Hard Rock Cafe

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Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc.
IndustryCasual dining restaurants, casinos, hotels
FoundedLondon, England
(June 14, 1971)
HeadquartersOrlando, Florida, United States
Key peopleHamish Dodds, President/CEO
John Galloway, CMO
Tom Gispanski, CFO
Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton, Founders
OwnersSeminole Tribe of Florida
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For other uses, see Hard Rock Cafe (disambiguation).
"Hard Rock Hotel and Casino" redirects here. For other uses, see Hard Rock Hotel and Casino (disambiguation).
Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc.
IndustryCasual dining restaurants, casinos, hotels
FoundedLondon, England
(June 14, 1971)
HeadquartersOrlando, Florida, United States
Key peopleHamish Dodds, President/CEO
John Galloway, CMO
Tom Gispanski, CFO
Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton, Founders
OwnersSeminole Tribe of Florida

Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. is a chain of theme restaurants founded in 1971 by Americans Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton in London. In 1979, the cafe began covering its walls with rock and roll memorabilia, a tradition which expanded to others in the chain. In 2007, Hard Rock was sold to the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and is headquartered in Orlando, Florida.[1][2] Currently, there are 191 Hard Rock locations in 59 countries including 145 cafes, 21 hotels and 10 casinos.



Hard Rock Cafe located on Broadway in the heart of Times Square

The first Hard Rock Cafe (HRC) opened on 14 June 1971, in Piccadilly, London, United Kingdom under the ownership of young Americans Peter Morton and Isaac Tigrett. Hard Rock initially had an eclectic decor but it later started to display memorabilia. Hard Rock has amassed one of the largest collections of rock and roll memorabilia in the world. The chain began to expand worldwide in 1982 with locations in (among others) Toronto, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Paris and Berlin.[3] Hard Rock Cafe locations in the United States vary from smaller, more tourist driven markets (Biloxi, Pigeon Forge, Key West, etc.) to large metropolises (Houston, Philadelphia, New York, Chicago, Boston, Washington DC, etc.). Hard Rock Cafe typically does not franchise cafe locations in the United States. All US cafes are corporate owned and operated, except for cafes in Tampa and Four Winds casino.[4] However, in the transition of the Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel property originally owned and then later sold to Rank by founder Peter Morton, Peter retained hotel naming rights West of the Mississippi. When Peter Morton sold his Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel to the Morgans Group, he also sold those naming rights. Which then gave rise to two U.S. franchise Hotels (without cafes) in Albuquerque and Tulsa. The Albuquerque hotel no longer pays for the Hard Rock rights and reverted to its former name in June 2013. More hotels franchised off from Morgan's are planned for Sioux City and Vancouver.

In 1990, The Rank Group, a London-based leisure company, acquired Mecca Leisure Group and continued expansion of the concept in its geographic territory. Rank went on to purchase Hard Rock America from Peter Morton as well as Hard Rock Canada from Nick Bitove. After the completion of these acquisitions, Rank gained worldwide control of the brand. In March 2007, the Seminole Tribe of Florida acquired Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. and other related entities from Rank for US$965 million.[1] In 2008, anonymous members of the wait staff criticized the business because of its practice of paying them less than half the official minimum wage in the UK, with the business allocating tips to staff to bring their salaries within the law. Most customers, it was argued, do not realize that they are subsidizing a low wage when they give the tip.[5]

Music memorabilia[edit]

Jon Bon Jovi's guitar on display at the cafe in Moscow

HRC is known for its collection of rock and roll memorabilia. The cafes solicit donations of music memorabilia but also purchase a number of items at auctions around the world, including autographed guitars, costumes from world tours and rare photographs; these are often to be found mounted on cafe walls. The collection began in 1979 with an un-signed Red Fender Lead II guitar from Eric Clapton, who was a regular at the first restaurant in London. Clapton wanted management to hang the guitar over his regular seat in order to lay claim to that spot, and they obliged. This prompted Pete Townshend of The Who to give one of his guitars, also un-signed with the note "Mine's as good as his! Love, Pete."[6] Hard Rock's archive includes over 77,000 items and was briefly displayed in a Hard Rock museum named "The Vault" in Orlando, Florida from January 2003 until September 2004. After the closure, items were disbursed to various restaurant locations.[7] The London Vault remains open and free to visitors, located in the retail Rock Shop of the original cafe.[8] In 2005, Deep Purple launched its new album Rapture of the Deep in Hard Rock Cafe London. This show at the release party itself was released as a DVD.[9]

