Harting

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Harting
South Harting, 1.5.06.jpg
South Harting seen from Harting Down
Harting is located in West Sussex
Harting
Harting
 Harting shown within West Sussex
Area 32.16 km2 (12.42 sq mi) [1]
Population1,407 [1] 2001 Census
    - Density 44 /km2 (110 /sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU786215
    - London 48 miles (77 km) NE 
Civil parishHarting
DistrictChichester
Shire countyWest Sussex
RegionSouth East
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPETERSFIELD
Postcode districtGU31
Dialling code01730
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK ParliamentChichester
WebsiteParish Council
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
 
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Coordinates: 50°59′18″N 0°52′49″W / 50.9883°N 0.88017°W / 50.9883; -0.88017

Harting
South Harting, 1.5.06.jpg
South Harting seen from Harting Down
Harting is located in West Sussex
Harting
Harting
 Harting shown within West Sussex
Area 32.16 km2 (12.42 sq mi) [1]
Population1,407 [1] 2001 Census
    - Density 44 /km2 (110 /sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU786215
    - London 48 miles (77 km) NE 
Civil parishHarting
DistrictChichester
Shire countyWest Sussex
RegionSouth East
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPETERSFIELD
Postcode districtGU31
Dialling code01730
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK ParliamentChichester
WebsiteParish Council
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex

Harting is a civil parish in the Chichester District of West Sussex, England, situated on northern flank of the South Downs. It comprises four settlements namely Nyewood plus South, East and West Harting.

In the 2001 census the parish covered 3,216 hectares (7,944 acres) and had 616 households with a total population of 1,407. 646 residents were economically active.

The village of South Harting is the largest settlement having two churches, one Anglican and one Congregational. The village also has a school, Harting Church of England Primary School, which takes children from four to eleven years old. Alongside the school is the village hall from which a pre-school group operates.

Harting Down[edit]

The villages are overlooked by Harting Down, a 550-acre (2.2 km2) common owned by the National Trust and part of the Sussex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Rising to 229 metres (751 ft), it offers panoramic views over the Weald to the north, to the English Channel and the Isle of Wight to the south.

Because of its elevation Beacon Hill, just to the east of Harting Down, hosted a station in the shutter telegraph chain, from 1796 to 1816, which connected the Admiralty in London to its naval ships in Portsmouth and Plymouth. This was replaced in 1822 by a semaphore station which operated on a slightly different route until 1847. Bertrand Russell and his wife Dora founded the experimental Beacon Hill School[2] at Telegraph House, which was their residence in 1927.[3]

West of Beacon Hill is Tower hill, on top of which is the Vandalian tower, a folly dating to the 18th century which is in the grounds of Uppark house. It was built to celebrate the founding of the American colony of Vandalia in 1774, though the events of the American Revolution meant that the colony never got off the ground. The tower is in ruins and cannot be entered, but can be seen from outside.

Archaeological evidence has suggested that Harting Down was first occupied around 5000 years ago. Neighbouring Beacon Hill is home to a hillfort from the Iron Age, built around 500 BC as an animal enclosure and refuge. In addition Cross Ridge Dyke, built around the same time, may have been used to control movement of people and animals along the ridgeway.[4]

A large portion of the down has never been used for modern intensive farming and is thus an important site representing the chalk grassland that once covered the downs. Plants found on the site include quaking grass and the common spotted orchid. The down supports animals such as adders, skylarks and several species of butterfly.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Harting at Wikimedia Commons


Next station upwardsAdmiralty Shutter telegraph line 1795Next station downwards
Blackdown Beacon HillPortsdown Hill 
Next station upwardsAdmiralty Semaphore line 1822Next station downwards
Holder Hill Beacon HillCompton Down, Compton