Happy (Pharrell Williams song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

"Happy"
Single by Pharrell Williams
from the album Despicable Me 2: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack and Girl
ReleasedNovember 21, 2013[1]
FormatCD single, vinyl record (7", 12"), digital download
Recorded2013 at Circle House Studios, Miami, Florida[2]
GenreSoul
Length3:53
LabelBack Lot Music, i Am Other, Columbia
Writer(s)Pharrell Williams
Producer(s)Pharrell Williams
Certificationsee below
Pharrell Williams singles chronology
"Lose Yourself to Dance"
(2013)
"Happy"
(2013)
"Move That Dope"
(2014)
Alternative cover
 
Jump to: navigation, search
"Happy"
Single by Pharrell Williams
from the album Despicable Me 2: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack and Girl
ReleasedNovember 21, 2013[1]
FormatCD single, vinyl record (7", 12"), digital download
Recorded2013 at Circle House Studios, Miami, Florida[2]
GenreSoul
Length3:53
LabelBack Lot Music, i Am Other, Columbia
Writer(s)Pharrell Williams
Producer(s)Pharrell Williams
Certificationsee below
Pharrell Williams singles chronology
"Lose Yourself to Dance"
(2013)
"Happy"
(2013)
"Move That Dope"
(2014)
Alternative cover

"Happy" is a song written, produced, and performed by American singer and producer Pharrell Williams from the Despicable Me 2 soundtrack album. It also served as the lead single from Williams' second studio album, Girl (2014). It was first released on November 21, 2013, alongside a long-form music video. The song was reissued on December 16, 2013, by Back Lot Music under exclusive license to Columbia Records, a division of Sony Music.[1]

"Happy" is a midtempo soul song on which Williams' falsetto voice has been compared to Curtis Mayfield by critics. The song has been highly successful, peaking at number one in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and 19 other countries. It has sold over 6.4 million copies in the United States[3] and over 1.62 million copies in the United Kingdom,[4] and has reached number one in the latter on a record three separate occasions. As of July 2014, the song has sold 12 million copies world wide, becoming one of the best-selling singles of all time.[5] It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song but lost to "Let It Go" from Frozen.

The music video for the song was nominated for Best Male Video and Video of the Year at the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards.[6][7] The song was Billboard Magazine's #1 single for 2014.

Background[edit]

Williams provided vocals for French duo Daft Punk's 2013 album Random Access Memories, on the songs "Lose Yourself to Dance" and "Get Lucky". After returning from the recording sessions in Paris, he attended a meeting with record label managers who said that the results were "spectacular" and that "Get Lucky" would be Daft Punk's next single. They also made Williams an offer to record his own album, to which he agreed quickly, "overwhelmed that someone wanted to know what's in my heart."[8] On December 17, 2013, it was announced that Williams had signed to Columbia Records and would release his second studio album in 2014.[9] In a December 2013 press release, Rob Stringer, Chairman of Columbia Records, said "When we excitedly partnered with Pharrell in January of this year, we felt it was his time again. Since then, 'Blurred Lines' and 'Get Lucky' have defined pop music in 2013, and now we are preparing to launch Pharrell as a global solo superstar in 2014. 'Happy' is just the beginning."[9]

Williams originally wrote the song for CeeLo Green and felt Green's recording of the song was better, but Elektra Records, Green's record label, decided against it since he was on the verge of releasing his Christmas album, Cee Lo's Magic Moment.[10]

Composition[edit]

Sorry, your browser either has JavaScript disabled or does not have any supported player.
You can download the clip or download a player to play the clip in your browser.
A 23-second sample of "Happy", a soul song.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"Happy" was written and produced by Williams, with backing vocals by Rhiea Dummett, Trevon Henderson, Ashley L. Lee, Shamika Hightower, Jasmine Murray and Terrence Rolle.[11] The track was digitally edited and arranged by Andrew Coleman and Mike Larson, who also recorded it with assistance from Matthew Desrameaux at Circle House Studios in Miami, Florida. The song was later mixed by Leslie Brathwaite at Music Box Studios in Atlanta, Georgia.[11]

