Harry B. Harris Jr.

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Harry B. Harris, Jr.
Admiral Harry B. Harris, Jr.jpg
Admiral Harry B. Harris, Jr., USN
Commander, United States Pacific Fleet
Born1956 (age 57–58)
Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchUnited States Department of the Navy Seal.svg United States Navy
Years of service1978 - present
RankUS Navy O10 infobox.svg Admiral
Commands heldUnited States Pacific Fleet
U.S. Sixth Fleet
-- Naval Striking and Support Forces NATO
JTF Guantanamo
Patrol & Reconnaissance Wing 1
VP-46
Battles/warsOperation Attain Document III
Operation Desert Shield
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Earnest Will
Operation Southern Watch
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Odyssey Dawn
AwardsDefense Distinguished Service Medal
Navy Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Defense Superior Service Medal (3)
Legion of Merit (3)
Bronze Star (2)
Air Medal (1 strike/flight)
Department of State Distinguished Honor Award
 
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Harry B. Harris, Jr.
Admiral Harry B. Harris, Jr.jpg
Admiral Harry B. Harris, Jr., USN
Commander, United States Pacific Fleet
Born1956 (age 57–58)
Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchUnited States Department of the Navy Seal.svg United States Navy
Years of service1978 - present
RankUS Navy O10 infobox.svg Admiral
Commands heldUnited States Pacific Fleet
U.S. Sixth Fleet
-- Naval Striking and Support Forces NATO
JTF Guantanamo
Patrol & Reconnaissance Wing 1
VP-46
Battles/warsOperation Attain Document III
Operation Desert Shield
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Earnest Will
Operation Southern Watch
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Odyssey Dawn
AwardsDefense Distinguished Service Medal
Navy Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Defense Superior Service Medal (3)
Legion of Merit (3)
Bronze Star (2)
Air Medal (1 strike/flight)
Department of State Distinguished Honor Award

Harry Binkley Harris, Jr.[1] is a four-star admiral in the United States Navy who currently serves as Commander of the United States Pacific Fleet. He was promoted to the rank of four-star admiral upon taking command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet in Hawaii in 2013.[2] His prior position as vice admiral was serving as the Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[3] Harris' prior operational command was in 2011 when he was commander of the U.S. Sixth Fleet and Naval Striking and Support Forces NATO.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Harris was born in Yokosuka, Japan in 1956. His father was an American Navy Chief Petty Officer and his mother Japanese.[4] After his family's return to the United States, Harris grew up in Tennessee and Florida, where he attended local public schools.[5]

Military service[edit]

Harris graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1978. He majored in General Engineering and was a varsity fencer.

After flight training, he was designated as a Naval Flight Officer and assigned to Patrol Squadron FORTY FOUR (VP-44), homeported at Naval Air Station Brunswick, Maine where he flew the P-3C Orion, deploying throughout the Atlantic and Mediterranean. His subsequent operational tours include assignment as a Tactical Action Officer on board USS Saratoga (CV-60), to include participation in the Achille Lauro incident and strikes against Libya (Operation Attain Document III[6]); Operations Officer in Patrol Squadron 4 (VP-4) at Naval Air Station Barbers Point, Hawaii, deploying to Southwest Asia during Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm; and three tours with Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 1/Task Force 57/Task Force 72, the latter tour as the wing's Commodore, homeported in Kami Seya, Japan and forward deployed to Manama, Bahrain for Operation Enduring Freedom. During his earlier tours with Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 1, he participated in Operations Earnest Will and Southern Watch.

In 2002, he reported to Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Central Command/U.S. Fifth Fleet in Manama, Bahrain, serving as Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations, Plans, and Pol-Mil Affairs (N3/N5). He was responsible for the planning and execution of the Naval component’s portion of Operation Iraqi Freedom, which began on March 19, 2003.

