Haddonfield was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 6, 1875, within portions of Haddon Township following a referendum on the same day. The borough became an independent municipality in 1894.
In 1971, Haddonfield became the second municipality in New Jersey (after Cape May) to establish a historic preservation district. In keeping with the historic appearance of the borough, some candidates for commissioner distribute colored ribbons to their supporters instead of yard signs.
Wallworth Park contains Evans Pond and Wallworth Pond. Evans Pond is dammed and flows into Wallworth Pond, which is also dammed. Each of these ponds are actually sections of the Cooper River and the early headwaters of the Cooper flow into Evans Pond.
Bodies of water
Driscoll Pond is located below Hopkins Pond and Hopkins Pond flows into Driscoll. Driscoll Pond is contained by a small wooden dam. Driscoll Pond is part of the Hopkins Pond park.
Hopkins Pond is contained by a large earthen dam; Hopkins Lane is built atop this earthen dam.
Evans Pond is part of Wallworth Park and is located directly above Wallworth Lake. A dam separates the two. In the past Evans Pond was deep enough for small boats to sail on.
Wallworth Lake is below Evans Pond and contained by yet another dam. Wallworth Lake is located in Wallworth Park.
There were 4,436 households, of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the borough, 27.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $112,105 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,416) and the median family income was $129,100 (+/- $16,987). Males had a median income of $92,409 (+/- $10,521) versus $61,272 (+/- $6,669) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $55,955 (+/- $5,275). About 3.8% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
There are 4,496 households out of which 35.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% are married couples living together, 7.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% are non-families. 24.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.57 and the average family size is 3.09.
In the borough the population is spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.1 males.
The median income for a household in the borough is $86,872, and the median income for a family is $103,597. Males have a median income of $73,646 versus $44,968 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $43,170. 2.2% of the population and 1.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 2.0% of those under the age of 18 and 3.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
The Haddonfield area was occupied by Lenni LenapeNative Americans. The Lenape disappeared from the local area when settlers arrived. Arrowheads and pottery shards have been found by residents by the banks of the Cooper River, hinting that there was a Native American settlement in Haddonfield at one point in time.
Haddonfield was founded by Elizabeth Haddon (1680–1762), whose Quaker father, John Haddon, bought a 500 acres (2.0 km2) tract of land in the English colony of West Jersey to escape religious persecution. Elizabeth set sail alone from Southwark, England to the New World in 1701. Shortly after her arrival, she made a marriage proposal to John Estaugh, a Quaker minister, and they were married in 1702. The town was named for John Haddon, though he never came to the United States.
The Indian King Tavern, built in 1750, played a significant role in the American Revolution. During that war, the New Jersey Legislature met there, avoiding British forces, and in 1777, declared New Jersey to be an independent state. Today the tavern is a state historical site and museum.
Haddonfield is a significant historic paleontology site. In 1838, William Estaugh Hopkins uncovered large bones in a marl pit in which he was digging. Hopkins displayed the bones at his home, Birdwood; and these bones sparked the interest of a visitor, William Foulke. In 1858, Foulke dug from the marl pit the first full skeleton of a dinosaur found in North America, Hadrosaurus foulkii. The skeleton was assembled in 1868 and is still displayed at Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences. A 12-foot (3.7 m) replica of "Haddy" stands in the center of town.
In 1875, Haddonfield became the first community to secede from Haddon Township and become a self-governing borough. Haddonfield is noted for its historic homes, quaint shops, and legions of lawyers. As a legal center for southern New Jersey, the town houses the offices of more than 390 attorneys.
Haddonfield once was home to Symphony in C (formerly the Haddonfield Symphony), which is now based in Collingswood.
Haddonfield is home to the second oldest volunteer fire company in continuous service in the United States. Haddon Fire Company No. 1 was established as Friendship Fire Company on March 8, 1764, by 26 townsmen. Each member was to furnish two leather buckets while the company supplied six ladders and three fire hooks.