"Happy" plays for 3 minutes and 53 seconds[1] in common time and at a tempo of 160 beats per minute.[12][13] The song is in the key of F minor. Williams sings the upper notes in falsetto; his vocal range spans from F4 to C6.[13] His singing on the track has been compared to that of Curtis Mayfield.[14][15]

According to music journalist Paul Tingen, "Happy" is "a mid-tempo soul song in a faux-Motown style, with an arrangement that is, by modern standards, very sparse: programmed drums, one bass and one keyboard part, and handclaps both programmed and played, all topped off by Williams's lead vocals and a whole posse of backing vocals".[16] Jody Rosen viewed the song as a "standout" with a "sprightly neosoul funk groove".[14]

Reception[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Contactmusic.com4/5 stars[17]
Renowned for Sound4/5 stars[18]
Rolling Stone3.5/5 stars[14]

The song received critical acclaim from music critics. Months prior to its release, Jody Rosen of Rolling Stone gave it 3.5 stars and deemed it "an instant contender for 2013's Song of the Summer".[14] In a 4/5 review, Renowned for Sound's Huw Woodward said, "Happy is a rather… well… happy affair with a cheerful beat and exuberant vocal that would indicate that the former N.E.R.D singer is finding a lot of lighthearted fun to be had in both music and life. 'Because I’m happy, clap along if you feel like happiness is the truth' sings Williams as the jaunty rhythm gets your head nodding."[18] Holly Williams of Contactmusic.com gave it four stars, praising it for being "unbelievably catchy" and "the kind of song that makes you want to dance and sing along".[17]

Accolades[edit]

The song was nominated for Best Original Song at the 86th Academy Awards on March 2, 2014, but lost to "Let It Go" from Frozen.[19] Afterwards, when GQ magazine asked Williams "how badly" did he want the Oscar, he responded: "When they read the results, my face was...frozen. But then I thought about it, and I just decided just to...let it go."[20]

Chart performance[edit]

In October 2013, a month prior to its release, "Happy" catapulted to number-one on the Dutch Top 40 chart in the Netherlands, partially as a result of radio station 3FM airplay and subsequent online downloads, as well as featuring in a Transavia commercial.[21] It was released worldwide on November 21, 2013. As of April 10, 2014, after 35 weeks in charts and still in the top 15, "Happy" is the most successful song in the Dutch Top 40 of all time.[22]

"Happy" reached the top of the US Billboard Hot 100 for the week ending March 8, 2014, giving Williams his fourth Hot 100 number-one single, but the first as lead artist. It took twelve years and a week (as the issue date is March 8, 2014) to have his first Hot 100 topper as a lead artist.[23] The song remained at number one the following week, and also topped the Hot 100 Airplay chart.[24] The song also holds the record for the second-highest audience peak for a week on the Hot 100 Airplay, with 225.9 million impressions while Robin Thicke's "Blurred Lines", a song in which Pharrell was featured as well as produced and co-wrote, holds the all-time record.[25] The song remained at the No. 1 position longer than any other song in the calendar year. The single passed its 4 million sales mark in April 2014, the first song of 2014 to do so.[26] On the week of May 17, 2014, John Legend's "All Of Me" pushed "Happy" down to the number 2 spot after having remained at number 1 for 10 consecutive weeks.[27] "Happy" became the 28th song in the history of the chart to reach this milestone.[28] It spent a total of twenty-two weeks in the top-ten, entering on the week-ending February 15, 2014 and departing on July 19, 2014. The song sold 5,633,000 copies in the US in the first six months of 2014, the most ever of any song in the first six months of any calendar year.[29] The song has sold over 6.4 million copies in the US as of December 2014.[3]

On the New Zealand Singles Chart, "Happy" debuted at number eleven on December 23, 2013. The next week it moved to number two. Then on January 6, 2014, "Happy" began a 12 week consecutive reign in the number one position, right up until March 24, 2014. It then dropped to number two for one week, then spent a further three weeks at number one, bringing the total number of weeks at number one to fifteen, breaking the 36-year long record for most weeks spent at number one, previously held by Boney M.'s "Rivers of Babylon".[30][31] Happy has spent 47 weeks in New Zealand's top 40, and has been certified 5x Platinum.