His aviation command assignments include Patrol Squadron 46 (VP-46) at Naval Air Station Whidbey Island, Washington, and Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 1/CTF 57/CTF 72 at Kami Seya, Japan. Task Force 57, the U.S. 5th Fleet maritime patrol and reconnaissance aircraft force, was heavily involved in Operation Enduring Freedom as squadrons and aircrews under his command flew nearly 1,000 P-3 and EP-3 surveillance and reconnaissance sorties over Afghanistan. Additional Flag Officer command assignments included Joint Task Force Guantanamo in Cuba, U.S. Sixth Fleet /Naval Striking and Support Forces NATO in Italy. While commanding Sixth Fleet, he was designated as the Joint Force Maritime Component Commander for Operation Odyssey Dawn, the U.S.-led coalition operation against Libya.

Harris’ shore assignments include Aide and Flag Lieutenant to the Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Japan in Yokosuka, Japan; three tours on the staff of the Chief of Naval Operations to include two flag officer tours and a tour as a strategist in the Strategy and Concepts Branch; and Special Assistant/Chief Speechwriter to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. His Flag assignments are described below.

His educational assignments include selection for the Navy’s Harvard/Tufts Program, where he graduated with a Master's of Public Administration from Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government in 1992. Subsequently selected as an Arthur S. Moreau Scholar, he studied international relations and ethics of war at Oxford and Georgetown University, earning a Master of Arts in National Security Studies from the latter in 1994. While at Georgetown, he was a Fellow in the School of Foreign Service. He was also a MIT Seminar 21 fellow for the 1999-2000 class.

Then-Vice Admiral Harris fires the noon cannon at the Peter and Paul Fortress in commemoration of Soviet Victory Day in 2010.

Harris has logged 4400 flight hours, including over 400 combat hours, in U.S. and foreign maritime patrol and reconnaissance aircraft, and is the first officer from the U.S. Navy's P-3 maritime patrol aviation community to achieve 4-star rank. He is the United States Navy's highest-ranking Japanese American.[7] He is a recipient of the Navy League’s Stephen Decatur Award for Operational Competence. For his work in diversity and leadership, he has also received the NECO Ellis Island Honor Award, the APAICS Lifetime Achievement Award, and the WWAAC Community Spirit Award.

Director, Current Operations and Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection Division (OPNAV N31/34)[edit]

In August 2004, in his first Flag assignment, he reported to the staff of the Chief of Naval Operations and was responsible for Navy current operations, the Navy Command Center, and anti-terrorism/force protection policy.

Commander, Joint Task Force Guantanamo[edit]

In March 2006, he assumed command of Joint Task Force Guantanamo in Cuba. His service was notable as he was in charge when three prisoners, Mani Shaman Turki al-Habardi Al-Utaybi, Salah Ali Abdullah Ahmed al-Salami and Yasser Talal Al Zahrani, died in the custody of US forces. Defense reported the deaths as suicides. Harris said at the time,

Harris ordered a full investigation by the Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS), which published its report in a heavily redacted version in August 2008.

A report, Death in Camp Delta, was published in December 2009 by the Center for Policy & Research of Seton Hall University School of Law, under the supervision of its director, Professor Mark Denbeaux, attorney for two Guantanamo detainees, criticizing numerous inconsistencies in the official accounts of these deaths.[9][10][11] The report suggested there had either been gross negligence or an attempt to cover up homicides, perhaps due to torture.

On 18 January 2010, Scott Horton of Harper’s Magazine published a story suggesting that al-Salami, Al-Utaybi and Al-Zahrani had died as a result of accidental manslaughter during a torture session, and that the official account was a cover-up.[8] Horton had undertaken a joint investigation with NBC News, based on an account by four former guards at Guantanamo Bay detention camp. They suggested that the men had died at a black site, informally called "Camp No," used for interrogation including torture. I was located about a mile outside the regular camp boundaries.[8]

Director of Operations, U.S. Southern Command[edit]

From June 2007 to April 2008, Harris served as Director of Operations (J3) for U.S. Southern Command in Miami, Florida. He was involved in planning for Operation Willing Spirit[12] (the rescue of American hostages held hostage in Colombia).

Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (OPNAV N6)[edit]

He returned to the Pentagon to serve as the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Communication Networks (OPNAV N6) and the Deputy Department of the Navy Chief Information Officer (Navy) until November 2009. He was responsible for early resource sponsor decisions for the Consolidated Afloat Networks and Enterprise Services (CANES), Next Generation Enterprise Network (NGEN), Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) and Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA).

