Hanover County, Virginia

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Hanover County, Virginia
Historic Hanover County Courthouse and Civil War memorial
Seal of Hanover County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Hanover County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
SeatHanover Courthouse
Largest townAshland
 • Total474 sq mi (1,228 km2)
 • Land469 sq mi (1,215 km2)
 • Water5 sq mi (13 km2), 1.1%
 • (2010)99,863
 • Density213/sq mi (82.2/km²)
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
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Hanover County, Virginia
Historic Hanover County Courthouse and Civil War memorial
Seal of Hanover County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Hanover County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
SeatHanover Courthouse
Largest townAshland
 • Total474 sq mi (1,228 km2)
 • Land469 sq mi (1,215 km2)
 • Water5 sq mi (13 km2), 1.1%
 • (2010)99,863
 • Density213/sq mi (82.2/km²)
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4

Hanover County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 99,863.[1] Its county seat is Hanover Courthouse.[2]

Hanover County is included in the Richmond Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA).


Rural Plains, located on the grounds of the Richmond National Battlefield Park, Hanover County

Hanover County was created on November 26, 1719, from the area of New Kent County called St. Paul's Parish. It was named for the Electorate of Hanover in Germany, because King George I of Great Britain was Elector of Hanover at the time.

Hanover County was the birthplace and home of noted American statesman Patrick Henry. He reportedly married Sarah Shelton in the parlor of Rural Plains, also known as Shelton House because of her family's residency. At the Hanover Courthouse, he argued the case of the Parson's Cause, attacking the Crown's attempt to set the salaries of clergy in the colony. The historic Hanover Courthouse is pictured in the county seal. Hanover County was also the birthplace of politician Henry Clay, author of the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

Hanover County at its closest point is only 5 miles (8.0 km) from the current city limits of Richmond. However, the Chickahominy River is located at this closest point, which is in the Mechanicsville area. Although the Union Army came within earshot of the bells of Richmond's churches during the 1862 Peninsula Campaign of the American Civil War, they learned that the river was a major obstacle. Union General George B. McClellan failed in the attempt to get all of his troops across it to overwhelm the smaller-sized Confederate forces defending Richmond. This failure to take Richmond could be said to have prolonged the War almost 3 more years. Hanover County was the site of a number of Civil War battles, including the Seven Days Battles of the Peninsula Campaign and Battle of Cold Harbor in 1864.[3]

In 1953, Barksdale Theatre was founded at the historic Hanover Tavern, becoming the nation's first dinner theatre and Central Virginia's first professional theatre.[4] Barksdale continues to produce live theatre at the Tavern, as well as at several locations in Richmond. It is recognized today as Central Virginia's leading professional theatre.

Kings Dominion amusement park opened in 1975 in Doswell and added to the county's economy.

In January 2007, America's Promise named Hanover County as one of the top 100 communities for youth.

The incorporated town of Ashland is located within Hanover County. Ashland is the site of Randolph-Macon College.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 474 square miles (1,230 km2), of which 469 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 5 square miles (13 km2) (1.1%) is water.[5]

Hanover County is about 90 miles (140 km) south of Washington, D.C., and about 12 miles (19 km) north of Richmond.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]


Historical population
Est. 2012100,6680.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2012[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 99,863 people residing in the county. 86.7% were White, 9.3% Black or African American, 1.4% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% of some other race and 1.5% of two or more races. 2.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 86,320 people, 31,121 households, and 24,461 families residing in the county. The population density was 183 people per square mile (71/km²). There were 32,196 housing units at an average density of 68 per square mile (26/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.32% White, 9.34% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. 0.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,121 households out of which 39.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.40% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.40% were non-families. 17.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $59,223, and the median income for a family was $65,809. The median income was $42,523 for males and $30,689 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,120. About 2.50% of families and 3.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.90% of those under age 18 and 5.80% of those age 65 or over.


Board of Supervisors[edit]

Ashland District: G.E. "Ed" Via, III (R)

Beaverdam District: Aubrey M. "Bucky" Stanley (R)

Chickahominy District: Angela C. Kelly-Wiecek (R)

Cold Harbor District: Elton J. Wade, Sr. (R)

Henry District: Sean M. Davis (R)

Mechanicsville District: W. Canova Peterson (R)

South Anna District: Wayne T. Hazzard (R)

Constitutional Officers[edit]

Clerk of the Circuit Court: Frank D. Hargrove, Jr. (R)

Commissioner of the Revenue: T. Scott Harris (R)

Commonwealth's Attorney: R.E. "Trip" Chalkley, III (R)

Sheriff: David R. Hines (R)

Treasurer: M. Scott Miller (R)

Hanover is represented by Republicans Ryan T. McDougle and Walter A. Stosch and Democrat A. Donald McEachin in the Virginia Senate, Republican John A. Cox and Christopher K. Peace in the Virginia House of Delegates and Republican Eric I. Cantor in the U.S. House of Representatives.


Hanover County has fifteen elementary schools, four middle schools, four high schools, one alternative school, and one technology school. The four high schools are Atlee High School, Hanover High School, Lee-Davis High School, and Patrick Henry High School. Forbes magazine named Hanover County as one of the top fifty counties in the United States for student achievement vs. cost per student.


Hanover County has the lowest real estate property tax rate in the Richmond Region which makes for a competitive business location.[12] Some of the major job creators that have taken advantage of the tax rate include: Bass Pro Shops, FedEx Ground and The Vitamin Shoppe. These businesses located with the help of Hanover County Economic Development and the Greater Richmond Partnership, regional economic development organizations.[13]

Top Employers[14]

EmployerSectorNumber of Employees
Hanover CountyGovernment/Education1000+
Bon SecoursHealth Care1000+
Kings DominionAmusement Park1000+
Tyson FarmsFood Processing500-999
SuperValuFood Distributor500-999
Randolph-Macon CollegePrivate Education500-999
Owens & MinorCorp HQ/Distribution250-499
Bass Pro ShopsRetail250-499
Media GeneralNewspaper Publishers250-499
QubicaAMFCorp HQ/Athletics Manufacturing250-499
Food LionRetail250-499
Sheltering ArmsRehabilitation Hospital250-499
Martin’s Food StoreRetail250-499



Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "History of Hanover County". Co.hanover.va.us. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  4. ^ Auburn, David. "Barksdale Theatre: History." Barksdale Theatre in Richmond and Hanover Virginia at WIllow Lawn, the Tavern and the Empire Theater -- Central VA S Leading Professional Theater -- Souvenir, Boleros for the Disenchanted. Web. 23 July 2010. <http://www.barksdalerichmond.org/history.html>.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "About The County". Co.hanover.va.us. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ "Strategic Location". Hanover Virginia. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Caldwell, Jeff. "Governor McDonnell Announces 174 New Jobs in Hanover County". Governer Bob McDonnell. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Hanover County's Major Employers". Hanover Virginia. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  15. ^ Great Awakening in Virginia, The. Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.

4. Hanover County District Information

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°46′N 77°29′W / 37.76°N 77.49°W / 37.76; -77.49