The song also topped the charts of 22 other countries, including Australia, Austria, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom. It has spent twelve weeks (including seven consecutive) at number one in Ireland,[32] making it the third song in less than a year to spend more than seven weeks at number one, after Robin Thicke's "Blurred Lines" and Avicii's "Wake Me Up!".

In the United Kingdom, "Happy" debuted outside the Top 75 of the UK Singles Chart on December 1, 2013. It then spent several weeks climbing before finally charting at number one on December 29, 2013, becoming the final song to reach number one in that year.[33] It became Williams' third number one single in this country, counting "Get Lucky" and "Blurred Lines", where he appeared as a featured artist.[34] It has since spent four non-consecutive weeks at number one, reaching the peak on three separate occasions. In doing so, Williams became only the third artist ever to achieve this, and the first since Guy Mitchell did so in 1957 with "Singing the Blues".[35] Following the single's third week at number one, it spent five weeks in the top three before returning to the summit, boosted by his performance at the 2014 BRIT Awards. In the same week that "Happy" returned to number one for the third time, it sold its millionth copy in the UK, Williams' third in under a year, having previously done so with Daft Punk's "Get Lucky" in June 2013, and Thicke's "Blurred Lines" in July 2013. This made Williams only the second artist in UK chart history (the first being The Beatles) to have three singles sell 1 million copies in under a year,[35] as well as only the third artist ever to have three million-sellers, along with The Beatles (who have six) and Rihanna (who has four).[35] As of September 2014, "Happy" has sold over 1.6 million copies and been streamed over 25 million times in the UK,[36] becoming the first song released in the 2010s to go 3x Platinum.[36]

Music video[edit]

To coincide with the single release, the website 24hoursofhappy.com was launched, featuring a visual presentation of "Happy", advertised as being "the world's first 24-hour music video." The video was shot by steadicam operator Jon Beattie,[37] and its creative director was Yoann Lemoine.[38] It consists of the four-minute song repeated multiple times, with various people dancing around Los Angeles and miming along. The website allows users to navigate to various points in the 24-hour timeframe, including all 360 four-minute segments.[39]

Pharrel Williams himself appears 24 times in the day-long video, once at the start of each hour. There are a number of celebrity cameos in the video, including Whit Hertford, Kelly Osbourne, Magic Johnson, Urijah Faber, Sérgio Mendes, Jimmy Kimmel, Odd Future, Steve Carell (who plays Gru in Despicable Me 2), Jamie Foxx, Ana Ortiz, Miranda Cosgrove (who plays Margo in Despicable Me 2), Gavin DeGraw and JoJo.[40] The minions from Despicable Me 2 make several appearances throughout the film, including one scene at 3:00 am, in which Pharrell Williams and the minions dance in a movie theatre that is playing the scene from Despicable Me 2 in which "Happy" appears. A lone, one-eyed minion also appears dancing to song in its entirety at 4:40 pm.

An official four-minute edit of the video was also released onto YouTube on 21 November 2013, and has had overThe music video song on YouTube has had over 515 million views, making it the 27th most viewed YouTube video of all time.[41] It was nominated for Best Male Video and Video of the Year at the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards.[6][7] The 24-hour music video for "Happy" was also projected at the Buenos Aires International Festival of Independent Cinema in April 2014.[42]

"Happy" tribute videos[edit]

Further information: Happy Iranians

The original video spawned many cover videos on YouTube in which people from different cities throughout the world dance to the song. Those videos are usually called "Pharrell Williams – Happy – We Are from [name of the city]".[43] As of May 2014, more than 1,500 videos had been created. Inspired by this global phenomenon, a French couple launched a website wearehappyfrom.com to showcase the re-makes.[44]

In April 2014, the Embassy of the United States, Yerevan, Armenia released a video titled "Happy Yerevan", directed by Artyom Abovyan featuring US ambassador John A. Heffern and several Armenian celebrities, such as singers André, Emmy and Aram Mp3.[45][46] The same month artsmedia Albania produced a music video for the track featuring inhabitants of Tirana. The video soon became viral in Albania and caused controversy over the usage of images of Albanian former dictator Enver Hoxha.[47]