The Hard Rock Café is also in possession of a Bedford VAL 6 axle coach used in the 1967 film The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour. The vehicle was completely refurbished after filming. It is currently displayed in the US, but makes regular appearances in events in the UK, especially at the original Hard Rock Cafe in London. In 2001, a competition was run to win the actual bus, but it was never given away and remained with the Cafe.

Expansion into other businesses[edit]

Casinos and hotels[edit]

Hard Rock Hotel Macau

In 1995, Peter Morton spent $80 million to open the Hard Rock Hotel near the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas, Nevada. A subsequent $100 million expansion in 1999 nearly doubled the hotel's capacity.[10]

In May 2006, Morton sold the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas to Morgans Hotel Group for $770 million, including the rights to the Hard Rock Hotel brand west of the Mississippi, including Texas, California, Australia and Vancouver, British Columbia.[11] The hotel began another expansion in 2007 at a cost of $750 million. The project added 875 rooms in two towers and expanded meeting space.[12] In March 2011, Morgans surrendered control of the property to partner Brookfield Asset Management citing the high debt on the property in the face of the economic downturn.[13]

Today, the Seminole Tribe of Florida owns and operates all units except the Las Vegas,Tulsa, Sioux City and Vancouver properties. In 2004, Hard Rock International and Sol Melia Hotels and Resorts launched Lifestar Hoteles España SL, a joint venture that manages Europe's first Hard Rock Hotel in Madrid. The other joint venture hotels are in Chicago, New York and San Diego (the San Diego property includes Hard Rock condominiums). Hard Rock also operates hotels and resorts in Orlando, Florida (a joint venture with Loews Hotels); Bali, Indonesia; and Pattaya, Thailand, (a joint venture with Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited). Hard Rock International continues to expand internationally (including hotels, casinos, resorts, and condominiums) through several joint ventures (Becker Ventures, Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited and Loews Hotels), including hotels in Chicago, Bali, Orlando, Penang, San Diego, Singapore, and planned openings in Abu Dhabi, Cancun, Dubai, Hungary, Panama, Punta Cana and Vallarta [14] - as well as hotel-casinos in Hollywood, Florida; Tampa, Florida; Biloxi, Mississippi; Las Vegas, Nevada; and Tulsa Catoosa, Oklahoma.[2] The Hotel Zoso in Palm Springs, California is being converted into a 160-room Hard Rock Hotel, with the transition expected to be completed by 2014.[15] A location in Atlantic City, New Jersey was planned but canceled.[16]

International locations include

Hard Rock Park[edit]

Hard Rock Cafe International announced in March 2006 that it licensed the "Hard Rock" name to HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, to design, build, and operate a $400 million 150-acre (0.61 km2) theme park called Hard Rock Park. Hard Rock Park opened on April 15, 2008 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. The park was expected to draw an estimated 30,000 visitors per day, promised to create more than 3,000 jobs, and was billed as the largest single investment in South Carolina history. It planned to feature a large concert arena and six zones with more than 40 attractions. HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, filed for Chapter 11 on September 25, 2008. The company hoped to re-open in 2009 after restructuring.[17] On January 2, 2009 after failing to attract a buyer with a minimum $35 million bid for over 2 months, Hard Rock Park asked a Delaware Bankruptcy Court to convert the filing to Chapter 7 (triggering immediate liquidation of assets to pay off creditors) and closing the park.[18]

New owners renamed the venue Freestyle Music Park and planned to reopen retaining a music-theme but, without the Hard Rock name by Memorial Day, 2009. The park only operated one additional year and never reopened due to poor attendance.[19]

Acquisition by the Seminole Tribe of Florida[edit]

