Guthrie, Oklahoma

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Guthrie, Oklahoma
City
Downtown Guthrie
Downtown Guthrie
Location of Guthrie, Oklahoma
Location of Guthrie, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°51′23″N 97°26′9″W / 35.85639°N 97.43583°W / 35.85639; -97.43583Coordinates: 35°51′23″N 97°26′9″W / 35.85639°N 97.43583°W / 35.85639; -97.43583
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyLogan
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorChuck Burtcher
Area
 • Total19.2 sq mi (49.8 km2)
 • Land18.7 sq mi (48.4 km2)
 • Water0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)
Elevation981 ft (299 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total10,191
 • Density531.6/sq mi (205.3/km2)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code73044
Area code(s)405
FIPS code40-31700[1]
GNIS feature ID1093447[2]
Websitecityofguthrie.com
 
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Guthrie, Oklahoma
City
Downtown Guthrie
Downtown Guthrie
Location of Guthrie, Oklahoma
Location of Guthrie, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°51′23″N 97°26′9″W / 35.85639°N 97.43583°W / 35.85639; -97.43583Coordinates: 35°51′23″N 97°26′9″W / 35.85639°N 97.43583°W / 35.85639; -97.43583
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyLogan
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorChuck Burtcher
Area
 • Total19.2 sq mi (49.8 km2)
 • Land18.7 sq mi (48.4 km2)
 • Water0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)
Elevation981 ft (299 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total10,191
 • Density531.6/sq mi (205.3/km2)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code73044
Area code(s)405
FIPS code40-31700[1]
GNIS feature ID1093447[2]
Websitecityofguthrie.com
Guthrie Historic District
Guthrie Oklahoma start.jpg
Tent city on April 24, 1889, the second day after the opening. Two lower images are on May 10, 1889 and 1893 respectively.
Guthrie, Oklahoma is located in Oklahoma
Guthrie, Oklahoma
LocationGuthrie, Oklahoma
Coordinates35°51′23″N 97°26′9″W / 35.85639°N 97.43583°W / 35.85639; -97.43583
Built1927-29
NRHP Reference #74001664[3]
Significant dates
Designated NRHPJune 13, 1974
Designated NHLJanuary 20, 1999

Guthrie (Pawnee: Ruhkarihraapi, Ruhkárihaapi[4]) is a city and county seat of Logan County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City Metroplex. The population was 10,191 at the 2010 census, a 2.7 percent increase from the 9,925 at the 2000 census.[5]

Guthrie was the territorial and first state capital of Oklahoma. The city is nationally significant because of its collection of late 19th and early 20th century commercial architecture. The Guthrie Historic District is designated a National Historic Landmark.

Victorian architecture in the city provides a backdrop for Wild West and territorial-style entertainment, carriage tours, replica trolley cars, specialty shops, and art galleries.

History[edit]

Guthrie originated in 1887 as a railroad station called Deer Creek on the Southern Kansas Railway (later acquired by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway) from the KansasOklahoma border to Purcell.[6] The name was later changed to Guthrie, named for jurist John Guthrie of Topeka, Kansas. A post office was established on April 4, 1889.[7] At noon on April 22, 1889, cannons resounded at a 2-million acre (8,100 km²) section of Indian Territory, launching president Benjamin Harrison's "Hoss Race" or Land Run of 1889. During the next six hours, about 10,000 people settled in what became the capital of the new Territory of Oklahoma. Within months, Guthrie became a modern brick and stone "Queen of the Prairie" with municipal water, electricity, a mass transit system, and underground parking garages for horses and carriages. Hobart Johnstone Whitley, also known as HJ and the Father of Hollywood, was the first president of the Guthrie Chamber of Commerce. Whitley built the first brick block building in the territory for his National Loan & Trust Company. He was asked by the local people to be the first Governor of Oklahoma. Whitley traveled to Washington, D.C. where he persuaded the U.S. Congress to allow Guthrie to be the new capital of the state of Oklahoma. This was specified in the 1906 Oklahoma Enabling Act that established certain requirements for the new state constitution.[8] By 1907, when Guthrie became the capital, it looked like a well established Eastern city.