In May 2014, a group of Iranian fans who created a tribute to "Happy" were arrested.[48] According to a police chief, the song represented vulgarity and also hurt public chastity. Later the Iranian president, criticized the arrest saying in his tweet - "#Happiness is our people's right. We shouldn't be too hard on behaviours caused by joy." The dancers, along with the director,[49] were later released. It was reported on 19 September 2014 that seven of the individuals in the Iranian video had been handed suspended punishments of 91 lashes each along with jail sentences by Iranian courts. The result of the suspended sentence is that if another crime is committed in the next three years, then the punishments will be carried out.[50]

In popular culture[edit]

In December 2013, Conor Maynard released a cover of "Happy".[51] A few days later Angel also made a cover of the song.[52]

In February 2014, the song was licensed by Fiat for use in the spot worldwide.[53] The song is used in the commercial titled “Mirage” playing in the background which features Sean "Diddy" Combs.[53] The song appeared in a Beats by Dr. Dre commercial in 2014.[54]

In March 2014, Daniel Evans, a finalist on the fifth series of The X Factor, made an a cappella version with a little help from his six-year old daughter.[55] Pentatonix released a cover in the same month.[56] The song was covered in the 100th episode of Glee, entitled "100", as performed by Holly Holliday (Gwyneth Paltrow).[57] In the battle round of season six of NBC's The Voice, Josh Kaufman and Austin Ellis sang the song for Team Adam Levine. The song also appeared in one of the promos for the show's seventh season with Williams as the coach.

In April 2014, John Butler Trio made a funky acoustic rendition of the song on Triple J radio.[58] Naturally 7 and Van Halen's singer David Lee Roth sang the song backstage.[59] In the same month, late-night talk show host Jimmy Fallon impersonating Vladimir Putin and Sarah Palin performed an instrumental rendition on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon.[60]

In 2014, "Weird Al" Yankovic parodied the song as "Tacky" for his album Mandatory Fun.[61] The music video, featuring Aisha Tyler, Margaret Cho, Eric Stonestreet, Kristen Schaal, Jack Black, and Yankovic dressed in tacky clothes and dancing purposely poorly while lip-synching to the song, was released online on July 14, 2014.[62]

On September 11, 2014, Maroon 5 covered the song on BBC Radio 1's Live Lounge.[63] On September 14, Kira Kazantsev won Miss America 2015 after performing "Happy" with cup percussion,[64] in a manner that was similar to Anna Kendrick's character in the movie Pitch Perfect.[65]

Credits and personnel[edit]

Recording[2]
Personnel[2]

Charts and certifications[edit]

Release history[edit]

RegionDateFormatLabel
Worldwide[164]May 22, 2013Streaming
Australia[165]November 21, 2013Digital downloadBack Lot Music
Austria[166]
Belgium[167]
Canada[168]
Denmark[169]
Finland[170]
France[171]
Germany[172]
Greece[173]
Italy[174]
Japan[175]
Latin America[176]
Netherlands[177]
New Zealand[178]
Norway[179]
Spain[180]
Sweden[181]
United Kingdom[182]
United States[1]
United States[183]January 13, 2014Adult contemporaryColumbia Records
United States[184]January 21, 2014Contemporary hit radio

