Harrison County, West Virginia

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Harrison County, West Virginia
Seal of Harrison County, West Virginia
Seal
Map of West Virginia highlighting Harrison County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
FoundedMay 3, 1784
SeatClarksburg
Largest cityClarksburg
Area
 • Total417 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Land416 sq mi (1,077 km2)
 • Water1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.13%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012)69,141
 • Density166/sq mi (64/km²)
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.harrisoncountywv.com
 
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Harrison County, West Virginia
Seal of Harrison County, West Virginia
Seal
Map of West Virginia highlighting Harrison County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
FoundedMay 3, 1784
SeatClarksburg
Largest cityClarksburg
Area
 • Total417 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Land416 sq mi (1,077 km2)
 • Water1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.13%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012)69,141
 • Density166/sq mi (64/km²)
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.harrisoncountywv.com

Harrison County, founded in 1784,[1] is a county located in the State of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was estimated at 69,141 for 2012. The county seat is Clarksburg. Harrison County is part of the Clarksburg, WV Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Harrison County was created in 1784, formed from Monongalia County and named for Benjamin Harrison V,[2] who had recently retired as the Governor of Virginia. He was also the father of William Henry Harrison, ninth President of the United States and great-grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, twenty-third president.

The first meeting of the Harrison County court was held on July 20, 1784 at home of George Jackson. One of the first orders of business was to select a permanent county seat. It was decided to move the county seat to Clarksburg. In 1773, Daniel Davisson claimed the land upon which Clarksburg was formed. The town, named in honor of the explorer General George Rogers Clark (1752–1818), was chartered by the Virginia General Assembly in October 1785, and it was incorporated in 1795.

Clarksburg's first newspaper, The By-Stander, began publication in 1810. Clarksburg began to grow following the construction of the Northwestern Turnpike connecting Winchester and Parkersburg. It reached Clarksburg in 1836. Clarksburg's economic development was also helped by the arrival of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1856. The railroad was instrumental in the development of the local coal mining industry during the late 1800s and early 1900s.

Geography[edit]

Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson statue in front of the Harrison County Courthouse.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 417 square miles (1,080.0 km2), of which 416 square miles (1,077.4 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.13%) is water. The county is drained by the West Fork River and its tributaries, including Tenmile Creek, Simpson Creek, Elk Creek, and Hackers Creek.[3]

Major Highways[edit]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
17902,080
18004,848133.1%
18109,958105.4%
182010,9329.8%
183014,72234.7%
184017,66920.0%
185011,728−33.6%
186013,79017.6%
187016,71421.2%
188020,18120.7%
189021,9198.6%
190027,69026.3%
191048,38174.7%
192074,79354.6%
193078,5675.0%
194082,9115.5%
195085,2962.9%
196077,856−8.7%
197073,028−6.2%
198077,7106.4%
199069,371−10.7%
200068,652−1.0%
201069,0990.7%
Est. 201269,1410.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]
Views of Main Street in Clarksburg (left) and the Benedum Civic Center in Bridgeport (right). Clarkburg and Bridgeport are the largest cities in Harrison County.
Harrison County Courthouse.
Left, the West Virginia Black Heritage Festival in Clarksburg, WV. Center, the Scottish Festival & Celtic Gathering in Bridgeport, WV. Right, the West Virginia Italian Heritage Festival in Clarksburg.

As of the census of 2000, there were 68,652 people, 27,867 households, and 19,088 families residing in the county. The population density was 165 people per square mile (64/km²). There were 31,112 housing units at an average density of 75 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.55% White, 1.61% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 27,867 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.30% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,562, and the median income for a family was $36,870. Males had a median income of $30,721 versus $22,110 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,810. About 13.60% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.10% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

CitiesTownsCDPs

Unincorprated Communities[edit]

Below is partial listing of known unincorporated communities within Harrison County. A complete listing is available here

Charles Pointe Master-Planned Community[edit]

Harrison County is the site of West Virginia's first master-planned community, Charles Pointe, which is currently under construction in the city of Bridgeport, WV and comprises 1,700 acres (6.9 km2) that will combine commercial, residential, and recreational areas into one master-planned community.[6] Adjacent to Charles Pointe, the new United Hospital Center, a $278 million state-of-the-art medical facility, is also currently being constructed.[7] Directly across from the United Hospital Center site, White Oaks, a planned business community is also under way, and will support the new hospital and the FBI CJIS complex, which is also located nearby to the White Oaks site.[8][9] This area of West Virginia's Interstate 79 is considered part of a "High Tech Corridor."[10]

Historical Landmarks[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°17′N 80°23′W / 39.29°N 80.38°W / 39.29; -80.38