Handan

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Handan
邯郸市
Prefecture-level city
Handan2.jpg
Location of Handan City jurisdiction in Hebei
Location of Handan City jurisdiction in Hebei
Handan is located in Hebei
Handan
Handan
Location of the city centre in Hebei
Coordinates: 36°36′N 114°29′E / 36.600°N 114.483°E / 36.600; 114.483
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHebei
Area
 • Prefecture-level city12,087 km2 (4,667 sq mi)
 • Metro619 km2 (239 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city9,174,679
 • Density760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Metro1,371,399
 • Metro density2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard (UTC+8)
Licence plate prefixesD
Websitehd.gov.cn
 
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For other uses, see Handan (disambiguation).
Handan
邯郸市
Prefecture-level city
Handan2.jpg
Location of Handan City jurisdiction in Hebei
Location of Handan City jurisdiction in Hebei
Handan is located in Hebei
Handan
Handan
Location of the city centre in Hebei
Coordinates: 36°36′N 114°29′E / 36.600°N 114.483°E / 36.600; 114.483
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHebei
Area
 • Prefecture-level city12,087 km2 (4,667 sq mi)
 • Metro619 km2 (239 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city9,174,679
 • Density760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Metro1,371,399
 • Metro density2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard (UTC+8)
Licence plate prefixesD
Websitehd.gov.cn

Handan (simplified Chinese: 邯郸; traditional Chinese: 邯鄲; pinyin: Hándān) is a prefecture-level city located in the southwestern part of Hebei province, People's Republic of China. It borders Xingtai on the north, and the provinces of Shanxi on the west, Henan on the south and Shandong on the east.

History[edit]

Handan was the capital of the State of Zhao during the Warring States period (475−221 BCE), after the capital moved from Zhongmu. The city was conquered by the State of Qin after the virtual annexation of Zhao by Qin except for the Dai Commandery. The first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang was born in Handan, the child of a statesman from the state of Qin, and after successfully conquering Zhao he ordered all enemies of his mother to be buried alive.

Handan was still regarded as a cultural and commercial centre during the Western and Eastern Han dynasties (206 BCE−220 CE). It slowly declined, perhaps because of the numerous battles that ravaged northern China following the Han Dynasty, but maintained a reputation for its fine Cizhou ware well into the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). It was also the birthplace in the 19th century of Yang-style t'ai chi ch'uan, one of the five major schools of tai chi in China.

Though much of Handan's ancient history is no longer visible, it still has some attractions, most derived from Zhao folklore such as the road into which Lin Xiangru, courier of the precious jade He Shi Bi, backed in order to let his nemesis Lian Po pass first, as well as the location in which Lian Po begged for Lin Xiangru's forgiveness. Modern-day Congtai Park is located on the site of the historical Zhao court. The nearby Xiangtangshan Caves contain massive Buddha statues carved into the mountainside, some dating to the 6th century. Many of these statues were severely vandalised by occupying Japanese forces during World War II, as Handan was prized by the invaders for its coal reserves.

Administration[edit]

The population at the 2010 census was estimated at 1,371,000 for the built up area and 9,174,679 for the entire Prefecture-level city area of 12,087 km2 (4,667 sq mi).

The municipal executive, legislative and judiciary are situated in Congtai District (丛台区, Cóngtái Qū), as well as the CPC and Public Security bureaux.

Map
Handan mcp.png
#NameHanziHanyu PinyinPopulation (2004 est.)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
1Congtai District丛台区Cóngtái Qū330,0002811,786
2Hanshan District邯山区Hánshān Qū310,000329,688
3Fuxing District复兴区Fùxīng Qū250,000376,757
4Fengfeng Mining District峰峰矿区Fēngfēng Kuàngqū500,0003531,416
5Wu'an City武安市Wǔ'ān Shì720,0001,806399
6Handan County邯郸县Hándān Xiàn400,000522766
7Linzhang County临漳县Línzhāng Xiàn590,000744793
8Cheng'an County成安县Chéng'ān Xiàn370,000485763
9Daming County大名县Dàmíng Xiàn750,0001,052713
10She County涉县Shè Xiàn390,0001,509258
11Ci County磁县Cí Xiàn640,0001,035618
12Feixiang County肥乡县Féixiāng Xiàn310,000496625
13Yongnian County永年县Yǒngnián Xiàn860,000898958
14Qiu County邱县Qiū Xiàn200,000448446
15Jize County鸡泽县Jīzé Xiàn250,000337742
16Guangping County广平县Guǎngpíng Xiàn250,000320781
17Guantao County馆陶县Guǎntáo Xiàn290,000456636
18Wei County魏县Wèi Xiàn810,000862940
19Quzhou County曲周县Qǔzhōu Xiàn410,000667615

Economy[edit]

Industrial growth in the city was due to its communication and transport activities. Coal mines at Fengfeng provide power for Handan's iron, steel and textile mills. Chemical and cement plants along with other industries also benefit. The GDP per capita in Renminbi (), aka yuan () was estimated at ¥13,449 in 2005.

Air pollution[edit]

As air pollution in China is at an all-time high, several Hebei cities are among one of the most polluted cities and has one of the worst air quality in China. Reporting on China's airpocalypse has been accompanied by what seems like a monochromatic slideshow of the country's several cities smothered in thick smog. According to a survey made by "Global voices China" in February 2013, 7 cities in Hebei including Xingtai, Shijiazhuang, Baoding, Handan, Langfang, Hengshui and Tangshan, are among China's 10 most polluted cities.[1]

Handan3.jpg

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic minorities[edit]

According to Handan government in 2007, 40 ethnic groups were present in Handan. Ethnic minorities represent 50000 people, among which 48000 Hui. There are 22 Hui schools and 5 Hui junior high schools in Handan.[2]

Religion[edit]

The most widespread religions in Handan (邯郸宗教) are Chinese folk religions including Taoism, and Buddhism.

In 2013, there were more than 150.000 Catholics in Handan according to the Catholic Church, in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Yongnian.[3] Mother of Grace Cathedral in Daming County was built in 1918. The most recent church was built in 2007.[4]

There are also 300.000 Protestants. The largest Protestant church is on Qianjin Avenue (邯郸市西堂) and was built in 1997.[5] The oldest church was on Congtai Street and was built in 1920 by Americans. The church was destroyed 2009 by the local government.[6] A new church was built in 2011.[7]

According to the local government 30.000 Hui Muslims live in the prefecture of Handan.[8]

Notable people[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°36′N 114°29′E / 36.600°N 114.483°E / 36.600; 114.483