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes US. Retrieved November 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Despicable Me 2: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (Media notes). Back Lot Music, Columbia Records. 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "The Big 9 in 2014: Columbia". HITS Daily Double. HITS Digital Ventures. December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Copsey, Rob (September 9, 2014). "The UK’s most downloaded song ever revealed!". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Ariana Grande feat. Iggy Azalea 'Problem' is World's No.1 Single of the week!". World Music Awards. July 12, 2014. Retrieved October 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Best Male Video 2014 MTV Video Awards". MTV. Via. August 24, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Video Of The Year 2014 MTV Video Music Awards". MTV. Viacom International. August 24, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ Batey, Angus (February 21, 2014). "We Heard Pharrell's New Album & This Is What It Sounds Like". NME. IPC Media. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Pharrell Williams Signs To Columbia Records". Vibe. December 17, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ Showbiz, Bang (May 1, 2014). "Pharrell Williams – Pharrell Williams: Happy was for Cee Lo Green". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Pharrell Williams – Happy – The World's First 24 Hour Music Video". Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Pharrell Williams – Happy – 160 BPM". Run Hundred. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b ""Happy" By Pharrell Williams – Digital Sheet Music". Musicnotes.com. EMI Music Publishing. Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c d Rosen, Jody (June 7, 2013). "Pharrell – Happy". Rolling Stone (Jann Wenner). Retrieved November 23, 2013. 
  15. ^ Wood, Mikael (February 20, 2014). "Pharrell Williams, a 'Happy' and busy guy". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  16. ^ Tingen, Paul (May 2014). "Inside Track: Happy". Sound on Sound (Cambridge). Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b Williams, Holly. "Pharrell Williams – Happy Single Review". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved March 3, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b Woodward, Huw (January 16, 2014). "Single review: Pharrell Williams – 'Happy'". Renowned for Sound. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  19. ^ "2013 Nominations". International Press Academy. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  20. ^ Baron, Zach (March 2014). "Pharrell Williams on Advanced Style Moves and That Oscar Snub: My Song Will "Be Here For 10 Years"". GQ. Retrieved March 31, 2014. 
  21. ^ Oitmann, Pierre (October 11, 2013). "Pharrell Williams scoort eerste solo-nummer 1-hit" (in Dutch). Sanoma. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Happy van Pharrell Williams grootste Top 40-hit ooit" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. April 10, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  23. ^ Trust, Gary (February 26, 2014). "Pharrell Williams' 'Happy' Hits No. 1 On Hot 100". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  24. ^ Trust, Gary (March 5, 2014). "Pharrell's 'Happy' Holds at No. 1 On Hot 100". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  25. ^ Trust, Gary (April 2, 2014). "Pharrell Williams' 'Happy' Holds Atop Hot 100; DJ Snake & Lil Jon Hit Top 10". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  26. ^ Grein, Paul (March 26, 2014). "Chart Watch: "Happy" tops 4M". Chart Watch. Yahoo! Music. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  27. ^ Trust, Gary. "John Legend's 'All Of Me' Tops Hot 100, Ariana Grande Debuts At No. 3". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 10, 2014. 
  28. ^ Trust, Gary. "Pharrell Williams Tops Hot 100 For 10th Week, Iggy Azalea Vaults Into Top 10". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  29. ^ Grein, Paul (July 3, 2014). "Chart Watch Extra: 12 Facts About 2014's First Six Months in Music". Chart Watch. Yahoo! Music. Retrieved July 3, 2014. 
  30. ^ a b "Charts.org.nz – Pharrell Williams – Happy". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
  31. ^ Manning, Brendan (April 28, 2014). "Pharrell's happy chart-buster". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media). Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  32. ^ Corner, Lewis (February 14, 2014). "Pharrell Williams holds on to Irish No.1 with 'Happy'". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved February 15, 2014. 
  33. ^ a b "Archive Chart: 2014-01-04" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  34. ^ Duncan, Amy (December 29, 2013). "X Factor winner Sam Bailey's reign lasts just one week as she is knocked off No.1 spot by Pharrell". Metro (DMG Media). Retrieved March 3, 2014. 
  35. ^ a b c Myers, Justin (March 2, 2014). "Unstoppable Pharrell scores chart record hat-trick as Happy smashes a million". Official Charts Company. Retrieved March 3, 2014. 
  36. ^ a b Copsey, Rob (September 9, 2014). "Pharrell’s Happy now the UK’s most downloaded track of all time". Official Charts Company. 
  37. ^ Wöber, Sebastian (November 28, 2013). "How did Jon Beattie shoot Pharrell’s "24 Hours of Happy"?". cinema5D. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  38. ^ Tierney, Luke (November 27, 2013). "Pharrell Williams 'Happy' by We Are From LA & Yoann Lemoine". Promonews.tv. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  39. ^ Awazie, Ikechi (February 27, 2014). "Be An Inspiration: 24 Hours Of Happy Music". Be A Light To The World. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  40. ^ Nagle, Robert (March 2, 2014). "Robert's Ultimate Guide to all 24 hours of Pharrell Williams' Happy Video". Imaginary Planet. Retrieved October 8, 2014. 
  41. ^ "Pharrell Williams - Happy (Official Music Video)". i Am Other. YouTube. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  42. ^ "24 horas de Happy". BAFICI (in Spanish). Government of Buenos Aires. Retrieved April 1, 2014. 
  43. ^ "Search for happy pharrell williams we are from – Overview". YouTube. Retrieved February 18, 2014. 