Guthrie prospered as the administrative center of the territory, but was eclipsed in economic influence by Oklahoma City early in the 20th century. Oklahoma City had managed to become a major junction for several railroads and had attracted a major industry in the form of meat packing. Oklahoma City business leaders began campaigning soon after statehood to make Oklahoma City the new state capital, and in 1910 a special election was held to determine the location of the state capital. 96,488 votes were cast for Oklahoma City; 31,031 for Guthrie; and 8,382 for Shawnee.[9] Governor Charles N. Haskell, who was in Tulsa on the day of the election, ordered his secretary W.B. Anthony to have Oklahoma Secretary of State Bill Cross obtain the state seal and transport it to Oklahoma City despite having been served a restraining order by Logan County Sheriff John Mahoney blocking the transfer.[10][11][12][13][14] Anthony obtained written authorization from Cross, retrieved the seal from the Logan County courthouse, and delivered it to Oklahoma City.[10]

After the move of the capital, Guthrie began to dwindle in size and soon lost its status as Oklahoma's second largest city, initially to Muskogee, then later to Tulsa. The move was upheld by the Oklahoma Supreme Court on February 9, 1911,[15] and by the United States Supreme Court in 1911.[16]

Guthrie was designated a National Historic Landmark by the National Park Service in 1999.

Today[edit]

As a result of Guthrie's early loss of prominence, it remains as a well-preserved Victorian enclave. Whereas growth and inattentive urban planning caused other Oklahoma towns such as Oklahoma City to destroy much of their early downtown architecture, much of the entire central business and residential district of Guthrie is intact.

The National Finals Steer Roping Rodeo is held in Guthrie. On six occasions, the Texas rodeo promoter Dan Taylor was chute director for the competition in Guthrie.[17]

Historical tourism has become a significant industry for the town. Guthrie is the largest urban Historic district in the United States, containing 2,169 buildings, 1,400 acres (6 km2) and 400 city blocks. Guthrie is a "Certified City" and has received a Community Development Block Grant to inventory infrastructure features for Capital Improvement Planning.

Guthrie has two lakes south of it, Liberty Lake and Guthrie Lake. It is home to several museums, including the Oklahoma Territorial Museum, and the Guthrie Scottish Rite Masonic Temple. Guthrie also claims to be the "Bed and Breakfast capital of Oklahoma". The city hosts the Oklahoma International Bluegrass Festival, which draws 15,000 visitors annually.

Guthrie is also the home to Oklahoma's oldest year-round professional theatre company, the Pollard Theatre Company.[18] With an emphasis on creative story-telling to illuminate the shared human experience, the Pollard produces six or more plays and musicals annually, enlisting artists across the United States. Productions include A Territorial Christmas Carol, the annual holiday favorite.

Guthrie is served by the Guthrie News-Leader newspaper.[19]

Geography[edit]

Guthrie lies along one of the primary corridors into Texas and Mexico, and is a four-hour drive from the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. The city is located in the Frontier Country region in the center of the state. It is about 32 miles (51 km) north of Oklahoma City.[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.2 square miles (50 km2).48.4 km² (18.7 m Iti²) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it is water. The total area is 2.81 percent water.

Guthrie is in the Sandstone Hills region of Oklahoma, known for hills of 250 to 400 feet (120 m) and oak forests[20] and an ecological region known as the Cross Timbers.[21]

Climate[edit]

Guthrie has a humid subtropical climate, with frequent variations in weather daily and seasonally, except during the consistently hot and humid summer months. Consistent winds, usually from the south or south-southeast during the summer, help temper the hotter weather. Consistent northerly winds during the winter can intensify cold periods.