On December 7, 2006, Rank sold its Hard Rock business to the Seminole Tribe of Florida for $965 million. Included in the deal were 124 Hard Rock Cafes, four Hard Rock Hotels, two Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Hotels, two Hard Rock Live! concert venues, and stakes in three unbranded hotels. Rank retained the Hard Rock Casino in London, and rebranded it the G Casino Piccadilly. The Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas was also not part of the deal, as it was sold by Peter Morton to Morgans Hotel Group in May 2006.[20] The final takeover was mired in controversy, due to a payment clause in a contract with one casino developer, Power Plant Entertainment. Power Plant and the Seminoles announced a settlement in April 2007 which both sides called equitable.[21]

Café in Medellín, Colombia

On January 8, 2007, Rank shareholders approved the Seminoles' $965 million offer. The Tribe announced it finalized the deal on March 11, 2007.[22]

On June 22, 2008, the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood began "Vegas-style" table gambling in addition to the Class II slots already in operation. To win approval for the table games, which were barred under Florida law, the Seminole Tribe paid the State of Florida $100 million as part of a 25-year pact signed by Governor Charlie Crist. On July 3, 2008, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that the governor's agreement was unconstitutional, but table games continue to operate because the Federal Department of the Interior approved the now-invalid pact with the state.[23]

List of locations[edit]

Big Guitar Sign At Hard Rock Cafe, Beirut, Lebanon
Huge Guitar At Hard Rock Cafe, New Delhi
Hard Rock Cafe signage at The Printworks, Manchester

This list currently mentions Hard Rock Cafes only and not the other type of venues, such as Bars and Hotels.