  44. ^ "#BBCtrending: Pharrell's hit video inspires 1,000 re-makes". BBC Online. April 4, 2014. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  45. ^ "Happy Yerevan". U.S. Embassy in Armenia. April 8, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  46. ^ "Happy Yerevan (Aram MP 3, US Ambassador, Andre & Others)". Tert.am. April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  47. ^ "We Are Happy From Tirana – Pharrell Williams #HAPPYFROMTIRANA". artsmedia Albania. April 18, 2014. Retrieved April 26, 2014. 
  48. ^
  49. ^ Mackey, Robert (May 29, 2014). "Director of ‘Happy in Tehran’ Video Is Reportedly Freed". The New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  50. ^ Dehghan, Saeed Kamil (September 19, 2014). "Iranian Pharrell Williams fans behind Happy video sentenced". The Guardian. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  51. ^ Baladad, Portia (December 23, 2013). "Conor Maynard Is "Happy" As He Covers Pharrell’s Smiley Tune". Andpop. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  52. ^ "Angel – "Happy" (Pharrell cover)". Soul Culture. December 25, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  53. ^ a b Cobb, Celia (February 12, 2014). "Fiat Debuts Global Ad Campaign Featuring Diddy, Pharrell's 'Happy' (Exclusive)". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved March 23, 2014. 
  54. ^ Lee, Christina (January 3, 2014). "Pharrell’s "Happy" In New Beats By Dre Ad: Watch". Idolator. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  55. ^ "Happy (A Capella) - Pharrell Williams (All sounds by voice, mouth & hands)". YouTube. March 26, 2014. Retrieved March 31, 2014. 
  56. ^ Goodman, William (March 17, 2014). "Pentatonix Will Make You 'Happy' With Their A Cappella Cover Of Pharrell Williams (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  57. ^ Stack, Tim (March 17, 2014). "'Glee': Hear Gwyneth Paltrow cover Pharrell's hit 'Happy' for the 100th episode -- EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  58. ^ "John Butler Trio – Happy (Pharrell cover)". ABC Online. April 11, 2014. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  59. ^ Giles, Jeff (April 24, 2014). "Watch David Lee Roth Cover Pharrell Williams’ ‘Happy’ Read More: Watch David Lee Roth Cover Pharrell Williams' 'Happy'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  60. ^ Blistein, Jon (April 3, 2014). "Sarah Palin, Jimmy Fallon Mock Putin on 'Tonight Show'". Rolling Stone (Jann Wenner). Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  61. ^ "CD Promo Sticker". July 10, 2014. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  62. ^ Grosinger, Matt (July 14, 2014). "Weird Al Yankovic Gets 'Tacky' With Pharrell's 'Happy'". Nerdist Industries. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  63. ^ Kevipod (September 11, 2014). "Maroon 5 Perform New & Old Music and Cover "Happy" on "Live Lounge": Watch". Music and Lyrics. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  64. ^ Perry, Wayne (September 15, 2014). "Miss Americup? Miss New York Uses 'Pitch Perfect' Cup Routine to Win Miss America Pageant". Associated Press. WABC-TV. Retrieved September 15, 2014. 
  65. ^ "A threepeat: Miss New York Kira Kazantsev crowned Miss America". CNN. September 15, 2014. Retrieved September 15, 2014. 
  66. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Pharrell Williams – Happy". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
  67. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Pharrell Williams – Happy" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
  68. ^ a b "Ultratop.be – Pharrell Williams – Happy" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
  69. ^ "Ultratop.be – Pharrell Williams – Happy" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  70. ^ "Top 100 - 3 de junho de 2014". Billboard Brasil (in Portuguese). June 3, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2014. 
  71. ^ "10.03.14 - 16.03.14" Airplay Top 5. Bulgarian Association of Music Producers. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
  72. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Canadian Hot 100 for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  73. ^ "ARC 100 - datum izlaska: 17. veljače 2014" (in Croatian). HRT. February 17, 2014. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. 
  74. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201409 into search. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
  75. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Digital Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201418 into search. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
  76. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Pharrell Williams – Happy". Tracklisten. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  77. ^ (Spanish) Top 20 General at the Wayback Machine (archived April 6, 2014). Monitor Latino. RadioNotas. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  78. ^ "January 11, 2014 – Euro Digital Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 31, 2014. 
  79. ^ "Pharrell Williams: Happy (From Despicable Me 2)" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
  80. ^ "Lescharts.com – Pharrell Williams – Happy" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  81. ^ "Officialcharts.de – Pharrell Williams – Happy". GfK Entertainment. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
  82. ^ "April 19, 2014 – Greece Digital Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  83. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Dance Top 40 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
  84. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Rádiós Top 40 játszási lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
