HMS Daring (D32)

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HMS Daring in 2012
HMS Daring in 2012
Career (UK)
Name:HMS Daring
Ordered:December 2000
Builder:BAE Systems Naval Ships
Yard number:1061[1]
Laid down:28 March 2003
Launched:1 February 2006
Sponsored by:The Countess of Wessex
Commissioned:23 July 2009[2]
Homeport:HMNB Portsmouth
Identification:Deck code: DA
Pennant number: D32
International callsign: GPLA[3]
IMO number: 4907749[4]
Motto:Splendide audax
("Finely Daring")
Status:In active service, as of 2014
Badge:On a Field Black, an arm and a hand in a cresset of fire all Proper
Daring Crest.jpg
General characteristics
Type:Guided missile destroyer
Displacement:8,000 t (7,900 long tons; 8,800 short tons)[5]
Length:152.4 m (500 ft 0 in)
Beam:21.2 m (69 ft 7 in)
Draught:7.4 m (24 ft 3 in)
Propulsion:

2 shafts Integrated electric propulsion (IEP);

Speed:In excess of 29 kn (54 km/h; 33 mph)[7]
Range:7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km) at 18 kn (33 km/h)
Complement:190
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:

Anti-air missiles:
Sea Viper air defence system.
1 × 48-cell Sylver A50 VLS, for a combination of 48:
Aster 15 missiles (range 1.7-30 km)
Aster 30 missiles (range 3-120 km)

Anti-ship missiles:
2 × quad Harpoon launchers[N 1]

Guns:
1 × BAE 4.5 inch Mk 8 naval gun
2 × Oerlikon 30 mm guns
2 × Phalanx CIWS
2 × Miniguns
6 × General purpose machine guns


Aircraft carried:

1-2× Lynx HMA8, armed with;

  • Sea Skua anti ship missiles, or
  • 2× anti submarine torpedoes

or
Westland Merlin HM1,[11] armed with;

  • 4× anti submarine torpedoes
Aviation facilities:
  • Large flight deck
  • Enclosed hangar
 
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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Daring.
HMS Daring in 2012
HMS Daring in 2012
Career (UK)
Name:HMS Daring
Ordered:December 2000
Builder:BAE Systems Naval Ships
Yard number:1061[1]
Laid down:28 March 2003
Launched:1 February 2006
Sponsored by:The Countess of Wessex
Commissioned:23 July 2009[2]
Homeport:HMNB Portsmouth
Identification:Deck code: DA
Pennant number: D32
International callsign: GPLA[3]
IMO number: 4907749[4]
Motto:Splendide audax
("Finely Daring")
Status:In active service, as of 2014
Badge:On a Field Black, an arm and a hand in a cresset of fire all Proper
Daring Crest.jpg
General characteristics
Type:Guided missile destroyer
Displacement:8,000 t (7,900 long tons; 8,800 short tons)[5]
Length:152.4 m (500 ft 0 in)
Beam:21.2 m (69 ft 7 in)
Draught:7.4 m (24 ft 3 in)
Propulsion:

2 shafts Integrated electric propulsion (IEP);

Speed:In excess of 29 kn (54 km/h; 33 mph)[7]
Range:7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km) at 18 kn (33 km/h)
Complement:190
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:

Anti-air missiles:
Sea Viper air defence system.
1 × 48-cell Sylver A50 VLS, for a combination of 48:
Aster 15 missiles (range 1.7-30 km)
Aster 30 missiles (range 3-120 km)

Anti-ship missiles:
2 × quad Harpoon launchers[N 1]

Guns:
1 × BAE 4.5 inch Mk 8 naval gun
2 × Oerlikon 30 mm guns
2 × Phalanx CIWS
2 × Miniguns
6 × General purpose machine guns


Aircraft carried:

1-2× Lynx HMA8, armed with;

  • Sea Skua anti ship missiles, or
  • 2× anti submarine torpedoes

or
Westland Merlin HM1,[11] armed with;

  • 4× anti submarine torpedoes
Aviation facilities:
  • Large flight deck
  • Enclosed hangar