Location (city)Location (country)EstablishedStatus
United Kingdom LondonUnited KingdomJune 14, 1971Open
Canada TorontoCanadaJune 23, 1978Open
United States Los AngelesUnited StatesOctober 24, 1982Closed December 31, 2006 [24]
Japan RoppongiJapanJuly 4, 1983Open
United States New YorkUnited StatesApril 12, 1984Relocated to Times Square on August 12, 2005
United States San FranciscoUnited StatesSeptember 10, 1984Closed August 26, 2002, Relocated to Fisherman's Wharf
Sweden StockholmSwedenApril 16, 1985Open
United States ChicagoUnited StatesJune 17, 1986Open
United States HoustonUnited StatesNovember 6, 1986Relocated May 21, 2000
United States DallasUnited StatesNovember 28, 1986Relocated July 15, 2009
Mexico CancúnMexicoJune 9, 1987Unauthorized location [25]
United States HonoluluUnited StatesJuly 17, 1987Relocated May 21, 2000
Iceland ReykjavíkIcelandJuly 25, 1987Closed May 29, 2005
United States New OrleansUnited StatesDecember 11, 1987Relocated December 29, 2012
United States La JollaUnited StatesDecember 11, 1988Closed October 13, 2008 (Originally San Diego, renamed when downtown location opened)
Australia SydneyAustraliaApril 1, 1989Closed October 22, 2007, Relocated Dec 6, 2011.
Canada Toronto SkyDomeCanadaJune 6, 1989Closed September 27, 2009
United States BostonUnited StatesJune 12, 1989Relocated July 2, 2007
Mexico AcapulcoMexicoDecember 8, 1989Unauthorized location [25]
United States Washington, D.C.United StatesJanuary 1, 1990Open
Singapore SingaporeSingaporeFebruary 6, 1990Open
United States OrlandoUnited StatesJune 7, 1990Relocated December 11, 1998
United States MauiUnited StatesJuly 23, 1990Open
United States Las Vegas at Hard Rock HotelUnited StatesSeptember 7, 1990Open
Canada MontrealCanadaSeptember 20, 1990Closed September 27, 2009
Mexico Puerto VallartaMexicoDecember 30, 1990Closed early 2012
United States AspenUnited StatesJanuary 22, 1991Closed November 1, 2000
Canada CalgaryCanadaApril 1, 1991Closed June 1, 2000
Thailand BangkokThailandApril 22, 1991Open
Malaysia Kuala LumpurMalaysiaNovember 23, 1991Open
France ParisFranceNovember 24, 1991Open
Japan OsakaJapanJanuary 17, 1992Closed September 14, 2001
Mexico TijuanaMexicoApril 26, 1992Closed June 19, 2008
Germany BerlinGermanyMay 18, 1992Relocated April 26, 2010
Indonesia JakartaIndonesiaOctober 2, 1992Originally located in Sarinah. First relocation to Plaza Indonesia Entertainment X'nter in July 2004. Second relocation to Pacific Place to commence in April 2013. Open
United States AtlantaUnited StatesNovember 9, 1992Open
United States Newport BeachUnited StatesNovember 23, 1992Closed June 23, 2005
United States Virgin Islands St. ThomasUS Virgin Islands, United StatesDecember 17, 1992Closed April 24, 2005
Puerto Rico San JuanPuerto RicoMarch 5, 1993Closed April 22, 2011. Planned to be relocated in fall 2014.
Israel Tel AvivIsraelJuly 1993Closed December, 1997
United States MiamiUnited StatesSeptember 21, 1993Open
Mexico Mexico CityMexicoSeptember 23, 1993Closed May, 2013
Indonesia BaliIndonesiaOctober 3, 1993Open
Taiwan TaipeiTaiwanDecember 22, 1993Closed February 3, 2002
China BeijingChinaMay 14, 1994Closed Sept 30, 2012
United States NashvilleUnited StatesJune 21, 1994Open
Mexico CozumelMexicoOctober 22, 1994Unauthorized location [25]. Planned to be relocated in early 2015.
Hong Kong Hong Kong KowloonHong KongNovember 13, 1994Closed November 24, 2008. Opened and relocated to Lan Kwai Fong in 2011.[26]
Spain MadridSpainNovember 25, 1994Open
United States San AntonioUnited StatesJanuary 12, 1995Open
Canada KanataCanadaJanuary 15, 1995Closed September 2, 2002
Hong Kong Hong Kong at Chater RoadHong KongMarch 18, 1995Closed October 1, 1999
Canada VancouverCanadaJune 6, 1995Closed June 1, 2000
Canada EdmontonCanadaJuly 7, 1995Closed June 1, 2000
