Harley-Davidson Servi-Car

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Harley-Davidson Servi-Car

The Harley-Davidson Servi-Car was a three-wheeled utility motorcycle manufactured by Harley-Davidson from 1932 to 1973.

Concept and uses[edit]

The Servi-Car was designed during the Great Depression when Harley-Davidson was desperate to expand its product base to increase sales.[1] Targeted at the automotive service industry, the vehicle was designed to be towed behind a car to be delivered to a customer; when the car was delivered at its destination, the driver would unhitch the Servi-Car and ride back to the garage.[2][3] For this reason, it was available with a tow bar at the front and a large 60 Ah battery.[4]

In addition to its intended use for car delivery and retrieval, the Servi-Car was also popular as a utility vehicle for small businesses and mobile vendors. They proved to be particularly popular with the police departments, some of which still used Servi-Cars into the 1990s.[4]

Models[edit]

The models offered in 1932, the first year of production were:

In 1933, the GDT, with large box and tow bar, was added to the line.[5]

In 1942, the small and large boxes were replaced with a standardized intermediate-sized box that was manufactured for Harley Davidson by the Chas. Abresch Co. in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. A gold, red, and black water transfer decal from this company was affixed to the top inside of the box lid.[citation needed] This box lasted until 1966, after which it was replaced by a fiberglass box; all preceding boxes were made from steel.[6]

Engine[edit]

The Servi-Car used variations of Harley-Davidson's 45 cubic inch flathead. From 1932 to 36, the Servi-Car used the engine from the solo R model.[1] It was changed in 1937 to the engine used in the W model, which differed mainly in having a recirculating oil system instead of the constant-loss system of the R.[4][7] The "W" flathead engine continued until the end of production in 1973, despite the "W" solo series being replaced by the "K" series in 1952.[4][8]

An electric starter became available on the Servi-Car in 1964, making it the first civilian Harley with an electric starter, one year before the debut of the Electra Glide.[4][9][10]

Transmission[edit]

When the Servi-Car was introduced in 1932, it used the same transmission as the R solo model.[4] This was replaced the next year by a constant-mesh transmission with three speeds and a reverse gear.[11]

Chassis and suspension[edit]

Early Servi-Car with springer forks

The Servi-Car was designed for the road conditions of the day, where surface roads might still be crude and unpaved. It had a rigid rear axle with a differential.[12] The rear axle had a track of 42 inches (1,100 mm), similar to the track of most available cars. This was done so that the vehicle could use the same tracks that had been made by regular cars.[3]

A prototype of the Servi-Car with rear suspension had been tested and was found to be unstable.[3] The production model had its axle mounted directly to the frame with no suspension at all.[13]

Servi-Car with Hydra-Glide forks and disc brake

Until 1957, the front forks of the Servi-Car were the springer-type leading-link forks used on the R-series and W-series solo motorcycles. From 1958 on, the Servi-Car changed neck stem length and inner diameter to use Hydra-Glide front forks.[9]

Brakes[edit]

As introduced, the Servi-Car had a drum brake on the front wheel and another drum brake inside the rear axle housing, decelerating both rear wheels.[11] In 1937, the braking system was upgraded to have a drum brake on each wheel.[14] A hydraulic rear brake system was introduced in 1951.[15] The very last Servi-Cars, built late in their last model year, would have disc brakes on all three wheels.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mitchel, Doug (1997). "The Flathead is Born (1928-1935)". Harley-Davidson Chronicle - An American Original. Lincolnwood, IL USA: Publications International. pp. 68–69. ISBN 0-7853-2514-X. "The company also introduced the first of their three-wheeled Servi-Cars in 1932, powered by the 45-cid V-twin." 
  2. ^ Mitchel, Doug (1997). "The Flathead is Born (1928-1935)". Harley-Davidson Chronicle - An American Original. Lincolnwood, IL USA: Publications International. p. 88. ISBN 0-7853-2514-X. "The Servi-Car earned its own brochure for 1934, where it was described as being 'the practical method for profitable pick-up and delivery of automobiles.'" 
  3. ^ a b c Servi-Car Homepage - History
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Auto Lemon - Used Car History Check - Motorcycle: Twins - Servi-Car, 1932 - 1974". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. "Some suggested that it was inspired by Far East rickshaw-style machines; however, the Servi-Car was initially intended for the recovery of broken-down cars — hence the tow-bar and huge 60 amp/hour battery fitted as standard." 
  5. ^ Servi-Car Homepage - Yearly Statistics and Pricing
  6. ^ Mitchel, Doug (1997). "The Knucklehead Hits (1936-1947)". Harley-Davidson Chronicle. Lincolnwood, IL USA: Publications International. pp. 94–95. ISBN 0-7853-2514-X. 
  7. ^ Mitchel, D. "Harley-Davidson Chronicle - An American Original" p. 150 Publications International Limited, 1997 ISBN 0-7853-2514-X
  8. ^ a b Hornsby, Andy. "A Potted History of Harley-Davidson: Part 2 1955-1978". American V. Crewe, UK: American-V. Timeline. Retrieved 2011-04-10. "1964: KRTT DROPPED, FIRST ELECTRIC START HARLEY: THE SERVICAR" 
  9. ^ "Harley-Davidson XA History". Archived from the original on 2007-02-03. 
  10. ^ a b Servi-Car Homepage - Changes: 1932-36
  11. ^ Servi-Car Homepage - Technical Diagrams and Pictures
  12. ^ Heavy Duty Cycles - Trike Rear Ends
  13. ^ Conner, R. "Harley-Davidson Data Book" p. 59 Motorbooks International, 1996 ISBN 0-7603-0226-X
  14. ^ Conner, R. "Harley-Davidson Data Book" p. 84 Motorbooks International, 1996 ISBN 0-7603-0226-X