HMS Daring is the lead ship of the Type 45 or Daring-class air-defence destroyers built for the Royal Navy, and the seventh ship to hold that name. She was launched in 2006 on the Clyde and conducted contractor's sea trials during 2007 and 2008. She was handed over to the Royal Navy in December 2008, entered her base port of Portsmouth for the first time in January 2009 and was formally commissioned on 23 July 2009. As the lead ship of the first destroyer class built for the Royal Navy since the Type 42 in the 1970s, she has attracted significant media and public attention. Her name, crest and motto are a reference to the Roman youth Gaius Mucius Scaevola, famed for his bravery.[12]

Operational history[edit]

Daring's construction began at the BAE Systems Naval Ships yard (now BAE Systems Surface Ships) at Scotstoun on the River Clyde in March 2003.[13] The ship was launched at 14.21 GMT on 1 February 2006. HRH The Countess of Wessex was the ship's sponsor at her launch.[14] On 16 November 2006, the Countess of Wessex brought Daring to life on her first official visit. On 17 November 2006, Her Royal Highness switched on the ship's diesel generators, part of the 'powering up' ceremony.[15]

On 18 July 2007 Daring sailed on the first set of sea trials (Stage 1.1),[16] successfully completing them 4 weeks later on 14 August 2007.[17] As she is the first in the class some structural areas needed to be tested, including the loads that the main 4.5 inch Mark 8 naval gun puts on the ship.[18] During these trials, Daring reached her design speed of 29 knots (54 km/h) in 70 seconds and achieved a speed of 31.5 knots (58 km/h) in 120 seconds.[7] She sailed for Stage 1.2 on 30 March 2008 and returned on 2 May. Stage 1.2 included trials on the Long Range Radar and navigation system, medium calibre gun blast trials, weapon alignment tests and endurance tests.[19] Stage 1.3 trials were conducted between 26 August[20] and 22 September 2008[21] and emphasis was placed on testing the full range of communications equipment. The ship's company used the opportunity to conduct familiarisation and training activities in preparation for the transfer of the vessel to the Royal Navy in December 2008.[22] Stage 2 trials took place in 2009, once the ship had been handed over to the Royal Navy.[23][24]

Daring on operations with USS Enterprise in 2010.

HMS Daring arrived in her home port of Portsmouth on 28 January 2009[25] to large crowds along the seafront.[26] She was given the honour of a flypast to coincide with her passing of the Round Tower, just outside Portsmouth.[27] Daring was formally commissioned on 23 July 2009 with The Countess of Wessex inspecting an honour guard on the quayside, and reception. The commissioning cake was cut by the wife of the commanding officer and Able Seaman Daniel Small, who was the youngest member of the ship’s company.[2]

Daring was declared officially "in service" on 31 July 2010,[28] and shortly afterwards on 7 September 2010 was involved in a collision with a tug whilst entering Marchwood Military Port in Southampton Water. The cause of the collision and the extent of the damage are yet to be determined.[29]

Recent service[edit]

HMS Daring fired her first Sea Viper missile in May 2011 during a test launch in the Outer Hebrides, after years of trials.[30] During the same year she equipped with two Phalanx CIWS mounted on either side of the superstructure.[31]

On 6 January 2012, the Royal Navy announced that Daring would leave Portsmouth on 11 January 2012 to undertake her first mission, a deployment to the Persian Gulf. Daring travelled through the Suez Canal on 2 February 2012, then continued on to the Persian Gulf, relieving the Type 23 frigate HMS Argyll that was on station there.[32][33] In February 2012, as part of the Persian Gulf deployment, Daring joined Operation Scimitar Anzac, an anti-piracy operation in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. This international operation included the Royal Fleet Auxiliary RFA Wave Knight, the Royal Australian Navy frigate HMAS Parramatta, and the Pakistan Navy's PNS Babur. Daring acted as the command ship for all the vessels.[34] During operation in the Persian Gulf and North Arabian Sea, Daring operated with the U.S. Navy's Carrier Strike Group One and Carrier Strike Group Nine.[35]

