Hall County, Georgia

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Hall County, Georgia
Hall County Georgia Courthouse.jpg
Hall County courthouse in Gainesville
Map of Georgia highlighting Hall County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 15, 1818
Named forLyman Hall
SeatGainesville
Largest cityGainesville
Area
 • Total429 sq mi (1,111 km2)
 • Land393 sq mi (1,018 km2)
 • Water37 sq mi (96 km2), 8.5%
Population
 • (2010)179,684
 • Density457/sq mi (176/km²)
Congressional district9th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.hallcounty.org
 
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Hall County, Georgia
Hall County Georgia Courthouse.jpg
Hall County courthouse in Gainesville
Map of Georgia highlighting Hall County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 15, 1818
Named forLyman Hall
SeatGainesville
Largest cityGainesville
Area
 • Total429 sq mi (1,111 km2)
 • Land393 sq mi (1,018 km2)
 • Water37 sq mi (96 km2), 8.5%
Population
 • (2010)179,684
 • Density457/sq mi (176/km²)
Congressional district9th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.hallcounty.org

Hall County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 179,684.[1] The county seat is Gainesville.[2]

Hall County comprises the Gainesville, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also part of the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Hall County was created on December 15, 1818, from Cherokee lands ceded by the Treaty of Cherokee Agency (1817) and Treaty of Washington (1819).

The county is named for Dr. Lyman Hall,[3] a signer of the Declaration of Independence and governor of Georgia as both colony and state.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 429 square miles (1,110 km2), of which 393 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 37 square miles (96 km2) (8.5%) is water.[4]

The Chattahoochee River gathers strength in Hall County, as immortalized in Sidney Lanier's poem, "Song of the Chattahoochee":

OUT of the hills of Habersham,
Down the valleys of Hall,
I hurry amain to reach the plain,
Run the rapid and leap the fall,
Split at the rock and together again,

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Attractions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18205,086
183011,748131.0%
18407,875−33.0%
18508,71310.6%
18609,3667.5%
18709,6072.6%
188015,29859.2%
189018,04718.0%
190020,75215.0%
191025,73024.0%
192026,8224.2%
193030,31313.0%
194034,82214.9%
195040,11315.2%
196049,73924.0%
197059,40519.4%
198075,64927.3%
199095,42826.1%
2000139,27745.9%
2010179,68429.0%
Est. 2013187,7454.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

Hall County remains extremely rural and many of its residents reside in unincorporated areas, accounting for more than half of the county's population. At the 2000 census,[9] 139,277 people, 80,381 households and 80,009 families resided in the county. The population density was 354 per square mile (137/km²). There were 51,046 housing units at an average density of 130 per square mile (50/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.75% White, 7.27% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.35% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 8.75% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. About 19.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 80,381 households, 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.00% were not families. About 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.26.

Age distribution was 26.90% under the age of 18, 10.80% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.

The median household income was $44,908, and the median family income was $50,100. Males had a median income of $31,769 versus $24,550 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,690. About 8.50% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 14.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

High schools[edit]

Middle schools[edit]

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 147. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°19′N 83°49′W / 34.32°N 83.82°W / 34.32; -83.82