United States Myrtle BeachUnited StatesJuly 10, 1995Open
Denmark CopenhagenDenmarkJuly 18, 1995Open
Canada WhistlerCanadaSeptember 5, 1995Closed June 1, 2000
Argentina Buenos AiresArgentinaOctober 15, 1995Open
Australia MelbourneAustraliaOctober 21, 1995Closed October 21, 2007
United States PhoenixUnited StatesOctober 21, 1995Relocated February 25, 2002
Canada BanffCanadaOctober 22, 1995Closed June 1, 2000
Taiwan TaichungTaiwanDecember 1995Closed December, 1996
Mexico Cabo San LucasMexicoDecember 10, 1995Unauthorized location [25]
Belgium AntwerpBelgiumDecember 15, 1995Closed April 24, 1997
Philippines MakatiPhilippinesDecember 15, 1995Open (Originally named Manilla, renamed shortly after)
United States Hollywood at Universal City WalkUnited StatesJanuary 12, 1996Open
Australia Surfers ParadiseAustraliaMarch 22, 1996Open, Originally called Gold Coast.
Canada OttawaCanadaJune 26, 1996Closed September 1, 2013
United States Niagara Falls, New YorkUnited StatesJuly 10, 1996Open
China ShanghaiChinaAugust 2, 1996Closed March 28, 2004
China GuangzhouChinaSeptember 2, 1996Closed May 18, 2003
United States Key WestUnited StatesSeptember 27, 1996Open
United States Atlantic CityUnited StatesNovember 15, 1996Closing December 12, 2014 along with Trump Taj Mahal.
South Africa Cape TownSouth AfricaNovember 22, 1996Closed June 17, 2001
South Korea SeoulSouth KoreaDecember 2, 1996Reopened in April 8, 2008 but closed again in April, 2009. Reopened in October 21, 2014.
Canada Niagara Falls CanadaCanadaDecember 9, 1996Open
Lebanon BeirutLebanonDecember 19, 1996Closed September 9, 2013
China ShenzhenChinaMay 27, 1997Closed November, 1998
Japan NagoyaJapanJuly 1, 1997Closed December 31, 2010
United States BaltimoreUnited StatesJuly 4, 1997Open
Japan YokohamaJapanJuly 18, 1997Open
United States SacramentoUnited StatesAugust 13, 1997Closed March 20, 2010
Jordan AmmanJordanAugust 14, 1997Closed September, 2000
Bahrain BahrainBahrainOctober 4, 1997Open
Spain BarcelonaSpainNovember 10, 1997Open
United States MemphisUnited StatesNovember 16, 1997Open
United Arab Emirates DubaiUnited Arab EmiratesDecember 13, 1997Closed for relocation March 8, 2009
United States PhiladelphiaUnited StatesJanuary 15, 1998Open
Peru LimaPeruFebruary 1999Closed December 3, 2001. Relocated on December 2012.
United Kingdom EdinburghUnited KingdomMarch 28, 1998Open
Guam GuamUnited States/GuamMay 10, 1998Open
Turkey AnkaraTurkeyMay 27, 1998Closed February 8, 2002
United States Lake TahoeUnited StatesJune 30, 1998Open
United States ClevelandUnited StatesJuly 2, 1998Open
United States Salt Lake CityUnited StatesJuly 10, 1998Closed December 7, 2008
United States KonaUnited StatesJuly 21, 1998Closed July 21, 2008
Egypt Sharm el-SheikhEgyptJuly 24, 1998Open
United States San DiegoUnited StatesJuly 28, 1998Open
Northern Mariana Islands SaipanNorthern Mariana Islands, United StatesAugust 18, 1998Open
United States St. LouisUnited StatesAugust 24, 1998Open
United States DenverUnited StatesNovember 5, 1998Open
Mexico GuadalajaraMexicoNovember 7, 1998Closed October, 2008
Italy RomeItalyDecember 10, 1998Open
United States OrlandoUnited StatesDecember 11, 1998Open
Netherlands AmsterdamNetherlandsMarch 20, 1999Open
United States IndianapolisUnited StatesApril 13, 1999Open
Japan KobeJapanApril 27, 1999Closed December 31, 2003
United States Ft. LauderdaleUnited StatesJuly 7, 1999Closed May 9, 2004. Relocated to Hollywood, FL
United States GatlinburgUnited StatesSeptember 5, 1999Relocating to Pigeon Forge
United Kingdom OasisUnited KingdomApril 14, 2000Closed January 31, 2002
Japan FukuokaJapanApril 26, 2000Open
Cayman Islands Cayman IslandsUnited KingdomApril 28, 2000Closed October 10, 2013. Planned to be relocated in fall 2014.
United States HoustonUnited StatesMay 21, 2000Open