The Borough of Haddonfield has been governed under the Walsh Act since 1913, with three commissioners elected in non-partisan May elections every four years. Amongst themselves, the Commissioners select a Mayor and may select a Deputy Mayor. Each Commissioner oversees a Department within the Borough.
Although the commission is nominally non-partisan, Kasko serves as state Republican Party Committeeman from Camden County and previously served as Haddonfield's Republican Party Chairman and as an aide to Republican Governor Christine Todd Whitman. Moscatelli and Rochford are unaffiliated voters and are not currently involved with local or state Democratic or Republican party activities.
Haddonfield Borough Hall
Githen's Shop c. 1830 in the Haddonfield Historic District.
Borough Hall, the home of Haddonfield government, is located at 242 King's Highway East and was built in 1928 by Walter William Sharpley. There are four main offices, including those for the tax assessor, the construction office and the municipal court office. Borough Hall includes a police department, a courtroom, and an auditorium. Its walls are of marble, steel, or plaster, although police station main walls are of steel and cinder block. Haddonfield police write about 8,000 tickets and receive about 300 criminal complaints each year.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 9,081 registered voters in Haddonfield, of which 3,268 (36.0%) were registered as Democrats, 2,232 (24.6%) were registered as Republicans and 3,575 (39.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 59.4% of the vote (4,346 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 38.2% (2,793 votes), with 7,311 ballots cast among the borough's 8,970 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.5%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 54.1% of the vote (3,946 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 44.7% (3,264 votes), with 7,300 ballots cast among the borough's 8,912 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 81.9.
Kingsway Learning Center provides special education for students from ages birth to 14 at the Haddonfield campus, which is home to the school's Early Intervention Program and its Elementary Program.
Bancroft is headquartered in Haddonfield and operates an adjacent special education school and neurobehavioral stabilization program. In July 2005, Bancroft began soliciting requests for proposals to purchase its 20-acre (81,000 m2) property, as a precursor to moving from Haddonfield. Bancroft, founded in Haddonfield in 1883 and previously known as Bancroft NeuroHealth, changed its name in 2009.
There are events such as the community sidewalk sale in the summer, and the fall festival in October. The fall festival is an event where community organizations may have booths along Kings Highway and there is scarecrow-making for kids. Haddonfield hosts a weekly farmers' market on Saturdays from May to November. There is also the Haddonfield Crafts & Fine Arts Festival, where a large variety of vendors line the main street. Another event is First Night, a New Year's Eve celebration of the arts, with a variety of performances. There is also a yearly car show that takes place during the second Saturday of September. There are also events such as historic house tours and designer show houses.
Haddonfield prides itself in being walkable. Most streets have sidewalks, and due to the small size of the town (2 miles or less from any point in town to any other as the crow flies), it is possible to walk to any part of town. The Borough presently has a traffic campaign using the slogan Haddonfield Drives 25 promoting the borough's speed limit as 25 mph (40 km/h) for all streets and roadways.
Route 41 (Kings Highway) passes through the center of the borough and intersects CR 561 (Haddon Avenue) at Haddonfield's main business district. I-295 passes through at the southern tip with Exit 31 straddling the border. The New Jersey Turnpike also touches the town boundary, but the closest exit is Interchange 3 in Bellmawr/Runnemede.
Haddonfield has a PATCO Hi-Speedline station that links it to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the west and to the eastern terminus in Lindenwold, NJ, where it is possible to transfer to New Jersey Transit's Philadelphia to Atlantic City bus and rail routes.
Comcast Garden State [cable TV] Channel 19 is a local Government-access television (GATV) cable TV channel for the Borough of Haddonfield and Haddon Township. This content of this channel is shared with several surrounding communities. This is a 'Virtual Television Network', which is made possible to operate with such little effort due to TelVue Virtual Television Networks, which creates virtual television channels where communities can post announcements.