  85. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Single (track) Top 10 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  86. ^ "Chart Track: Week 1, 2014". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  87. ^ "Pharrell Williams – Happy Media Forest". Israeli Airplay Chart. Media Forest. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  88. ^ "Italiancharts.com – Pharrell Williams – Happy". Top Digital Download. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  89. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Japan Hot 100 for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  90. ^ "Pharrell Williams". The Official Lebanese Top 20. Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  91. ^ "January 18, 2014 – Luxembourg Digital Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  92. ^ "March 29, 2014 – Mexico Ingles Airplay". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  93. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Pharrell Williams - Happy search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
  94. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Pharrell Williams – Happy" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
  95. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Pharrell Williams – Happy". VG-lista. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
  96. ^ "Listy bestsellerów, wyróżnienia :: Związek Producentów Audio-Video". Polish Dance Top 50. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
  97. ^ "Listy bestsellerów, wyróżnienia :: Związek Producentów Audio-Video". Polish Airplay Top 20. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
  98. ^ "November 30, 2013 – Portugal Digital Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  99. ^ "Media Forest – Weekly Charts". Media Forest. March 10–16, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014. 
  100. ^ "Archive Chart: 2014-01-04". Scottish Singles Top 40. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  101. ^ "South African Airplay Chart Top 10 - January 28, 2014". Entertainment Monitoring Africa. Archived from the original on April 26, 2014. Retrieved April 26, 2014. 
  102. ^ "Gaon Download Chart – 2014년 1월 2주차" (in Korean). Gaon Download Chart. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  103. ^ "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201411 into search. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  104. ^ "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Singles Digital Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201428 into search. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
  105. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Pharrell Williams – Happy" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  106. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Pharrell Williams – Happy". Singles Top 60. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  107. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Pharrell Williams – Happy". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
  108. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Alternative Songs for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  109. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Contemporary for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  110. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Pop Songs for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
  111. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  112. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Dance/Mix Show Airplay for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  113. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
  114. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved January 9, 2014.
  115. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  116. ^ "Pharrell Williams Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Rhythmic Songs for Pharrell Williams. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  117. ^ (Spanish) Record Report – Pop Rock General at the Wayback Machine (archived March 13, 2014). Record Report. R.R. Digital C.A. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
  118. ^ "ARIA Charts - End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Singles 2013". ARIA Charts. Retrieved January 26, 2014. 
  119. ^ "Top 100 –Jaaroverzicht van 2013" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved January 26, 2014. 
  120. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 2013" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 25, 2013. 
  121. ^ "End of Year 2013". UKChartsPlus. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  122. ^ http://www.ultratop.be/nl/annual.asp?year=2014&cat=a
  123. ^ http://www.ultratop.be/fr/annual.asp?year=2014&cat=a
  124. ^ "Canadian Hot 100 – Year of 2014". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  125. ^ "Jahrescharts Deutschland – Hits 2014" (in German). Retrieved December 14, 2014. 
  126. ^ "Adult Contemporary Airplay – Year of 2014". Billboard Japan (in Japanese). Retrieved December 19, 2014. 
  127. ^ "Hot Top Airplay – Year of 2014". Billboard Japan (in ja url=http://www.billboard-japan.com/charts/detail?a=top_airplay_year&year=2014). 
  128. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 2013" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 25, 2013. 
  129. ^ "Top Selling Singles of 2014". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  130. ^ Copsey, Rob (December 31, 2014). "The Official Top 100 Biggest Songs of 2014 revealed". Official Charts Company. 
  131. ^ "The Hot 100 – Year of 2014". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  132. ^ "Adult Contemporary Songs: Year End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  133. ^ "Adult Pop Songs: Year End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  134. ^ "Pop Songs: Year End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  135. ^ "Rhythmic Songs: Year End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  136. ^ (Spanish) Resumen Anual 2014 at the Wayback Machine (archived December 19, 2014). Record Report. R.R. Digital C.A. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  137. ^ "Best of All Time – Singles". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  138. ^ "Top Aller Tijden – Singles" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  139. ^ "Top de Tous les Temps – Singles" (in French). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  140. ^ "Les Meilleurs – Singles" (in French). Lescharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  141. ^ "Top 2500" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  142. ^ "Top Aller Tijden – Singles" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  143. ^ "Best of All Time – Singles". Charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  144. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2014 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. 