Brazil Rio de JaneiroBrazilJune 27, 2000Closed for relocation July 25, 2011, Shop located at base of Corcovado currently
United Kingdom ManchesterUnited KingdomSeptember 12, 2000Open
Malta MaltaMaltaNovember 25, 2000Open
Japan Osaka UniversalJapanMarch 22, 2001Open
Egypt CairoEgyptMay 4, 2001Closed December 31, 2010
United Kingdom BelfastUnited KingdomMay 10, 2001Closed September 25, 2004
New Zealand QueenstownNew ZealandMay 28, 2001Closed September 28, 2004
Nicaragua ManaguaNicaraguaMay 2001Closed December, 2001
Japan OsakaJapanSeptember 14, 2001Open
Colombia BogotáColombiaOctober 1, 2001Open
Thailand PattayaThailandOctober 15, 2001Open
United Kingdom BirminghamUnited KingdomNovember 19, 2001Closed May 5, 2007
United States PhoenixUnited StatesFebruary 25, 2002Open
United States AustinUnited StatesFebruary 27, 2002Closed January 2, 2006
Germany MunichGermanyFebruary 25, 2002Open
Japan Ueno-EkiJapanMarch 25, 2002Open
United Kingdom NottinghamUnited KingdomJune 5, 2002Closed November 12, 2007
United States PittsburghUnited StatesJune 24, 2002Open
United States San FranciscoUnited StatesAugust 26, 2002Open
United States MinneapolisUnited StatesSeptember 12, 2002Closed September 30, 2011
United Kingdom LeedsUnited KingdomDecember 2, 2002Closed July 2, 2007
Egypt AlexandriaEgyptApril 1, 2003Open
Germany CologneGermanyApril 28, 2003Open
Portugal LisbonPortugalJune 12, 2003Open
Russia MoscowRussiaSeptember 17, 2003Open
Panama PanamaPanamaSeptember 8, 2004Closed fall 2004
United Kingdom CardiffUnited KingdomOctober 13, 2003Closed October 12, 2010
The Bahamas NassauBahamasOctober 21, 2003Unauthorized location.[25] Relocated in June 2014.
United States DetroitUnited StatesNovember 10, 2003Open
Italy CataniaItalyFebruary 24, 2004Closed November, 2006
United States Hollywood FLUnited StatesMay 11, 2004Open
United States LouisvilleUnited StatesMay 31, 2004Open
Republic of Ireland DublinIrelandJune 29, 2004Open
United States DestinUnited StatesJuly 2, 2004Closed June, 2014
United States FoxwoodsUnited StatesAugust 20, 2004Open
Panama MultiCentroPanamaSeptember 8, 2004Closed September 2013
Greece AthensGreeceSeptember 14, 2004Unauthorized location [25]
Egypt HurghadaEgyptNovember 12, 2004Open
Kuwait KuwaitKuwaitNovember 20, 2004Closed, February 28, 2014
Sweden GothenburgSwedenDecember 10, 2004Open
Venezuela CaracasVenezuelaMay 12, 2005Open
United States New YorkUnited StatesAugust 12, 2005Open
Spain Playa del InglésSpainDecember 2, 2005Closed October, 2009
Norway OsloNorwayDecember 12, 2005Open
Brazil Nova LimaBrazilDecember 23, 2005Open
Dominican Republic Santo DomingoDominican RepublicJuly 14, 2006Open
India MumbaiIndiaSeptember 12, 2006Open
Japan NaritaJapanSeptember 15, 2006Closed August 2012
Jamaica Ocho RiosJamaicaNovember 22, 2006Closed February 3, 2011
Venezuela MargaritaVenezuelaNovember 27, 2006Open
Poland WarsawPolandFebruary 8, 2007Open
United States BiloxiUnited StatesJuly 1, 2007Open
United States BostonUnited StatesJuly 2, 2007Open
Dominican Republic Punta CanaDominican RepublicJuly 2, 2007Open
Fiji FijiFijiDecember 4, 2007Open
Colombia CartagenaColombiaDecember 13, 2007Open
India BengaluruIndiaDecember 29, 2007Open
Singapore Singapore Changi AirportSingaporeJanuary 9, 2008Open
Romania BucharestRomaniaJanuary 20, 2008Open
South Korea SeoulSouth KoreaApril 8, 2008Closed April, 2009
Spain MallorcaSpainNovember 29, 2008Open
Aruba ArubaAruba, NetherlandsDecember 12, 2008Open
India PuneIndiaJanuary 11, 2009Open
United States Yankee StadiumUnited StatesMarch 30, 2009Open
Czech Republic PragueCzech RepublicApril 3, 2009Open
Italy VeniceItalyApril 9, 2009Open
India New DelhiIndiaJune 4, 2009Open
United States DallasUnited StatesJuly 15, 2009Open
United States Las VegasUnited StatesSeptember 5, 2009Open
