Ham Lake, Minnesota

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Ham Lake, Minnesota
—  City  —
Motto: "Convenient Country Living"[1]
Location of Ham Lake, Minnesota
Coordinates: 45°15′16″N 93°12′57″W / 45.25444°N 93.21583°W / 45.25444; -93.21583Coordinates: 45°15′16″N 93°12′57″W / 45.25444°N 93.21583°W / 45.25444; -93.21583
CountryUnited States
StateMinnesota
CountyAnoka
Area[2]
 • Total35.71 sq mi (92.49 km2)
 • Land34.39 sq mi (89.07 km2)
 • Water1.32 sq mi (3.42 km2)
Elevation899 ft (274 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total15,296
 • Estimate (2011[4])15,402
 • Density444.8/sq mi (171.7/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code55304
Area code(s)763
FIPS code27-26738[5]
GNIS feature ID0659991[6]
Websiteci.ham-lake.mn.us
 
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Ham Lake, Minnesota
—  City  —
Motto: "Convenient Country Living"[1]
Location of Ham Lake, Minnesota
Coordinates: 45°15′16″N 93°12′57″W / 45.25444°N 93.21583°W / 45.25444; -93.21583Coordinates: 45°15′16″N 93°12′57″W / 45.25444°N 93.21583°W / 45.25444; -93.21583
CountryUnited States
StateMinnesota
CountyAnoka
Area[2]
 • Total35.71 sq mi (92.49 km2)
 • Land34.39 sq mi (89.07 km2)
 • Water1.32 sq mi (3.42 km2)
Elevation899 ft (274 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total15,296
 • Estimate (2011[4])15,402
 • Density444.8/sq mi (171.7/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code55304
Area code(s)763
FIPS code27-26738[5]
GNIS feature ID0659991[6]
Websiteci.ham-lake.mn.us

Ham Lake is a city in Anoka County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 15,296 at the 2010 census.[7]

Contents

History

The earliest record of settlers in this area goes back to 1855, and in 1856 the group started a town. This was just south and west of a lake shaped like a ham. They platted and sold lots for a town they named, "Glen Carey," a Scottish name meaning "Beautiful Valley." The place was widely advertised as a future city. However, in 1857 all of the houses were destroyed by a prairie fire. Some of the inhabitants barely escaped with their lives saving only a very few household goods. They soon left the area as they had nowhere to live. There was no more settlement until 1866 when a Norwegian man settled in the area. He was soon followed by other Scandinavians. The Scandinavian settlers found it difficult to pronounce the Scottish name of Glen Carey. Since no name had been chosen by the people, the commissioners named it "Ham Lake," after the lake which had acquired that name on account of its shape.[8]

The early settlers found the soil well suited to farming as it wasn't as rocky as they had been accustomed to in Scandinavia. Through the years, dairying became an important industry. The pioneer farmers soon found the soil well suited to growing potatoes and this became an important commodity for both cash sales and trading. From the early 1900s through the 1930s potato farming was at its peak in Ham Lake Township. The some of the farms remaining today are the sod farms in the southeastern part of the city, where the ground is low and the soil black and heavy making it well suited to this crop as well as corn and potatoes in some places.

In 1894 when the population was over 400 people a group of farmers joined together to form a cooperative and built a creamery. Several general stores were built there shortly afterwards. What became the main store in town, Soderquist's, was built on land sold to the Soderquist family by the Olson family, who had extensive landholdings along what would become Highway 65. Like many small American towns, over time all the "old" families became related through marriage. Although many of the establishing families have since moved away from Ham Lake due to increasing property taxes and crowding, these familial connections remain firm and many members of the families are still in close contact.

In 1922 a garage was opened in the northern part of the town.

A Fire Department was established 1969 with Eldon Hentges as the first Fire Chief. Ham Lake officially became a city on Jan. 8, 1974, with Eldon Hentges serving as the first mayor.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.71 square miles (92.49 km2), of which, 34.39 square miles (89.07 km2) is land and 1.32 square miles (3.42 km2) is water.[2]

Adjacent cities

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19807,832
19908,92413.9%
200012,71042.4%
201015,29620.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 15,296 people, 5,171 households, and 4,228 families residing in the city. The population density was 444.8 inhabitants per square mile (171.7 /km2). There were 5,378 housing units at an average density of 156.4 per square mile (60.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.4% White, 0.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 5,171 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.3% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 18.2% were non-families. 13.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.25.

The median age in the city was 40.1 years. 27.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 33.1% were from 45 to 64; and 8.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.1% male and 48.9% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 12,710 people, 4,139 households, and 3,472 families residing in the city. The population density was 368.9 people per square mile (142.4/km²). There were 4,208 housing units at an average density of 122.1 per square mile (47.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.70% White, 0.50% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.

There were 4,139 households out of which 45.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.0% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.1% were non-families. 11.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 4.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 109.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $67,750, and the median income for a family was $71,905. Males had a median income of $44,462 versus $31,239 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,329. About 1.2% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Minnesota State Highway 65 serves as a main arterial route in the city.

References

External links