanche Egerton, Lady Dorothy and Lady Christian).[10]

The other major historic house of the hamlet is Pointers (also Poynters), an 18th-century manor house on the hillside overlooking the River Mole; this was the residence of Thomas Page, who purchased both this estate and the manor of Cobham in the year 1781, under the option of his father's will, and substantially enlarged the manor via the Enclosures Act.[1] As the manor house of Cobham it was "several times visited here by the late duke of York, and other members of the royal family".[11] It has since been divided into multiple dwellings.

Also dating from the 1600s is Cold Norton (formerly known as Burchets), a smaller dwelling which retains a well-preserved 17th century barn.

Other Landmarks[edit]

Near Hatchford Park are several dwellings which were originally established as almshouses.[12]

On the hill north of Hatchford (known as Chatley Heath, formerly Breach Hill) stands a semaphore tower, which was part of the line of Naval communication from the south coast to London, prior to the development of the electric telegraph.[1]

Where the M25 motorway cuts through the hamlet is Brickfield copse, named after early brickworks and claypits located there.

A roman villa is known to have existed to the north of Hatchford, near Chatley Farm.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Brayley, E. W. A Topographical History of Surrey, London: Virtue & Co., volume 2, pp. 151-2, available online at http://archive.org/stream/topographicalhis02bray#page/n7/mode/2up (accessed 14th March 2013)
  2. ^ a b c d e Langham-Carter, R. R. "Hatchford Park & Church' in Harrison (ed.) Surrey Archaeological Collections, Relating to the History and Antiquities of the County, Volume 61; published by Surrey Archaeological Society, 1964 available online at http://archive.org/stream/surreyarchaeol61surr/surreyarchaeol61surr_djvu.txt (accessed 14 March 2013)
  3. ^ Cary, John (1786) Cary's new and correct English atlas : being a new set of country maps from actual surveys, Published London 1787.
  4. ^ "Hidden Hatchford, 8 May 2011". 
  5. ^ "Hatchford Park". Doctor Who locations. 
  6. ^ "Harriet Catherine Greville". 
  7. ^ "Hatchford Park School". British Listed Buildings. 
  8. ^ "Spearhead from space". 
  9. ^ "Hatchford, Surrey". 
  10. ^ "COUNTRY HOUSES FOR SALE IN SURREY". Country Life. 
  11. ^ Edward Wedlake Brayley; John Britton (1841). A topographical history of Surrey, by E.W. Brayley assisted by J. Britton and E.W. Brayley, jun. The geological section by G. Mantell. pp. 411–. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  12. ^ Ordnance Survey map 1868-1881

External links[edit]