Malaysia PenangMalaysiaSeptember 15, 2009Open
India HyderabadIndiaSeptember 21, 2009Open
Spain MarbellaSpainOctober 30, 2009Open
Thailand PhuketThailandNovember 29, 2009Open
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh CityVietnamDecember 17, 2009Open (rights owned by the Highlands Coffee conglomerate)
United States SeattleUnited StatesFebruary 10, 2010Open
Singapore SentosaSingaporeApril 22, 2010Open
Germany BerlinGermanyApril 26, 2010Open
Poland KrakówPolandJune 4, 2010Open
United States Hollywood on Hollywood BlvdUnited StatesJuly 19, 2010Open
Colombia MedellínColombiaSeptember 3, 2010Open
United States HonoluluUnited StatesNovember 22, 2010Open
Greece GlyfadaGreeceDecember 16, 2010Closed October 10, 2012
Sint Maarten Sint MaartenNetherlandsDecember 20, 2010Open
United States TampaUnited StatesDecember 21, 2010Open
Hong Kong Hong Kong at Lan Kwai FongHong KongApril 18, 2011Open [26]
Italy FlorenceItalyJune 14, 2011Open[27]
Australia SydneyAustraliaJuly 8, 2011Open
Mexico Costa MayaMexicoAugust 16, 2011Closed (Prior to September 2012)
Germany HamburgGermanyAugust 17, 2011Open [28]
United Arab Emirates DubaiUnited Arab EmiratesNovember 18, 2011Open [29]
Australia SydneyAustraliaDecember 6, 2011Open
Hungary BudapestHungaryDecember 14, 2011Open [30]
Macau MacauChinaFebruary 14, 2012Open
United States New Buffalo, Michigan at Four Winds Casino ResortUnited StatesJuly 11, 2012Open [31]
Belgium Brussels at Grand Place BrusselsBelgiumJuly 31, 2012Open [32]
Cyprus NicosiaCyprusOctober 14, 2012Closed May 21, 2013
Finland HelsinkiFinlandOctober 15, 2012Open
Peru LimaPeruDecember 19, 2012Open
Chile SantiagoChileDecember 20, 2012Open
Egypt NabqEgyptDecember 28, 2012Open
United States New OrleansUnited StatesDecember 29, 2012Open
Indonesia JakartaIndonesiaApril 2013Open
Malaysia MelakaMalaysiaJune 12, 2013Open
Spain IbizaSpainJuly 2013Open
India Mumbai, Andheri WestIndiaAugust 2013Open
France NiceFranceNovember 2013Open
South Africa JohannesburgSouth AfricaNovember 2013[33]Open
Malaysia Kota KinabaluMalaysiaDecember 2014Planned[34]
Costa Rica San JoséCosta RicaJune 2013Open[34]
Guatemala Guatemala CityGuatemala2012Open[34]
Turkey IstanbulTurkey2013Open[35]
Brazil CuritibaBrazil2014Planned[34]
Bolivia Santa Cruz de la SierraBoliviaFebruary 24, 2014Open[34]
Spain TenerifeSpainMarch 15, 2014Open
Qatar DohaQatar2015Planned[34]
United Kingdom GlasgowUnited KingdomNovember 2013Open [36]
United States Northfield ParkUnited StatesDecember 18, 2013Open
Austria ViennaAustriaAugust 8, 2014Open[37]
Poland GdańskPolandJuly 6, 2014Open
United States AnchorageUnited StatesJune 28, 2014Open[38]
United States Mall of AmericaUnited StatesAugust 28, 2014Open[39]
Brazil BrasiliaBrazil2014Planned[34]
Cambodia Siem ReapCambodia2013Open
Cambodia Phnom PenhCambodiaJune 20, 2014Open[40]
Montenegro PodgoricaMontenegro2014Planned
Venezuela ValenciaVenezuela2015Planned
Luxembourg Luxembourg CityGrand Duchy of Luxembourg2016Planned
India ChennaiIndiaDecember 29, 2013Open
United States Daytona BeachUnited States2016Planned[41]
Kazakhstan AlmatyKazakhstanNovember 5, 2014Open
India GurgaonIndiaApril 1, 2014Open[34]
United States Pigeon ForgeUnited StatesMay 20, 2014Open (This is a move from Gatlinburg) [34]
South Korea SeoulRepublic of KoreaOctober 22, 2014Open[34]
China ShanghaiChina2014Planned[34]
New Zealand AucklandNew ZealandNovember 2014Planned
Paraguay AsuncionParaguayOctober 2014Planned[34]
United States Sioux CityUnited StatesAugust 1, 2014Open [42]
Colombia CaliColombia2014Planned
Costa Rica Playas del CocoCosta Rica2014Planned
France MarseilleFranceNovember 30, 2014Open
Colombia San AndrésColombia2015Planned
Peru Lima (Larcomar)Perú2015Planned
Peru CuscoPerú2016Planned
Peru TrujilloPerú2017Planned

