Harper Valley PTA

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"Harper Valley PTA"
Single by Jeannie C. Riley
from the album Harper Valley PTA
Released1968
GenreCountry
Length3:16
LabelPlantation
Writer(s)Tom T. Hall
Producer(s)Shelby Singleton
Jeannie C. Riley singles chronology
"Harper Valley PTA"
(1968)
"The Girl Most Likely"
(1968)
 
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"Harper Valley PTA"
Single by Jeannie C. Riley
from the album Harper Valley PTA
Released1968
GenreCountry
Length3:16
LabelPlantation
Writer(s)Tom T. Hall
Producer(s)Shelby Singleton
Jeannie C. Riley singles chronology
"Harper Valley PTA"
(1968)
"The Girl Most Likely"
(1968)

"Harper Valley PTA" is a country song written by Tom T. Hall that was a major international hit single for country singer Jeannie C. Riley in 1968. Riley's record sold over six million copies as a single. The song made Riley the first woman to top both Billboard's Hot 100 and the U.S. country single's charts with the same song, a feat that would go unrepeated until Dolly Parton's "9 to 5 " in 1981.

Story[edit]

The song tells the story of Mrs. Johnson, a widowed mother of a teenage girl, who becomes outraged when one afternoon her daughter brings home a note from her junior high school's PTA decrying Mrs. Johnson's supposedly scandalous behavior by small-town standards, which, according to the PTA, is setting a bad example for her daughter. In response, Mrs. Johnson attends the next PTA meeting (being held that same afternoon), wearing a miniskirt, to the surprise of the PTA members. She then exposes various episodes of misbehavior and indiscretion on the part of several members of the PTA, concluding with, "This is just a little Peyton Place / And you're all Harper Valley hypocrites."

Cultural references[edit]

The song makes two references to short hemlines ("you've been wearing your dresses way too high;" "wore her miniskirt into the room") in reference to the miniskirt and the minidress, which had been gaining popularity in the four years since they were first introduced.

The expression, "This is just a little Peyton Place..." is a reference to the wildly popular television show based on the earlier novel and film of the same name wherein a small town hides scandal and moral hypocrisy behind a tranquil façade. The Top 20 Nielsen show was in its 4th season when "Harper Valley PTA" was released.[1]

In the final line of the song the singer reveals herself as Mrs. Johnson's daughter, with the memorable line: "The day my mama socked it to the Harper Valley PTA", referring to the popular phrase of that period "sock it to me" from the sketch comedy TV series Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In. According to Riley's autobiography,[citation needed] this line was ad libbed at the recording session at the suggestion of someone at the session.

Legacy[edit]

Tom T. Hall reportedly first offered the song to Skeeter Davis, who declined. Plantation Records, the label on which Riley recorded the song, rush-released the single when they learned that both Billie Jo Spears and Margie Singleton had just recorded the song as well. Riley's record was an immediate smash; Capitol Records did release Spears' version the same week, but it failed to chart.

Hall later stated that his inspiration for the song came when one day he was passing by the Harpeth Valley Elementary School in Bellevue, Tennessee, not far from his then-home in Franklin. He liked the sound of the name and decided to write a song using a similar place name. He also reportedly wrote the song about Olive Hill, Kentucky, where Hall grew up.

The song was later the inspiration for a 1978 motion picture and a short-lived 1981 television series, both starring Barbara Eden, playing the heroine of the song, Mrs. Johnson--who now had a first name, Stella.

Several other songs in the Harper Valley PTA album also told stories of some of the other characters from the song, including Mayor Harper, Widow Jones, and Shirley Thompson.

The classic Harper Valley PTA album cover shows a minidress-clad Riley—portraying Mrs. Johnson with PTA note in hand—standing beside a girl, who is obviously portraying the teenage daughter of Mrs. Johnson.

Jeannie C. Riley's recording of the song won her a Grammy for the Best Country Vocal Performance, Female. Her recording was also nominated for "Record of the Year" and "Song of the Year" in the pop field.

In the 1970s, Riley became a born-again Christian, and started to sing gospel music and briefly distanced herself from the song. However, she never dropped the song from her concerts and it was always her most requested and popular number.

Riley titled her 1980 autobiography From Harper Valley to the Mountain Top, and released a gospel album in 1981 with the same title.

Sequel[edit]

Riley recorded a sequel song, "Return To Harper Valley", in 1984 (also written by Hall) but was not a commercial success.

In the sequel, Riley sings as Ms. Johnson (instead of her daughter as in the original). After purchasing a ticket to the high school dance (with the winner receiving a Stray Cats album) she decided to attend. This time she decided to wear a full-length dress and mentions how some folks changed, some for the good (Bobby Taylor, who repeatedly asked her for dates, was now paying attention to his wife) and others for the bad (Mr. Kelly never stopped his alcohol abuse and died from cirrhosis as a result).

However, she noticed prevalent substance abuse among the youth, and initially decided to get a gun, but decided to pray instead. After remembering her own wild behavior, she decides to attend the PTA meeting the following day and share her concerns.

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1968)Peak
position
U.S. Billboard Hot Country Singles1
U.S. Billboard Hot 1001
U.S. Billboard Easy Listening4[2]
Canadian RPM Country Tracks1
Canadian RPM Top Singles1
Australian Singles Chart1
U.K. Singles Chart12

Cover versions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haralovich, Mary Beth (1999). Television, History and American Culture. Duke University Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-8223-2394-5. 
  2. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2002). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961-2001. Record Research. p. 205. 
Preceded by
"People Got to Be Free"
by The Rascals
US Billboard Hot 100
number-one single

September 21, 1968
Succeeded by
"Hey Jude"
by The Beatles
Preceded by
"Mama Tried"
by Merle Haggard and The Strangers
US Billboard Hot Country Singles
number-one single

September 28–October 12, 1968
Succeeded by
"Then You Can Tell Me Goodbye"
by Eddy Arnold
Preceded by
"1, 2, 3, Red Light"
by 1910 Fruitgum Company
Canadian RPM 100
number-one single

September 23, 1968
Succeeded by
"Hey Jude"
by The Beatles
Preceded by
"Dreams of the Everyday Housewife"
by Glen Campbell
Canadian RPM Country Tracks
number-one single

September 16-September 23, 1968
Succeeded by
"Only Daddy That'll Walk the Line"
by Waylon Jennings