  145. ^ "Austrian single certifications – Pharrell Williams – Happy" (in German). IFPI Austria.  Enter Pharrell Williams in the field Interpret. Enter Happy in the field Titel. Select single in the field Format. Click Suchen
  146. ^ "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – 2014". Ultratop & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch. 
  147. ^ "Canadian single certifications – Pharrell Williams – Happy". Music Canada. 
  148. ^ "Certificeringer". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  149. ^ "Top 100 des singles les plus vendus en France du millénaire, épisode 2 (90-81)" (in French). Charts in France. Pure Charts. July 19, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2014. 
  150. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Pharrell Williams; 'Happy')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  151. ^ "Italian single certifications – Pharrell Williams – Happy" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry.  Select Online in the field Scegli la sezione. Select Week -- and Year ----. Enter Pharrell Williams in the field Artista. Click Avvia la ricerca
  152. ^ "Single Certification List - July 2014" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  153. ^ "Photos de Certificados Musicales Amprofon" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. November 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  154. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart – 22 September 2014". NZ Top 40. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  155. ^ "Troféoversikt" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  156. ^ (Spanish) Top 50 Canciones : 19 May 2014 – 25 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine (archived May 31, 2014). PROMUSICAE. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
  157. ^ "Pharrell Williams – Happy" (in Swedish). Grammofon Leverantörernas Förening. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  158. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Pharrell Williams; 'Happy')". Hung Medien. 
  159. ^ "British single certifications – Pharrell Williams – Happy". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Happy in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
  160. ^ "American single certifications – Pharrell Williams – Happy". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
  161. ^ Grein, Paul (December 18, 2014). "Pharrell Is 'Happy' to Be #1 for the Year". Yahoo Music!. Retrieved December 23, 2014. 
  162. ^ "Certificeringer - Pharrell Williams - Happy". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  163. ^ "Top 100 Streaming - Semana 30: Del 21.07.2014 Al 27.07.2014" (in Spanish). PROMUSICAE. Retrieved July 31, 2014. 
  164. ^ Bella, Sarah (May 22, 2013). "Pharrell Williams Streams ‘Happy’ From ‘Despicable Me 2′". Music Feeds. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  165. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes Australia. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  166. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single von Pharrell Williams" (in German). iTunes Austria. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  167. ^ "Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes Belgium. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  168. ^ "Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes Canada. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  169. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes Denmark. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  170. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes Finland. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  171. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single par Pharrell Williams" (in French). iTunes France. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  172. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single von Pharrell Williams" (in German). iTunes Germany. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  173. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes Greece. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  174. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single di Pharrell Williams" (in Italian). iTunes Italy. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  175. ^ ファレル・ウィリアムス Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single by Pharrell Williams (in Japanese). iTunes Japan. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  176. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes Latin America. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  177. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single' van Pharrell Williams" (in Dutch). iTunes Netherlands. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  178. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes New Zealand. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  179. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes Norway. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  180. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single de Pharrell Williams" (in Spanish). iTunes Spain. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  181. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single av Pharrell Williams" (in Swedish). iTunes Sweden. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  182. ^ "Happy (From "Despicable Me 2") - Single by Pharrell Williams". iTunes United Kingdom. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  183. ^ "Hot/Mod/AC Future Releases". All Access Media Group. Archived from the original on January 13, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2014. 
  184. ^ "Top 40/Mainstream Future Releases". All Access Media Group. Archived from the original on January 13, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2014. 

External links[edit]