Hartford County, Connecticut

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Hartford County, Connecticut
Map of Connecticut highlighting Hartford County
Location in the state of Connecticut
Map of the United States highlighting Connecticut
Connecticut's location in the U.S.
Founded1666 (an Original County)
SeatHartford (before 1960), none (since 1960); since 1960 Connecticut counties no longer have a county government
Largest cityHartford (population and area)
Area
 • Total751 sq mi (1,945 km2)
 • Land735 sq mi (1,904 km2)
 • Water15 sq mi (39 km2), 2.02%
Population
 • (2010)894,014
 • Density1,216.3/sq mi (470/km²)
Congressional districts1st, 2nd, 5th
 
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Hartford County, Connecticut
Map of Connecticut highlighting Hartford County
Location in the state of Connecticut
Map of the United States highlighting Connecticut
Connecticut's location in the U.S.
Founded1666 (an Original County)
SeatHartford (before 1960), none (since 1960); since 1960 Connecticut counties no longer have a county government
Largest cityHartford (population and area)
Area
 • Total751 sq mi (1,945 km2)
 • Land735 sq mi (1,904 km2)
 • Water15 sq mi (39 km2), 2.02%
Population
 • (2010)894,014
 • Density1,216.3/sq mi (470/km²)
Congressional districts1st, 2nd, 5th

Hartford County is a county located in the north central part of the US state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the population was 894,014, making it the second most populous county in Connecticut.[1]

In Connecticut there is no county-level executive or legislative government; the counties determine probate, civil and criminal court boundaries, but little else. Each city or town is responsible for local services such as schools, snow removal, sewers, fire department and police departments. In Connecticut, cities and towns may agree to jointly provide services or even establish a regional school system.

History[edit]

Hartford County was one of four original counties in Connecticut that were established on May 10, 1666, by an act of the Connecticut General Court. The act establishing the county states:

This Court orders that the Townes on the River from ye
north bounds of Windsor wth Farmington to ye south end of
ye bounds of Thirty Miles Island shalbe & remaine to be one
County wch shalbe called the County of Hartford. And it
is ordered that the County Court shalbe kept at Hartford on
the 1st Thursday in March and on the first Thursday in September yearely.[2]

As established in 1666, Hartford County consisted of the towns of Windsor, Wethersfield, Hartford, Farmington, and Middletown. The "Thirty Miles Island" referred to in the constituting Act was incorporated as the town of Haddam in 1668.[citation needed] In 1670, the town of Simsbury was established, extending Hartford County to the Massachusetts border. In the late 17th to early 18th centuries, several more towns were established and added to Hartford County: Waterbury in 1686 (transferred to New Haven County in 1728), Windham in 1694 (transferred to Windham County in 1726), Hebron in 1708 (transferred to Tolland County in 1785), Coventry in 1712 (transferred to Windham County in 1726), and Litchfield in 1722 (transferred to Litchfield County in 1751).

In 1714, all of the unincorporated territory north of the towns of Coventry and Windham in northeastern Connecticut to the Massachusetts border were placed under the jurisdiction of Hartford County. Windham County was constituted in 1726 resulting in Hartford County losing the towns of Windham, Coventry, Mansfield (incorporated in 1702), and Ashford (incorporated in 1714). Northwestern Connecticut, which was originally placed under the jurisdiction of New Haven County in 1722, was transferred to Hartford County by 1738. All of northwestern Connecticut was later constituted as a new county, Litchfield County, in 1751. In 1785, two more counties were established in the now U.S. state of Connecticut: Tolland and Middlesex. This mostly resulted in the modern extent of Hartford County. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the establishment of several more towns resulted in minor adjustments in the bounds of the county. The final adjustment resulting in the modern limits occurred on May 8, 1806, when the town of Canton was established.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 750.57 square miles (1,944.0 km2), of which 735.44 square miles (1,904.8 km2) (or 97.98%) is land and 15.13 square miles (39.2 km2) (or 2.02%) is water.[4] The county is divided into two unequal parts by the Connecticut River, and watered by Farmington, Mill, Podunk, Scantic, and other rivers. The surface is very diverse: part of the river valleys are alluvial and subject to inundation, while other portions of the county are hilly and even mountainous.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Towns[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
179038,149
180042,14710.5%
181044,7336.1%
182047,2645.7%
183051,1318.2%
184055,6298.8%
185069,96725.8%
186089,96228.6%
1870109,00721.2%
1880125,38215.0%
1890147,18017.4%
1900195,48032.8%
1910250,18228.0%
1920336,02734.3%
1930421,09725.3%
1940450,1896.9%
1950539,66119.9%
1960689,55527.8%
1970816,73718.4%
1980807,766−1.1%
1990851,7835.4%
2000857,1830.6%
2010894,0144.3%
Est. 2012897,2590.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 857,183 people, 335,098 households, and 222,505 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,166 people per square mile (450/km²). There were 353,022 housing units at an average density of 480 per square mile (185/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.90% White, 11.66% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 2.42% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 6.43% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. 11.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.2% were of Italian, 11.2% Irish, 9.1% Polish, 6.5% English, 5.7% French and 5.3% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 78.4% spoke English, 10.3% Spanish, 2.6% Polish, 1.9% French and 1.6% Italian as their first language.