2013 Pacific Deployment[edit]

Daring entering Sydney Harbour on 4 October 2013

She has set out westwards to join the Royal Australian Navy's International Fleet Review 2013 in Sydney, Australia during October 2013; and to join the 2013 Five Power Defence Arrangements Exercise Bersama Lima.[36] So far, she has stopped by San Juan in Puerto Rico,[37] sailed through the Panama Canal and docked at the US Naval Base in San Diego.[38][39][40][41] Recently, she made a port visit to Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam.[42] She also participated in an Independent Deployer Certification Exercise off the coast of Hawaii.[43] It has been said that it is engaged in ballistic defence trials with the US Missile Defence Agency (MDA) in as part of a major research and development programme.[44] Daring also visited the USAKA at Kwajalein in the Marshall Islands.[45][46] She then visited Port Phillip Bay ahead of entering Sydney Harbour for the IFR.[47][48] The Band of HM Royal Marines has also flown out to participate in the IFR and 13 musicians will stay with Daring, accompanying the destroyer for the remaining final five months of her world tour.[49] Daring also visited Adelaide, Fremantle and Perth after her visit to Sydney.[50][51]

On 11 November 2013 Daring broke away from Exercise Bersama Lima and was dispatched to the Philippines as part of the British government's humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan.[52] She handed over the task to HMS Illustrious on around 26 November 2013, and sailed for Japan.[53] Daring then proceeded to Busan, South Korea, Shanghai, China and Da Nang, Vietnam.[54] Her visit to Shanghai was the first visit of a Type 45 destroyer.[55][56][57] Daring has completed her port visit to Da Nang and will visit Thailand and Malaysia.[58]

Characteristics[edit]

Advanced air-defence[edit]

Further information: PAAMS, SAMPSON, S1850M and Aster (missile family)
HMS Daring SAMPSON multi-function AESA radar

The Type 45 destroyers are primarily designed for anti-air warfare with the capability to defend against sophisticated targets such as fighter aircraft, drones as well as highly maneuverable sea skimming anti-ship missiles travelling at supersonic speeds.[59] The Royal Navy describes the destroyers' mission as being "to shield the Fleet from air attack".[60] The Type 45 destroyer is equipped with the sophisticated Sea Viper (PAAMS) air-defence system utilizing the SAMPSON active electronically scanned array multi-function radar and the S1850M long-range radar. The PAAMS system is able to track over 2,000 targets and simultaneously control and coordinate multiple missiles in the air at once, allowing a large number of tracks to be intercepted and destroyed at any given time. This makes the PAAMS system particularly difficult to swamp during a saturation attack, even against supersonic targets.[61] The USNWC has suggested that the SAMPSON radar is capable of tracking 1,000 objects the size of a cricket ball travelling at three times the speed of sound (Mach 3), emphasising the system's capabilities against high performance stealth targets.[59] A core component of the PAAMS air-defence system is the Aster missile, composing of the Aster 15 and Aster 30. MBDA describe Aster as a "hit-to-kill" anti-missile missile capable of intercepting all types of high performance air threats at a maximum range of 120 km.[62] The Aster missile is autonomously guided and equipped with an active RF seeker enabling it to cope with "saturated attacks" thanks to a "multiple engagement capability" and a "high rate of fire".[62] Presently the Daring-class destroyers are equipped with a 48-cell A50 Sylver Vertical Launching System allowing for a mix of up-to 48 Aster 15 and 30 missiles. However, the Type 45 destroyer was designed to accommodate a total of 64-cells, while some reports suggest a total of 72-cells.[63]

Weapons, countermeasures, capabilities and sensors[edit]

Commanding Officers[edit]

Affiliations[edit]

HMS Daring embarking on sea trials in 2007.

Ship's sponsor[edit]

Official affiliations[edit]

Other[edit]

While not officially affiliated with the football club Aston Villa F.C., the ship has close ties with the team. The chairman of the Birmingham based club, Randy Lerner, donated a painting to the ship that depicts a maritime battle played within Villa Park, the home stadium of the club. Members of the ship's company provided a guard of honour before a game against Middlesbrough F.C. on the Remembrance Sunday weekend.[67]

Footnotes[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ The Harpoon missile is to be fitted to four of the six ships. HMS Duncan is to be the first.[10]
References
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  3. ^ "Royal Navy Bridge Card, February 2009". Retrieved 2009-06-20. [dead link]
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  7. ^ a b MacDermid, Alan (2007-08-15). "Daring is mean, green and built for speed". The Herald. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  8. ^ "Raytheon Press Release" (PDF). 2006-03-08. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
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  10. ^ Royal Navy - HMS Duncan, royalnavy.mod.uk
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External links[edit]