Commander, U.S. Sixth Fleet[edit]

In November 2009, Harris assumed command of the U.S. 6th Fleet and the Striking and Support Forces NATO, both headquartered in Naples, Italy. He concurrently served as the Joint Force Maritime Component commander, Naples; deputy commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe; and deputy commander, U.S. Naval Forces Africa. In 2011, he was designated as the Joint Force Maritime Component Commander for Operation Odyssey Dawn, the U.S.-led coalition operation against Libya.

Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[edit]

In October 2011, he assumed the position of Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In this capacity, he served as the Chairman's direct representative to the Secretary of State. He was also the designated U.S. Roadmap Monitor for the Middle East Peace Process.

Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet[edit]

Admiral Harris wears Google Glass during a presentation at AFCEA West in February 2014.

Harris was promoted to admiral and assumed command of the United States Pacific Fleet on October 16, 2013.[13]

U.S. Pacific Command[edit]

Harris was nominated on September 22, 2014, by President Barack Obama to command the United States Pacific Command. His appointment is subject to Senate confirmation.[14][15]



Awards and decorations[edit]

Navalflightoff.jpeg Naval Flight Officer insignia
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Gold star
Navy Distinguished Service Medal with 1 gold award star
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Defense Superior Service Medal with two bronze oak leaf clusters
Gold star
Gold star
Legion of Merit with 2 award stars
Gold star
Bronze Star with 1 award star
Gold star
Gold star
Gold star
Meritorious Service Medal with 3 award stars
Award numeral 1.pngAir Medal with Strike/Flight numeral 1
Joint Service Commendation Medal
Gold star
Gold star
Gold star
Gold star
Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal with 4 award stars
Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal
Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Bronze star
Bronze star
Navy Unit Commendation with 2 bronze service stars
Bronze star
Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation with 1 service star
Navy "E" Ribbon with 3 Battle "E" devices
USA - DOS Distinguished Honor Award.pngDepartment of State Distinguished Honor Award
Bronze star
Navy Expeditionary Medal with 1 service star
Bronze star
Bronze star
National Defense Service Medal with 2 service stars
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Southwest Asia Service Medal with 3 service stars
Bronze star
Afghanistan Campaign Medal with 1 service star
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbon with 4 service stars
Bronze star
Silver star
Silver star
Bronze star
Navy & Marine Corps Overseas Service Ribbon with 2 silver and 2 bronze service stars
Us sa-kwlib rib.pngKuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
Us kw-kwlib rib.pngKuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)
USN Expert Rifle Ribbon.pngNavy Expert Rifleman Medal
USN Expert Pistol Shot Ribbon.pngNavy Expert Pistol Shot Medal

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ McAvoy, Audrey (October 16, 2013). "New commander takes over U.S. Pacific Fleet". Honolulu Star Advertiser. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Navy Official Web Site". US Department of the Navy. 
  4. ^ "Harry Harris an admiral?". Class News. USNA Class of 1978. 29 February 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "Official biography: Harry Harris". US Department of Defense. 
  6. ^ Action in the Gulf of Sidra (1986)
  7. ^ Chief of Naval Personnel. "Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Navy". Navy Diversity Directorate (N134). Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 18 July 2012. "Vice Admiral Harry B. Harris Jr., a naval aviator who logged 4,400 flight hours and who became Commander, Sixth Fleet in 2009, is the Navy’s highest-ranking Japanese American." 
  8. ^ a b c "The Guantánamo "Suicides": A Camp Delta sergeant blows the whistle". Harper’s Magazine. 18 January 2010. 
  9. ^ Seton Hall Law releases latest GTMO report, Death in Camp Delta
  10. ^ Death in Camp Delta
  11. ^ Mark P. Denbeaux Faculty Profile, Seton Hall University School of Law
  12. ^ http://www.socso.southcom.mil/history.aspx
  13. ^ McAvoy, Audrey (October 16, 2013). "New commander takes over U.S. Pacific Fleet". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 24, 2013. 
  14. ^ Kakesako, Gregg (22 September 2014). "Harris nominated to be Pacific commander". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "Flag Officer Announcement". Department of Defense News Release. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 

External links[edit]