There were 335,098 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,756, and the median income for a family was $62,144. Males had a median income of $43,985 versus $33,042 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,047. About 7.10% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Demographic breakdown by town[edit]

Income[edit]

Data is from the 2010 United States Census and the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[9][10]

RankTownPer capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
PopulationNumber of
households
Pop. Density
1AvonTown$55,879$105,116$129,65118,0987,009770
2SimsburyTown$54,571$113,224$135,77223,5118,776685
3FarmingtonTown$50,541$85,417$106,88525,34010,522881
4GlastonburyTown$49,324$102,482$124,05734,42713,135660
5GranbyTown$46,687$97,500$111,33911,2824,194277
6CantonTown$46,401$87,643$101,79310,2924,150412
7West HartfordTown$43,534$78,530$102,54763,26825,2582,837
8BurlingtonTown$43,392$115,341$120,5809,3013,291306
9MarlboroughTown$41,669$108,232$110,5276,4042,292272
10SuffieldTown$41,098$90,023$99,85515,7355,155366
11East GranbyTown$40,698$77,596$97,1745,1482,062291
12BloomfieldTown$39,738$68,372$84,58320,4868,554779
13South WindsorTown$38,945$88,350$94,60225,7099,918896
14BerlinTown$38,134$86,211$98,67719,8667,808736
15WethersfieldTown$37,329$71,284$91,56326,66811,2042,036
16HartlandTown$36,874$85,956$91,1882,11478961
17SouthingtonTown$36,053$77,673$102,18643,06916,8141,177
18Rocky HillTown$36,021$72,417$88,75019,7098,3071,426
19WindsorTown$35,780$78,695$90,85629,04411,233937
20ManchesterTown$32,752$61,571$77,01858,24124,6892,103
21NewingtonTown$32,561$69,085$80,59730,56212,5502,333
22East WindsorTown$31,162$64,301$76,50211,1624,750416
23PlainvilleTown$31,000$63,447$80,20517,7167,5801,814
24Windsor LocksTown$30,436$59,369$70,43912,4985,2231,330
25BristolCity$29,629$58,537$72,03860,47725,3202,257
26EnfieldTown$29,340$67,402$77,55444,65416,7941,306
27East HartfordTown$24,373$48,613$57,84851,25220,1952,741
28New BritainCity$21,056$39,706$45,99073,20628,1585,463
29HartfordCity$16,798$28,970$32,820124,77545,1246,932

Race[edit]

Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates, "Race alone or in combination with one or more other races."[11]

RankTownPopulationWhiteBlackAsianAmerican
Indian
OtherHispanic
1HartfordCity124,81735.1%39.8%2.9%1.5%25.1%42.4%
2New BritainCity73,05568.2%15.3%2.7%0.5%17.2%34.8%
3West HartfordTown63,06684.6%7.4%8.2%0.7%2.3%9.1%
4BristolCity60,47390.0%5.1%2.3%0.8%4.9%9.5%
5ManchesterTown57,89777.0%11.7%7.8%0.6%5.6%12.5%
6East HartfordTown51,09154.4%25.4%7.3%0.9%15.5%25.7%
7EnfieldTown44,74788.5%7.4%2.1%0.4%3.5%7.2%
8SouthingtonTown42,73196.3%1.2%1.8%0.2%1.0%3.4%
9GlastonburyTown34,17187.7%4.1%7.0%0.4%2.2%4.6%
10NewingtonTown30,44186.9%6.0%6.3%0.6%2.5%7.2%
11WindsorTown28,96256.4%37.6%5.0%0.5%3.7%8.4%
12WethersfieldTown26,64192.4%3.4%1.8%0.5%3.3%8.8%
13South WindsorTown25,57784.7%5.2%8.4%0.4%2.9%5.3%
14FarmingtonTown25,18690.0%3.0%7.8%0.4%0.3%1.3%
15SimsburyTown23,49894.3%2.3%4.0%0.5%0.4%2.3%
16BloomfieldTown20,40640.1%59.0%1.7%2.6%1.4%3.7%
17BerlinTown19,69494.3%1.5%2.7%0.4%1.9%2.7%
18Rocky HillTown19,53378.7%4.9%13.9%1.6%3.2%6.5%
19AvonTown17,85990.5%2.3%8.0%0.5%1.0%4.2%
20PlainvilleTown17,67095.7%2.9%2.3%0.3%1.0%4.7%
21SuffieldTown15,51386.3%9.6%1.5%1.5%4.0%5.8%
22Windsor LocksTown12,46689.1%4.2%6.0%1.1%1.2%3.6%
23GranbyTown11,19296.1%2.7%1.2%0.1%1.3%4.0%
24East WindsorTown11,02483.2%10.2%6.9%0.6%0.9%5.5%
25CantonTown10,13999.0%0.6%1.1%0.5%0.4%2.6%
26BurlingtonTown9,19197.8%1.1%1.5%0.1%0.3%2.5%
27MarlboroughTown6,33598.8%1.0%0.5%0.7%0.5%1.6%
28East GranbyTown5,05589.9%2.4%6.9%0.2%1.3%4.3%
29HartlandTown2,15897.5%0.9%2.1%0.4%0.2%0.3%

Transportation Infrastructure[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Major Routes[edit]

Public Transportation[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
YearRepublicanDemocratic
201236.6% 143,64862.2% 244,314
200833.7% 138,98465.1% 268,721
200439.5% 154,91958.7% 229,902
200034.7% 127,46860.2% 221,167
199631.3% 111,56657.0% 203,549
199232.0% 132,59147.1% 195,495
198846.0% 173,03153.1% 199,857
198455.0% 208,21044.6% 168,609
198040.5% 150,26544.3% 164,643
197647.5% 175,06451.9% 191,257
197252.1% 194,09546.9% 174,837
196838.8% 131,74056.2% 190,865
196427.0% 88,81172.9% 240,071
196041.1% 136,45958.9% 195,403

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°49′N 72°44′W / 41.81°N 72.73°W / 41.81; -72.73