Climate data for Guthrie, Oklahoma
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)48.0
(8.9)
53.8
(12.1)
64.1
(17.8)
74.4
(23.6)
81.6
(27.6)
89.3
(31.8)
95.5
(35.3)
94.9
(34.9)
86.1
(30.1)
75.7
(24.3)
61.7
(16.5)
51.1
(10.6)
73.02
(22.79)
Average low °F (°C)24.6
(−4.1)
29.5
(−1.4)
38.5
(3.6)
49.2
(9.6)
57.7
(14.3)
66.4
(19.1)
71.0
(21.7)
69.5
(20.8)
62.2
(16.8)
50.5
(10.3)
38.9
(3.8)
28.6
(−1.9)
48.88
(9.38)
Precipitation inches (mm)1.2
(30)
1.7
(43)
2.8
(71)
2.7
(69)
5.0
(127)
4.2
(107)
2.3
(58)
2.3
(58)
4.3
(109)
2.7
(69)
2.3
(58)
1.5
(38)
32.9
(836)
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase[22]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18905,333
190010,00687.6%
191011,65416.5%
192011,7570.9%
19309,582−18.5%
194010,0184.6%
195010,1130.9%
19609,502−6.0%
19709,5750.8%
198010,3127.7%
199010,5182.0%
20009,925−5.6%
201010,1912.7%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 9,925 people, 3,854 households, and 2,474 families residing in the city. The population density was 531.6 people per square mile (205.3/km²). There were 4,308 housing units at an average density of 230.7 per square mile (89.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.84% White, 15.77% African American, 2.97% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.94% from other races, and 3.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.79% of the population.

There were 3,854 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,460, and the median income for a family was $38,732. Males had a median income of $27,948 versus $21,186 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,774. About 9.8% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 18.4% of those age 65 or over.

In popular culture[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Guthrie Historic District
  4. ^ "AISRI Dictionary Database Search--prototype version. "River", Southband Pawnee". American Indian Studies Research Institute. Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  5. ^ News-Leader.com. "Census Data for Guthrie , OK."Retrieved January 12, 2012.[1]
  6. ^ a b c d "Guthrie." Wilson, Linda D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
  7. ^ Shirk, George H. (1966). Oklahoma Place Names, p. 94. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press.
  8. ^ Everett, Dianna. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Enabling Act (1906)." Retrieved January 10, 2012.[2]
  9. ^ Franks, Kenny Arthur; Lambert, Paul F. (1997). Oklahoma: The Land and Its People. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-8061-9944-3. 
  10. ^ a b Dean, Michael (June 27, 2009). "Oklahoma State Capitol Moved to OKC Myths vs. Reality". Oklahoma Journeys. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved February 7, 2012. 
  11. ^ Mahoney, John. "Pioneer Logan County Sheriff Dies At Guthrie". 
  12. ^ "Sheriff Attempts to Prevent Transfer of Capital". New York Tribune. June 13, 1910. 
  13. ^ Mahoney, John. "State Seal Whisked Out of Guthrie". Tulsa World Centennial. 
  14. ^ "Databases about Tulsa and Oklahoma Politics, Government, Society and Institutions". Tulsa World Centennial. 
  15. ^ Coyle v. Smith, 113 P. 44 (Oklahoma Supreme Court 1911).
  16. ^ Coyle v. Smith, 221 U.S. 559 (1911).
  17. ^ "Dan Taylor: Former PRCA President dies at 87, November 16, 2010". Tri-State Livestock News. Retrieved August 4, 2011. 
  18. ^ The Pollard Theatre
  19. ^ Guthrie News - Logan County's News Source, Classifieds and Business Directory since 1892
  20. ^ Oklahoma Geography, NetState.com (accessed May 16, 2013)
  21. ^ Ecoregions of Oklahoma (accessed May 16, 2013)
  22. ^ "Historical Weather for Guthrie, Oklahoma, United States". 

External links[edit]