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Seminole tribe in Hard Rock deal". BBC News. 7 December 2006. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  2. ^ a b "Contact Us". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  3. ^ "Hard Rock History". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  4. ^ Hard Rock Cafe Locations. Retrieved 2012-05-10
  5. ^ Shankleman, Martin (18 July 2008). "Hard Rock wages 'below minimum'". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  6. ^ "Townshend's Gibson Les Paul". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  7. ^ "The Hard Rock Vault". LostParks.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  8. ^ Laura Porter. "The Vault". About.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  9. ^ "Montreux'2006 DVD details". The Highway Star. 17 May 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  10. ^ "The Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Las Vegas Selects Rainmaker Group Revenue Management". Hospitalitynet. 22 June 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  11. ^ William Spain (6 May 2006). "Morgans Hotel Group to buy Vegas Hard Rock for $770 million". The Wall Street Journal (marketwatch.com). Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  12. ^ Amanda Finnegan (6 February 2009). "Hard Rock Hotel expansion hits another milestone". Las Vegas Sun (lasvegassun.com). Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  13. ^ Steve Green (2 March 2011). "Hard Rock Hotel management group ends its run with resort". Las Vegas Sun (lasvegassun.com). Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  14. ^ "Hard Rock International and the Luckie Street Partners Announce Atlanta Hotel Development". Hard Rock Cafe. 24 October 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  15. ^ Vincent, Roger. (2013, February 10). Palm Springs hotel to be converted into Hard Rock outpost. The Los Angeles Times.
  16. ^ Wittkowski, Donald. (2012, September 13). Hard Rock casino developers scrap Atlantic City casino project The Press of Atlantic City.
  17. ^ "S.C.'s Hard Rock Park files for bankruptcy after inaugural season". USA Today (usatoday.com). 25 September 2008. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  18. ^ "Hard Rock Park requests liquidation". Orlando Sentinel (Orlandosentinel.com). 3 January 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  19. ^ "Coastal business: Freestyle Music Park attorney sees better market". The Sun News (myrtlebeachonline.com). 8 February 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  20. ^ Adrian Sainz (7 December 2006). "Seminoles buy Hard Rock cafe". Seattle Post-Intelligencer (seattlepi.com). Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  21. ^ John Burstein (18 April 2007). "Seminoles, developer settle disputes". South Florida Sun-Sentinel (sun-sentinel.com). Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  22. ^ "Seminole Tribe Finalizes Acquisition of Hard Rock International". PRnewswire (hotels-stl.com). 11 March 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  23. ^ Brenda Farrington (3 July 2008). "Florida Supreme court nixes casino pact". The Seattle Times (seattletimes.com). Associated Press. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  24. ^ Lesley Balla (8 January 2007). "Hard Rock Café Ain't Rockin' No More". Eater LA. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f "Franchise Agreements Terminated". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  26. ^ a b Back in Town - Re-Opening of the Hard Rock Cafe in Hong Kong
  27. ^ "Hard Rock Turns Up The Volume In Florence With Grand Opening Celebration". Hard Rock Cafe. 14 June 2011. 
  28. ^ "Hard Rock rocks its way to Hamburg" (Press release). 4Hoteliers.com. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  29. ^ Muby Asger (24 November 2011). "Love all, serve all: It's a Hard Rock life". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  30. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Budapest Now Open". abudapest.com. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  31. ^ Al Jones (2 July 2012). "Hard Rock Cafe New Buffalo will have plenty to see". Kalamazoo Gazette (Mlive.com). Retrieved 2012-07-11. 
  32. ^ "Hard Rock Café Brussels location and opening hours". thomasvanhoutte.be. 31 July 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  33. ^ https://www.facebook.com/HRCJohannesburg
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Cafes Coming Soon". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  35. ^ "Now Open". 
  36. ^ "Job listing for manager of Glasgow cafe". 
  37. ^ "HRC Wien hat geöffnet". 
  38. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe to open in spring in downtown Anchorage". 21 November 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  39. ^ http://www.hardrock.com/cafes/mall-of-america/
  40. ^ Maierbrugger, Arno (25 March 2013). "Finally: Hard Rock Cafe goes Cambodia". Inside Investor. Retrieved 17 May 2013. 
  41. ^ "Hard Rock hotel, cafe coming to Daytona Beach". Daytona Beach News Journal. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  42. ^ http://siouxcityjournal.com/news/local/a1/hard-rock-sioux-city-casino-draws-big-opening-night-crowds/article_5f986278-84b3-5499-a1f7-b4fb12324dab.html

External links[edit]

International sites[edit]