Tom Sims (1950-2012), pioneer and world champion of snowboarding who in 1963 created the "ski board," an early version of the snowboard, in the Middle School's shop room after failing to complete his intended project, a custom skateboard.
^ ab"Haddonfield: Quaker roots run deep", Courier-Post, October 19, 2006. Accessed June 28, 2007. "In 1777, as armies devastated Trenton during the Revolution, the Assembly reconvened in the Indian King Tavern in Haddonfield and passed legislation creating an independent state.... The Quakers' strong influence led to the banning of alcohol in 1873—a ban that still stands."
^New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
^About, Symphony in C. Accessed April 26, 2012. "The Haddonfield Symphony began in 1952 as a community orchestra allowing amateur musicians to pursue their love of music by performing for the Haddonfield and southern New Jersey community and made its debut performance in January 1954 under Music Director Guido Terranova."
^About, Haddon Fire Co. #1. Accessed September 22, 2014.
^Overview, Bancroft. Accessed September 22, 2013. "A private, nonprofit organization, Bancroft was founded in Haddonfield, N.J., in 1883. Over the years, we have grown to become the fifth-largest private employer in Camden County."
^Home page, First Night Haddonfield. Accessed April 26, 2012.
^Transcript of When Harry Met Sally, accessed May 12, 2007. "Sally: Harry, you and Marie are both from New Jersey. Marie: Really. Harry: Where are you from? Marie: South Orange. Harry: Haddenfield [sic]."
^Gormley, Chuck. "Emery glad the Flyers chose him", Courier-Post, August 27, 2009. Accessed April 26, 2012. "'I wanted to come back, but I didn't want to come back and not have a good situation to play in and regret the decision I made,' said Emery, who last week moved into a house in Haddonfield."
^LaGorce, Tammy. "Neighborhood Storytelling", The New York Times, July 13, 2008. Accessed July 29, 2008. "Dan Gutman, 52, of Haddonfield, N.J., and the author of sports-themed books and the "My Weird School" series, with titles like "Mrs. Dole Is Out of Control," for HarperCollins, said he visited up to 60 schools a year to gather material."
^Hanley, Robert. "Younger Son Asks Jury to Spare Rabbi's Life", The New York Times, November 22, 2002. Accessed April 26, 2012. "The rabbi, who is in jail, has reportedly developed a close relationship with the woman known to millions a generation ago as Miss Vicki, then the wife of Tiny Tim, the ukulele-playing falsetto singer who won fame in the late 1960s. The Philadelphia Daily News today quoted the woman, Victoria Lombardi of Haddonfield, N.J., as saying of the rabbi, 'He is mine and I am his.'"
^Brookover, Bob. "Q&A: Charlie Manuel opens up about Philadelphia", Philadelphia Inquirer, January 31, 2011. Accessed April 26, 2012. "I love going up toward Reading and also into Amish country. I like to go up into Scranton. I like to go through the coal-mine areas. Over where I live in Haddonfield, I really like that. But most of my time is spent at the ballpark."
^Staff. "YEARS BEFORE SPIELBERG SOARED LIKE AN EAGLE, HE COWERED UNDER ONE", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 16, 1994. Accessed September 22, 2013. "Picture Steven Spielberg - a wide-eyed, 5-year-old Steven Spielberg - standing in the grand court of John Wanamaker's flagship store, gazing in awe at the giant bronze eagle, the towering pipe organ, the five floors of arches and columns.... 'My family lived in Haddonfield and we used to go to Philadelphia on weekends to visit relatives.'"
^Flint, Peter B. "I. F. Stone, Iconoclast of Journalism, Is Dead at 81", The New York Times, June 19, 1989. Accessed April 26, 2012. "I. F. Stone was born Isidor Feinstein in Philadelphia on Dec. 24, 1907. (He adopted the initials and added the surname Stone at age 30). In his childhood his family moved to nearby Haddonfield, N.J., where his parents, Bernard Feinstein and the former Katherine Novack, Jewish immigrants from Russia, owned a dry goods store"