HMS Rajah (D10)

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HMS Rajah
Rahjah in 1944
Career (USA)
Name:USS Prince
Builder:Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation
Laid down:17 December 1942
Launched:18 May 1943
Fate:Transferred to Royal Navy
Career (UK)
Name:HMS Rajah
Commissioned:17 January 1944
Decommissioned:7 February 1947
Fate:Sold as a merchant ship; sold for scrap 1975
General characteristics
Class & type:Bogue class escort carrier
Displacement:9,800 tons
Length:495 ft 7 in (151.05 m)
Beam:69 ft 6 in (21.18 m)
Draught:25 ft 6 in (7.77 m)
Propulsion:Steam turbines, one shaft, 8,500 shp (6.3 MW)
Speed:17 knots (31 km/h)
Complement:646 officers and men
Armament:2 × 5 in (127 mm) guns
8 x twin 40 mm Bofors
35 x single 20 mm Oerlikon
Aircraft carried:24
 
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HMS Rajah
Rahjah in 1944
Career (USA)
Name:USS Prince
Builder:Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation
Laid down:17 December 1942
Launched:18 May 1943
Fate:Transferred to Royal Navy
Career (UK)
Name:HMS Rajah
Commissioned:17 January 1944
Decommissioned:7 February 1947
Fate:Sold as a merchant ship; sold for scrap 1975
General characteristics
Class & type:Bogue class escort carrier
Displacement:9,800 tons
Length:495 ft 7 in (151.05 m)
Beam:69 ft 6 in (21.18 m)
Draught:25 ft 6 in (7.77 m)
Propulsion:Steam turbines, one shaft, 8,500 shp (6.3 MW)
Speed:17 knots (31 km/h)
Complement:646 officers and men
Armament:2 × 5 in (127 mm) guns
8 x twin 40 mm Bofors
35 x single 20 mm Oerlikon
Aircraft carried:24

The USS Prince (CVE-45) (originally named McClure, designated 'AVG-45' then later 'ACV-45') was an escort aircraft carrier laid down on 17 December 1942 by the Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation of Tacoma, Washington. She was renamed the Prince on 13 November 1942 and launched on 18 May 1943. She was sponsored by Mrs. J. L. McGuigan, reclassified CVE-45 on 15 July 1943 and transferred to the United Kingdom under Lend-Lease on 17 October 1943.

Prince served the United Kingdom as HMS Rajah (D10). She was returned to the United States Navy at Norfolk, Virginia on 13 December 1946. She was struck from the Naval Vessel Registry on 7 February 1947 and delivered to her purchaser, Waterman Steamship Corporation, on 7 July. She became the merchant ship Drente (later renamed Lambros, then Ulysses) in 1948. She was scrapped in Taiwan in 1975.

Design and description[edit]

These ships were all larger and had a greater aircraft capacity than all the preceding American built escort carriers. They were also all laid down as escort carriers and not converted merchant ships.[1] All the ships had a complement of 646 men and an overall length of 492 feet 3 inches (150.0 m), a beam of 69 feet 6 inches (21.2 m) and a draught of 25 ft 6 in (7.8 m).[1] Propulsion was provided by two boilers connected to a steam turbine, which was connected to one shaft, giving 9,350 brake horsepower (SHP). This could propel the ship at 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph).[2]

Aircraft facilities were a small combined bridge–flight control on the starboard side, two aircraft lifts 43 feet (13.1 m) by 34 feet (10.4 m), one catapult and nine arrestor wires.[1] Aircraft could be housed in the 260 feet (79.2 m) by 62 feet (18.9 m) hangar below the flight deck.[1] The ship's armament comprised: two 4 inch Dual Purpose guns in single mounts, sixteen 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns in twin mounts and twenty 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft cannons in single mounts.[1] Each ship had a maximum capacity of twenty-four aircraft which could be a mixture of Grumman Martlet, Vought F4U Corsair or Hawker Sea Hurricane fighters and Fairey Swordfish or Grumman Avenger anti-submarine aircraft.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Cocker (2008), p.82.
  2. ^ Cocker (2008), p.79.

References[edit]